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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


Neighborhood ID card (a cedula) that belonged to Benito Ramos- a Chinese settler.

Created Date
1871-02-16

This is an identity card, known as a cedula, that was issued for a Chinese settler named Lucas. At the time that this cedula was assigned to Lucas, he was 29 years old, and in the process of completing his eight year contract as an indentured servant. The names of two of his past landlords and his current one were listed on the cedula. Originally, when he arrived in Cuba, his contract had been transferred to M. B. Pereda who then transferred the contract to Juan Peyra. Jose M. Criado was Lucas's present owner at the time that this cedula …

Created Date
1864-12-16

Certificate of nationality of Chinese settler, Antonio Achiou. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton, but lived in Soltero.

Created Date
1880-08-06

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Manuel. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1880-06-06

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Jose Rosas Achau. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton.

Created Date
1880-07-06

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Raufilo Achau. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Fukiu.

Created Date
1880-07-06

Certificate of nationality of Chinese settler, Jacinto Apiou. It was signed by the Consulate General.

Created Date
1880

Certificate of nationality of Chinese settler, Antonio Achiou. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Canton, but lived in Soltero.

Created Date
1880-06-06

Certificate of nationality of Chinese settler, Federico Agil. It was signed by the Consulate General. He lived in Havana.

Created Date
1880-06-06

Certificate of nationality of a Chinese settler, Mauricio Achau. It was signed by the Consulate General. He was originally from Faokin.

Created Date
1880