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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


Language
Date Range
1851 1892


Shipping records of Torices, Puentes y Co. regarding the ships they contracted to bring Chinese settlers from China to Cuba to work. Includes letters from captains of some of these ships detailing to the government their contracts with Torices, Puente y Co.

Shipping records for the frigates, Live Yankee and Wake, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente y Co. These workers were contracted in Macao. They were to be contracted out to other employers.

A letter from C. J. Vallin to the governor. It details the arrival of a ship in Havana's harbor and the examination of the Chinese settlers onboard. The Administration of Sanity was satisfied with their health.

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with D. I. M. Zangroniz. On this trip, Flora brought settlers from China to work.

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Flora brought three hundred and nine settlers from China to work.

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Flora brought three hundred and nine settlers from China to work.

Records for the ship Live Yankee, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente y Co.

A shipping manifest from an unknown ship.

Records for the ship, Ville de Lima, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Bauraw, the agent for Pellier, Bastand and the Company of Marsella. On this trip, Ville de Lima brought 500 from China to work. The ship stopped in Macao before going to Cuba.

Records for the ship, Messenger, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente y Co. The Messenger stopped in Macao before going to Cuba.

Permission to enter the island of Cuba in a shipment of Chinese settlers in the English ship “Carpentaria”. Contractual printed in Chinese and Castilian.

List of 590 Chinese settlers brought from China to Cuba to serve as indentured servants. They arrived in Havana abroad the American frigate, the Sky Lark. 1855.

List of Chinese workers brought to Cuba abroad the frigate the "Kate Hooper".

Documents pertaining to the import of Chinese settlers to Cuba by the Cuban government and private companies, like the Society of la Alianza y Compania. One ship, a French frigate called Valace, captained by Andre, brought 265 settlers to Havana in one shipment. Many of the settlers were contracted in Macao.

Created Date
1892

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Flora brought three hundred and nine settlers from China to work.

Created Date
1886-08-07

A letter from an unnamed man to the Governor of the Plaza. It details workers who escaped from the ship, Cora and were recaptured.

Created Date
1875

A letter from the State Ministry to the the Governor General of Cuba. It details a meeting between Spanish delegates and the Chinese government concerning the immigration of Chinese settlers to Cuba. After negotiations, both agreed that the legal provisions of the agreement need to be followed. The exact details of this agreement are not stated.

Created Date
1875

This is a record of the arrival of the Italian ship "Glensamore" into the port of Havana on January 5, 1874. Several Chinese settlers had been brought to Cuba aboard the ship, and before any of them could disembark an inspection of the sanitary and health conditions on the ship had to occur. An inspector and a Chinese interpreter were assigned to examine and interview the settlers, and inquire about the treatment they received from the crew throughout the voyage. Fourteen Chinese colonists died during the voyage to Cuba.

Created Date
1874-01-05

Records for the ship Glesannox, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Glesannox brought over seven hundred settlers from China to work for. The ship was captained by D. Capella.

Created Date
1874

Contained in this ship manifest are the names of 630 Chinese settlers who were brought to Cuba aboard an unknown ship in 1873. Of the 630 Chinese men who board the ship, 152 died along the way; their names are marked within the list. The number, Chinese name, age, and Christian name of each settler were included within the ship manifest.

Created Date
1873-06-14