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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


Date Range
1806 2015

This is a second labor contract that was shared between Anacleto- a Chinese settler, and Manuel Paredes, his owner. By signing the contract, Anacleto agreed to work under the orders of Paredes for one year. 1869.

Created Date
1869-10-11

This is a list of Chinese indentured servants whose eight year labor contracts upon arrival in Havana, Cuba, were ceded to Bartolome Casanas. 1865

Created Date
1865-05-27

This is a neighborhood identity card (cedula) that belonged to Gustabo, a Chinese settler. It lists his home address.

Created Date
1872-01-25

The intent of this document was to stipulate the purposes and rules regarding cedulas (neighborhood identity cards).

Created Date
1855

This is a certificate of nationality that belonged to Pedro Aloy, a Chinese settler. The certificate served as a record indicating that Pedro had been registered at the Consulate General of China in Cuba as a subject of the Emperor of China. According to the document, at the time it was issued Pedro was 42 years old, single, and considered a non-resident. He was from Canton in China, and lived in Matanzas in Cuba. 1884.

Created Date
1884-12-13

This is a second labor contract that was shared between Daniel a Chinese settler, and Jose Valentin de Cabo, his new owner, in which Daniel agreed to work for Jose Valentin de Cabo for one year. The contract was issued after Daniel completed his original eight year labor contract with another owner. 1869.

Created Date
1869-09-21

This is a second labor contract that was shared between Brito, a Chinese settler, and his owner, Gabriel Vivo y Fuentes; the term of the contract was for one year. 1869.

Created Date
1869-08-04

This is a second labor contract that belonged to Severo- a Chinese settler, and his owner, D. Francisco Gandarilla. The purpose of this second contract was to renew and extend Severo's original eight year labor contract with Gandarilla for six months. 1869.

Created Date
1869-11-15

This is a Certificate of Nationality that belonged to Miguel Hernandez- a Chinese settler. The certificate served as a record indicating that Miguel had been registered at the Consulate General of China in Cuba as a subject of the Emperor of China. According to the document, at the time it was issued Miguel was 38 years old, single, a laborer, and considered a non-resident. He was from Canton in China, and lived in Cuevitas in Cuba.

Created Date
1883-12-27

This is a neighborhood identity card (cedula) that belonged to Teodoro, a Chinese settler. San Antonio, 1860.

Created Date
1860-11-12

The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.