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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


1 Chinese settlers were hired to work. They were transported to Cuba aboard the ship Mayotte. These workers were hired to work in the field Jose Ingarrisa y Vergara.

Created Date
1861

Listing of contract documents and 32 Chinese settlers brought to Cuba on the French vessel Granville. They were hired to work in the fields at the ingenio "Palma Cuban" in 1866. Some are then contracted for Jose Guerrero in September.

Created Date
1866

This is a list of 154 Chinese workers who traveled to Cuba aboard the Mourne de Nantes, a French ship, and who upon arrival in Havana, Cuba, were ceded to Antonio Gutierrez. Details about the duration of the eight year contracts, including the start and end dates, as well as the the type of work they would be doing (fieldwork) were stipulated within the list. The Chinese and Spanish names of each settler, as well as their age and origin,L were also included in the list. Antonio Gutierrez, 1866

Created Date
1866-06-05

Dossier formed to enter the island of Cuba in a shipment of Chinese settlers in the French ship “Eugene & Adele”. General information to the Captain of the island that has hired a French ship to bring Cuba Chinese settlers: boarding list of the 466 Chinese settlers in Macao; some official communications on the subject; list of the 466 boarding Chinese settlers received in Havana; superior civil government documents on the authorization of the shipment; investigation into the death of 43 Chinese settlers on the trip to Cuba; list of the dead with their data, latitude and longitude; research (appointment …

Permission granted to bring a shipment of Chinese settlers in the French ship “St Croix” to Cuba. The General Captain of Cuba has hired a French ship to bring Cuba Chinese settlers: some official communications on the subject; superior civil government documents on the authorization of the shipment; document the Spanish consulate in Macao on cargo; boarding list of the 444 Chinese settlers in Macao; different paper work documents the entry of Chinese settlers

Created Date
1866

The purpose of this record regarding the French ship "Malabar", was to document the end of a quarantine that was made for the 497 Chinese settlers aboard the ship who were suspected of carrying a contagious disease upon their arrival in Guanajay in Cuba. 1868.

Created Date
1868-04-23

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Flora brought three hundred settlers from China to work.

Created Date
1866-03-29

Records for the ship Tamaris, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba.

Created Date
1869

Records for the ship Tamaris, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Tamaris brought 300 settlers from China to work as indentured servants.

Created Date
1869-02-06

Records for the ship, Viniveras, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Viniveras brought Li Vang from China and made port in Havana.

Created Date
1872

Records for the ship Delangle, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Delangle brought 275 settlers from China to work. The ship was captained by Dupert.

Created Date
1867

Records for the ship, Ville de Lima, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Bauraw, the agent for Pellier, Bastand and the Company of Marsella. On this trip, Ville de Lima brought 500 from China to work. The ship stopped in Macao before going to Cuba.

Two separate records are included within these documents. One document is the record of the departure of Emigrante, a Spanish ship, from China for Cuba on April 6, 1859. The second document is a record of the departure of Daguerre and Yormose, both French ships, from China to Cuba on February 23, 1859. The intent of the three voyages was to transport Chinese settlers to Cuba, where they would begin working for several Spanish land and factory owners as indentured servants.

Created Date
1859

Records for the ship Francois, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Campbell y Co. On this trip, the Francios brought settlers from China to work in Havana.

Created Date
1859-02-10

Records for the ship A. N. Cesard, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the A. N. Cesard brought 184 settlers from China to work in the fields.

Created Date
1866

Records for the ship Alexandre Lavalley, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Alexandre Lavalley brought 630 settlers from China to work in Havana.

Created Date
1873-02-15

Records for the ship Flora, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with J. M. Zagroniz. On this trip, the Flora was captained by Lafontiane.

Created Date
1866

Records for the ship Veloce, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Veloce brought 256 settlers from China to work as indentured servants.

Created Date
1873-05-06

Documents pertaining to the import of Chinese settlers to Cuba by the Cuban government and private companies, like the Society of la Alianza y Compania. One ship, a French frigate called Valace, captained by Andre, brought 265 settlers to Havana in one shipment. Many of the settlers were contracted in Macao.

Created Date
1892

Records for the ship Delangle, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with La Alianza.

Created Date
1867