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ASU Scholarship Showcase


This growing collection consists of scholarly works authored by ASU-affiliated faculty, students and community members, and contains many open access articles. ASU-affiliated authors are encouraged to Share Your Work in the ASU Digital Repository.


Date Range
2006 2018


We present a microarray nonlinear calibration (MiNC) method for quantifying antibody binding to the surface of protein microarrays that significantly increases the linear dynamic range and reduces assay variation compared with traditional approaches. A serological analysis of guinea pig Mycobacterium tuberculosis models showed that a larger number of putative antigen targets were identified with MiNC, which is consistent with the improved assay performance of protein microarrays. MiNC has the potential to be employed in biomedical research using multiplex antibody assays that need quantitation, including the discovery of antibody biomarkers, clinical diagnostics with multi-antibody signatures, and construction of immune mathematical models.

Contributors
Yu, Xiaobo, Wallstrom, Garrick, Magee, Mitch, et al.
Created Date
2013-08-12

Transmembrane proteins are responsible for transporting ions and small molecules across the hydrophobic region of the cell membrane. We are reviewing the evidence for regulation of these transport processes by interactions with the lipids of the membrane. We focus on ion channels, including potassium channels, mechanosensitive and pentameric ligand gated ion channels, and active transporters, including pumps, sodium or proton driven secondary transporters and ABC transporters. For ion channels it has been convincingly shown that specific lipid-protein interactions can directly affect their function. In some cases, a combined approach of molecular and structural biology together with computer simulations has revealed ...

Contributors
Denning, Elizabeth J., Beckstein, Oliver, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, et al.
Created Date
2013-08-12

In this paper, we design distributed spectrum access mechanisms with both complete and incomplete network information. We propose an evolutionary spectrum access mechanism with complete network information, and show that the mechanism achieves an equilibrium that is globally evolutionarily stable. With incomplete network information, we propose a distributed learning mechanism, where each user utilizes local observations to estimate the expected throughput and learns to adjust its spectrum access strategy adaptively over time. We show that the learning mechanism converges to the same evolutionary equilibrium on the time average. Numerical results show that the proposed mechanisms achieve up to 35 percent ...

Contributors
Chen, Xu, Huang, Jianwei, Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering, et al.
Created Date
2013-08-12

Spherical catalytic micromotors fabricated as described in Wheat et al. [Langmuir 26, 13052 ( 2010)] show fuel concentration dependent translational and rotational velocity. The motors possess short-time and long-time diffusivities that scale with the translational and rotational velocity with respect to fuel concentration. The short-time diffusivities are two to three orders of magnitude larger than the diffusivity of a Brownian sphere of the same size, increase linearly with concentration, and scale as v(2)/2 omega. The measured long-time diffusivities are five times lower than the short-time diffusivities, scale as v(2)/{2D(r)[ 1 + (omega/D-r)(2)]}, and exhibit a maximum as a function of ...

Contributors
Marine, Nathan, Wheat, Philip, Ault, Jesse, et al.
Created Date
2013-08-12
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This paper considers the changes in education and capacity building that are needed in response to environmental and social challenges of the 21st Century. We argue that such changes will require more than adjustments in current educational systems, research funding strategies, and interdisciplinary collaborations. Instead, it calls for a deeper questioning of the assumptions and beliefs that frame both problems and solutions. We first discuss the challenges of transforming education and capacity building within five key arenas: interdisciplinary research; university education systems; primary and secondary education systems; researchers from the developing world; and the public at large and politicians. Our ...

Contributors
O'Brien, Karen, Reams, Jonathan, Caspari, Anne, et al.
Created Date
2013-08-12

This investigation seeks to establish the practicality of numerical frame approximations. Specifically, it develops a new method to approximate the inverse frame operator and analyzes its convergence properties. It is established that sampling with well-localized frames improves both the accuracy of the numerical frame approximation as well as the robustness and efficiency of the (finite) frame operator inversion. Moreover, in applications such as magnetic resonance imaging, where the given data often may not constitute a well-localized frame, a technique is devised to project the corresponding frame data onto a more suitable frame. As a result, the target function may be ...

Contributors
Song, Guohui, Gelb, Anne, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, et al.
Created Date
2013-08-13

We describe a multi-parameter family of the minimum-uncertainty squeezed states for the harmonic oscillator in nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. They are derived by the action of the corresponding maximal kinematical invariance group on the standard ground state solution. We show that the product of the variances attains the required minimum value 1/4 only at the instances that one variance is a minimum and the other is a maximum, when the squeezing of one of the variances occurs. The generalized coherent states are explicitly constructed and their Wigner function is studied. The overlap coefficients between the squeezed, or generalized harmonic, and the ...

Contributors
Kryuchkov, Sergey, Suslov, Sergei, Vega-Guzman, Jose, et al.
Created Date
2013-08-15

Explicit solutions of the inhomogeneous paraxial wave equation in a linear and quadratic approximation are applied to wave fields with invariant features, such as oscillating laser beams in a parabolic waveguide and spiral light beams in varying media. A similar effect of superfocusing of particle beams in a thin monocrystal film, harmonic oscillations of cold trapped atoms, and motion in magnetic field are also mentioned.

Contributors
Mahalov, Alex, Suazo, Erwin, Suslov, Sergei, et al.
Created Date
2013-08-15

In this paper, we study oscillating solutions of the 1D-quintic nonlinear Schrödinger equation with the help of Wigner's quasiprobability distribution in quantum phase space. An "absolute squeezing property", namely a periodic in time total localization of wave packets at some finite spatial points without violation of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, is analyzed in this nonlinear model.

Contributors
Mahalov, Alex, Suslov, Sergei, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, et al.
Created Date
2013-08-15

As part of a larger trend across industrialized nations, European research policy discourse has placed increasing emphasis on socio-technical integration: the explicit incorporation of activities devoted to broader social aspects into scientific activities. In order to compare these high-level integration discourses against patterns at the level of resource allocation, we analyze nearly 2500 research solicitations from the three European Framework Programmes for R&D during the period 1998-2010. We identify four distinct types of integration (socio-ethical, stakeholder, socio-economic and industrial) that occur either as core or parallel components of R&D solicitations. Quantitative analysis reveals an overall trend towards increasing integration, with ...

Contributors
Rodriguez, Hannot, Fisher, Erik, Schuurbiers, Daan, et al.
Created Date
2013-08-15