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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


Certifies that Felipe, a Chinese settler, completed an eight-year-contract with his employer, Ingenio La Rosa.

Created Date
1868-09-05

Record of the investigation initiated by the deaths of 53 Chinese settlers on their way to Cuba in the Spanish ship “Amboto”.

Created Date
1873

A letter from an unnamed man to the Governor of the Plaza. It details workers who escaped from the ship, Cora and were recaptured.

Created Date
1875

Records for the ship Carmencita, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Troncaso Bustamante. The ship was captained by Captain Garcia.

Created Date
1860

Records for the ship Encarnacion, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Marino Gillado. On this trip, the Encarnacion brought settlers from China to work for Arrengui Ganz.

Created Date
1865-03-24

Records for the ship Live Yankee, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices Puente y Co. Upon arrival, Torices Puente y Co. instructed the settlers as to their legal status as was required by the government. The government also required that the company check on the mental health of their settlers after arriving in Cuba. Also lists the amounts paid to ships, captains, etc. by Torices Puente y Co for this shipment and a shipment of settlers aboard the P Wakefield.

Created Date
1861

Records for the arrival of the ship, Serafina, in the port of Havana, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, a medic was called to the ship to examine several sick settlers.

Created Date
1860-06-01

Records for the ships Live Yankee and P Wakefield, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente y Co.

Created Date
1861

Records for the ship Delangle, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza. On this trip, the Delangle brought 275 settlers from China to work.

Created Date
1861