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100 Years of Grand: The Grand Canyon Centennial Project


A digital archive celebrating the Centennial of the Grand Canyon National Park. A collaborative project of the Arizona State University Library, Cline Library, Northern Arizona University and the Grand Canyon National Park. Additional materials are available via the project website.


Language
  • English
Status
  • Public
Date Range
1882 1949


Executive order revoking the sale and settlement of land bordering Cataract Creek for the Havasupai Tribe.

Contributors
Arthur, Chester A.
Created Date
1882-03-31
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Black and white, mounted print of men sitting in wagon displaying a sign, "Grand Canyon or Bust". The Methodist Church at 2nd Avenue and Washington in Phoenix, Territory of Arizona, stands at right.

Created Date
1890

Description of the Grand Cañon of the Colorado after the opening of the stage-line from Flagstaff.

Contributors
Lummis, Charles F., California Illustrated Magazine
Created Date
1893
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Color postcard titled, "6326 Grand Canyon of Arizona, From Jacob's Ladder".

Contributors
Detroit Photographic Co.
Created Date
1902
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Sepia stereo card of a man sitting on a rock with printed annotation, "(12) Down the Granite Gorge of the Colorado (1,200 feet deep) from Peritese Point, Grand Canyon of Arizona. Copyright 1903 by Underwood & Underwood."

Contributors
Campbell, Bert, Campbell, Myrtle, Underwood and Underwood
Created Date
1903
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Black and white, wide angle, mounted print with handwritten annotation, "7 Grand Canyon of Colorado River at Bright Angel Trail May-6-03".

Created Date
1903-05-06
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Black and white, mounted print with handwritten annotation, "1 Pres Butler of Columbia Col; 2 Paul Morton Vice P. of Santa Fe; 3 Pres Roosevelt; 4 Gov Brodie; 5 Mrs Lemke; 6 Mrs Smith". Very likely No. 4 from this series.

Created Date
1903-05-06
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Black and white, wide angle, mounted print with handwritten annotation, "6 Pres. Roosevelt, Gov. Brodie, Miss Connel, Capt. Phillips".

Created Date
1903-05-06
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Black and white, wide angle, mounted print with handwritten annotation, "5 Arrival of Presidential Train, May 6-03 at Grand Canyon; 1 Pres Roosevelt, 2 A. O'Neil, 3 C. O'Neil, 4 Mrs Lemke."

Created Date
1903-05-06
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Black and white mounted print with handwritten annotation, "3 President Receiving 1 Maj. McClintock; 2 Judge Nichols, Ter. Auditor; 3 W. S. Sturgis, Livestock San Board".

Created Date
1903-05-06
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Black and white mounted print of people, horses and carriages near trains with handwritten annotation, "2 5-6-03 Waiting for Presidential Train".

Created Date
1903-05-06
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Black and white mounted print with handwritten annotation, " 1 Bright Angel Hotel at Grand Canyon 5-6-03; 1 Mrs. Lemke, 2 Ealinor Smith, 3 Mrs. Smith, 4 Anna O'Neil, 5 Judge Kent, 6 Barry Smith, 7 Cath O'Neil, 8 Capt Crenshaw".

Created Date
1903-05-06
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Black and white mounted print of Theodore Roosevelt riding a horse, blurry from motion, handwritten annotation, " 5-6-03 President Roosevelt".

Created Date
1903-05-06
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Black and white mounted print of people on a stagecoach. Handwritten annotation, "Connor, S. C.; Dennison, of N.Y. Sun; Mrs. Lemke, Tyree, S.C.; Ealinor Smith; Mrs. Smith; Anna O'Neil; Guach (illegible), Postal Cable; Barry Smith; Cath. O'Neil; Taylor S.C.; Geo. B. Luckev?; Fran Leslie, Mag. Weekly. President's Day, May 6th, 03. Bright Angel Trail, Grand Canyon of the Colorado River".

Created Date
1903-05-06
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Black and white mounted print of people looking up at President Theodore Roosevelt speaking on a balcony, with handwritten annotation, " Pres. R. Speaking From Hotel Veranda".

Created Date
1903-05-06
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Black and white mounted print of people standing near a campsite, Governor Brodie of Arizona Territory, on horseback, is identified.

Created Date
1903-05-06
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Black and white print of more than 40 people near a canyon overlook with handwritten annotation, " 5-06-03 Looking Toward Canon [sic] From Hotel".

Created Date
1903-05-06
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Black and white mounted print of people on horseback riding away from the camera; railroad tracks are visible in the foreground. Handwritten annotation "President Roosevelt and party setting out to see Canon.

Created Date
1903-05-06
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Detailed map of Granite Gorge section of the Grand Canyon from the pamphlet titled, "Titan of Chasms: Grand Canyon of Arizona".

Contributors
Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Created Date
1905
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Color postcard titled, "8797 El Tovar Grand Canyon of Arizona". Handwritten annotation, "Dear Miss Oakley, I expect to leave here Tuesday A.M. Have had the time of my life. Lovingly, M."

Contributors
Fred Harvey
Created Date
1905

Geological examination of the park canyonland, with description of the rocks, water sculping process, volcanic cones and outflows, and land erosion. This edition is Volume 2, 1977 reprint, of the author's 1882 monograph. Includes 12 color maps, 10 color views and is number 280/1500.

Contributors
Dutton, Clarence, United States Geological Survey
Created Date
1905-02-24
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Black and white print of six men and four women (unidentified) astride mules on a trail. One man sits on rocks beside the trail.

Created Date
1905-11-18
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Black and white print of one man and three women (unidentified) on a trail.

Created Date
1905-11-18

Brochure describing trips leaving from El Tovar Hotel.

Contributors
Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company, Fred Harvey
Created Date
1908

Brochure describing trips leaving from El Tovar Hotel.

Contributors
Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company, Fred Harvey
Created Date
1908

Brochure for Hotel El Tovar.

Contributors
Black, W. J., Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company, Fred Harvey
Created Date
1909

Description of traveling down Bright Angel Trail by donkey.

Contributors
McCutcheon, John T., illustrator), illustrator), Appleton's Magazine
Created Date
1909-06-01

Letter from Gifford Pinchot to John H. Page denying his request to build a railway on the rim of the Grand Canyon for the Canyon Copper Company.

Contributors
Pinchot, Gifford, Page, John H.
Created Date
1909-11-01

Description of traveling down Bright Angel Trail by foot.

Contributors
Rice, William S., Overland Monthly
Created Date
1909-12-01

Typescript draft of Bill H.R. 20819 to provide for the construction of roads and other permanent improvements at or near the Grand Canyon. The sum of $110,000 dollars is to be appropriated for the project under the direction of the Secretary of Agriculture.

Contributors
Cameron, Ralph H.
Created Date
1910-02-14

Letter from John H. Page regarding his right to build a railway between Grand Canyon Station and the Canyon Copper Company's mines and hotel.

Contributors
Page, John H., Forester, Forester
Created Date
1910-08-09

Letter from A. F. Potter to John H. Page referring his request to build a railway to the District Forester at Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Contributors
Potter, A. F., Page, John H.
Created Date
1910-08-15

Bill introduced in the U.S. Senate to establish the Grand Canyon National Monument and Coconino National Forest as a national park. Bill did not pass.

Contributors
Flint, Frank P.
Created Date
1911-01-11

Souvenir reprint of an article published in the Fine Arts Journal: Devoted to the Fine and Decorative Arts Home Building and Adornment, in which an artist recounts her visit to the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Stevens, Nina Spalding, Fine Arts Journal, Chicago, Ill.
Created Date
1911-02

Brochure describing trips leaving from El Tovar Hotel.

Contributors
Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company, Rand McNally and Company
Created Date
1912-03
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Black and white print of the Grand Canyon with a typescript annotation, "July 17, 1914. Grand Canyon Arizona. On the left side you can see some of the mules taking people down the Bright Angel Trail to the bottom of the Canyon.

Created Date
1914-07-17
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Mounted black and white photograph with a typescript annotation, "July 17 1914. Making the trip down Bright Angel trail at the Grand Canyon of Arizona on mules. Left to right: George H. N. Luhrs, Jr., unknown, George H. N. Luhrs, Emma Luhrs, Ella Luhrs. Bright Angel Trail to the Colorado River, at bottom on canyon".

Created Date
1914-07-17
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Black and white print with members of the Luhrs family. Typescript annotation, "July 17th, 1914. Going down Bright Angel Canyon of Arizona, Those on the mules, from bottom up: unknown, unknown, Ella Luhrs, Emma Luhrs, George H. N. Luhrs, unknown, Roger Hunt, George Luhrs Jr., Catherine Margarita 'Gretchen' (Mrs Geo H. N.) Luhrs standing beside George Luhrs Jr.". Beside the trail, a sign displays, "Photo by Kolb Brothers".

Contributors
Kolb Bros.
Created Date
1914-07-17

Letter from The Camp Fire Club of America urging Carl Hayden to introduce a bill that would grant National Park status to the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Gaines, John W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1914-12-04

Black and white pamphlet includes photographs.

Contributors
McOmie, A. M., Jacobs, C. C., Bartlett, O. C., et al.
Created Date
1915

Brochure of the Grand Canyon of Arizona Replica at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition San Francisco.

Created Date
1915

Letter from Carl Hayden to the Flagstaff Board of Trade concerning a resolution passed to change the Grand Canyon from a monument to a National Park. Hayden expresses interest in the idea while taking care to protect the water power and mineral resources that are derived from the canyon.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Borg, Willis E.
Created Date
1915-01-03

Description of different tourist trips. Destinations include Yavapai Point, Hermit's Rest, Hopi House, and the Bright Angel Trailhead.

Contributors
Black, W. J., Henry O. Shepard Co.
Created Date
1915-03-01

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden requesting a meeting at his camp to discuss the proposed park boundaries when he is attending the Arizona Good Roads Association conference.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1915-10-09

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass informing Bass that he will not be able to go north to attend the Arizona Good Roads Association conference; however, he assures Bass that his rights as a land owner and miner will be protected.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1915-10-12
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Black and white print of three women, one man and one child at a Hermit Creek Camp cabin. Handwritten annotation, "Annie Goodenough took the picture. Will Shope holding babe Mary on porch".

Created Date
1916
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Black and white print of five women and one man riding mules on the Bright Angel Trail. A wooden sign next to the trail says, "Photo by Kolb Bros." Handwritten annotation, "Annie Goodenough on Bright Angel Trail".

Contributors
Kolb Bros.
Created Date
1916

Letter from Franklin K. Lane to Carl T. Hayden expressing his support for bill S.390 in establishing the Grand Canyon as a National Park.

Contributors
Lane, Franklin K., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1916-02-26

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass asking his opinion on the proposed boundaries of the National Park. GC National Park written on the letter in red pencil.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1916-03-17

Letter from T. E. Pollock to Carl Hayden expressing his dissatisfaction with the proposed boundaries in the national park bill.

Contributors
Pollock, T. E., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1916-04-13

Letter from C. D. Dawson to Carl Hayden urging him to consider the rights of miners and farmers when drawing up the boundaries for the proposed park.

Contributors
Dawson, C. D., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1916-04-18

Letter from Carl Hayden to Tom L. Rees detailing Rees opposition to the establishment of the Grand Canyon as a National Park. Hayden states that he is waiting on a response from Mr. Woolfolk regarding the matter.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Rees, Tom L.
Created Date
1916-05-25

Letter from Governor George W. P. Hunt to Carl Hayden expressing his support for legislation that would grant National Park status to the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Hunt, George W. P, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1916-05-25

Letter from T. E. Pollock to Carl Hayden asking his opinion on the proposed boundary lines.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Pollock, T. E.
Created Date
1916-05-25

Booklet describing a geological survey of the Grand Canyon. Four editions: 1917, 1929, 1936, 1950.

Contributors
Darton, Nelson Horatio, Fred Harvey
Created Date
1917
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Color map of the Grand Canyon National Park proposed boundaries with animal habitat zones identified for deer, mountain lion and mountain sheep.

Contributors
United States Department of Agriculture
Created Date
1917

Letter from C. T. Woolfolk to Carl Hayden expressing his support for the national park bill.

Contributors
Woolfolk, C.T., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-01-06

Bill to establish the Grand Canyon as a National Park.

Contributors
United States House of Representatives
Created Date
1917-01-24

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass asking his opinion on the proposed boundaries of the National Park. GC Natl Park written on the letter in blue pencil.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1917-01-27

Letter from Carl Hayden to Hugh E. Campbell with an enclosed outline map of the proposed boundaries of Grand Canyon National Park.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Campbell, Hugh E.
Created Date
1917-01-27

Letter from L. J. O'Reilly to Carl Hayden on behalf of William Randolph Hearst regarding his land ownership within the proposed Grand Canyon boundaries.

Contributors
O'Reilly, L. J., Hearst, W.R.
Created Date
1917-02-03

Newspaper article outlining plans for the development of the Grand Canyon into a national park including the building of roads and railways for easier access. The article mentions that grazing, mining, and the development of water power will still be in effect.

Contributors
Tombstone Prospector
Created Date
1917-02-03

Letter from John Page to Carl Hayden concerning the future of property ownership within the proposed boundaries of the national park.

Contributors
Page, John H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-03

Letter from attorney Thomas J. Croff to Carl Hayden informing him of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe railroad company's ownership of land inside the proposed national park boundaries.

Contributors
Croaff, Thomas J., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-06

Letter from Carl Hayden to John H. Page asking his opinion on the proposed national park bill. W.R. Hearst's name and property rights are mentioned.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Page, John H.
Created Date
1917-02-07

Letter from Harold Greene to Carl Hayden regarding the proposed boundaries for the national park bill.

Contributors
Greene, Harold, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-09

Letter from L. S. Williams to Carl Hayden stating there should be no objection to Saginaw and Manistee Lumber Company having their timber contract extended as it is greatly favored.

Contributors
Williams, L. S., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-10

Letter from C. H. Gensler expressing concern on behalf of the Havasupai Tribe regarding the proposed park boundaries.

Contributors
Gensler, C. H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-12

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden stating his vehement opposition to the National Park bill. Bass's concerns include a monopoly by the Santa Fe Railway and a clash between the Native Americans and the Department of the Interior.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-12

Letter from Carl Hayden to L. L. Ferrall on the favorable conditions for creating a national park and the prospect of the United States entering WW I.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Ferrall, L. L.
Created Date
1917-02-13

Letter from Grand Canyon Postmaster L. L. Ferrall to Carl Hayden regarding the proposed national park bill. Ferrall states that nearly all those who live in the canyon are against it as it gives a monopoly to the railway and hopes that the bill does not start "a war" for Arizona.

Contributors
Ferrall, L. L., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-13

Letter from Bernie Zachau to Carl Hayden regarding water power in the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Zachau, Bernie, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-17

Report to accompany S 8250. Calendar No.967; 64th Congress 2nd Session

Contributors
Myers, H. L.
Created Date
1917-02-20

Letter from L. S. Williams to Carl Hayden suggesting a boundary amendment to the national park bill.

Contributors
Williams, L. S., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-22

Letter from Carl Hayden to C. T. Woolfolk thanking him for his support on the proposed bill. Hayden writes that the bill will not be introduced into the current session of Congress as any new legislation would be impossible to pass, but he is optimistic over the bill's future.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Woolfolk, C. T.
Created Date
1917-02-23

Letter from Carl Hayden to Harold Greene regarding the progress of the national park bill.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Greene, Harold
Created Date
1917-02-24

Letter from Carl Hayden to Joseph J. Cotter regarding suggestions on the proposed national park bill.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Cotter, Joseph J.
Created Date
1917-02-26

Letter from Carl Hayden to C. H. Gensler informing him of the proposed Grand Canyon National Park bill.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Gensler, C. H.
Created Date
1917-02-26

Letter from Joseph J. Cotter to Carl Hayden regarding the use of water power and summer homes in the proposed park boundaries.

Contributors
Cotter, Joseph J., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-03-03

Letter from Carl Hayden to L. S. Williams informing the Saginaw and Manistee Lumber Company that a bill extending the timber cutting rights in the Canyon did not pass in Congress.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Williams, L. S.
Created Date
1917-03-07

Establishment of Grand Canyon National Park

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Johns, A.A.
Created Date
1917-03-09

Letter from Carl Hayden to Bernie Zachau regarding the national park bill with an enclosed copy of the National Park Service Act.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Zachau, Bernie
Created Date
1917-03-09

Letter from Carl Hayden to C. H. Gensler informing him of a trip to the Grand Canyon to discuss the Havasupai Tribe grazing lands.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Gensler, C. H.
Created Date
1917-03-09

Telegram from C. H. Gensler to Carl Hayden arranging a meeting in Hilltop, Arizona.

Contributors
Gensler, C. H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-03-09

Letter from Joseph J. Cotter to Carl Hayden providing a rebuttal to W. W. Bass' objections to the Grand Canyon National Park Bill.

Contributors
Cotter, Joseph J., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-03-19

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass soliciting his opinion on the proposed national park bill.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1917-04-07

Letter from C. H. Gensler to Carl Hayden asking for a meeting in regards to the Havasupai pasture land in light of the national park bill.

Contributors
Gensler, C. H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-04-18

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden concerning the mining of asbestos in the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-04-30

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass informing him of the favorable opinion towards a national park bill.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1917-05-07

Letter from Carl Hayden to H. F. Robinson with attached notes from W. W. Bass and C. H. Gensler. Hayden solitices advice concerning the Havasupai Tribe needs for grazing and access to natural resources.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Robinson, H.F.
Created Date
1917-06-08

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass concerning the passing of the national park bill. Hayden states that he will try to make the bill as advantageous to Arizona miners and farmers as possible, but the land will either remain as a national monument or become a national park. A postscript is added concerning the land allocated for the Havasupai Tribe.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1917-06-28

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden lamenting the new regulations placed on his business.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-07-03

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden protesting the development of the Grand Canyon into a National Park based on the grounds that the canyon belongs to the people of Arizona and not the federal government. Newspaper clipping of an opinion piece placed in a Wickenburg newspaper by Bass is included.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-07-16

Letter from A. F. Potter to Carl Hayden regarding W. W. Bass's livery permit. Bass's fee to maintain the roads has been reduced to $50 per year, but he will still need to keep his business at least a hundred feet from the Grand Canyon rim so as not to disturb visitors.

Contributors
Potter, A. F., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-08-03

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass informing him that his contribution for maintaining the roads at the Grand Canyon has been reduced to $50 per year. Hayden also notes that no further action on national park status will be taken until December 1917 during the regular session of congress.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1917-08-11

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden urging him to visit the Grand Canyon in order to see what effect the National Park bill would have on the farmers and miners of the Grand Canyon. Bass urges Hayden to "correct a threatening evil" and the monopoly such a proposal would give to the Santa Fe Railway line, includes newspaper clipping.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-09-22

Letter from John Page to Carl T. Hayden regarding a conversation conducted at Hotel Adams in Phoenix. Page states his concern over the national park bill in reference to his mining company.

Contributors
Page, John H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-11-21

Letter from Ralph H. Cameron asking to speak to Carl Hayden concerning a matter relevant to the bill granting National Park status to the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Cameron, Ralph H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-12-04

Letter from Carl Hayden to Ralph H. Cameron responding favorably to a request to meet in regards to the bill granting National Park status to the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Cameron, Ralph H.
Created Date
1917-12-07

Letter from Ralph H. Cameron to Carl Hayden requesting a delay on the introduction of the Grand Canyon bill until he can meet with himself and Senator Ashurst in Washington.

Contributors
Cameron, Ralph H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-12-08