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100 Years of Grand: The Grand Canyon Centennial Project


A digital archive celebrating the Centennial of the Grand Canyon National Park. A collaborative project of the Arizona State University Library, Cline Library, Northern Arizona University and the Grand Canyon National Park. Additional materials are available via the project website.


Language
  • English
Series
  • Control of Public Lands (1912-1928)
Date Range
1905 1934


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Black and white print with members of the Luhrs family. Typescript annotation, "July 17th, 1914. Going down Bright Angel Canyon of Arizona, Those on the mules, from bottom up: unknown, unknown, Ella Luhrs, Emma Luhrs, George H. N. Luhrs, unknown, Roger Hunt, George Luhrs Jr., Catherine Margarita 'Gretchen' (Mrs Geo H. N.) Luhrs standing beside George Luhrs Jr.". Beside the trail, a sign displays, "Photo by Kolb Brothers".

Contributors
Kolb Bros.
Created Date
1914-07-17
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Black and white print of five women and one man riding mules on the Bright Angel Trail. A wooden sign next to the trail says, "Photo by Kolb Bros." Handwritten annotation, "Annie Goodenough on Bright Angel Trail".

Contributors
Kolb Bros.
Created Date
1916
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Black and white print with typescript annotation, "Close up view of Vulcan Throne, Grand Canyon, 89 miles below Bright Angel Creek." Handwritten annotation, "Exhibit IV". Circa 1920-1929.

Monthly bulletin, black and white, describing the natural history and scientific features of Grand Canyon National Park with cover drawing of fern bush.

Contributors
United States Department of the Interior, United States National Park Service
Created Date
1927-08-31

Press release on the increase in wildlife in the Grand Canyon including mountain sheep, deer, and the Abert Squirrel.

Contributors
United States National Park Service
Created Date
1924-12-16

Letter from Joseph J. Cotter to Carl Hayden providing a rebuttal to W. W. Bass' objections to the Grand Canyon National Park Bill.

Contributors
Cotter, Joseph J., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-03-19

Letter from David Babbitt supporting the establishment of a post office in the Grand Canyon National Park.

Contributors
Babbitt, David, Cameron, Ralph H.
Created Date
1926-02-27

Letter from Horace M. Albright to Carl Hayden requesting a formal submission from Coconino County concerning the Bright Angel Trail.

Contributors
Albright, Horace M., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1923-05-02

Telegram from Carl Hayden to the Coconino Sun informing the paper that no funds for an approach road will be granted until the United States government owns Bright Angel Trail.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Coconino Sun
Created Date
1924-12-18

Letter from Carl Hayden to Bankhead and Henderson informing the company that their sheep can continue to graze inside the national park boundaries for the year 1923 as long as they obey the permit rules. Hayden issues a warning that at a certain point no cattle or sheep will be allowed to graze inside the park.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bankhead and Henderson
Created Date
1923-04-09

Letter from Arno B. Cammerer to Carl Hayden regarding the storage of dynamite in Shoski Canyon.

Contributors
Cammerer, Arno B., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1923-10-03

Letter from Carl Hayden to George W. P. Hunt outlining the proposed national park boundaries and the cost of a township if the state of Arizona decided to acquire one on the rim of the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Hunt, George W. P.
Created Date
1918-04-19

Letter from Carl Hayden to Governor George W. P. Hunt asking the governor to submit the idea of a national park near the rim of the Grand Canyon to the state legislature during the special session. Hayden mentions the state of Arizona would be charged about $28,800 for the land at $1.25 an acre. W. W. Bass and Bass Camp are also included in the letter.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Hunt, George W. P.
Created Date
1918-04-18

Letter from Jesse L. Boyce to Jack in which he refers to W. W. Crosby as a "damn carpetbagger" and his frustration at Crosby making him out to be a "liar".

Contributors
Boyce, Jesse L., Gavin, J. E.
Created Date
1923-09-12

Letter from Jesse L. Boyce to Jack regarding the storage of dynamite in Shoski Canyon.

Contributors
Boyce, Jesse L., Gavin, J. E.
Created Date
1923-10-10

Letter from J. R. Eakin to Carl Hayden justifying the value of his land at twenty-five thousand dollars.

Contributors
Eakin, J. R., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1924-07-03

Letter from J. E. Gavin to Louis C. Cramton regarding the Bright Angel Trail controversy, including newspaper clipping.

Contributors
Gavin, J. E., Cramton, Louis C.
Created Date
1924-09-04

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden requesting the boundaries of the park be reconsidered as a large portion of the land is suitable for mining and farming.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-09-22

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden stating his vehement opposition to the National Park bill. Bass's concerns include a monopoly by the Santa Fe Railway and a clash between the Native Americans and the Department of the Interior.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-12

Letter from F. R. Goodman to Carl T. Hayden asking for clarification about the agreement to construct an approach road to the park

Contributors
Goodman, Frank R., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1924-07-12

Letter from Carl T. Hayden to F. R. Goodman concerning the purchase of Bright Angel Trail and construction of an approach road to the park.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Goodman, Frank R.
Created Date
1924-07-18

Letter from Ed Hamilton to Carl Hayden regarding the storage of dynamite in Shoski Canyon.

Contributors
Hamilton, Ed, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1923-10-23

Letter from A. E. Demaray to Carl Hayden regarding travel plans for Stephen Mather to the park.

Contributors
Demaray, A. E., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1925-08-10

Letter from A. E. Demaray to Carl T. Hayden regarding a negative newspaper article about the National Park Service and Stephen Mather.

Contributors
Demaray, A. E., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1925-08-12

Letter from A. E. Demaray to Carl T. Hayden regarding the release of a Senate Committee on Public Lands report to newspaper reporters from the New York Times.

Contributors
Demaray, A. E., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1925-08-15

Letter from Stephen T. Mather to Carl Hayden with markup of bill S 390 for the proposed National Park.

Contributors
Mather, Stephen T., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-03-29

Letter from Fred Harvey to Senator Carl Hayden on the diary of Padre Francisco Garcés and the lack of knowledge of U.S. citizens regarding the Hopi people.

Contributors
Harvey, Frederick, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1927-12-13

Letter from C. H. Gensler expressing concern on behalf of the Havasupai Tribe regarding the proposed park boundaries.

Contributors
Gensler, C. H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-12

Letter from Carl Hayden to J. R. Eakin regarding the sale of Bass property to the Santa Fe Railroad Company.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Eakin, J. R.
Created Date
1925-12-14

Letter from C. H. Gensler to Carl Hayden asking for a meeting in regards to the Havasupai pasture land in light of the national park bill.

Contributors
Gensler, C. H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-04-18

Letter from Charles H. Akers to Carl Hayden expressing his support for the National Park bill.

Contributors
Akers, Charles H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-05-21

Letter from A.E. Demaray to Carl Hayden regarding the storage of dynamite in Shoski Canyon.

Contributors
Demaray, A. E., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1923-10-31

Letter from Carl T. Hayden to Louis C. Cramton about potential prosecution of people with mining claims within park boundaries

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Cramton, Louis C.
Created Date
1924-08-06

Letter from Carl Hayden to H. F. Robinson with attached notes from W. W. Bass and C. H. Gensler. Hayden solitices advice concerning the Havasupai Tribe needs for grazing and access to natural resources.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Robinson, H.F.
Created Date
1917-06-08
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Mounted black and white photograph with a typescript annotation, "July 17 1914. Making the trip down Bright Angel trail at the Grand Canyon of Arizona on mules. Left to right: George H. N. Luhrs, Jr., unknown, George H. N. Luhrs, Emma Luhrs, Ella Luhrs. Bright Angel Trail to the Colorado River, at bottom on canyon".

Created Date
1914-07-17
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Black and white print of the Grand Canyon with a typescript annotation, "July 17, 1914. Grand Canyon Arizona. On the left side you can see some of the mules taking people down the Bright Angel Trail to the bottom of the Canyon.

Created Date
1914-07-17

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden regarding the sale of Bass properties to the Santa Fe Railroad Company.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1926-01-06

Letter from J. R. Eakin to Carl Hayden regarding the sale of Bass properties to the Santa Fe Railroad Company.

Contributors
Eakin, J. R., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1925-12-18

Rates for lodging and tours operated by the Fred Harvey Company including El Tovar, Bright Angel Cottages, Hermit Cabins, and Phantom Ranch.

Contributors
Fred Harvey
Created Date
1923

One-page history of the four Grand Canyon National Park superintendents from 1919 to 1923, W. H. Peters, D. L. Reaburn, W. W. Crosby and J. R. Eakin. Circa 1923.

Contributors
United States National Park Service

Letter from A. F. Potter to Carl Hayden regarding W. W. Bass's livery permit. Bass's fee to maintain the roads has been reduced to $50 per year, but he will still need to keep his business at least a hundred feet from the Grand Canyon rim so as not to disturb visitors.

Contributors
Potter, A. F., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-08-03

Letter from A. F. Potter to Carl T. Hayden describing John H. Page's request to build a railway for the Canyon Copper Company as "impractical".

Contributors
Potter, A. F., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-01-10

Letter from John Page to Carl Hayden concerning the future of property ownership within the proposed boundaries of the national park.

Contributors
Page, John H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-03

Letter from John Page to Carl T. Hayden regarding a conversation conducted at Hotel Adams in Phoenix. Page states his concern over the national park bill in reference to his mining company.

Contributors
Page, John H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-11-21

Letter from Carl Hayden to John H. Page asking his opinion on the proposed national park bill. W.R. Hearst's name and property rights are mentioned.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Page, John H.
Created Date
1917-02-07

Geological Survey of the Grand Canyon in published journal. Vol. XVIII, No. 99.

Contributors
Matthes, F., Evans, R. T., The Military engineer
Created Date
1926-05

Letter from François E. Mathes to Carl T. Hayden about maps of the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Mathes, François E., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1926-05-15

Letter from Carl Hayden to F. M. Gold about the purchase of Bright Angel Trail.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Gold, F. M.
Created Date
1924-02-06

Letter to Carl Hayden, possibly from Jack E. Gavin, detailing a trip to Flagstaff and Winslow to gauge his political popularity. Several mentions of his opponent Senator Ralph T. Cameron.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1925-07-12

Letter from J. E. Gavin to Jesse L. Boyce regarding the TNT storage in the Grand Canyon. Gavin states that although acting director Arno B. Cammerer is confident in Superintendent Crosby's report concerning the legitimacy of the storage, he will continue to investigate the matter to ensure public safety.

Contributors
Gavin, J. E., Boyce, Jesse L.
Created Date
1923-09-24

Letter from Herbert Babbitt to Carl T. Hayden about grazing cattle in the park boundaries.

Contributors
Babbitt, Herbert, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1925-12-02

Letter from Franklin K. Lane to Carl T. Hayden expressing his support for bill S.390 in establishing the Grand Canyon as a National Park.

Contributors
Lane, Franklin K., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1916-02-26

Speech by Representative Cramton in favor of the purchase of lands that contain Bright Angel Trail from Coconino County, and to eliminate private ownership of the trail.

Contributors
Cramton, Louis C.
Created Date
1924-03-03
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Black and white print of Lees Ferry and the Colorado River canyon.

Contributors
Tillotson, F. H.
Created Date
1927-06-22

Letter with red pencil corrections from Carl T. Hayden to X. N. Steeves about the construction of an approach road to the canyon

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Steeves, X. N.
Created Date
1924-06-11

Letter from Carl T. Hayden to Fred S. Breen concerning the expenditure of $100,000 to purchase Bright Angel Trail.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Breen, Fred S.
Created Date
1924-03-13

Letter from X. N. Steeves to Carl T. Hayden describing road conditions around the Grand Canyon National Park

Contributors
Steeves, X. N., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1924-03-20

Four letters of correspondence about the purchase of Bright Angel Trail between A. E. Demaray, Acting Director of the Grand Canyon National Park; E. C. Finney, Department of the Interior First Assistant Secretary; Carl T. Hayden, Representative (AZ); and Stephen T. Mather, Director of the National Park Service.

Contributors
Demaray, A. E., Finney, E. C., Hayden, Carl T., et al.
Created Date
1924-07-18

Letter from Michael J. Reardon to Carl T. Hayden, in agreement with Ralph Cameron, asserting that Bright Angel Trail should not be sold from Coconino County to the United States.

Contributors
Riordan, M. J., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1924-03-07

Letter from P. J. Moran to Carl T. Hayden inquiring when construction will begin on the approach road to Bright Angel Trail

Contributors
Moran, P. J., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1926-03-24

Letter from Arno B. Cammerer to J. R. Eakin describing the procedure for purchasing Bright Angel Trail.

Contributors
Cammerer, Arno B., Eakin, J. R.
Created Date
1924-07-25

Letter from Carl T. Hayden to P. J. Moran concerning the alignment of the road to Bright Angel Trail.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Moran, P. J.
Created Date
1926-04-05

Brochure describing hotels, camps and trips at the Grand Canyon under Fred Harvey Management.

Contributors
Rand McNally and Company
Created Date
1925-02-25

Brochure describing trips leaving from El Tovar Hotel.

Contributors
Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company, Rand McNally and Company
Created Date
1912-03

Publication detailing the natural history of the Grand Canyon. Vol.9, No.9. Circa 1926-1934.

Contributors
Grand Canyon National Park
Created Date
1934-12

Booklet describing a geological survey of the Grand Canyon. Four editions: 1917, 1929, 1936, 1950.

Contributors
Darton, Nelson Horatio, Fred Harvey
Created Date
1917

Description of different tourist trips. Destinations include Yavapai Point, Hermit's Rest, Hopi House, and the Bright Angel Trailhead.

Contributors
Black, W. J., Henry O. Shepard Co.
Created Date
1915-03-01

Plan outlining the problems and potential solutions to facilitating the growth of Grand Canyon Village.

Contributors
Waugh, F. A., United States Forest Service
Created Date
1918

Proposed Adjustments in Boundaries of Grand Canyon National Park.

Contributors
United States Forest Service
Created Date
1925-10-19

Invitation to Carl T. Hayden for the dedication of Grand Canyon Lodge and the Kaibab Trail.

Contributors
Utah Parks Company
Created Date
1928-09-15

Brochure encouraging travelers on the Santa Fe Railway to stop off at the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company, Rand McNally and Company
Created Date
1925-04

Article detailing Senator Ralph Cameron's attempt to purchase parts of the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Cameron, Ralph H., The Nation
Created Date
1925-10-28

Brochure of the Grand Canyon of Arizona Replica at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition San Francisco.

Created Date
1915

Bill to establish the Grand Canyon as a National Park.

Contributors
United States House of Representatives
Created Date
1917-01-24
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Collage of four scenic images of Rainbow Bridge and Elephant's Feet landforms.

Created Date
1927

Handwritten cover titled, "Nature Notes of Grand Canyon, Polyphemus Moth, Female, Found at Grand Canyon, 5 July 1928, Vol. 3 - No. 2". Cover includes a drawing of the moth.

Contributors
United States Department of the Interior , United States National Park Service
Created Date
1928-07-31
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Black and white print of one man and three women (unidentified) on a trail.

Created Date
1905-11-18
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Black and white mounted print with typescript annotation, " Dec 26, 1917, at the Grand Canyon of Ariz., on his honeymoon, Arthur "Cap" Taylor." Handwritten annotation, "San Diego, 1918".

Created Date
1917-12-26
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Black and white print with typescript annotation, "Upstream view of the canyon of Colorado River at the bridge site near Lees Ferry, Arizona." Handwritten annotation, "Exhibit I". Circa 1920-1929.

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Black and white print of man overlooking the canyon, with handwritten annotations and arrows identifying trail sites, " Mi. 38", "Dam Site" and "Mi. 37". Circa 1920-1929.

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Color postcard titled, "East from (Hopi) Rowe Point".

Contributors
Phelps, George, Fred Harvey, John G. Verkamp
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Sepia print of two men standing by an overlook with wide view of the canyon below.

Created Date
1924
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Black and white postcard with front elevated view of touring cars and visitors. Native American individuals and crafts are visible near entrance.

Contributors
Fred Harvey
Created Date
1924
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Black and white print of two women sitting on a ledge overlooking the Grand Canyon.

Created Date
1924
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Black and white print of Hopi House with visitors sitting outside.

Contributors
Fred Harvey
Created Date
1924
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Black and white print of automobile parked near an overlook.

Created Date
1927
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Black and white print of cabins and pine trees.

Created Date
1927
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Black and white print of automobile parked at an overlook. Automobile displays the sign, "Press Car Arizona Republican".

Created Date
1927
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Black and white print of a park ranger and Forrest Ducette in front of a car and cabin.

Created Date
1927
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Sepia print taken on the bank of the Colorado River.

Created Date
1927
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Black and white print of three women, one man and one child at a Hermit Creek Camp cabin. Handwritten annotation, "Annie Goodenough took the picture. Will Shope holding babe Mary on porch".

Created Date
1916

Letter from Carl Hayden to L. H. McEllherren detailing the funeral of Hon. M. P. Kinkaid, Chairman of the Committee on Irrigation of Arid Lands as well as Hayden's travel plans for the summer.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Mcellherren, L. H.
Created Date
1922-07-07

Establishment of Grand Canyon National Park

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Johns, A.A.
Created Date
1917-03-09

Letter from Ralph H. Cameron asking to speak to Carl Hayden concerning a matter relevant to the bill granting National Park status to the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Cameron, Ralph H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-12-04

Letter from Carl Hayden to Ralph H. Cameron responding favorably to a request to meet in regards to the bill granting National Park status to the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Cameron, Ralph H.
Created Date
1917-12-07

Letter from Ralph H. Cameron to Carl Hayden requesting a delay on the introduction of the Grand Canyon bill until he can meet with himself and Senator Ashurst in Washington.

Contributors
Cameron, Ralph H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-12-08

Letter from Ralph H. Cameron to Carl Hayden thanking him for forwarding Senate Bill No. 390 with the report of March 31st, 1918, and expressing interest in their upcoming meeting in Washington.

Contributors
Cameron, Ralph H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-03-25

Letter from Carl Hayden to C. H. Akers on the opposition to the Grand Canyon bill from A. A. Johns, J. W. Sullivan, Jesse Hoyce, T. E. Cureton, and Hugh Campbell. Hayden mentions his failure to contact the governor before the present special session, but expresses hope of the legislature passing a memorial on the subject.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Akers, Charles H.
Created Date
1918-05-28

Letter from Governor George W. P. Hunt to Carl Hayden expressing his support for legislation that would grant National Park status to the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Hunt, George W. P, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1916-05-25

Letter from The Camp Fire Club of America urging Carl Hayden to introduce a bill that would grant National Park status to the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Gaines, John W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1914-12-04