Barrett, The Honors College Thesis/Creative Project Collection

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2013 2018

Environmental and genetic factors contribute to schizophrenia etiology, yet few studies have demonstrated how environmental stimuli impact genes associated with the disorder. Immediate early genes (IEGs) are of great interest to schizophrenia research because they are activated in response to physiological stress from the environment, and subsequently regulate the expression of downstream genes that are essential to neuropsychiatric function. An IEG, early growth response 3 (EGR3) has been identified as a main gene involved in a network of transcription factors implicated in schizophrenia susceptibility. The serotonin 2A receptor (5-HT2AR) seems to play an important role in schizophrenia and the dysfunction ...

Contributors
Sabatino, Alissa Marie, Gallitano, Amelia, Hruschka, Daniel, et al.
Created Date
2014-04
Contributors
Savarese, Erica, Robert, Jason, Hurlbut, Ben, et al.
Created Date
2013-05

The knowledge of medical genetics is currently used with prenatal testing, and the advancements in the field of behavioral genetics may someday allow for its use with prenatal testing as well. The use of prenatal procedures for medical phenotypes has its own implications and should these techniques be used for behavioral phenotypes, such implications can also apply. The complexity of behavior in terms of the factors that may affect it, along with the way it is conceptualized and perceived, adds further implications for prenatal testing of it. In this thesis, I discuss the qualitative, quantitative, and historical facets of prenatal ...

Contributors
Minai, Mandana, Maienschein, Jane, Robert, Jason, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

Virtually all animals require relatively predictable developmental schedules in order to fulfill the cycle of life. Cell death and severe inflammation alter steroid hormone production and can disrupt the timing of developmental transitions such as puberty. In the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, injury to wing precursor tissues has been shown to result in decreased steroid hormone levels and delay development. The effects of damage to other tissues have not yet been explored. Here, the larval salivary glands were damaged in order to observe how injuring these specific tissues affect the timing of developmental transitions. Damage was induced by tissue-specific, temperature ...

Contributors
Rippere, Alicia Leann, Hackney, Jennifer, Marshall, Pamela, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of liver cancer and has been shown to have genetic factors that contribute to cancer susceptibility. These genetic factors can be studied using Genome-Wide association studies (GWAS), which allow for the assessment of associations between specific biologic markers. Through GWAS, associations can be analyzed to identify genetic components that contribute to the onset of HCC. This study uses an extended version of Pathways of Distinction analysis (PoDA) to identify the subset of SNPs within the Antigen Presentation and Processing Pathway that distinguish cases from controls. Further analysis was performed to explore SNP-SNP ...

Contributors
Aghili, Ardesher Joshua, Buetow, Kenneth, Wilson Sayres, Melissa, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

The advent of big data analytics tools and frameworks has allowed for a plethora of new approaches to research and analysis, making data sets that were previously too large or complex more accessible and providing methods to collect, store, and investigate non-traditional data. These tools are starting to be applied in more creative ways, and are being used to improve upon traditional computation methods through distributed computing. Statistical analysis of expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) data has classically been performed using the open source tool PLINK - which runs on high performance computing (HPC) systems. However, progress has been made ...

Contributors
Randall, Jacob Christopher, Buetow, Kenneth, Meuth, Ryan, et al.
Created Date
2016-12

MPV17-related hepatocerebral mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, previously known as Navajo Neurohepatopathy (NNH), is a rare genetic disease affecting Navajo children of the American Southwest. These children can suffer from several severe symptoms like brain damage and liver disease, and a diagnosis leads to death by age 10, on average. The only known effective therapy for NNH is a liver transplant. Currently, the disease is diagnosed through a lengthy and expensive process of gene sequencing, but oftentimes patients with the most severe forms of NNH deteriorate quickly; thus a rapid diagnostic would be beneficial to beginning the transplant process as early ...

Contributors
Thompson, Emily Rose, Caplan, Michael, Carpentieri, David, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Genetic engineering has become an increasingly prevalent topic in the media today. It has raised bioethical concerns nationwide as philosophers and scientists alike realize the challenges behind where to draw the line in certain modifications. As an introduction to the topic, this paper discusses the history behind eugenics and its importance in modern society. There is a discussion on what gene alterations are and the many processes of its scientific background. This is followed by how certain procedures and the ethical issues they raise are not cut and dry. The basis of the arguments in this paper focus on two ...

Contributors
Zangana, Shadan, McGregor, Joan, Woien, Sandra, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

The Dorrance Center for Rare Childhood Disorders is a unique research division at TGen (The Translational Genomics Research Institute) that provides personalized care to children and young adults facing rare, undiagnosed diseases. TGen scientists believe that the answers to these enigmatic disorders can often be found in a person’s genetic code. They aim to solve these genetic mysteries using whole exome sequencing, a method that prioritizes the protein-coding portion of the genome in the search for disease-causing variants. Unfortunately, a communication gap sometimes exists between the TGen scientists and the patients they serve. I have seen, first hand, the kind ...

Contributors
Cambron, Julia Claire, LaBelle, Jeffrey, Huentelman, Matt, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Abstract Purpose—Use a framework of genetic knowledge to investigate the association between the genotypes of various genes with phenotypes, specifically the traits of elite athletes, in order to establish a personal opinion on their relevance to athletic performance. Methods—Assemble and analyze selected published scientific studies on genotype and athletic performance and lastly to formulate a personal opinion on the value of genetic testing of athletes. ACTN3, ACE, MSTN, and apoE were the genes selected for analyses. Results—Two genes, ACTN3 and ACE, showed a significant relationship of genotype to phenotypic traits related to athletic performance. ApoE did not demonstrate a phenotypic ...

Contributors
Minto, Jordan Taylor- Lloyd, Steele, Kelly, Penton, C. Ryan, et al.
Created Date
2017-05

Barrett, the Honors College accepts high performing, academically engaged students and works with them in collaboration with all of the other academic units at Arizona State University. All Barrett students complete a thesis or creative project, supervised and defended in front of a faculty committee. The thesis or creative project allows students to explore an intellectual interest and produce an original piece of scholarly research. The thesis or creative project is a student’s opportunity to explore areas of academic interest with greater intensity than is possible in a single course. It is also an opportunity to engage with professors, nationally recognized in their fields and specifically interested and committed to working with honors students. This work provides tangible evidence of a student’s research, writing and creative skills to graduate schools and/or prospective employers.