Barrett, The Honors College Thesis/Creative Project Collection

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Date Range
2000 2018

A distributed sensor network (DSN) is a set of spatially scattered intelligent sensors designed to obtain data across an environment. DSNs are becoming a standard architecture for collecting data over a large area. We need registration of nodal data across the network in order to properly exploit having multiple sensors. One major problem worth investigating is ensuring the integrity of the data received, such as time synchronization. Consider a group of match filter sensors. Each sensor is collecting the same data, and comparing the data collected to a known signal. In an ideal world, each sensor would be able to ...

Contributors
Monardo, Vincent James, Cochran, Douglas, Kierstead, Hal, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

This project was focused on critically analyzing legislation that was proposed in the Arizona State Senate concerning the release of peace-officer information in the wake of involvement in deadly-force incidents. The motivation for this project was drawn from my experience serving as a legislative intern for the Senate democratic staff during the spring of 2015. The first section includes details of the bill itself (SB 1445) and the process it underwent within the legislature. This includes an introduction to the controversies and stakeholders involved in the process. Second, data from interviews that I conducted with both those in support and ...

Contributors
Galvan, Jose Pedro, Romero, Mary, Perez, Nancy, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

As a historical event and a much-loved subject of ancient literature, the Trojan War gave birth to many well-known stories, such as The Iliad, which continue to be enjoyed today. Among these is the lesser known work of Geoffrey Chaucer, titled Troilus and Criseyde. It follows the story of Prince Troilus, youngest son of King Priam and a character who is not seen in literature as often as his brothers Hector and Paris. In the 10th year of the Trojan War, Troilus meets the main protagonist, Criseyde, and falls madly in love. Criseyde herself is not in a position to ...

Contributors
Vecera, Emilie Marie, Blasingame, James, Sturges, Robert, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

The objective of this study was to better understand promising pathways to realizing human rights norms in the context of rapidly developing cities, and the role that the courts play in this process. Scholars have already started to ask these larger questions of social transformation; however, there continues to be a need for further research since the answers are vast and context-dependent. In order to contribute to these larger conversations, this project examined a key social right in Delhi – the right to housing. This study relied on interviews with key actors in Delhi’s housing sector as well as a ...

Contributors
Hale, Nicole, Haglund, LaDawn, Aggarwal, Rimjhim, et al.
Created Date
2016-05-02
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Searching for home: An in depth look at undocumented youth in Arizona from their perspective, a research and creative project, looks at not only the history and data surrounding unauthorized immigration, but a personal account through the stories of undocumented immigrants. The research paper focuses on the policies, court cases and history of protests that surround the topics. The article under Appendix A focuses on the personal stories and accounts of two undocumented immigrants who discuss the importance of fighting to stay in the U.S. and preserving the dream and life they built. Two videos also explore the emotional stories ...

Contributors
Macklin, Alexis Isabella, Angela, Kocherga, David, Seibert, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

As single junction silicon based solar cells approach their Shockley–Queasier (SQ) conversion efficiency limits, tandem solar cells (TSC) provide an attractive prospect for higher efficiency cells. Although TSCs have been shown to be more efficient, their higher fabrication costs are a limiting factor for their economic competitiveness and large-scale integration in PV power systems. Current literature suggests that even with reduced costs of fabrication in the future, TSCs still offer no competitive benefit for integration in utility-scale systems and may yield minimal benefits only in places where area-related costs are high. This work investigates Balance of Systems (BoS) circumstances under ...

Contributors
Mugwisi, Ngoni, Holman, Zachary, Phelan, Patrick, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

Throughout history, terrorism has had major effects on tourists and tourism destinations that are targeted. When terrorists execute an attack in order to communicate a message, resulting impacts go far beyond lives lost. Included in these impacts is the fear that terror attacks leave on tourists, sometimes creating such an impression that tourists change travel plans as a result. Although there are many studies on destination image, risk perception, and decision-making, very few focus specifically on the millennial generation. Because millennials are changing the travel and tourism scene - as they now make up the largest percentage of the population ...

Contributors
Bacon, Laura Elizabeth, Buzinde, Christine, Nyaupane, Gyan, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

This research explores the unique and complicated experiences of women living with Von Willebrand Disease (VWD). VWD occurs with quantitative or qualitative deficiencies in Von Willebrand Factor—a key protein involved in blood clotting. While VWD affects men and women, women often suffer harsher complications because of menstruation, childbirth, and other women’s health issues. Using online VWD support groups, this research recognizes and attempts to understand the common experiences of women with VWD. Availability of Care, Motherhood, Community and Sisterhood, Girlhood, Sexual Health and Reproductive Health, and Stigma were the six common themes found within these online support groups. Women in ...

Contributors
Reynolds, Aubrey Bryanna, Haskin, Jennifer, Gemelli, Marcella, et al.
Created Date
2016-12

The specific focus of the curriculum guide is to encourage inquiry and exploration of sustainability with middle school students. Children need to be explicitly taught how to analyze findings, how to work together, and teachers need to begin to lay the foundation of finding ideal solutions that best serve all people. The sooner that we introduce our students to these concepts in conjunction with science concepts the better prepared they will be to face the upcoming challenges and the better developed their scientific literacy.

Contributors
Sibley, Amanda Marie, Walters, Molina, Oliver, Jill, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

Malware forensics is a time-consuming process that involves a significant amount of data collection. To ease the load on security analysts, many attempts have been made to automate the intelligence gathering process and provide a centralized search interface. Certain of these solutions map existing relations between threats and can discover new intelligence by identifying correlations in the data. However, such systems generally treat each unique malware sample as its own distinct threat. This fails to model the real malware landscape, in which so many ``new" samples are actually variants of samples that have already been discovered. Were there some way ...

Contributors
Smith, Joshua Michael, Ahn, Gail-Joon, Zhao, Ziming, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

Over the last several years there has been increased enthusiasm surrounding local interests, particularly when it comes to the economic development of local communities (Esteves, Barclay, 2011). This study seeks to identify potential barriers to local sourcing that have not been previously identified in literature. By conducting interviews with organizations in the private and public sectors, this study was able to gain a broad perspective of the sourcing decision making process across these sectors. The study was able to determine three new barriers to local sourcing. First, in the private sector, the lack of personal commitment to local sourcing from ...

Contributors
Kolesar, Katherine Ann, Kull, Thomas, Hillman, Amy, et al.
Created Date
2016-12

It is essential for nonprofit organizations to evaluate the effectiveness and impact of their programs on their target communities to demonstrate their value and progress to current and prospective stakeholders. Unfortunately, due to finite resources, projects developed and conducted by small international non-governmental organizations (INGO’s) are unable to conduct regular evaluations. In this study, I will be conducting an evaluation of a community school project completed by an INGO in order to gauge the project’s impact in the community. The evaluation includes a review of previously published literature on the subject, as well as survey data that was gathered to ...

Contributors
Cantu, Marissa Alexis, Wang, Lili, Schugurensky, Daniel, et al.
Created Date
2016-12

This paper analyzes existing literature regarding how excessive aggravating stimuli in a hospital environment can reduce the quality and quantity of sleep. The sick and injured are most sensitive to aggravating stimuli and the most vulnerable to poor sleep conditions. For individuals with anxiety, stress, hypersensitivity, or conditions such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), as additional stress during rest periods could seriously harm development and overall well-being. While solutions have been proposed and tested, there is no one solution to the problem. One possible solution is to design a device that monitors a patient’s room and alerts a nurse or ...

Contributors
Khan, Zarah Noor, Goryll, Michael, Adams, James B., et al.
Created Date
2016-05

This thesis discusses the experiences of starting and building a support group for teenagers who have a loved one with Parkinson's Disease. One of the goals of this thesis was to share our experiences with the staff at the Muhammad Ali Parkinson's Center, and the teenagers who will be taking over this group in the future. We discuss why we wanted to start the group, how it's foundation was built, and the challenges we faced and overcame. This is done by highlighting three significant group meetings, and various implications. Transportation, funding, and other issues are discussed.

Contributors
Villa, Roberto, Kisana, Haroon, Montesano, Mark, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Abstract The United States continues to face problems in the workplace in regards to happiness, satisfaction, and engagement. In comparison, Denmark consistently ranks as one of the happiest countries in the world. This paper serves to describe the norms and cultural aspects that may explain why each country has its respective outcomes in regards to the employee experience. The paper concludes with possible recommendations that organizations can adopt to help improve the employee experience in the United States.

Contributors
Fisher, Makenna Leigh, Moore, James, LePore, Paul, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

This paper begins by exploring the prior research that has shown how eating a plant-based diet can affect the human body. Some of these effects include: improved mood, energy levels, gut health, alkalized urine pH, as well as, lowering the risk of hormonal imbalance, kidney stones, diabetes, cancer, and coronary artery disease. The worries that generally accompany eating a fully vegan diet, which include, malnutrition and protein deficiency, are also addressed in the background research. In attempt to build upon previous research, a weeklong experiment was conducted testing 3 different factors, which include: gut health, improved mood, and urine pH. ...

Contributors
Macias, Lindsey Kaori, Johnston, Carol, Katsanos, Christos, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

Similarity Joins are some of the most useful and powerful data processing techniques. They retrieve all the pairs of data points between different data sets that are considered similar within a certain threshold. This operation is useful in many situations, such as record linkage, data cleaning, and many other applications. While many techniques to perform Similarity Joins have been proposed, one of the most useful methods is the use of indexing structures to improve the performance of Similarity Joins. After spending pre-processing time to construct an index over a given dataset, the index structure allows for queries over that dataset ...

Contributors
Pearson, Spencer Scott, Silva, Yasin, Dietrich, Suzanne, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

When communist leader Ceaușescu was overthrown in the Romanian revolution of 1989, Romania reinstated reproductive freedoms that had been denied under communist policy. This study looks at reproductive health in Romania in 2013, examining the progress in reproductive healthcare made since 1989 while looking at lingering barriers to resources and education. Thirty-five pharmacists were surveyed to collect information on pricing and accessibility of contraceptives in pharmacies. In addition, interviews were conducted with the director of Societatea de Educatie Contraceptiva si Sexuala (SECS), a reproductive clinic healthcare provider, a professor of philosophy and feminism at Babeș-Bolyai University, and four young Romanian ...

Contributors
Zack, Lauren, Katsulis, Yasmina, Orlich, Ileana, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

I built a short-term West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil price-forecasting model for two periods to understand how various drivers of crude oil behaved before and after the Great Recession. According to the Federal Reserve the Great Recession “…began in December 2007 and ended in June 2009” (Rich 1). The research involves two models spanning two periods. The first period encompasses 2000 to late 2007 and the second period encompasses early 2010 to 2016. The dependent variable for this model is monthly average WTI crude oil prices. The independent variables are based on what the academic community believes are drivers ...

Contributors
Mirza, Hisham Tariq, McDaniel, Cara, Budolfson, Arthur, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

We were interested in whether or not certain demographics, such as gender, age, education level, and academic major, would affect an individual’s political awareness. In particular, we hypothesized that Political Science majors would have a higher level of political awareness than Non-Political Science majors. In an in-person survey, we asked participants on the Arizona State University, Tempe campus a series of nine questions measuring government structure and procedure, current politics, and policy issues. Our findings concluded that, within our sample: 1) on average, Political Science majors outperformed Non-Political Science majors 2) education level appears to be positively associated with political ...

Contributors
Taylor, Kaela, Leung, Emily, Lennon, Tara, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

Year after year, babies are dying after being left behind in cars that reach dangerous levels of heat. This project, conducted by the Hot Babies Senior Design Team, aims to solve this growing issue with the development of a hot car baby monitor. This device is integrated with multiple sensors: temperature, sound, carbon dioxide, and motion in order to detect life inside of a hot car. By using different sensors, a combination of threshold activated signals can be used to provide high quality monitoring and reduce false alarms from outside noise. Once the algorithms predict the presence of a living ...

Contributors
Qin, Eric C, Luc, Andrew, Cheung, Wai, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

Substance abuse disorder is a debilitating condition characterized by recurring drug-seeking behaviors and high rates of relapse. In male rats, this tendency to engage in drug-seeking behavior can be inhibited by environmental enrichment (EE) during abstinence. We have shown previously that cocaine-seeking behavior is associated with an increase in addiction-related genes such as Arc and CamkIIa and a decrease in the microRNA miR-495. We have also shown that miR-495 inhibits expression of Arc and CamkIIa post-transcriptionally. Therefore, we hypothesize that reduced cocaine-seeking behavior in EE female rats is associated with a downregulation of these addiction-related genes as well as an ...

Contributors
St Peter, Madeleine Kay, Neisewander, Janet, Newbern, Jason, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

Human trafficking is not a new problem, but has gained recognition in the last decade as one of the world’s most serious and large-scale violations of human rights. Though the figures vary wildly due to insufficient data, the U.S. State Department estimates that there are as many as 20 million victims of trafficking around the world. As more attention is shifted towards the problem, even the most developed nations of the world are recognizing the gravity of human trafficking and slavery within their borders. Stories of trafficking have many similarities across borders and cultures, but all countries have unique methods ...

Contributors
Lawson, Shelby Marie, Hinojosa, Magda, Lake, Milli, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

The goal of this research study was to empirically study the effects of a project based learning activity. The effectiveness of this study was benchmarked according to two results: the effectiveness in communicating the scope and impact of engineering, and the effectiveness in increasing interest in computer systems engineering (CSE). This research report presents an analysis of the effects of making engineering education socially relevant, interesting and accessible. High school students participated in a learning experience in which they designed flood evacuation systems that could warn a city of incoming floods. Both pre-assessments and post-assessments were implemented to capture students’ ...

Contributors
Ridhwaan, Syed, Ganesh, Tirupalavanam, Shrake, Scott, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

The purpose of this research was to create a theoretical lesson plan to teach the French Revolution, and specifically the March on Versailles, to secondary-level (middle and high school) students. This lesson plan incorporates a simulation of the March on Versailles for students to participate in as a supplement to their usual lesson, and as a different and engaging method of learning. For the purposes of this honors thesis, the research and information gathered was split into four individual sections: a pedagogy, a historiography, a series of short biographies, and a script which is accompanied by a short film of ...

Contributors
Nun, Taylor Jaylene, Thompson, Victoria, Harris, Lauren, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

As global population and demand for electrical power increase, humanity is faced with the growing challenge of harnessing and distributing enough energy to sustain the developing world. Currently, fossil fuels (coal/natural gas) are our main sources of electricity. However, their cost is increasing, they are nonrenewable, and they are very harmful to the environment. Thus, capacity expansion in the renewable energy sector must be realized to offset higher energy demand and reduce dependence on fossil fuels. Solar energy represents a practical solution, as installed global solar capacity has been increasing exponentially over the past 2 decades. However, even with government ...

Contributors
Bliss, Lyle Brewster, Bowden, Stuart, Karas, Joseph, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

South Sudan claims the position of being the newest state in the world, formed by a referendum on separation from Sudan held in 2011. The referendum comes after a half a century of fighting, which led to the displacement of an estimated four million South Sudanese and the death of two million. The massive numbers of displaced people fled to Northern Sudan or surrounding countries, crossing borders and becoming refugees. A comparatively small number were repatriated into countries of second asylum, such as the United States. Arizona, a state with relatively cheap cost of living and a large amount of ...

Contributors
Dooling, Carmel Inez, Holian, Anna, Gallab, Abdullahi, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

The problems addressed by the philosophy of mind arise anew when we consider the possibility of consciousness in artificial and non-biological systems. In this thesis I adapt traditional theories of mind and theories meaning in natural language to the new problems posed by these non-human systems, attempting answers to the questions: Can a given system think? Can a given system have subjective experiences? Can a given system have intentionality? Together these capture most of the typical features of consciousness discussed in the literature. Hence, answers to these questions have the potential to form a basis for a robust and practical ...

Contributors
Woodard, Dalton Miles, Watson, Jeffrey, Blackson, Thomas, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

This creative project, titled What Did You Expect?, is five comedy plays all written and edited by me (with the help of my director Jason Scott), to ideally be performed all in a single night of entertainment. All five plays are united with an overarching theme, which sits somewhere on the borders of subverting expectations and the fortitude of human emotion. I have a long history writing sketch comedy (for a college student), but each of these plays were all written with the specific intention to divert from the style of short-form comedy to longer stories with dynamic characters and ...

Contributors
Mahai, Cameron Jahon, Scott, Jason, Maday, Gregory, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Elektralite: A Novella is a creative project that documents the life and happenings of Lana Elektra, a young multi-million dollar heiress living in New York City. In the novella, Lana has found herself a little restless as a result of having so much money and time on her hands. Through trying to keep herself occupied, Lana meets a boy named Connor who attends college in the city. The two develop a dysfunctional relationship concerning emotions, money, and power. Connor begins to get incredibly comfortable with Lana’s lifestyle, particularly the drug culture, while Lana begins to question her identity and the ...

Contributors
Heinrich, Shelby Nicole, Soares, Rebecca, Garrison, Gary, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

This thesis provides an analysis on the crowdfunding environment in comparison to traditional fundraising methods in an effort to understand the relationship between the two types of fundraising and why crowdfunding has gained traction. Additionally, this thesis provides a study on good vs. bad crowdfunding to formulate a strategy for crowdfunding success. Methods of analysis include the execution of a situational analysis for both fundraising environments, and the collection of primary and secondary data of case studies of both crowdfunding failures and successes. Results showed that although crowdfunding provides lower search cost, greater efficiency, and eliminates geographical limitations leading to ...

Contributors
Roth, Ari Lawrence Max, Giles, Bret, Schlacter, John, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Every year, millions of people find themselves displaced from their homes because of fear or threats of violence. Some of these people will become refugees, who will then be resettled in the United States. In order to help with the resettlement process, refugees are given cultural orientations through their resettlement organizations. The Phoenix Police Department teaches one of these cultural orientations for local resettlement agencies in order to dispel some of the fears refugees have about law enforcement and build a stronger relationship with the refugee community. Past research on this topic has been limited within the United States, but ...

Contributors
Baumgartner, Rachel Paige, Telep, Cody, O'Flaherty, Katherine, et al.
Created Date
2016-12

Perceptions of the self differ between cultures, generally between those cultures in the West and East. Some of the ways that these individuals from these cultures may differ are in their self-construal, their collectivist and individualist tendencies, and how they perceive control in their lives. The current study proposes that some of these differences are influenced by different concepts individuals hold regarding the “soul”, or inner self. These concepts may be promoted by the different religious beliefs prominent in different regions. The Soul Perception Index, being developed through this study, measures belief in multiple souls, a universal soul, a single ...

Contributors
Naidu, Esha Svetha, Cohen, Adam, Glenberg, Arthur, et al.
Created Date
2016-12

Throughout modern culture and the political arena religious intolerance and misinformation runs rampant. Recent presidential elections have brought two minority religions (in the U.S.) to the forefront of national media attention and national dialogue-leading to presumptions, misunderstandings, and personal opinions that don’t necessarily address the realities of the religions. Brought to the forefront by presidential candidates religions or by candidates targeting individual religions for their “connections” to terrorism, the LDS Church and Islam have become targets of religious bias and attacks. Even further attacked have been the women within these religions-who have often been deemed as objectified and oppressed as ...

Contributors
Warren, Annie Michelle, Ali, Souad T., Daughtrey, Doe, et al.
Created Date
2016-12

Social media is an industry that is rapidly growing and is affecting our society, our health, and our social environments. Emerging research suggests that Social Media has been linked to Poor Body Image, Cyberbullying, Depression, Internet Addiction, and Loneliness among other things. This paper looks at the research and discusses the designer’s role in the matter. Is it possible that poor design is the cause of these problems? Can design solve these problems? Are there ethical standards that digital product designers in particular can abide by?

Contributors
Davis, Nicole Angela, Sanft, Alfred, Heywood, William, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

Communication amongst eusocial insect is key to their success. Ants rely on signaling to mediate many different functions within a colony such as policing and nest mate recognition. Camponotus floridanus uses chemosensory signaling in the form of cuticular hydrocarbons to regulate these functions. Each cuticular hydrocarbon profile contains numerous hydrocarbons, however it is yet to be seen if Camponotus floridanus can discriminate between linear hydrocarbons of similar length. Individual specimens were conditioned in three different ways: 5 conditioning with high concentration of sugar water (1;1 ratio), 1 conditioning with high concentration of sugar water, and 5 conditioning with low concentration ...

Contributors
Damari, Ben Aviv, Liebig, Juergen, Majid, Ghaninia, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

This dissertation investigates the potential for stimulating ureolytic and denitrifying microbes concurrently (i.e., stimulating a ureolytic, denitrifying microbial community) for a more efficient microbially induced carbonate precipitation (MICP) process. Three sand columns were run for a treatment period of six weeks with a continuous flow of nutrient solution containing calcium nitrate, calcium acetate, calcium chloride, magnesium sulfate, tryptic soy broth and trace metals. The first and third columns served as control columns, within which only denitrification processes were at work. The first column was used for periodic sampling to measure the pH, ion concentrations, and total nitrogen over time. The ...

Contributors
Ochsenbein, Amelia Dell, Kavazanjian, Edward, O'Donnell, Sean, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

The purpose of this paper is to examine the negative effects Abercrombie & Fitch, a pricey retail store aimed at trendy teens to young adults, has on consumers. It analyzes the identity politics and rhetorical elements of the A&F brand. Specifically, it critiques their three issues in advertising, the store's space/layout, and comments made by their former Chief Executive Officer, Mike Jeffries, in order to explain the type of identity the brand invites consumers to become.

Contributors
Leon, Ileana Maria, Quinlivan, Raena, Edson, Belle, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

The Guantánamo Bay detention center received its first detainees on January 11, 2002, four months after the 9/11 attacks that precipitated the facility’s creation. According to the rhetoric of Bush Administration officials, the detention facility’s purpose after 9/11 was simple and obvious: it was there to keep ordinary Americans safe by keeping the most dangerous terrorists the United States military and intelligence communities could find under lock and key. But the administration’s reasons for creating the Guantánamo Bay facility, and the legal and political foundations on which they did so, were far more complicated. That detention center was at the ...

Contributors
Loucks, Andrew Glennon, Simon, Sheldon, Herrera, Richard, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

During the transition between high school and college, there is an enormous decline in the number of women who pursue STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics). Even in the STEM workforce, the gender gap is quite large. This results in a lot of wasted potential and talent that is needed to stay competitive in today’s world. This thesis is divided into three parts: identifying a problem, analyzing possible causes, and highlighting various solutions. By using resources such as the Collegeboard, it is apparent that high schools girls over represent in AP and honors math and science classes and achieve just ...

Contributors
Nahon, Leah H., Duerden, Sarah, Brewer, Kathleen, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Supply Chain Management has many fundamental principles that can be applied to all businesses to improve efficiency and create more transparency, this in turn, encourages collaboration and fosters healthy professional relationships. Using the fundamental principles of supply chain management, I evaluated the Veterans Administration(VA) hospital in regards to their provided treatment for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder(PTSD) to look for places where efficiency can be improved. I analyzed the problem in relation to Supply Chain Management, PTSD, and design in order to create a more complete solution. Once these areas were addressed, I proposed a solution that included creating a separate clinic ...

Contributors
Griffin, Kailey Anne, Brandt, Beverly, Davila, Eddie, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

An in-depth analysis of Homeview Realty and Homeview Financial was conducted. A marketing plan for both companies was prepared for this project. Homeview Realty and Homeview Financial are in the midst of dynamic industries. The landscape of doing business in the real estate and mortgage industries are constantly changing and evolving. Thus, it is vital for Homeview Realty and Homeview Financial to constantly be knowledgeable in these fields. With this dynamic aspect, the landscape for marketing has also changed; it became digital in nature. Thus, it is important to analyze Homeview Realty and Homeview Financial currently and create a live ...

Contributors
Crowley, Rachel Victoria, Ostrom, Lonnie, Montoya, Detra, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

Plagued by white walls, cold corridors, sterile layouts, and overall design inefficiency, traditional hospitals have created an ironic sense of fear in most people about visiting a place intended to help them heal. This thesis examines the healing qualities for humans in response to a resort-like atmosphere where they are provided with amenities such as a variety of entertainment, food, and recreation options as well as first-class customer service.

Contributors
Thompson, Erica Ann, Brandt, Beverly, Shraiky, James, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

Entertainment journalism is a field that is easily misunderstood. Too many times its credibility is overlooked in favor of its hard news and sports counterparts. But the celebrity and gossip reporting industry has been a fixture in American journalism since the early 20th century. Readership and demand has steadily increased in the past 50 years for it to become a booming industry of magazines, news shows, websites and blogs all devoted to covering a unique aspect of the entertainment industry. From news about Angelina Jolie’s pregnancy to the status of production on the Batman reboot, the content covered is as ...

Contributors
Kuni, Ellen Marie, Brown, Aaron, Gilpin, Dawn, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

Protein AMPylation is a recently discovered and relatively unstudied post-translational modification (PTM). AMPylation has previously been shown to play an important role in metabolic regulation and host pathogenesis in bacteria, but the recent identification of potential AMPylators across many species in every domain of life has supported the possibility that AMPylation could be a more fundamental and physiologically significant regulatory PTM. For the first time, we characterized the auto-AMPylation capability of the human protein SOS1 through in vitro AMPylation experiments using full-length protein and whole-domain truncation mutants. We found that SOS1 can become AMPylated at a tyrosine residue possibly within ...

Contributors
Ober-Reynolds, Benjamin John, LaBaer, Joshua, Borges, Chad, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

The purpose of this paper is to examine the existing bodies of research on the validity and value of cognitive intelligence and emotional intelligence in relation to top management teams (TMTs) and how those relate to TMT integration and firm performance. The approach of this paper is an aggregation and summary of empirical research to propose a theoretical model of how emotional intelligence directly relates to firm performance. Findings of several researchers show that cognitive intelligence matters to individual performance across the board and that emotional intelligence matters to leadership, team integration, and firm performance in various contexts. Practical implications ...

Contributors
Brandlin, Daniela Patricia, Peterson, Suzanne, McKinnon, David, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

There are many factors that influence the college decision process, but rural students face a unique set of challenges because of the environment in which they make the decision. This is a qualitative study that combines a review of previous literature on the subject with a survey of twelve students from the graduating class of 2011 in a rural area of Arizona. Results from the interviews found that the rural students consider the perception of importance of a college degree, parental influence, and self-discovery as important factors in the decision making process. In addition, not all non-college-going students felt that ...

Contributors
Crow, Ellyse Diann, Wang, Lili, Hollin, Michelle, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

An English ballad several centuries old first introduced the world to a heroic outlaw named Robin Hood, who stole from the rich and gave to the poor. The theme is a familiar one and one that is currently playing out in the tale of Aereo and its founder; a modern day Robin Hood accused of stealing form the rich (television broadcast companies) and giving to the poor (consumers). This paper will explore Aereo, its founder Chet Kanojia and the legal battle between the broadcast networks and Aereo; look at the history of television and broadcasting, explore why Aereo was a ...

Contributors
Fitzgerald, Darby Nicole, McGuire, Tim, Dodge, Nancie, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Understanding the relationships between chemistry students’ motivation, performance, and gender can help identify and inform ways in which chemistry education might be improved. Students from four CHM 101 classes with two different instructors were surveyed using an adapted Science Motivation Questionnaire II, and motivation data was analyzed with respect to final course performance. Gender data was available for two of these classes, and motivation results analyzed by gender for these classes. Exam scores and gender data was obtained from one of the instructors for CHM 101 courses taught over the past five years and were also analyzed. The motivational study ...

Contributors
Johnson, Walter Gregory, Gould, Ian, Wolf, George, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Depletion of fossil fuel resources has led to the investigation of alternate feedstocks for and methods of chemical synthesis, in particular the use of E. coli biocatalysts to produce fine commodity chemicals from renewable glucose sources. Production of phenol, 2-phenylethanol, and styrene was investigated, in particular the limitation in yield and accumulation that results from high product toxicity. This paper examines two methods of product toxicity mitigation: the use of efflux pumps and the separation of pathways which produce less toxic intermediates. A library of 43 efflux pumps from various organisms were screened for their potential to confer resistance to ...

Contributors
Lallmamode, Noor Atiya Jabeen, Nielsen, David, Cadillo-Quiroz, Hinsby, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

The purpose of this thesis is to develop an aptitude test to administer to shelter dogs in order to determine which dogs could be adopted and trained for Search and Rescue (SAR) work. SAR is an essential field made up primarily of volunteers that search for people who have gotten lost. Many SAR teams work with the police force to locate missing persons. There are various types of SAR work, such as urban SAR, ground SAR, mountain rescue, and cadaver SAR, among others. The tasks of hiking, climbing, crawling, and various other methods of maneuvering are required from the SAR ...

Contributors
Niemira, Lauren Marie, Caron, Martha, Steele, Kelly, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

This piece aims to discuss the roles of emerging geographies within the context of global supply chains, approaching the conversation with a “systems” view, emphasizing three key facets essential to a holistic and interdisciplinary environmental analysis: -The Implications of Governmental & Economic Activities -Supply Chain Enablement Activities, Risk Mitigation in Emerging Nations -Implications Regarding Sustainability, Corporate Social Responsibility In the appreciation of the interdisciplinary implications that stem from participation in global supply networks, supply chain professionals can position their firms for continued success in the proactive construction of robust and resilient supply chains. Across industries, how will supply networks in ...

Contributors
Vaney, Rachel Lee, Maltz, Arnold, Kellso, James, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Menopause is associated with a wide array of negative symptoms. As average lifespan increases due to advances in healthcare and technology, more women are spending a larger portion of their lives in a menopausal state low in estrogen and progesterone. Hormone therapies such as Conjugated Equine Estrogens (CEE) and the bioidentical estrogen, 17-estradiol (E2), are commonly prescribed to treat the negative symptoms of menopause. Our laboratory has previously shown that CEE has differential effects on cognitive ability depending on whether menopause is transitional (VCD) or surgical (ovariectomy, OVX). Further, the negative impact of CEE on cognitive function in a transitional ...

Contributors
Granger, Steven Jay, Bimonte-Nelson, Heather, Presson, Clark, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

The FDA-approved drug bexarotene has been predominantly utilized for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTLC), but has shown promise as an off label treatment for various other cancers as well as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, harmful side effects such as hypothyroidism have catalyzed a search for alternative rexinoids which retain similar levels of RXR agonism while reducing the undesirable effects incurred by bexarotene. This honors thesis outlines the steps taken to design and synthesize novel analogues of the selective retinoid-X-receptor (RXR) agonist 4-[1-(3,5,5,8,8-pentamethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2-naphthyl)ethynyl]benzoic acid (bexarotene). Corresponding NMR spectra indicates the successful construction of four novel compounds which are structurally ...

Contributors
Davidson, Jesse Raymond, Wagner, Carl, Ball, Rebecca, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Concept maps are teaching tools used to encourage students to utilize active learning strategies and to take responsibility for their own learning. The purpose of this two-semester study is to evaluate the use of concept maps in a junior-level Biomaterials classroom. The maps are assessed based on students’ attitude, achievement, and persistence. No significant correlation was determined between concept map score and achievement (correlation coefficient = 0.1739 in the first semester, 0.2208 in the first set of the second semester, and 0.0829 in the second set of the second semester), though further studies should be completed to support the effects ...

Contributors
Holm, Mikayle Ashlyn, Ankeny, Casey, Graham, Kaely, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Current research on problem based tasks in the mathematics classroom and the effects are examined. As well educators are provided with an analysis regarding the importance of teaching students to problem solve through the use of novel problems, as well as equip them with the know-how to implement a problem-based unit in their classrooms. A sample unit plan and fifteen novel problems and their solutions appropriate for Algebra I students are also provided. Keywords: problem-solving, attitude, algebra

Contributors
Stuart, Dorothy, Stuart, Risa, Kurz, Terri, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

RRAM is an emerging technology that looks to replace FLASH NOR and possibly NAND memory. It is attractive because it uses an adjustable resistance and does not rely on charge; in the sub-10nm feature size circuitry this is critical. However, RRAM cross-point arrays suffer tremendously from leakage currents that prevent proper readings in larger array sizes. In this research an exponential IV selector was added to each cell to minimize this current. Using this technique the largest array-size supportable was determined to be 512x512 cells using the conventional voltage sense amplifier by HSPICE simulations. However, with the increase in array ...

Contributors
Madler, Ryan Anton, Yu, Shimeng, Cao, Yu, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

There’s a growing trend of transparency in the media that has been reflected in the Society of Professional Journalists’ Code of Ethics. SPJ advocates that journalists “explain ethical choices and processes to the audience” and “expose unethical conduct.” Transparency currently means taking responsibility for your work and not allowing yourself to be compromised by conflicts of interest. It doesn’t usually mean being open about your beliefs, positions and perspectives. We would argue that it could, and should. There are many examples of publications making mistakes because they lacked the knowledge and understanding of someone from a different perspective. Additionally, there ...

Contributors
VanHorn, Miranda, Shearer, Anne, Rodriguez, Rick, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

This thesis provides recommendations to implement journalism and publishing programs into Montessori secondary education systems. This applies to students of 11 years or older that can be found in more than 210 Montessori schools across the nation, according to the American Montessori Society. Much of the foundation for this thesis is created by my own experience starting a journalism program at Desert Garden Montessori School in Phoenix, Arizona. The literature review looks at the history of Montessori education; the differences between Montessori education and traditional public schooling; the benefits of journalism programs for secondary education systems; and the observed fit ...

Contributors
Otarola Alfaro, Miguel Angel, Gilger, Kristin, Roschke, Kristy, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

This project is an arrangement of three movements from Igor Stravinsky’s most famous and beloved ballets for performance by classical guitar quartet. The movements arranged were “Augurs of Spring” from The Rite of Spring (1913), “Russian Dance” from Petrouchka (1911), and “Infernal Dance of All Kastchei’s Subjects” from The Firebird (1910). Because the appeal of this music is largely based on the exciting rhythms and interesting harmonies, these works translate from full orchestra to guitar quite well. The arrangement process involved studying both the orchestral scores and Stravinsky’s own piano reductions. The sheet music for these arrangements is accompanied by ...

Contributors
Sample, Katherine Elizabeth, Koonce, Frank, Lake, Brendan, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Malware that perform identity theft or steal bank credentials are becoming increasingly common and can cause millions of dollars of damage annually. A large area of research focus is the automated detection and removal of such malware, due to their large impact on millions of people each year. Such a detector will be beneficial to any industry that is regularly the target of malware, such as the financial sector. Typical detection approaches such as those found in commercial anti-malware software include signature-based scanning, in which malware executables are identified based on a unique signature or fingerprint developed for that malware. ...

Contributors
Anwar, Sajid, Chan, Tsz, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Computer Science and Dance are choice driven disciplines. The output of their processes are compositions of experience. Dancers are not computers and computers are not people but there are comparable traces of humanity in the way each interpret and interact with their respective inputs, outputs, and environments. These overlaps are perhaps not obvious, but in an increasingly specialized world it is important to discuss them. Dynamic Programming and improvisational movement exist within exclusive corners of their respective fields and are characterized by their inherent adaption to change. Inspired by the work of Ivar Hagendoorn, John Cage and other interdisciplinary artists, ...

Contributors
Ohlsen, Lai Yi Ni, Britt, Melissa, Crissman, Angel, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

The work for this thesis was done in conjunction to that of my capstone project, which focused on understanding the effects of powder re-use on products built via Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS), a specific additive manufacturing (AM) technique where powder particles are sintered together to form final parts. Honeywell Aerospace helped support this research by providing materials and mentorship; this work will play a key role in their decision to implement DMLS and other AM methods on a larger scale. Whereas the capstone focuses on the technical details of constructing characterization equipment, analyzing data, and formulating a concluding recommendation ...

Contributors
Murella, Anoosha Sainagaki, Adams, James, Tasooji, Amaneh, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Many studies have suggested the existence of what is called the school-to-prison pipeline, a model explaining the process by which we hinder the academic development of students of color and push them instead toward the criminal justice system. This process takes place through a series of practices called exclusionary discipline practices, and these include such things as suspensions, zero tolerance policies, and the prevalence of school resource officers that often reflect larger biases or implicit racism. These practices alienate students from the academic process, increasing dropout rates and negatively affecting student achievement. There has been a great deal of research ...

Contributors
Lundy, Amy Nicole, Lopez, Vera, Swadener, Elizabeth, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) facilitate the conversion of organic matter to electrical current to make the total energy in black water treatment neutral or positive and produce hydrogen peroxide to assist the reuse of gray water. This research focuses on wastewater treatment at the U.S. military forward operating bases (FOBs). FOBs experience significant challenges with their wastewater treatment due to their isolation and dangers in transporting waste water and fresh water to and from the bases. Even though it is theoretically favorable to produce power in a MFC while treating black water, producing H2O2 is more useful and practical because ...

Contributors
Thompson, Julia, Torres, Cesar, Popat, Sudeep, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Microorganisms can produce metabolites in the gut including short chain fatty acids, vitamins, and amino acids. Certain metabolites produced in the gut can affect the brain through changes in neurotransmitter concentrations. Serotonin, a neurotransmitter, is associated with mood, appetite, and sleep. Up to 90% of serotonin synthesis is located in the gut, by human enterochromaffin cells. Bacteria known to biosynthesize tryptophan, precursor to serotonin, include Escherichia coli, Enterococcus and Streptococcus. Tryptophan is synthesized by bacteria with the enzyme tryptophan synthase and requires Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxal). We hypothesize that gut isolates from surgical weight loss patients can enhance tryptophan production, which ...

Contributors
Yee, Emily L., Krajmalnik-Brown, Rosa, Ilhan, Zehra, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

The multibillion dollar fantasy sports industry is comprised of two main groups: traditional fantasy sports (TFS) and daily fantasy sports (DFS). TFS users play in season­long leagues while DFS users play in one­day contests. In November 2015, New York Attorney General Eric T. Schneiderman opened an investigation into the DFS businesses FanDuel and DraftKings following allegations of “insider trading” by employees who may have had access to information that was not available to the public. Schneiderman’s investigation generated questions about DFS and how they differed from TFS. It was also the first instance of the differentiation between the two. This ...

Contributors
Landauer, Kevin James, Ingram-Waters, Mary, Fette, Donald, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

In real world applications, materials undergo a simultaneous combination of tension, compression, and torsion as a result of high velocity impact. The split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) is an effective tool for analyzing stress-strain response of materials at high strain rates but currently little can be done to produce a synchronized combination of these varying impacts. This research focuses on fabricating a flange which will be mounted on the incident bar of a SHPB and struck perpendicularly by a pneumatically driven striker thus allowing for torsion without interfering with the simultaneous compression or tension. Analytical calculations are done to determine ...

Contributors
Votroubek, Edward Daniel, Solanki, Kiran, Oswald, Jay, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Iron City Magazine is an online and print journal devoted entirely to writing and art from the prison world. It is our hope that through this creative platform, incarcerated artists and writers find value in their stories, fuel for personal growth, and pride in their accomplishments. Inmates are, first and foremost, people. They own stories worthy of telling and sharing. Iron City Magazine aims to highlight these stories in a way more permanent than a private journal. In addition, we serve to remind the general public that inmates can make meaningful contributions to their communities. So often, this potential is ...

Contributors
Volin, Natalie Esther, Wells, Cornelia, Berry, Shavawn, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Recurring incidents between pedestrians, bicycles, and vehicles at the intersection of Rural Road and Spence Avenue led to a team of students conducting their own investigation into the current conditions and analyzing a handful of alternatives. An extension of an industry-standard technique was used to build a control case which alternatives would be compared to. Four alternatives were identified, and the two that could be modeled in simulation software were both found to be technically feasible in the preliminary analysis.

Contributors
Fellows, Christopher Lee, Lou, Yingyan, Zhou, Xuesong, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

This study analyzes the connection between participation in Camp Carey and success at ASU by collecting data from students on their participation and their subsequent performance relative to their peers at individual grade-levels. The main question asked is, “Is Camp Carey beneficial towards contributing to the overall social aptitude, academic success, campus involvement, leadership, or work experience of students?” By separating the different engagement categories by grade-level, the study will be able to explore these and other possible solutions on how to better improve the process for furthering student engagement for future students. The results of this research will give ...

Contributors
Medbury, Chelsea Rae, Dawson, Gregory, Hornyak, Rob, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

Overexpression of AVP1 (Arabidopsis vacuolar pyrophosphatase), a type I H+ pyrophosphatase, results in greater biomass, possibly due to a function in sucrose transport within the phloem. Overexpression of the phloem lipid-associated family protein (PLAFP) was shown to increase the number of vascular bundles in Arabidopsis. Could these two phenotypes complement one another additively? In this work, double mutants overexpressing both AVP1 and PLAFP were characterized. These double mutants have enhanced biomass, greater leaf area, and a larger number of vascular bundles than the single mutant lines. Overexpression of PLAFP does not result in any increase in rhizosphere acidification capacity.

Contributors
Wilson, Sean, Furstenau, Tara, Gaxiola, Roberto, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

In the modern world of business, access to information can mean the difference between thousands of dollars. Executives at any corporation, large or small, would probably agree that they need to know everything and anything at the drop of a hat. As software has become more prominent in the business world so has the demand for an ever faster representation of business data. While traditional desktop applications have been used for decades to record, store, and display data, they do have their limitations. One such limitation being location—that is, they reside on a desktop. Remote access services have alleviated some ...

Contributors
Howard, Carson J, Prince, Linda, Ahmad, Altaf, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

Malingering is likely to occur when one has a lot to gain or lose from the existence of a physical injury or mental disease or defect. There are many procedures in place to help professionals determine whether or not one is malingering that follow either the global-signs-of-lying model or the accuracy of knowledge model, which rely on physiological and cognitive criterion, respectively. The present study aims to determine whether or not a claim of ambidexterity might be a potential indicator of malingering. 310 reports from an experienced neuropsychologist were analyzed and coded for statistical analyses. Comparisons between clients who claimed ...

Contributors
Schwaeble, Kimberly Josephine, Lanyon, Richard, Youngjohn, James, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

This thesis studies the area of sentiment analysis and its general uses, benefits, and limitations. Social networking, blogging, and online forums have turned the Web into a vast repository of comments on many topics. Sentiment analysis is the process of using software to analyze social media to gauge the attitudes or sentiments of the users/authors concerning a particular subject. Sentiment analysis works by processing (data mining) unstructured textual evidence using natural language processing and machine learning to determine a positive, negative, or neutral measurement. When utilized correctly, sentiment analysis has the potential to glean valuable insights into consumers' minds, which ...

Contributors
Soumya, Saswati, Uday, Kulkarni, Brooks, Daniel, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

Solar cells are an increasingly important energy source for meeting growing energy demands. Organic photovoltaics in particular have potential in this area due to their low cost and the relative abundance of their constituents. One concern with the inverted configuration (a type of OPV with increased long-term stability) is their reliance on activation by ultraviolet (UV) light. Here we examine the incorporation of a new electron transport layer (ETL) material, zinc tin oxide (ZTO), in order to assess its interaction with UV light. Current-voltage characteristics were analyzed using a 420 nm cutoff filter to control UV light exposure. ZTO proved ...

Contributors
Jackson, Skyler, Phelan, Patrick, Gust, Devans, et al.
Created Date
2014-04-02

The present study was conducted in order to investigate the implementation of the self-regulated learning component of goal-setting in the elementary education classroom. Essential questions posed addressed the reasoning behind why classrooms may not implement goal-setting despite the proven benefits. Also studied was the application of goal-setting within the classroom and what that may look like for educators. Finally, student preferences were observed and taken into consideration during implementation in order to help the study benefit them as much as possible. Participants included 29 fourth grade students at Rover Elementary School. The study was conducted over a six-week period by ...

Contributors
Pavlovich, Kaitlyn Marie, Jordan, Michelle, Barrus, Angela, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

According to the 2010 Trafficking in Persons report produced by the United States government, over 6.8 million women and children across the globe were forced into labor or into the sex trade. The Philippines was recently promoted to Tier 2 in the summer of 2011 as mandated by the United States Trafficking Victims’ Protection Act after being on the Tier 2 Watch List in 2009-2010. Being on the Tier 2 Watch List means that the Philippine government did not enforce laws that combat human trafficking in 2009-2011. It was speculated that the country had the potential to be demoted to ...

Contributors
Vance Lan-Ette, Kamala, Linde, Jennifer, Roe-Sepowitz, Dominique, et al.
Created Date
2012-03

This creative project represents the only creative writing that I have had the opportunity to create during my time at Barrett as a finance major. As such, I had to learn the story-telling process from scratch. My endeavors were further complicated by the fact that I desired to emulate the writing of Ernest Hemingway. He is a man whom I have come to admire, and I believe that even though it is impossible for most of us to live our lives with as much external vigor and daring, we would do well to internalize his appreciation of life as a ...

Contributors
Wilson, Thomas, Dalton, Kevin, Mokwa, Michael, et al.
Created Date
2012-04

The following business plan will delve into the financial feasibility of a business venture into niche pet product markets: more specifically, the market for pet products both sourced and made in the USA, which is a distinction also discussed in the body of the paper. The paper begins by detailing the anecdote that brought about the vision for the company and then segues into a description of the products that will be carried by the company. These include pet toys, beds, leashes, vitamins, soaps, treats and more, which is followed by a list of potential product suppliers who have all ...

Contributors
Gish, James, Trujillo, Rhett, Gray, Nancy, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

This project examines the literary figures of Tristan and Isolde, looking to see how each character is portrayed, how their portrayals change through time, and takes a socio-cultural perspective in attempts to explain why these portrayals were used, and why they changed. Three different versions of the Tristan and Isolde story from three different time periods were used: Le Morte Darthur by Sir Thomas Malory from the 1400’s, Idylls of The King by Lord Alfred Tennyson from the 1800’s, and the film Tristan + Isolde distributed by 20th Century Fox in the mid 2000’s. For each version of the story, ...

Contributors
Kupsch, Mary Francis, Newhauser, Richard, Haggins, Bambi, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Child life specialists work in a health care setting work alongside patients and families to provide coping strategies, preparation, education, and comfort to promote well-being and reduce fear and anxiety in the health care environment. They also serve as advocates for children’s developmental needs, specifically in terms of their reactions to stress, and support the active involvement of families in the child’s care. In this work, development of fear, coping, and medical preparation are reviewed. In order to further the mission of family-centered care, all types of patient populations must be studied. This reviews children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in ...

Contributors
Hardin, Elizabeth Blake, Spinrad, Tracy, Rogers, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

Collaborative learning has been found to enhance student learning experiences through interaction with peers and instructors in a way that typically does not occur in a traditional lecture course. However, more than half of all collaborative learning structures have failed to last very long after their initial introductions which makes understanding the factors of collaboration that make it successful very important. The purpose of this study was to evaluate collaborative learning in a blended learning course to gauge student perceptions and the factors of collaboration and student demographics that impact that perception. This was done by surveying a sample of ...

Contributors
Vu, Bethany Thao-Vy, Stout, Valerie, Brownell, Sara, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

This study evaluated whether the Story Champs intervention is effective in bilingual kindergarten children who speak Spanish as their native language. Previous research by Spencer and Slocum (2010) found that monolingual, English-speaking participants made significant gains in narrative retelling after intervention. This study implemented the intervention in two languages and examined its effects after ten sessions. Results indicate that some children benefited from the intervention and there was variability across languages as well.

Contributors
Fernandez, Olga E, Restrepo, Laida, Mesa, Carol, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

There exists a strong correlation between successful democratic governance and citizen participation. Pulling this sense of civic engagement to the furthest end of the spectrum, author and political theorist Benjamin Barber expresses the benefits of citizen independence and self-governance though political deliberation in a variety of texts, one of which being Strong Democracy. While the United States currently operates on a “democratic” base, the overall lack of political efficacy undermines democratic effectiveness. Benjamin Barber outlines a series of solutions and employment strategies in order to increase efficacy and bolster civic engagement and bring about a culture of self-legislation, but in ...

Contributors
Salute, Nicholas John, Kirkpatrick, Jennet, Halavais, Alex, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Acyl Carrier Protein (ACP) is a small, acidic protein that plays an essential role in fatty acid synthesis by elongating fatty acid chains. ACP was isolated from an extract of a modified strain of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 that contains a thioesterase and from which the acyl-ACP synthetase has been deleted. Using ammonium sulfate precipitation to isolate a crude protein fraction containing ACP, immunoblot analysis was performed to determine relative amounts of free and acylated-ACP in the cell. The nature of fatty acids attached to ACP was determined by creating butylamide derivatives that were analyzed using GC/MS. Immunoblot analysis showed ...

Contributors
Wu, Sharon Gao, Vermaas, Willem, Redding, Kevin, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

This study was designed with the goal of measuring the effects of sleep deprivation on muscle function. Participants in this study consisted of 19 individuals, 11 of which were in the restricted group (age 251) and 8 were in the control group (age 231). Measurements of muscle function included isometric strength, isokinetic velocity, and muscle soreness. Isometric strength and isokinetic velocity were taken for knee extension using a dynamometer. Muscle soreness was measured via a 100mm likert visual analogue scale for the step-up and step-down movements with the effected leg. Measurements were taken at baseline, and 48 hours after the ...

Contributors
Salmeron-Been, Aaron James, Dickinson, Jared, Youngstedt, Shawn, et al.
Created Date
2016-12

Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) channels are a diverse class of ion channels notable as polymodal sensors. TRPM8 is a TRP channel implicated in cold sensation, nociception, and a variety of human diseases, including obesity and cancer. Despite sustained interest in TRPM8 since its discovery in 2001, many of the molecular mechanisms that underlie function are not yet clear. Knowledge of these properties could have implications for medicine and physiological understanding of sensation and signaling. Structures of TRP channels have proven challenging to solve, but recent Cryoelectron microscopy (Cryo-EM) structures of TRPV1 provide a basis for homology-based modeling of TRP channel ...

Contributors
Helsell, Cole Vincent Maher, Van Horn, Wade, Wang, Xu, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

The Bilingual Education/English as a Second Language (BLE/ESL) program provides future educators with the foundation to teach in culturally and linguistically diverse classrooms. We collected data on the preparedness, belief of language, and personal/educational experiences of selected Spring 2015 BLE/ESL graduates. We explored and analyzed the effectiveness of the teacher preparation program and possible areas of improvement. The implications of this research will support future BLE/ESL students by offering suggestions on individual actions, instructional practices, and programmatic changes.

Contributors
Franco, Monique, Sanchez-Hernandez, Nayely, Jimenez-Silva, Margarita, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Obesity is a growing issue in the Western world, as well as other international countries. This is leading to increases in complications associated with obesity. One such complication is osteoarthritis (OA) of load bearing joints that requires surgical treatment by total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Obesity is also associated with an increase in surgical complications that may lead to poor TKA outcomes. Additionally, the female gender is also known to be associated with increased rates of severe, clinical OA. This study was designed to determine the comparative efficacy of two knee implants in the obese female population through retrospective chart review ...

Contributors
Worhacz, Kellen Michael, Hinrichs, Richard, Jacofsky, Marc, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Variants of human butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) have been designed to have high cocaine hydrolytic activity. These variants have potential pharmacological applications toward treating cocaine overdose and addiction. These enzymes must be stable in the human body over fairly long periods of time in order to be effective at treating cocaine addiction. Recombinantly expressed BChE, however, tends to be in monomer or dimer oligomeric forms, which are far less stable than the tetramer form of the enzyme. When BChE is transiently expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana, it is produced mainly as monomers and dimers. However, when the protein is expressed through stable transformation, ...

Contributors
Kendle, Robert Player, Mor, Tsafrir, Mason, Hugh, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Background: Measles virus (MV) infections are the main cause of vaccine-preventable death in children younger than 5 years. The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated there are over 20 million cases of measles every year. Currently, diagnostic methods rely on enzyme immunoassays (EIA) to detect IgM or IgG Abs in serum. These commercial assays measure reactivity against the immunodominant N antigen and can have a false negative rates of 20-30%. Centralized testing by clinical labs can delay rapid screening in an outbreak setting. This study aims to develop a rapid molecular diagnostic assay to detect IgG reactive to five individual ...

Contributors
Mushtaq, Zuena, Anderson, Karen, Reyes del Valle, Jorge, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Rubisco is a very important protein which catalyzes the addition of CO2 to ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP) to form two molecules of 3-phosphoglycerate in photosynthesis. Rubisco activase is the protein which functions to uninhibit Rubisco, however proof of a physical interaction has never been shown. A possible method for determining the interaction of the two proteins is by Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) based analysis of the two proteins. Attempts to get a FRET signal from these two proteins have been unsuccessful. To get better results, Ficoll 70, a crowding agent, was used. Analysis suggests that Ficoll 70 does not affect the ...

Contributors
Tichacek, Laura Renee, Wachter, Rebekka, Levitus, Marcia, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

In the United States, many new cases of type I diabetes appear among youth. Upon diagnosis, many patients experience psychosocial issues in addition to physical issues, including depression, anxiety, and poor self-esteem. Diabetes educators have found that it is important to form interpersonal connections and trust with their adolescent patients. One tool that may be particularly useful for diabetes educators to implement is art therapy, which combines creativity and problem solving in a practical manner. Art therapy may be particularly helpful for individuals with type 1 diabetes because of the great cognitive and emotional changes, which occur during adolescence. In ...

Contributors
Fowle, Mikaelah Jenee, Bodman, Denise, Rogers, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Police use of force has become a topic of national discussion, particularly in the wake of the deaths of Michael Brown and Eric Garner. Currently, the focus seems to be on individual officers and their individual attitudes and beliefs. Given that use of force is an individual decision it is intuitive to think that an officer’s decision to use force would be impacted by his or her attitudes and beliefs. This reasoning ignores the larger social and organizational contexts within which police officers are situated. Specifically, an officer’s peer culture and department may exert control over his or her attitudes ...

Contributors
Morse, Stephanie Jean, Wright, Kevin, Ready, Justin, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Early childhood language environment has an important effect on developmental language outcomes. Intervention and parent training for children who have speech and language delays often focuses on the implementation of strategies designed to enhance the language environment. With quantitative information on different aspects of the language environment, intervention and parent training can be better tailored to the needs of each child and can be made easier for parents to implement. This study uses the Language Environmental Analysis (LENA) system to explore differences in language environment across participants, settings (toddler group and home), and activities (general, outside, and organized playtime, story ...

Contributors
Glavee, Kelsey Marie, Scherer, Nancy, Greer, Dawn, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Balloon-borne telescopes are an economic alternative to scientists seeking to study light compared to other ground- and space-based alternatives, such as the Keck Observatory and the Hubble Space Telescope. One such balloon-borne telescope is the Balloon-borne Large Aperture Submillimeter Telescope, or simply BLAST. Arizona State University was tasked with assembling one of the primary optics plates for the telescope’s next mission. This plate, detailed in the following paragraphs, is designed to detect and capture submillimeter wavelength light. This will help scientists understand the formation and early life of stars. Due to its highly sensitive nature detecting light, the optics plate ...

Contributors
Dombrowski, Shane Matthew, Groppi, Christopher, Mauskopf, Philip, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

9/11 is a suspended moment in history that changed the lives of everyone alive in that moment forevermore. Some became zealous patriots, others despised the United States more, and I was utterly scared. I was scared for many reasons: For starters bombs, violence and hatred visited my country’s doorstep. Not only that, but I was a victim of a crime I couldn’t logically comprehend. I was unaware of the ongoing tension between the west and the Middle East. I was unaware of the Twin Towers, and I was fully unaware of my vulnerabilities. These emotions triggered a zeal and inspired ...

Contributors
Morris, Brittany Elena, Ali, Souad, Ali, Sarah, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

The objective of this research study is to assess the effectiveness of a poster-based messaging campaign and engineering-based activities for middle school and high school students to encourage students to explore and to pursue chemical engineering. Additionally, presentations are incorporated into both methods to provide context and improve understanding of the presented poster material or activity. Pre-assessments and post-assessments are the quantitative method of measuring effectiveness. For the poster campaign, ASU juniors and seniors participated in the poster campaign by producing socially relevant messages about their research or aspirations to address relevant chemical engineering problems. For the engineering-based activity, high ...

Contributors
Bueno, Daniel Tolentino, Ganesh, Tirupalavanam, Parker, Hope, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

We model communication among social insects as an interacting particle system in which individuals perform one of two tasks and neighboring sites anti-mimic one another. Parameters of our model are a probability of defection 2 (0; 1) and relative cost ci > 0 to the individual performing task i. We examine this process on complete graphs, bipartite graphs, and the integers, answering questions about the relationship between communication, defection rates and the division of labor. Assuming the division of labor is ideal when exactly half of the colony is performing each task, we nd that on some bipartite graphs and ...

Contributors
Arcuri, Alesandro Antonio, Lanchier, Nicolas, Kang, Yun, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Barrett, the Honors College accepts high performing, academically engaged students and works with them in collaboration with all of the other academic units at Arizona State University. All Barrett students complete a thesis or creative project, supervised and defended in front of a faculty committee. The thesis or creative project allows students to explore an intellectual interest and produce an original piece of scholarly research. The thesis or creative project is a student’s opportunity to explore areas of academic interest with greater intensity than is possible in a single course. It is also an opportunity to engage with professors, nationally recognized in their fields and specifically interested and committed to working with honors students. This work provides tangible evidence of a student’s research, writing and creative skills to graduate schools and/or prospective employers.