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Carlos Montezuma's Wassaja Newsletter


Date Range
1887 1922
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Letter from cousin Charles Dickens at McDowell, Arizona, requesting monetary help for an establishment of a store on the reservation: Dickens also promises to send Montezuma some baskets.

Contributors
Montezuma, Carlos, Dickens, Charles
Created Date
1908-12-17
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3000 Subscription Blanks, printed one side. Hawthorne Press, Chicago, IL

Contributors
Montezuma, Carlos, Nikoda, Frank
Created Date
1916-07-11
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The allotment bill for Fort McDowell Yavapai Reservation, H.R. 6294

Contributors
Committee on Indian Affairs, 62nd Congress, 1st Session
Created Date
1911-04-20
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Bill for 3,000 4-page Wassaja folders, sent to Dr. Carlos Montezuma by the Hawthorne Press, 115-117 E. South Water St., Fourth Floor, Chicago.

Contributors
Montezuma, Carlos, Vlasek, A.R.
Created Date
1916-06-02
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Bill for 3000 #10 Manila envelopes sent to Dr. Carlos Montezuma by the Hawthorne Press, 115-117 E. South Water Street, Chicago. Description reads "Paid".

Contributors
Montezuma, Carlos, Vlasek, A.R.
Created Date
1916-06-28
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Bill for 3000 subscription blanks of Wassaja Newsletter, sent to Dr. Carlos Montezuma by the Hawthorne Press, 115-117 E. South Water Street, Chicago

Contributors
Montezuma, Carlos
Created Date
1916-06-06
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Bill for 3,000 Wassaja Subscription Forms sent to Dr. Carlos Montezuma by the Hawthorne Press, 115-117 E. South Water St., Chicago, IL. The bill reads "Subsc. blanks, printed 1 side." Cost 3.00.

Contributors
Montezuma, Carlos, Nichols, Frank
Created Date
1916-07-11
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Bill for 3,000 copies of Wassaja Newsletter sent to Dr. Carlos Montezuma by the Hawthorne Press, 115-117 E. South Water St., Chicago. Bill of $13.

Contributors
Montezuma, Carlos, Vlasek, A.R.
Created Date
1916-06-28
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Bill for a run of "Wassaja" sent to the Shuman Company by the Hawthorne Press, 115-117 E. South Water St., Fourth Floor, Chicago. Cost 11.50.

Contributors
Montezuma, Carlos
Created Date
1916-12-21
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Bill for the printing of 3,000 folders to hold the Wassaja Newsletter and 3,000 #10 Manila envelopes. Description reads "Paid", Cost of $13.75.

Contributors
Montezuma, Carlos
Created Date
1916-05-05

The Carlos Montezuma collection contains several digitized volumes of the Wassaja newsletter that Yavapai intellectual and activist Carlos Montezuma, MD (1866-1923) self-published during the years 1916-1922. Wassaja means “signaling” or “beckoning,” and is Montezuma’s Yavapai birth name. The newsletter was a vital source of news about Indian affairs in an era that had few outlets for such information and contains valuable reports directly from people living within the Indian reservation system. As a prominent figure in the struggle for Indian rights, who played a role in the founding of the Society of American Indians, Montezuma was an intellectual leader against Indian Bureau mismanagement, notorious for advocating an end to the reservation system and the abolition of the BIA. This collection helps to document different facets of Montezuma’s career as an Indian rights leader and his relationship to his home community of Fort McDowell.