Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection

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Date Range
1805 2015
Created Date: 1945
Description: Carta de Ciudadania, or citizen card, for Hong Fat or Joaquín Hong. This is affirms his a citizen of Cuba. June 11, 1945.

Created Date: 1965
Description: This is an ID card for Julio Eng.

Description: Identity card for the Bono de Cuota Voluntaria.

Description: This is an identification card for Alejandro Eng and issued by the Center for Labor. Undated.

Created Date: 1866-12-29
Description: These records pertain to the Spanish ship "Loyola" that left Macao in February 1867 with 372 Chinese settlers, and arrived in Havana on March 11, 1867. The first notice of the leasing of the ship to the company shipping the Chinese settlers was in late December of 1866. Afterwards, the ship set sail in and arrived in Havana, where a small inspection ensued, and the settlers and crew were authorized to disembark.

Created Date: 1867-01-22
Description: These records pertain to the Portuguese ship "Gica", that sailed to Havana in 1867 carrying 291 Chinese settlers.

Created Date: 1869-02-07
Description: These documents relate to the French ship "Tamaris" that departed from Macao with 300 Chinese settlers in 1869. The first document is a letter of health that was written in Portuguese and issued by Lucio Augusto da Silva, a doctor, who inspected the conditions on the ship on February 6, 1869, before it departed the next day. He recorded that the ship carried 545 tons and 21 crew members, and the name of the captain was Felipe B. The doctor found the ship to be in a good sanitary condition, and did not speculate or find evidence of any infectious ...

Created Date: 1873-06-14
Description: Contained in this ship manifest are the names of 630 Chinese settlers who were brought to Cuba aboard an unknown ship in 1873. Of the 630 Chinese men who board the ship, 152 died along the way; their names are marked within the list. The number, Chinese name, age, and Christian name of each settler were included within the ship manifest.

Created Date: 1857-03-31
Description: This is a list of 300 Chinese settlers who were brought to Cuba aboard the ship "Johanna Maria". Only the number, Chinese name, age, and origin of each settler were included in the list. Of the 300 Chinese settlers on the ship manifest, fourteen of them died on the way to Havana, and one never boarded the ship. The settlers who died were marked in the manifest with the word murio (died). 1857.

Created Date: 1867
Description: List of 258 Chinese settlers contracted in Macao and sent to Cuba transported aboard the ship "Delangle" in January 1867.

The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.