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This paper reports on the first test of the value of an online curriculum in social intelligence (SI). Built from current social and cognitive neuroscience research findings, the 50 session SI program was administered, with facilitation in Spanish by classroom instructors, to 207 students from Universidad Rey Juan Carlos in Madrid as part of their undergraduate classes. All materials were translated into Castilian Spanish, including outcome measures of SI that have been used in prior studies to provide valid estimates of two key components of social intelligence: 1) Sensitivity to others and 2) confidence in one’s capacity to manage social ...

Contributors
Zautra, Eva K., Zautra, Alex, Gallardo, Carmen Ecija, et al.
Created Date
2015-06-15

Background Ketogenic diets are high fat and low carbohydrate or very low carbohydrate diets, which render high production of ketones upon consumption known as nutritional ketosis (NK). Ketosis is also produced during fasting periods, which is known as fasting ketosis (FK). Recently, the combinations of NK and FK, as well as NK alone, have been used as resources for weight loss management and treatment of epilepsy. Methods A crossover study design was applied to 11 healthy individuals, who maintained moderately sedentary lifestyle, and consumed three types of diet randomly assigned over a three-week period. All participants completed the diets in ...

Contributors
Prabhakar, Amlendu, Quach, Ashley, Zhang, Haojiong, et al.
Created Date
2015-04-22

We present a phylogeographic study of at least six reproductively isolated lineages of new world harvester ants within the Pogonomyrmex barbatus and P. rugosus species group. The genetic and geographic relationships within this clade are complex: Four of the identified lineages show genetic caste determination (GCD) and are divided into two pairs. Each pair has evolved under a mutualistic system that necessitates sympatry. These paired lineages are dependent upon one another because their GCD requires interlineage matings for the production of F1 hybrid workers, and intralineage matings are required to produce queens. This GCD system maintains genetic isolation among these ...

Contributors
Mott, Brendon, Gadau, Juergen, Anderson, Kirk E., et al.
Created Date
2015-07-01

Stone-tipped weapons were a significant innovation for Middle Pleistocene hominins. Hafted hunting technology represents the development of new cognitive and social learning mechanisms within the genus Homo, and may have provided a foraging advantage over simpler forms of hunting technology, such as a sharpened wooden spear. However, the nature of this foraging advantage has not been confirmed. Experimental studies and ethnographic reports provide conflicting results regarding the relative importance of the functional, economic, and social roles of hafted hunting technology. The controlled experiment reported here was designed to test the functional hypothesis for stone-tipped weapons using spears and ballistics gelatin. ...

Contributors
Wilkins, Jayne, Schoville, Benjamin, Brown, Kyle S., et al.
Created Date
2014-08-27

Bilinguals have been shown to outperform monolinguals on word learning and on inhibition tasks that require competition resolution. Yet the scope of such bilingual advantages remains underspecified. We compared bilinguals and monolinguals on nonverbal symbolic learning and on competition resolution while processing newly-learned material. Participants were trained on 12 tone-to-symbol mappings, combining timbre, pitch, and duration of tones. During subsequent processing, participants viewed a display with four symbols, and were instructed to identify the symbol that matched a simultaneously-presented tone. On competition trials, two symbols matched the tone in timbre and pitch, but only one matched the tone on timbre, ...

Contributors
Blumenfeld, Henrike K., Adams, Ashley, College of Health Solutions, et al.
Created Date
2014-10-16

Mean Absolute Error in Self-Reported BMI by BMI category. Figure S2. Mean Absolute Error in Self-Reported Height by BMI category. Figure S3. Mean Absolute Error in Self-Reported Weight by BMI category. Figure S4. Mean Measured BMI for Stunkard Figure Sizes. Note: There are no 95% CI bars for Figures eight and nine as only one individual selected the respective body figure number, respectively. Figure S5. Mean Predicted BMI for Stunkard Figure Sizes.

Contributors
Maupin, Jonathan, Hruschka, Daniel, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, et al.
Created Date
2014-09-19