Skip to main content

Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


Date Range
1851 1892


22 Chinese settlers were hired to work in the fields. They were transported to Cuba aboard the ship Francis P Sage under contract with Torices, Puente y Co y Ferran y Dupierris.

Created Date
1861

List of 14 chinese settlers brought to Cuba in the American ships "Live Yankee" and "Wakefield". They were hired to work in the field in 1861 for Pedro Lenoude.

Created Date
1861

Paper hiring a chinese settler brought to Cuba aboard the ship "Alfonso de Albuquerque". He was hired for the warehouse in 1864.

Created Date
1864

List of 32 Chinese settlers brought to Cuba aboard the ship "Auguste y Gustave". They were hired to work in the field in 1865 for various owners.

Created Date
1865

A list of contracted workers brought to Cuba aboard the ship "Camoens" who were later hired for field work.

Created Date
1865

List of 20 Chinese settlers brought to Cuba aboard the Spanish ship "Emigrante". They were hired to work in the field in 1865 for Jose Nicolas Gallart

Created Date
1865

Documents and hiring list of 24 Chinese settlers brought to Cuba in the Italian ship "Avon". They were hired to work in the field in 1865 for various owners.

Created Date
1865

Documents and procurement of 26 Chinese Settlers brought to Cuba on the Swedish ship "Mina". They were hired to work on the field in 1865. Some were also contracted to work in a warehouse in May 1866.

Created Date
1866

12 Chinese settlers were hired to work in the field in 1861. They were transported to Cuba aboard the ship Mercedes. These workers were hired to work for Antonio Carrillo.

Created Date
1861

46 Chinese settlers were hired to work in the field in 1861. They were transported to Cuba aboard the ships Grey Hound and May Queen. These workers were hired to work for Juan Antonio.

Created Date
1861