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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


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Status
  • Public
Date Range
1851 1892


This is a passenger list of the Spanish ship "Altagracia". It was captained by Juan Bautista Onain, with destination to Havana. It was recorded by the agent Don Fernando Guton. There are 361 names on the roster.

Created Date
1871-01-16

This is a passenger list of Chinese immigrants on an unknown ship. There were 352 total passengers, but 9 died on the journey. This was recorded in Havana by Rafael R. Forices.

Created Date
1854-07-22

This is a passenger list of Chinese immigrants on the Sevuana Maria Natividad. There are 76 names on the list.

Created Date
1857-07-14

This document is a list of the Chinese immigrants on the French ship "Veloci". There are 265 names on this list. It is signed by Fernando Firtore. it is signed and stamped by the Spanish consul.

Created Date
1872-12-02

Records for the ship Encarnacion, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Marino Gillado. On this trip, Encarnacion brought twenty settlers from China to work for Juan Vermay.

Created Date
1865-03-22

Records for the ship Encarnacion, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Marino Gillado. On this trip, the Encarnacion brought settlers from China to work for Arrengui Ganz.

Created Date
1865-03-24

Records for the ship Francois, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Campbell y Co. On this trip, the Francios brought settlers from China to work in Havana.

Created Date
1859-02-10

Records for the ship Hong Kong, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Campbell y Co. On this trip, the Hong Kong brought settlers from China to work in Havana.

Created Date
1857-10-05

Records for the ship Hoggenbark, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Campbell y Co. On this trip, the Hoggenbank brought settlers from China to work in Havana.

Created Date
1857-06-06

Records for the ship Hoggenbark, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Campbell y Co. On this trip, the Hoggenbark brought settlers from China to work in Havana.

Created Date
1857-12-01

Records for the ship Hoggenbark, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Campbell y Co. On this trip, the Hoggenbark brought 380 settlers from China to work in Havana.

Created Date
1857-03-30

Records for the ship Hoggenbark, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Campbell y Co. On this trip, the Hoggenbark brought settlers from China to work in Havana.

Created Date
1857-04-03

Records for the arrival of ship, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba, in the port of Havana. The ship brought settlers from China to work in Havana.

Created Date
1857-03-31

Records for the arrival of the ship, Serafina, in the port of Havana, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, a medic was called to the ship to examine several sick settlers.

Created Date
1860-06-01

Records for the arrival of a ship in the port of Havana, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, a medic was called to the ship to examine several sick settlers.

Created Date
1860-06-01

Records for the ship Serafina, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Serafina brought several settlers from China to work. Signed by Tomas.

Created Date
1860-06-01

Records for the ship Serafina, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Serafina brought several settlers from China to work and some Spaniards and a Portuguese interpreter. Signed by Manuel Esmerendis, Javier A. de Saldez, and a Chinese settler, who signed in Chinese.

Created Date
1860-05-30

Records for the ships Solide de Dieppa, Bitty Sriapera, and Messenger, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with various employers.

Created Date
1860-05-24

Records for the ship Cayrem, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Cayrem brought settlers from China to work. The Administration of Sanitation examined the settlers that left the ship and were satisfied with their overall health.

Created Date
1853-01-15

Records for the ship Martin Luther, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Martin Luther brought 580 settlers from China to work. Nineteen were hired by the police and ranchers.

Created Date
1854-03-22

A letter from C. J. Vallin to the governor. It details the arrival of a ship in Havana's harbor and the examination of the Chinese settlers onboard. The Administration of Sanity was satisfied with their health.

Records for the ship Carpenteria, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Carpenteria brought settlers from China to work.

Created Date
1856-01-15

Records for the ship Carpenteria, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Gregorio Cejedor. On this trip, the Carpenteria brought settlers from China to work.

Created Date
1866-12-18

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with D. I. M. Zangroniz. On this trip, Flora brought settlers from China to work.

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Flora brought three hundred and nine settlers from China to work.

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Flora brought three hundred and nine settlers from China to work.

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Flora brought three hundred and nine settlers from China to work.

Created Date
1886-08-07

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Flora brought three hundred and nine settlers from China to work.

Created Date
1866-08-11

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Flora brought three hundred and nine settlers from China to work.

Created Date
1866-08-11

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Flora brought three hundred settlers from China to work.

Created Date
1866-03-29

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Flora brought three hundred settlers from China to work. The telegraph states that the Flore docked in Havana and recorded their arrival with the Seaboard of Santidad del Marial.

Created Date
1866-08-10

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente y Co. On this trip, the Flora brought 589 settlers from China to work. The ship was captained by Lafontaine.

Created Date
1866-06-21

Records for the ship, Ville de Lisna, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Banzan, the agent for the Company of Marsella. On this trip, Ville de Lisna brought settlers from China to work. The ship stopped in Macao before going to Cuba.

Created Date
1860

Records for the ship, Ville de Lisna, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Banzan, the agent for the Company of Marsella. On this trip, Ville de Lisna brought settlers from China to work. The ship stopped in Macao before going to Cuba.

Created Date
1860-05-02

Shipping records for the ship the Vasco de Gama, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with la Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. These workers were to work for Francisco de Layas and Joaquin Diago.

Created Date
1864-06-15

Records for the ship Carmencita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Troncaso Bustamante. Records of business deals of the Society of Troncaso Bustamante, specifically relating to their hiring practices and the ages of their settlers. Relates their illegal hiring of settlers under the age of 14. Article 8 of the laws concerning the hiring of Chinese settlers stated that the hiring of people under the age of 14 was illegal

Created Date
1860-08-24

Records for the ship Carmencita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Troncaso Bustamante. Records of business deals of the Society of Troncaso Bustamante, specifically relating to their hiring practices and the ages of their settlers. Relates their illegal hiring of settlers under the age of 14. Article 8 of the laws concerning the hiring of Chinese settlers stated that the hiring of people under the age of 14 was illegal.

Created Date
1860-02-04

Records for the ship Carmencita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Troncaso Bustamante. The ship stopped in Manila before going to Cuba. The ship was captained by Captain Garcia. Also records the business deals of the Society of Troncaso Bustamante, specifically relating to their hiring practices and the ages of their settlers. Relates their illegal hiring of settlers under the age of 14. Article 8 of the laws concerning the hiring of Chinese settlers stated that the hiring of people under the age of 14 was illegal.

Created Date
1860-08-24

Records for the ship Live Yankee, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente y Co.

Records for the ships Live Yankee and P Wakefield, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente y Co.

Created Date
1861

Records for the ship Grey Hound, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with la Compania Asiatica, Torices, Puente y Co, and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Grey Hound brought a worker from China to work for Antonio Nuvamete.

Created Date
1861-04-30

Records for the ship Grey Hound, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with la Compania Asiatica, Torices, Puente y Co, and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Grey Hound brought a worker from China to work for Antonio Nuvamete.

Created Date
1861-04-30

Records for the ship Francis P. Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Compania Asiatica, Torices Puente y Co and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Francis P. Sage brought workers from China to work in the fields.

Created Date
1861-05-18

Records for the ship Francis P. Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Compania Asiatica, Torices Puente y Co and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Francis P. Sage brought workers from China to work as domestic servants.

Created Date
1867-05-22

Records for the ship Francis P. Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Compania Asiatica, Torices Puente y Co and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Francis P. Sage brought workers from China to work as domestic servants.

Created Date
1861-05-21

Records for the ship Luisita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Luisita brought workers from China to work in the countryside.

Created Date
1864-06-10

Records for the ship Vasco de Gama, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris.

Created Date
1864-06-05

Records for the ship Francis P. Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Compania Asiatica, Torices, Puente y Co, and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Francis P. Sage brought a worker from China to work as a domestic servant.

Created Date
1861-05-15

Records for the ship Francis P. Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Compania Asiatica, Torices, Puente y Co, and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Francis P. Sage brought a worker from China to work as in the countryside.

Created Date
1861-05-21

Records for the ship Francis P. Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Compania Asiatica, Torices, Puente y Co, and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Francis P. Sage brought a worker from China to work as a domestic servant.

Created Date
1861-05-21

Records for the ship Kate Hooper, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Compania Asiatica, Torices, Puente y Co, and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Kate Hooper brought a worker from China to work as a domestic servant.

Created Date
1861-06-04

Records for the ship Kate Hooper, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Compania Asiatica, Torices, Puente y Co, and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Kate Hooper brought a worker from China to work as a domestic servant.

Created Date
1861-06-04

Records for the ship Grey Hound, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Compania Asiatica, Torices, Puente y Co, and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Grey Hound brought a worker from China to work as a domestic servant.

Created Date
1861-05-10

Records for the ship Grey Hound, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Compania Asiatica, Torices, Puente y Co, and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Grey Hound brought a worker from China to work as a domestic servant.

Created Date
1861-05-10

Records for the ship Luisita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Luisita brought three workers from China to work for Fosca y Araoz in Sagua la Grande.

Created Date
1864-06-09

Records for the ship Vasco de Gama, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Vasco de Gama brought Chinese settlers to work in the countryside.

Created Date
1864-06-06

Records for the ship Vasco de Gama, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Vasco de Gama brought Chinese settlers to work in the countryside.

Created Date
1864-06-30

Records for the ship Carmencita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Francaso Bustamante.

Created Date
1860-07-30

Records for the ship Carmencita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Francaso Bustamante. The ship was captained by Captain Garcia and stopped in Manila before coming to Cuba.

Created Date
1860-06-30

Records for the ship Vasco de Gama, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Vasco de Gama brought An Sang Kio or Elisio from China to work for Francisco de Layas and Joaquin de Diago.

Created Date
1864-06-15

Records for the ship Live Yankee, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices Puente y Co. Upon arrival, Torices Puente y Co. instructed the settlers as to their legal status as was required by the government. The government also required that the company check on the mental health of their settlers after arriving in Cuba. Also lists the amounts paid to ships, captains, etc. by Torices Puente y Co for this shipment and a shipment of settlers aboard the P Wakefield.

Created Date
1861

Records for the ship Grey Hound, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Compania Asiatica and Torices Puente y Co. On this trip, the Grey Hound brought Nicolas, a Chinese settler, from China to work in the countryside.

Created Date
1851-04-30

Records for the ship Grey Hound, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with la Compania Asiatica and Torices Puente y Co. On this trip, the Grey Hound brought settlers from China to work in the countryside.

Created Date
1861-04-30

Records for the ship Francasa, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Y. M. Zangroniz y Compania. On this trip, the Francasa brought workers from China to work as field workers.

Created Date
1866-10-12

Records for the ship Reina de Oceano, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Troncoso, Bustamante y Co. On this trip, the Reina de Oceano brought workers from China to work as field workers in Cardenas

Created Date
1861-06-10

Records for the ship Reina de Oceano, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Troncoso, Bustamante y Co. On this trip, the Reina de Oceano brought workers from China to work as field workers.

Created Date
1861

Records for the ship Reina de Oceano, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Troncoso, Bustamante y Co. On this trip, the Reina de Oceano brought workers from China to work as field workers for Bartolome Mujano.

Created Date
1861

Records for the ship Francis P Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente and Ferran y Dupierris. This worker was to be employed in the countryside for Luisa de Mella.

Created Date
1861-05-18

Records for the ship Francis P. Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente and Ferran y Dupierris. This worker was to be employed as a domestic servant.

Created Date
1861-05-22

Records for the ship Francis P Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente and Ferran y Dupierris. This worker was to be employed as a domestic servant.

Created Date
1861-05-21

Records for the ship Luisita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. One of these workers were contracted by Juan in Havana.

Created Date
1864-06-10

Records for the ship Vasco de Gama, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente and Ferran y Dupierris.

Created Date
1864-06-05

Records for the ship Francis P Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente and Ferran y Dupierris. This worker was to be employed as a domestic servant.

Created Date
1861-03-15

Records for the ship Francis P. Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente and Ferran y Dupierris. This worker was to be employed as a domestic servant.

Created Date
1861-03-15

Records for the ship Francis P Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente and Ferran y Dupierris. These workers from China to work in the countryside

Created Date
1861-03-21

Records for the ship Francis P Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente and Ferran y Dupierris. One worker from China to work as a domestic servant.

Created Date
1861-03-21

Records for the ship Kate Hooper, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente and Ferran y Dupierris. One worker from China to work as a domestic servant for Antonio M. Rodriguez in Matanzas.

Created Date
1861-06-04

Records for the ship Grey Hound, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Grey Hound brought a worker to work as a domestic servant.

Created Date
1861-05-10

Records for the ship Kate Hooper, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Kate Hooper brought workers from China to work as domestic servants for Antonio M. Rodriguez.

Created Date
1861-06-04

Records for the ship Grey Hound, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices y Puente. On this trip, the Grey Hound brought workers from China to work as domestic servants.

Created Date
1861-03-10

Records for the ship Luisita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. Three of these workers were contracted by Fosca y Araoz in Sagua la Grande.

Created Date
1864-07-09

Records for the ship Vasco de Gama, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Vasco de Gama brought six workers from China to work in the countryside for a sugar factory, Aguedita.

Created Date
1864-07-06

Records for the ship Vasco de Gama, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Vasco de Gama brought workers from China to work in the countryside.

Created Date
1864-06-30

Records for the ship Carmencita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Troncaso, Bustamante y Co.. On this trip, Carmencita brought 123 settlers from China to work. This document grants the Carmencita permission to dock in Havana.

Created Date
1860

Records for the ship Carmencita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Troncaso Bustamante. The settlers were to be contracted out to other employers upon arrival.

Created Date
1860

Records for the ship Carmencita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Troncaso Bustamante. The ship was captained by Captain Garcia.

Created Date
1860

Records for the ship Vasco de Gama, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, Vasco de Gama brought Elisco or An Sang Kio from China to work for Francisco de Layas and Joaquin Diago.

Created Date
1864

Shipping records for a frigate that brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. These settlers were later contracted by other employers in Sagua la Grande.

Created Date
1873

Shipping records of Torices, Puentes y Co. regarding the ships they contracted to bring Chinese settlers from China to Cuba to work. Includes letters from captains of some of these ships detailing to the government their contracts with Torices, Puente y Co.

Shipping records for the frigates, Live Yankee and Wake, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente y Co. These workers were contracted in Macao. They were to be contracted out to other employers.

Shipping records for the ship the Grey Hound, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with the Asian Company of Havana and Mr. Torices, Puente, Ferran and Dupierris. These workers were to work in the countryside for Antonio Navamete.

Created Date
1861

Shipping records for the ship the Grey Hound, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with the Asian Company of Havana and Mr. Torices, Puente, Ferran and Dupierris. These workers were to work in the countryside for Antonio.

Created Date
1861

Documents pertaining to the import of Chinese settlers to Cuba by the Cuban government and private companies, like the Society of la Alianza y Compania. One ship, a French frigate called Valace, captained by Andre, brought 265 settlers to Havana in one shipment. Many of the settlers were contracted in Macao.

Created Date
1892

Records for the ship, Rosa de Furia, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Rosa de Furia docked in Havana.

Created Date
1872

Records for the ship, Viniveras, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Viniveras brought Li Vang from China and made port in Havana.

Created Date
1872

Records for the ship Carmelita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Rita Barbarca a la Lara. On this trip, Carmelita brought settlers from China to work in Matanzas.

Created Date
1861

Shipping records for the ship, the Carmelita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. The Carmelita has fulfilled its contract for the shipment of these settlers on the 30th of October, 1852. These settlers were to be contracted by other employers.

Created Date
1860

A shipping manifest from an unknown ship.

Records for the ship Emigrante, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Pedro Reinaldo. On this trip, the Emigrante brought six settlers from China to work for Marino Gillado.

Created Date
1865

Records for the ship Vasco de Gama, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza. On this trip, the Vasco de Gama brought settlers from China to work for Juan P.

Created Date
1864