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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


Date Range
1855 1873


Shipping records for a frigate that brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. These settlers were later contracted by other employers in Sagua la Grande.

Created Date
1873

Records of new Chinese settlers who arrived in Cuba ill. They disembarked from the ship and were treated at the Principle "Depot." Only their names are listed.

Created Date
1872-08-18

List of workers who were recently hired by various employers. It lists the name of the employer or company, the name of the settler and their personal details.

Created Date
1872

Records pertaining to the right of a company to not pay for the burial of their employees if they die while contracted. The company in question is a railroad and has been solicited by the government concerning the case.

Created Date
1868-05-09

Records pertaining to the right of a company to not pay for the burial of their employees if they die while contracted. The company in question is a railroad and has been solicited by the government concerning the case.

Created Date
1867-10-14

Records pertaining to the right of a company to not pay for the burial of their employees if they die while contracted. The company in question is a railroad and the judge ruled that they did not have to pay for their worker's burial.

Created Date
1866-10-30

This is a list of workers contracted by an unknown employer.

Created Date
1866

Records for the ship David, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the David brought 48 settlers from China to work in the fields.

Created Date
1866

Records for the ship Encarnacion, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Marino Gillado. On this trip, the Encarnacion brought settlers from China to work for Arrengui Ganz.

Created Date
1865-03-24

Records for the ship Emigrante, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Pedro Reinaldo. On this trip, the Emigrante brought six settlers from China to work for Marino Gillado.

Created Date
1865

This is a list of workers contracted by an unknown employer and transported aboard the boat, the Senor Joseph.

Created Date
1865

List of 32 Chinese settlers brought to Cuba aboard the ship "Auguste y Gustave". They were hired to work in the field in 1865 for various owners.

Created Date
1865

List of 20 Chinese settlers brought to Cuba aboard the Spanish ship "Emigrante". They were hired to work in the field in 1865 for Jose Nicolas Gallart

Created Date
1865

Records for the ship Queen of England, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Queen of England brought thirty-four settlers from China to work for Antonio Martinez.

Created Date
1865

Documents and hiring list of 24 Chinese settlers brought to Cuba in the Italian ship "Avon". They were hired to work in the field in 1865 for various owners.

Created Date
1865

41 Chinese settlers were hired to work in the field in 1861. They were transported to Cuba aboard the ship Auguste y Gustave. These workers were hired to work in the fields for Francisco Gonzales Arango and Antonio Camillo.

Created Date
1865

56 Chinese settlers were hired to work for a company. They were transported to Cuba aboard the ship Avon under contract with Mamertus Pulido.

Created Date
1865

Records for the ship Vasco de Gama, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Vasco de Gama brought two settlers from China to work for Jose Campos.

Created Date
1864-04-06

Records for the ship Alfonso de Alburquerque, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Alfonso de Alburquerque brought Cheong Tan, or Leopoldo from China to work.

Created Date
1864

Records for the ship Vasco de Gama, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza. On this trip, the Vasco de Gama brought settlers from China to work.

Created Date
1864