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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


Language
Mime Type
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Date Range
1806 1987


Information on "runaway" worker, Laureano, who escaped from his owner. November 1873

Created Date
1873

This is a series of documents written in Chinese and Spanish, including a deposit certificate from Bank of China and an inviting letter to Chinese naval staff for a banquet. Other two welcome letters from Havana tobacco company to the Chinese naval are also included.

Identification card for Wong Git issues in 1987. He was born in 1917 in China. He came to Cuba in 1948 and was a permanent resident of Cuba.

Created Date
1987

A photograph of a couple with a note "Foto Dore Real No. 119 Marianao". It is presumed that it was taken in the Marianao municipality in Havana.

A contracts between Vidal, a Chinese settler, and Pedro. The contract was to last for eight years and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Pedro and Vidal, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1866

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Alejo Chun. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1882-04-30

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Maximo Mora. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1882-09-11

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Malen. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-09-11

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Marcelino Li Cu. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-09-22

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Genaro Rodriguez. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-09-11

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Venancio Gonzalez. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-04-30

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Joaquin Perez. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-09-12

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Emilio Rodriguez. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1882-09-12

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Ricardo Li Kit. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1882-09-22

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Rafael Lautac. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-04-30

An identity card, or cedula, for Francisco. He was 34 years old when this card was issued. He was employed by Diego Fonseca.

Created Date
1867

A contract between Cheng or Francisco, a Chinese settler, and Vargas y Co. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Vargas y Co and Francisco, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1859-06-30

An identity card, or cedula, for Francisco. He was 34 years old when this card was issued. He was employed by Diego Fonseca.

Created Date
1868

Certifies that Francisco Colono, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Diego de Fonseca.

Created Date
1868-06-11

Luis Parodi, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement. Enrique Parodi was his godfather.

Created Date
1864-06-09

Report detailing the regulations and laws concerning the burial of Chinese settlers and the efforts of the Commission to establish these laws.

Created Date
1867-02-17

Report detailing the regulations and laws concerning the burial of Chinese settlers and the efforts of the Commission led by Mateo Menudo to establish these laws.

Created Date
1867-04-17

Francisco Plazaola, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement. He also dedicated his life and fealty to God.

A letter from the bishop of Havana to the Superior Civil Governor. It details the bishops concerns about the spirituality of Chinese settlers.

Created Date
1868-03-09

Reports the concerns of Catholic leaders about the idolatry and cult groups forming among converted Chinese settlers.

Created Date
1866-11-06

Document describing how missionaries report of a cult group forming within a Chinese Catholic community who they considered to be "idolaters."

Created Date
1866-11-05

Document pertaining to Chinese settlers converting to Catholicism and adopting what missionaries considered "appropriate" morals and habits in their Catholic faith.

Created Date
1866-06-18

These documents pertain to the conversion of Chinese settlers and the efforts taken by missionaries to spread Catholicism in Asia and to Chinese settlers living in Spanish controlled areas.

Created Date
1866-06-30

Certifies that Lucas, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Benitez Diron y Co.

Created Date
1867-08-23

Certifies that Lucas, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Pedro Ybarra.

Created Date
1868-05-16

Lucas, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He was originally from Canton. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1866-11-27

A contract between Lucas, a Chinese settler, and the Grand Sugar Production Society. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Noted Lucas completed a contract with Benitez Diran y Co previously. Signed by Pedro and Lucas, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1867

Certifies that Felipe, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Cristobal Madan.

Created Date
1866-06-01

A contract between Felipe, a Chinese settler, and Cristobal Madan. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Notes Felipe completed a contract with Yugenio la Rosa previously. Signed by Cristobal Madan and Felipe, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1866

A contract between Felipe, a Chinese settler, and Pedro Rorello. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Notes Felipe completed a contract with Cristobal Madan previously. Signed by Pedro Rorello and Felipe, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1867

Felipe, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He was originally from Canton. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1868-06-06

Certifies that Felipe, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Cristobal Madan.

Created Date
1868-08-30

Certifies that Felipe, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Ingenio La Rosa.

Created Date
1868-09-05

Certifies that Felipe, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Cristobal Madan.

Created Date
1868-08-29

An identity card, or cedula, for Fernando. He was 36 years old when this card was issued.

Created Date
1861

Certifies that Fernando, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Francisco Arrieta.

Created Date
1863-09-09

Certifies that Fernando, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Francisco Arrieta.

Created Date
1868-09-06

Fernando, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He was originally from Ankin. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1863-08-12

Fernando, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1863-09-16

Official naturalization document of Simon, a Chinese settler, who was granted his carta de naturaleza, or naturalization documents. Relates that Simon had take an oath of loyalty and obedience to the Cuban government that was required of him.

Certifies that Simon Perez, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, the Sugar Refinery de Carmen.

Created Date
1866-08-28

Certifies that Simon Perez, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer. He then applied for permanent residency.

Created Date
1866-06-28

Simon, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity in the city of Matanzas. He was baptized by Sebastian Junena.

Created Date
1866-06-28

An identity card, or cedula, for Simon, originally from Haken. He was 27 years old when this card was issued.

Created Date
1865

Certifies that Serapio, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer.

Created Date
1866-06-12

Serapio, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement. He was baptized by Sebastian Juanenea.

A contract between Serapio, a Chinese settler, and Joufa de Cardenas. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Notes Serapio completed a contract with Yugenio Toro previously. Signed by Senora de Carmello, Gabriel Cabrera, and Serapio, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1865-06-14

An identity card, or cedula, for Serapio. He was thirty four years old when this card was issued.

Created Date
1860

A contract between Serapio, a Chinese settler, and the agents of A. R. Ferran and Rafael R. Torices. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Serapio, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1854-01-28

Relates that Serapio, a Chinese settler, applied permanent residency in Cuba after fulfilling the legal requirements.

Created Date
1885-06-14

Death certificate for Domingo Morales, a Chinese settler. He died in the Royal Hospital de Caridad de San Felipe y Santiago.

Created Date
1871-01-04

Ancate, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He was contracted by Felix Garcia y Co and chose the name Francisco.

Created Date
1865-06-11

Tan-Chuy, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. Tan-Chuy was originally from Hokom. He chose the name Pedro and his godfather was Sebastian Marques.

Created Date
1863-03-22

Jose, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He was contracted by Francisco Morales and was baptized in the Church of Cerro. His godfather was Jose Molina.

Created Date
1860-12-02

Record for Enrique Roman, the child of a Chinese settler, Maria de Rosario and an unknown man. His godfather was Jose Rosario who worked for Ignacio Duart y Armenteros. He was baptized in Cerro.

Created Date
1861-06-20

Candelaria, a slave, converted to Christianity. She was the slave of Juan Sibario and was the daughter of the Chinese settler, Eustaguia. Her godmother was Merced Sonata Cruz, a creole slave. She was owned by Antonio Agustin Villa.

Created Date
1869-06-07

Valentin Salazar, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity in the city of Havana. He was originally from Canton. His godmother was Ceulia de la Piedra.

Created Date
1865-08-13

Jose, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. His godparents were Lorenzo Pedro and Pedro Esperon.

Created Date
1858-03-01

Atineo, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He was originally from Lesatao. He chose the name Eloy Fabricio and his godparents were Jose de la Luz Jaquer and Ceula la Piedra.

Created Date
1865-08-12

Record for Candelaria Maria, the child of a Creole, Clara and an unknown father. Her grandmother was Jacoba Loria. Her godfather was Angel Grey Valdes and her godmother was Maria Medina who was a slave of Carlos Dias Arguelles. She was baptized in Cerro.

Created Date
1877-05-10

Jan-Acao, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He chose the name Cristobal and his godfather was Jose Alonso y Delgado.

Created Date
1855-08-13

Ly-Ayom, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He chose the name Ricardo and his godfather was Jose Alonso y Delgado.

Created Date
1865-08-13

Chio, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He was originally from Emun. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1864-10-03

Ong Wock, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He was originally from Fukin. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1863-06-05

Juan, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity in the city of Cerro. He was originally from Canton. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement. His godfather was Manuel Estofinan.

Created Date
1860-01-09

Record for Maria, the child of two Chinese settlers. Her parents worked for Jose Forca and Mercedes Valdes. Her godmother was Ana who worked for Encarnacion Martinez.

Created Date
1878-05-23

Quiam, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He was originally from Anny. He worked for Carlos Veloz and his godfather was Santiago.

Created Date
1864-10-29

Relates that Cayetano Hernandez, a Chinese settler, was granted permanent residency in Cuba after fulfilling the legal requirements.

Created Date
1863-10-16

An identity card, or cedula, for Cayetano. Cayetano was 27 years old when this card was issued.

Created Date
1862

Cayetano, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity in the city of Havana. He was originally from Canton. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1862

Relates that Cayetano, a Chinese settler, was granted permanent residency in Cuba after fulfilling the legal requirements.

Created Date
1863

A contract between Fernando, a Chinese settler, and Francisco Cairo. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Notes that Junio completed a contract with Domingo Morales previously. Signed by two witnesses, the governor, and the new owner. Sagua de Grande.

Created Date
1868-03-20

A contract between Junio, a Chinese settler, and Juan Lairo. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Notes that Junio completed a contract with Domingo Morales previously. Signed by two witnesses, the governor, and the new owner. Sagua de Grande.

Created Date
1868-03-20

Relates that Vicente, a Chinese settler, was granted permanent residency in Cuba after fulfilling the legal requirements.

An identity card, or cedula, for Vicente. He was 38 years old when this card was issued.

Created Date
1862

A contract between Vicente Guerra, a Chinese settler, and A. de MacKay. The contract was to last for undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by A. de MacKay and Vicente Guerra, who signed in Chinese. Also features the contract in Chinese.

Created Date
1852-10-21

Certifies that Vicente, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Julian Jiuno.

Created Date
1863

Relates that Cristobal, a Chinese settler, was granted permanent residency in Cuba after fulfilling the legal requirements.

Created Date
1863-10-16

An identity card, or cedula, for Cristobal. He was originally from Macao.

Created Date
1862

A contract between, Sim Cheng Cristobal, a Chinese settler, and the agent of Ignacio Fernandez de Castro. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by MacKay, the agent, and Cristobal, who signed in Chinese. Also features the contract in Chinese.

Contributors
林, 清
Created Date
1854-03-06

Cristobal, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity in the city of Havana. He was originally from Canton. In his baptism, Cristobal offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1863-10-10

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Manuel. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1880-06-06

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Luciano. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1880-08-16

A contract between Mariano, a Chinese settler, and Ignacio F. de Castro. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Ignacio F. de Castro and Mariano, who signed in Chinese. Also features the contract in Chinese.

Created Date
1855-02-02

Mariano, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1863-08-10

A contract between Lin-Whay Fernando, a Chinese settler, and the agent for Ignacio F. de Castro. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Ignacio F. de Castro and Lin- Way Fernando, who signed in Chinese. Also features the contract in Chinese.

Created Date
1855-06-20

An identity card, or cedula, for Narciso. He was 33 years old when this card was issued.

Created Date
1863

A contract between Narceso, a Chinese settler, and A. R. Ferran and Rafael R. Torices. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements for both the employee and the employer. Signed by Narceso, who signed in Chinese. Also features the contract in Chinese.

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Jose Rosas Achau. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1880-07-06

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Raufilo Achau. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Fukiu.

Created Date
1880-07-06

Relates that Telesforo, a Chinese settler, was granted permanent residency in Cuba after fulfilling the legal requirements.

Created Date
1863-10-10

Relates that Telesforo Landa, a Chinese settler, was granted permanent residency in Cuba after fulfilling the legal requirements.

Created Date
1863-10-09

Teluforo, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1862-08-19

A contract between Lim Chin, a Chinese settler, and Jose Maria Morales. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Lim was originally from Hong Kong. Signed by N. Armeio and Lim, who signed in Chinese. Also featured in Chinese.

Contributors
連, 蕉
Created Date
1857-08-27

Record of business deal for various agents with Torices, Ferran, Dupierris y Co and La Positiva concerning the importation of Chinese settlers to Cuba to work.

Created Date
1875