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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


Date Range
1832 1961


A contract between Ro Moore, a Chinese settler and Pedro Reynaldo. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Ro Moore did not negotiate or sign the contract as the signature stipulates that someone else signed for him. Signed by Carlos Catalan and Pedro Reynaldo.

Created Date
1858

Chinese settler contract signed in Canton in 1866. Written is Castilian and Chinese. Visible defects. The Chinese, Liang Riquan was willing to go to Cuba as a worker. This contract was issued to him and he was requested to follow the instruction.

Contributors
粱, 日全
Created Date
1866

A contract between Higinio Crispin, a Chinese immigrant, and Vicente Vega. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Higinio was originally from Canton. Noted Higinio completed a contract with Jacinto Larrinago previously. Signed by Vicente Vega and Higinio.

Created Date
1868-05-27

A contract between Polomo O. Avoin, a Chinese immigrant, and Jose Armiros. Noted Polomo completed a contract with Calvo previously. Signed by Jose Quivos, Jose Mendez, Jose Armiros, and Polomo, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1870-12-08

A contract issued by Cafeteria Wakamba S. A. It stated that the money saved in the company could be drawn by three persons only. And when two of them agreed to draw the money, then they might draw the money successfully.

Contributors
翁, 恳芳
Created Date
1961

A contract between Nicasio, a Chinese settler, and Jose Romero. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Nicasio did not negotiate or sign the contract as the signature stipulates that someone else signed for him.

Created Date
1866

Contract between Aurelio, a Chinese settler, and Antonio Elena, a Cuban landowner. This contract was for one year and is signed by Antonio Elena, the governor of Cuba, and Aurelio. Aurelio signed in Chinese. 1868.

Created Date
1868

Contract of Marcelo, a Chinese settler, for one year. 1868.

Created Date
1868

Contract between Agustin Soatao, a Chinese settler, and his owner, Juan Cabranes, for one year. Signed July 2, 1866.

Created Date
1866

A contract between Santiago, a Chinese settler, and Julian Aranga. The contract to last for one year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Julian Aranga, Benardo Martinez, and Santiago, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1866

Contract between Damian, a Chinese settler, and his owner, Julian Frango, to last one year. April 4, 1866.

Created Date
1866

A contract between Telechino, a Chinese settler, and Jose Gomez Rochel. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Jose Gomez Rochel and Telechino, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1866

A contract between Anselmo, a Chinese settler and Jose Romero. The contract was to last for one year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by the governor of Colon, Joaquin, and Anselmo, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1866

A contract between Lomas, a Chinese settler, and Julian Arango. The contract was to last for one year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by the governor of Cuba, Julian Arango, and Lomas, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1867

Contract between Homero, a Chinese settler, and I. Smith, a landowner, for a year of work on his farm. Signed January 6, 1867.

Created Date
1867

A contract between Nicolas, a Chinese settler, and Ramon and Carlos Jonts. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Ramon, Carlos Jonts, and Nicolas, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1868

A contract between Juan Aden, a Chinese settler and Paulino Ligarrela. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Noted that Juan completed a contract with Gabriel Gomez previously. Signed by Paulino Ligarrela and Juan, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1868

A contract between Teofilo, a Chinese settler, and Ramon Fuentes. The contract was to last for one year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by the governor of Cuba, Ramon Fuentes, and Teofilo, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1868

A contract between Vicente, a Chinese settler, and Manuel Guyarro. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Notes that Vicente completed a contract with Manuel Guyarro previously. Signed by Manuel Guyarro and Vicente, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1868

A contract between Evanito and Jacobo Varela. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Jacobo Varela and Evanito, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1868