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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


Date Range
1806 2015


Wu (Eng) family documents. 伍氏家族档案。

Contributors
Wu, Yupu, 伍, 于璞
Contributors
Huang, Zhi Wen
Created Date
1991-08-05

This is a story about a rich lady Josephine and her daily life.

A short story about the life of a fisherman named Philip. 鲨魚翅

Created Date
1898

This is a short story about love.

The famous Chinese martial novel written by Louis Cha Leung-yung.

Contributors
Cha, Louis

The Chinese version of Cuban fiction "Protector". 保護者

Created Date
1889

This is a list of Chinese workers on the ship the Queen of England. It describes all of the workers as having an 8 year contract.

Created Date
1865-07-31

This is a passenger list of the Spanish ship "Altagracia". It was captained by Juan Bautista Onain, with destination to Havana. It was recorded by the agent Don Fernando Guton. There are 361 names on the roster.

Created Date
1871-01-16

This is a passenger list of Chinese immigrants on an unknown ship. There were 352 total passengers, but 9 died on the journey. This was recorded in Havana by Rafael R. Forices.

Created Date
1854-07-22

This is a passenger list of Chinese immigrants on the Sevuana Maria Natividad. There are 76 names on the list.

Created Date
1857-07-14

This document is a list of the Chinese immigrants on the French ship "Veloci". There are 265 names on this list. It is signed by Fernando Firtore. it is signed and stamped by the Spanish consul.

Created Date
1872-12-02

This is a membership card of Casino Chung Wah(古巴中華總會館會員證). The owner's name is Kuang Minqiang. This membership card includes the owner and his relevant's basic personal information.

Created Date
1982

This is a collection of some news reported by Xinhua News Agency during 6/20/1999 and 6/24/1990.

Created Date
1999

This image includes some statements on Japanese politician Morihiro Hosokawa. Maybe it is from an analysis report or a newspaper report.

This may be an abandoned politics news report draft of Kwong Wah Po, the local Chinese Cuban newspaper.

Here is a summary of the survey on Japanese politician Morihiro Hosokawa.

page one to pages four are chapters from a famous Chinese martial novel written by Louis Cha Leung-yung. Page five is a section of the newspaper Kwong Wah Po.

Created Date
1982-05-11

A newspaper draft of Kwong Wah Po, dating 5/18/1982.

Created Date
1982-05-18

Here is a sample of Kwong Wah Po, Guanghua Newspaper, dating 4/20/1982. There are mainly 7 sections, including world news, healthy comments, advertisement and a continued story.

Created Date
1982-04-20

This is a letter from Peter Tan to the administrator of Kwong Wah Po( Guanghua newspaper). With an attached check of 20 Canadian dollars, Tan expressed his willing of subscribing to Guanghua Newspaper.

Created Date
1990-07-20

This is a copy of Statue of Casino Chung Wah. Casino Chung Wah, also called centro principal de la comunidad China en cuba, is the main association of Chinese immigrants in Cuba.

Created Date
1984-01-01

This is a series of documents written in Chinese and Spanish, including a deposit certificate from Bank of China and an inviting letter to Chinese naval staff for a banquet. Other two welcome letters from Havana tobacco company to the Chinese naval are also included.

Identification card for Wong Git issues in 1987. He was born in 1917 in China. He came to Cuba in 1948 and was a permanent resident of Cuba.

Created Date
1987

A Chinese text book written in both Simplified Chinese and Pinyin, including daily dialogues and exercises.

A photograph of a couple with a note "Foto Dore Real No. 119 Marianao". It is presumed that it was taken in the Marianao municipality in Havana.

A membership license of Casino Chung Wah Association in Havana, the holder's name is Huang Zhiwen. On page 1 is the serial number of this license, together with the holder's photograph. On Page 2 is Huang's personal information, including name, gender, date of birth, address in China and address in Cuba. Page 3 and 4 are about medicine shopping record. On page 5 and 6 there is a list of names of Huang's relatives, and there gender, age, relationship, job and address.

Created Date
1990

This is a membership license of Cuba Chinese association. The holder's name is Huang Wenfen. On the first two pages is a record of medicine shopping, including dates and amount of money. On the last two pages is the record Huang's relatives. His wife had died in his hometown and his younger brother was living in Guangzhou at that time.

Created Date
1970

A contracts between Vidal, a Chinese settler, and Pedro. The contract was to last for eight years and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Pedro and Vidal, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1866

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Alejo Chun. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1882-04-30

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Maximo Mora. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1882-09-11

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Malen. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-09-11

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Marcelino Li Cu. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-09-22

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Genaro Rodriguez. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-09-11

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Venancio Gonzalez. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-04-30

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Joaquin Perez. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-09-12

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Emilio Rodriguez. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1882-09-12

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Ricardo Li Kit. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1882-09-22

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Rafael Lautac. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1883-04-30

An identity card, or cedula, for Francisco. He was 34 years old when this card was issued. He was employed by Diego Fonseca.

Created Date
1867

A contract between Cheng or Francisco, a Chinese settler, and Vargas y Co. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Vargas y Co and Francisco, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1859-06-30

An identity card, or cedula, for Francisco. He was 34 years old when this card was issued. He was employed by Diego Fonseca.

Created Date
1868

Certifies that Francisco Colono, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Diego de Fonseca.

Created Date
1868-06-11

Luis Parodi, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement. Enrique Parodi was his godfather.

Created Date
1864-06-09

Report detailing the regulations and laws concerning the burial of Chinese settlers and the efforts of the Commission to establish these laws.

Created Date
1867-02-17

Report detailing the regulations and laws concerning the burial of Chinese settlers and the efforts of the Commission led by Mateo Menudo to establish these laws.

Created Date
1867-04-17

Francisco Plazaola, a Chinese settler, converted to Christianity. In his baptism, he offered his loyalty to the Cuban government and the church in order to eventually receive permanent residency in Cuba, a legal requirement. He also dedicated his life and fealty to God.

A letter from the bishop of Havana to the Superior Civil Governor. It details the bishops concerns about the spirituality of Chinese settlers.

Created Date
1868-03-09

Reports the concerns of Catholic leaders about the idolatry and cult groups forming among converted Chinese settlers.

Created Date
1866-11-06

Document describing how missionaries report of a cult group forming within a Chinese Catholic community who they considered to be "idolaters."

Created Date
1866-11-05