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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


Resource Type
  • Image
Date Range
1858 1876


Records for the ship Alfonso de Albuquerque, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Alfonso de Albuquerque brought settlers from China to work in the fields.

Created Date
1864-06-10

Records for the ship Encarnacion, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza. On this trip, the Encarnacion brought 325 settlers from China to work.

Created Date
1871-07-12

Records for the ship Vasco de Gama, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Vasco de Gama brought several settles that were hired for agriculture.

Created Date
1864

A contract between Tong-Atac, a Chinese settler, and H. de Closmadeuc and Campbell y Co. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Also features the contract in Chinese.

Contributors
冯, 口得
Created Date
1860-11-19

A contract between a Chinese settler and La Alianza. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer.

Contributors
鄭, 清
Created Date
1871-11-29

A contract between Chan Qui, a Chinese settler, and Tuton y Hijo and the agents of La Alianza. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements for both the employee and the employer. Chan Qui did not negotiate or sign the contract as the signature stipulates that someone else signed for him. Signed by the agents of Tuton y Hijo. Also features the contract in Chinese.

Created Date
1871-12-02

This is a first contract signed by a Chinese settler, in which he agreed to travel to Cuba to work as an indentured servant for eight years. Macao

Created Date
1871-12-02

A contract between Lam Som, a Chinese settler, and La Alianza. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Notes this contract was then transferred to José Paya and then, to J. G. Domenech. He did not negotiate or sign the contract as the signature stipulates that someone else signed for him. Signed by Jose M.

Created Date
1867-03-10

A contract between Chiong Seug, a Chinese settler, and R. Calderon, the agent of La Alianza. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Chiong Sung did not negotiate or sign the contract as the signature stipulates that someone else signed for him. Upon reaching Havana, this contract was ceded to Domenach and Co.

Created Date
1867-03-26

These are two separate first labor contracts that belonged to two Chinese settlers, in which they agreed to travel to Cuba to work as indentured servants for eight years. One contract was signed in 1867 and the other in 1861. La Alianza were the agents for these contracts.

Contributors
吳, 才
Created Date
1867

A contract between Lu, a Chinese settler, and La Alianza. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Transferred to Jose M. Paya and then to J. G. Domenech. Lu did not negotiate or sign the contract as the signature stipulates that someone else signed for him. Signed by an agent from La Alianza and the original owner.

Contributors
余, 合
Created Date
1867-03-26

A contract between Dane Lao, a Chinese settler, and Tutan y Hijo, agents for the contract company La Alianza. La Alianza was to bring Dane Lao from China to Cuba to work and the contract lists the legal requirements for both the settler and the company. Contract issued in Macao. Also features the contract in Chinese.

Created Date
1876-11-22

A contract between Lattae, a Chinese settler, and La Alianza. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Notes that this contract was transferred to Jose M. Also featured in Chinese.

Created Date
1867

A contract between Tam Fan, a Chinese and la Alianza. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Notes that the contract was transfered to Jose M.

Created Date
1867

Records for the ship, Alfonso de Albuquerque, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with la Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Alfonso de Albuquerque brought settlers from China to work on farms.

Created Date
1864

Records for the ship Neva, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with la Alianza. On this trip, the Neva brought settlers from China to work on road construction.

Created Date
1863

A contract between Zhu Nam, a Chinese settler, and Tuton y Hijo and agents of La Alianza. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Zhu Nam did not negotiate or sign the contract as the signature stipulates that someone else signed for him. Signed by Tuton y Hijo. Also features contract in Chinese.

Created Date
1870

Records for the ship Aoon, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Ferran and Dupierris and la Alianza. On this trip, the Aoon brought 104 settlers from China to work. Most were hired by Jose Baró and one was hired by Agustin Terran.

Created Date
1865

10 Chinese settlers were hired to work on public works. They were transported to Cuba aboard the ship Luisita under contract with la Alianza. These workers were hired to work in Havana.

Created Date
1864-04-10

A contract between Chan Jui, a Chinese settler, and R. Calderon, an agent for La Alianza. The contract was to last for an undisclosed amount of time and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Chan Jui did not negotiate or sign the contract as the signature stipulates that someone else signed for him.

Created Date
1867