Barrett, The Honors College Thesis/Creative Project Collection

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2013 2017

Obesity is a growing issue in the Western world, as well as other international countries. This is leading to increases in complications associated with obesity. One such complication is osteoarthritis (OA) of load bearing joints that requires surgical treatment by total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Obesity is also associated with an increase in surgical complications that may lead to poor TKA outcomes. Additionally, the female gender is also known to be associated with increased rates of severe, clinical OA. This study was designed to determine the comparative efficacy of two knee implants in the obese female population through retrospective chart review ...

Contributors
Worhacz, Kellen Michael, Hinrichs, Richard, Jacofsky, Marc, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Many individuals are not following healthy lifestyles as evidenced by the high obesity rates and poor physical activity levels. Many do not know how to eat healthy and exercise effectively, especially given busy schedules and no time to cook or go to the gym. However, people do spend a significant amount of time on their mobile device using social media. This outlet can potentially be used to inspire and teach individuals how to cook healthy simple meals, or find motivation to get off the couch for some exercise. In this study, strategies were identified that would increase the comments, likes, ...

Contributors
Tomasso, Bernice Grace, Johnston, Carol, Dixon, Kathy, et al.
Created Date
2014-05

Dogs’ health and wellbeing is of great importance to their owners. The most common nutritional problem for pet dogs is obesity, with 22-40% of pet dogs being classified as overweight or obese. With many adverse health effects associated with obesity, this is a major concern for owners and veterinarians. The degree to which dogs enjoy consuming certain foods can have substantial implications for their body weight, so it is important to understand which aspects of foods make them appealing to dogs. This study aimed to determine whether nutritional aspects of commercial dog foods predict dogs’ preferences for those foods. It ...

Contributors
Prevost, Emily Danielle, Wynne, Clive, Hall, Nathaniel, et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Thirty six percent of Americans are obese and thirty three percent are overweight; obesity has become a known killer in the U.S. yet its prevalence has maintained a firm grasp on the U.S. population and continues to spread across the globe as other countries slowly adopt the American lifestyle. A survey was compiled collecting demographic and body mass index (BMI) information, as well as Tanofsky-Kraff’s (2009) “Assess Eating in the Absence of Hunger” survey questions. The survey used for this study was emailed out to Arizona State University students in Barrett, The Honors College, and the ASU School of Nutrition ...

Contributors
Garza, Andrea Marie, Johnston, Carol, Jacobs, Mark, et al.
Created Date
2013-05

The aim of this study is to understand the relationship among physical fitness, leisure-time activity levels, measures of body composition, and assessments of emotion toward physical activity in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). This is important because it could help individuals understand the importance of physical activity in this population. The BMI, waist circumference, height, weight, body fat percentage, and non-exercise estimation of aerobic capacity along with the temporary state of emotion toward physical activity of thirty participants with DS were measured. The results of our study show that individuals with DS who are more physically fit have less body ...

Contributors
Snow, Michelle Jeannette, Ringenbach, Shannon, Chen, Chih-Chia, et al.
Created Date
2013-05

Obesity is now an epidemic in the United States and scientists must work to approach it from a unique angle. The focus of my thesis is the application of brown adipose tissue as a combatant for fat loss in the body. Unused as adults, brown adipose tissue increases metabolism and mitochondrial function to burn more fat in individuals that cannot lose weight conventionally. Current research works to introduce safe hormonal pathways in the sympathetic nervous system to generate more of this tissue.

Contributors
Grade, Neenah Young, Morse, Lisa, Appel, Christy, et al.
Created Date
2013-05

Epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation have been found to affect metabolic processes, which leads to conditions like type 2 diabetes and obesity. The aim of this project was to validate differentially methylated cytosines (DMCs) identified in skeletal muscle from seven obese, non-diabetic women pre- and 3 months post- Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. DNA samples extracted from skeletal muscle were sent to the Mayo Genotyping Core to undergo reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS). Differentially methylated cytosines at chr14.105353824 of the gene CEP170B, chr19.16437949 of the KLF2 gene, chr7.130126082 of MEST, and chr15.62457572 of C2CD4B were captured from the RRBS analysis ...

Contributors
Kelley, Conley Lane, Coletta, Dawn K., Roust, Lori R., et al.
Created Date
2016-05

Obesity has become a major area of research in many fields due to the increasing obesity rate not only in The United States, but also around the world. Research concerning obesity stigma has both physical and mental health implications. Weight bias and obesity stigma represent important research areas for health professionals as they confront these issues on a daily basis in interactions with their patients. To explore how gender, ethnicity, and a person’s own BMI affect the stigma of certain weight related terms, a set of 264 participant’s surveys on weight related situations on the campus of Arizona State University ...

Contributors
Blasco, Drew Adair, Wutich, Amber, Brewis Slade, Alexandra, et al.
Created Date
2014-12

To identify genes that can lead to obesity of Pima Native American heritage, an array of experiments can be conducted to determine possible candidate genes that can increase the likelihood of being obese in a set population. The studies available to identify these genes were (1) inspect follow-up genes identified by a previous genome wide associations studies, GWAS, previously conducted for the 1120 American Indian subjects data available, (2) to directly sequence candidate genes in literature, (3) to analyze whole sequence data from Native American subjects, and lastly (4) to perform functional studies on most promising variants associated with BMI. ...

Contributors
Gale, Alex Mauricio Pompa, Ankeny, Casey, Baier, Leslie, et al.
Created Date
2015-05

Adaptive thermogenesis is an innate mechanism that assists the body in controlling its core temperature that can be stimulated in two ways: cold and diet. When adaptive thermogenesis is stimulated through diet, the metabolic rate of the body should increase and the metabolic efficiency of the body should decrease. This activation should, theoretically, help to control weight gain. A protocol was developed to study four male Sprague-Dawley rats throughout a fourteen week period through the measurement of brown adipose tissue blood flow and brown adipose tissue, back, and abdomen temperatures to determine if diet induced thermogenesis existed and could be ...

Contributors
Jayo, Heather Lynn, Caplan, Michael, Herman, Richard, et al.
Created Date
2016-12

Barrett, the Honors College accepts high performing, academically engaged students and works with them in collaboration with all of the other academic units at Arizona State University. All Barrett students complete a thesis or creative project, supervised and defended in front of a faculty committee. The thesis or creative project allows students to explore an intellectual interest and produce an original piece of scholarly research. The thesis or creative project is a student’s opportunity to explore areas of academic interest with greater intensity than is possible in a single course. It is also an opportunity to engage with professors, nationally recognized in their fields and specifically interested and committed to working with honors students. This work provides tangible evidence of a student’s research, writing and creative skills to graduate schools and/or prospective employers.