Skip to main content

Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


Date Range
1854 1983


Concepcion was baptized into the Catholic church as a baby. She was the daughter of a Chinese settler, Ramon and a creole woman Yrene.

Created Date
1858-03-14

Burial records for Jorge. His records indicate they were baptized into the Catholic church and buried in the general cemetery of Havana. He was employed by Benito Nuguez.

Created Date
1862

This is a certificate from the executive secretary of the Municipal Director of Education. This certificate was for Hector Fund for completing his class evaluations.

Created Date
1983

This is a certificate from the executive secretary of the Municipal Director of Education. This certificate was for Hector Fund for completing his class evaluations.

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Pedro Duarte. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1884-12-13

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Manuel Apae. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1884

This is a Certificate of Nationality that belonged to D. Ramon Afa- a Chinese settler. The certificate served as a record indicating that Ramon had been registered at the Consulate General of China in Cuba as a subject of the Emperor of China. According to the document, at the time it was issued Ramon was 40 years old, single, a laborer, and considered a non-resident. He was from Canton in China.

Created Date
1880-05-08

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Cirilo Torres. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1884

This is a Certificate of Nationality for a Chinese settler, Ramon Chian.

Created Date
1881

This is a Certificate of Nationality that belonged to Adrian Achao- a Chinese settler. The certificate served as a record indicating that Adrian had been registered at the Consulate General of China in Cuba as a subject of the Emperor of China. According to the document, at the time it was issued Adrian was 45 years old, single, a laborer, and considered a non-resident. He was from Canton in China, and lived in Matanzas in Cuba. 1884.

Created Date
1884-12-10