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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


Document stating that a captive runaway worker has completed his contract with his owner. Also, this lists research into the origin of Chinese settlers arrested in Puerto Principe. July 1860.

Created Date
1860

Records indicating that the courts requested paperwork and information on Pedro o Poncho, a Chinese settler, from the Chinese Consul in Havana. He was originally from Canton. He ran away from his employer, was captured, and held in the Deposit of Runaways.

Created Date
1870-10-14

A document indicating a fine given to the Chinese settler, Antonio. He ran away from his employer and was later recaptured. He was then held at the “Deposito de Cimarrones de Matanzas” or the prison in Matanzas for runaway slaves. Antonio signed in Chinese indicating that he paid the fine.

Created Date
1874

Investigation of the origin of Juan Canton, a Chinese settler who has escaped form his owner and later captured. He is imprisoned in the Depot of Maroons in Bejucal.

Created Date
1869

Investigation of the origin of Francisco Macao, a Chinese settler who has escaped form his owner and later captured. He is imprisoned in the Depot of Cimarones in Bejucal.

Created Date
1870

Investigation of the origin of Higino Canton, a Chinese settler who has escaped form his owner and later captured. He is imprisoned in the Depot of Cimarones in Bejucal.

Created Date
1870

A letter from an unnamed man to the Governor of the Plaza. It details workers who escaped from the ship, Cora and were recaptured.

Created Date
1875

This is a list of Chinese settlers who had escaped from their owners in the Jurisdiction of Cardenas. The list includes the following details of each settler: the date which they escaped, their name, age, stature, origin, owners, and neighborhood. Cardenas- 1858.

Created Date
1858-05-01

List of Chinese settlers who ran away from their owners and were later captured. After capture, they were held in the Municipal Slave Deposit in Santa Maria del Rosario. Their names, ages, and nationality are listed along with the dates of their escape and capture.

Created Date
1858

This is a list of runaway slaves that has been caught and placed in a slave prison in March 1858.

Created Date
1858