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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


Language
Mime Type
Resource Type
  • Image
Status
  • Public
Date Range
1806 1987


Information on "runaway" worker, Laureano, who escaped from his owner. November 1873

Created Date
1873

This is a series of documents written in Chinese and Spanish, including a deposit certificate from Bank of China and an inviting letter to Chinese naval staff for a banquet. Other two welcome letters from Havana tobacco company to the Chinese naval are also included.

Identification card for Wong Git issues in 1987. He was born in 1917 in China. He came to Cuba in 1948 and was a permanent resident of Cuba.

Created Date
1987

A photograph of a couple with a note "Foto Dore Real No. 119 Marianao". It is presumed that it was taken in the Marianao municipality in Havana.

A contracts between Vidal, a Chinese settler, and Pedro. The contract was to last for eight years and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Pedro and Vidal, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1866

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Alejo Chun. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1882-04-30

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Maximo Mora. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1882-09-11

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Malen. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-09-11

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Marcelino Li Cu. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-09-22

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Genaro Rodriguez. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-09-11

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Venancio Gonzalez. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-04-30

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Joaquin Perez. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-09-12

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Emilio Rodriguez. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1882-09-12

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Ricardo Li Kit. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1882-09-22

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Rafael Lautac. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-04-30

An identity card, or cedula, for Francisco. He was 34 years old when this card was issued. He was employed by Diego Fonseca.

Created Date
1867

A contract between Cheng or Francisco, a Chinese settler, and Vargas y Co. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Vargas y Co and Francisco, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1859-06-30

An identity card, or cedula, for Francisco. He was 34 years old when this card was issued. He was employed by Diego Fonseca.

Created Date
1868

Certifies that Francisco Colono, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Diego de Fonseca.

Created Date
1868-06-11

Luis Parodi, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement. Enrique Parodi was his godfather.

Created Date
1864-06-09

Report detailing the regulations and laws concerning the burial of Chinese settlers and the efforts of the Commission to establish these laws.

Created Date
1867-02-17

Report detailing the regulations and laws concerning the burial of Chinese settlers and the efforts of the Commission led by Mateo Menudo to establish these laws.

Created Date
1867-04-17

Francisco Plazaola, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement. He also dedicated his life and fealty to God.

A letter from the bishop of Havana to the Superior Civil Governor. It details the bishops concerns about the spirituality of Chinese settlers.

Created Date
1868-03-09

Reports the concerns of Catholic leaders about the idolatry and cult groups forming among converted Chinese settlers.

Created Date
1866-11-06

Document describing how missionaries report of a cult group forming within a Chinese Catholic community who they considered to be "idolaters."

Created Date
1866-11-05

Document pertaining to Chinese settlers converting to Catholicism and adopting what missionaries considered "appropriate" morals and habits in their Catholic faith.

Created Date
1866-06-18

These documents pertain to the conversion of Chinese settlers and the efforts taken by missionaries to spread Catholicism in Asia and to Chinese settlers living in Spanish controlled areas.

Created Date
1866-06-30

Certifies that Lucas, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Benitez Diron y Co.

Created Date
1867-08-23

Certifies that Lucas, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Pedro Ybarra.

Created Date
1868-05-16

Lucas, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He was originally from Canton. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1866-11-27

A contract between Lucas, a Chinese settler, and the Grand Sugar Production Society. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Noted Lucas completed a contract with Benitez Diran y Co previously. Signed by Pedro and Lucas, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1867

Certifies that Felipe, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Cristobal Madan.

Created Date
1866-06-01

A contract between Felipe, a Chinese settler, and Cristobal Madan. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Notes Felipe completed a contract with Yugenio la Rosa previously. Signed by Cristobal Madan and Felipe, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1866

A contract between Felipe, a Chinese settler, and Pedro Rorello. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Notes Felipe completed a contract with Cristobal Madan previously. Signed by Pedro Rorello and Felipe, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1867

Felipe, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He was originally from Canton. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1868-06-06

Certifies that Felipe, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Cristobal Madan.

Created Date
1868-08-30

Certifies that Felipe, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Ingenio La Rosa.

Created Date
1868-09-05

Certifies that Felipe, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Cristobal Madan.

Created Date
1868-08-29

An identity card, or cedula, for Fernando. He was 36 years old when this card was issued.

Created Date
1861

Certifies that Fernando, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Francisco Arrieta.

Created Date
1863-09-09

Certifies that Fernando, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Francisco Arrieta.

Created Date
1868-09-06

Fernando, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. He was originally from Ankin. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1863-08-12

Fernando, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement.

Created Date
1863-09-16

Official naturalization document of Simon, a Chinese settler, who was granted his carta de naturaleza, or naturalization documents. Relates that Simon had take an oath of loyalty and obedience to the Cuban government that was required of him.

Certifies that Simon Perez, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, the Sugar Refinery de Carmen.

Created Date
1866-08-28

Certifies that Simon Perez, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer. He then applied for permanent residency.

Created Date
1866-06-28

Simon, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity in the city of Matanzas. He was baptized by Sebastian Junena.

Created Date
1866-06-28

An identity card, or cedula, for Simon, originally from Haken. He was 27 years old when this card was issued.

Created Date
1865

Certifies that Serapio, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer.

Created Date
1866-06-12