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Chinese Immigrants in Cuba: Documents from the James and Ana Melikian Collection


The Chinese Immigrants in Cuba collection includes hundreds of original documents, manuscripts and photos covering the migration of 125,000 Chinese who signed up to be cheap labor in Cuba from 1847 until the later 1890s. The archive continues until the 1970s and records the Chinese community in Cuba and is rich with photos. This massive collection, from the archive of James and Ana Melikian Collection, is probably the largest one in private hands concerning Chinese in Cuba. At present the collection contains over 1341 records and about 8,000-9,000 pages.


Language
Mime Type
  • application/pdf
Subject
Date Range
1855 1892


A contract between Fang-Achat, a Chinese settler, and L. Miguel Gonzalez. The contract does not state how long it was supposed to last, but it lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Contract signed by L. Miguel Gonzalez and two others, but not the settler. Also features the contract in Chinese.

Contributors
鄧, 七

A contract between Damian, a Chinese settler, and Martin de Cardenas y Laya. The contract was to last for six months and lists the legal requirements of both the employee and the employer. Signed by Martin de Cardenas and Damian, who signed in Chinese.

A blank contract for employees working with agents Mariano del Pielago and Merino Gelledo. It has two language versions: Spanish and Chinese. It indicates the instructions that the employees should follow.

Records for the ship, Messenger, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Torices, Puente y Co. The Messenger stopped in Macao before going to Cuba.

Documents pertaining to the import of Chinese settlers to Cuba by the Cuban government and private companies, like the Society of la Alianza y Compania. One ship, a French frigate called Valace, captained by Andre, brought 265 settlers to Havana in one shipment. Many of the settlers were contracted in Macao.

Created Date
1892

Records from government meetings, notes taken by the Secretary, Juan. He has a meeting with the Fiscal Developer, Ramon de Mondoza, Manuel Martinez, and Pedro Martinez. These meetings related to the living situation of Chinese settlers, entry into Cuba, and other political discussions.

Created Date
1886

A death certificate for Valentino, a Chinese settler. He died in the General Hospital of Our Lady of Mercy in Havana.

Created Date
1876-03-25

Records for the ship Glesannox, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba. On this trip, the Glesannox brought over seven hundred settlers from China to work for. The ship was captained by D. Capella.

Created Date
1874

Records for the ship Juan, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with the agent of Aureliano Olano. On this trip, the Juan brought over eight hundred settlers from China to work.

Created Date
1873

Records for the ship Encarnacion, which brought Chinese settlers from China to Cuba under contract with Fernando Tuton, an agent for La Alianza. On this trip, the Encarnacion brought 327 settlers from China to work. The ship was captained by Juan A. Gardoqui.

Created Date
1871-03-08