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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.




This is a list of runaway Chinese workers in the jurisdiction of Bejucal who ran away from their owners between in February and March. The document lists several details of the five detained workers such as their age, stature, nationality, and signs/details. This report was signed on April 3, 1858.

Created Date
1858

General register of Yucatan and Chinese settlers who have died in the city of Quivican during July 1860. All of the settlers are listed under both their Chinese and baptized, Spanish names and the city of origin of their owners is listed as well.

Created Date
1860-05-22

Document with a list of Chinese settlers who will fulfill his contract Tenure Bejucal Government April 1861. Contracts: List of Chinese Workers about to Complete their Contracts in Bejucal- April 1861

Created Date
1861

Overview and minutes of meeting of 5 Chinese settlers hired to work in the field in 1861. They were transported to Cuba aboard the American ship “Francis P. Sage" under contract with Torices, Puente y Co and Ferran y Dupierris. These workers were hired to work in the fields in Bejucal.

Created Date
1861

Records for the ship Francis P. Sage, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Compania Asiatica, Torices Puente y Co and Ferran y Dupierris. On this trip, the Francis P. Sage brought workers from China to work in the fields.

Created Date
1861-05-18

This is a registry that documented the number of deaths of men of Yucatan or Chinese descent that occurred in the jurisdiction of Bejucal in Cuba in 1860. Three Chinese settlers are listed in the registry; some personal details, such as age and gender, as well as contract information that pertained to each settler were included in the document.

Created Date
1861-05-20

These death and identity records pertain to Felipe, a Chinese settler. The first document indicates that when Felipe died he was 51 years old, in the process of completing his preliminary eight year contract as an indentured servant, and he was working as a fieldworker for D. Antonio G. Solar. The second document in this selection is the death certificate that was written for Felipe on March 29, 1861; the cause of his death was described within this record. The final document in this selection is Felipe's cedula, or neighborhood identity card. According to the cedula, Felipe originally shared his …

Created Date
1861-05-20

These are correspondence letters that were written between various authority figures in Havana concerning Zacarias- a runaway "Chinese" worker, and his owner Juan Soler.

Created Date
1864-03-27

Investigation of the origin of Juan Canton, a Chinese settler who has escaped form his owner and later captured. He is imprisoned in the Depot of Maroons in Bejucal.

Created Date
1869

Investigation of the origin of Victor Canton, a Chinese settler who has escaped form his owner and later captured. He is imprisoned in the Deposit of Maroons.

Created Date
1869