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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


A between Alanzo Jeun, a Chinese settler, and Ramon Moreno. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Ramon Moreno, the governor of Cuba, and Alazno Jeun, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1864-10-24

A contract between Vicente Vang Acun, a Chinese settler, and Joaquin Pedroso. The contract was to last for a year and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Joaquin Pedroso y Veritia and Vicente Vang Acun, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1868-08-24

This is a second labor contract that was shared between Constantino, a Chinese settler, and his owner, D. Ludres Valle. Valle was a Chinese landlord. The term of the contract was for one year. 1868. This document is signed by the governor of Cuba and signed in Chinese by Ludres Valle and Constantino.

Created Date
1868-12-05

This is a second labor contract between a Chinese settler named Agapito, and his owner, another Chinese settler, named Pedro Delgado. The term of the contract was for one year. 1868. Signed by the governor of Cuba and in Chinese by Agapito and Pedro Delgado.

Created Date
1868-09-14

This is a second labor contract that was shared between El Chuman- a Chinese settler, and his owner, D. Paulino Ligarreta; the term of the contract was for one year. Details regarding El Chuman's wage, food, clothes, and work hours were stipulated in the document. 1868. Signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1868-07-08

This is a second labor contract that was shared between a Chinese settler named Emeterio Jaugi, and his owner, Gabriel Ferra; the term of the contract was for one year. 1868. Signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1868-08-22