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100 Years of Grand: The Grand Canyon Centennial Project


A digital archive celebrating the Centennial of the Grand Canyon National Park. A collaborative project of the Arizona State University Library, Cline Library, Northern Arizona University and the Grand Canyon National Park. Additional materials are available via the project website.


Series
  • Control of Public Lands (1912-1928)
Date Range
1905 1934


Brochure describing hotels, camps and trips at the Grand Canyon under Fred Harvey Management.

Contributors
Rand McNally and Company
Created Date
1925-02-25

Brochure describing trips leaving from El Tovar Hotel.

Contributors
Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company, Rand McNally and Company
Created Date
1912-03

Publication detailing the natural history of the Grand Canyon. Vol.9, No.9. Circa 1926-1934.

Contributors
Grand Canyon National Park
Created Date
1934-12

Booklet describing a geological survey of the Grand Canyon. Four editions: 1917, 1929, 1936, 1950.

Contributors
Darton, Nelson Horatio, Fred Harvey
Created Date
1917

Description of different tourist trips. Destinations include Yavapai Point, Hermit's Rest, Hopi House, and the Bright Angel Trailhead.

Contributors
Black, W. J., Henry O. Shepard Co.
Created Date
1915-03-01

Plan outlining the problems and potential solutions to facilitating the growth of Grand Canyon Village.

Contributors
Waugh, F. A., United States Forest Service
Created Date
1918

Speech by Representative Cramton in favor of the purchase of lands that contain Bright Angel Trail from Coconino County, and to eliminate private ownership of the trail.

Contributors
Cramton, Louis C.
Created Date
1924-03-03

Proposed Adjustments in Boundaries of Grand Canyon National Park.

Contributors
United States Forest Service
Created Date
1925-10-19

Invitation to Carl T. Hayden for the dedication of Grand Canyon Lodge and the Kaibab Trail.

Contributors
Utah Parks Company
Created Date
1928-09-15

Geological Survey of the Grand Canyon in published journal. Vol. XVIII, No. 99.

Contributors
Matthes, F., Evans, R. T., The Military engineer
Created Date
1926-05

Brochure encouraging travelers on the Santa Fe Railway to stop off at the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company, Rand McNally and Company
Created Date
1925-04

Article detailing Senator Ralph Cameron's attempt to purchase parts of the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Cameron, Ralph H., The Nation
Created Date
1925-10-28

Brochure of the Grand Canyon of Arizona Replica at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition San Francisco.

Created Date
1915

Bill to establish the Grand Canyon as a National Park.

Contributors
United States House of Representatives
Created Date
1917-01-24
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Collage of four scenic images of Rainbow Bridge and Elephant's Feet landforms.

Created Date
1927

Monthly bulletin, black and white, describing the natural history and scientific features of Grand Canyon National Park with cover drawing of fern bush.

Contributors
United States Department of the Interior, United States National Park Service
Created Date
1927-08-31

Handwritten cover titled, "Nature Notes of Grand Canyon, Polyphemus Moth, Female, Found at Grand Canyon, 5 July 1928, Vol. 3 - No. 2". Cover includes a drawing of the moth.

Contributors
United States Department of the Interior , United States National Park Service
Created Date
1928-07-31
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Black and white print of Lees Ferry and the Colorado River canyon.

Contributors
Tillotson, F. H.
Created Date
1927-06-22
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Mounted black and white photograph with a typescript annotation, "July 17 1914. Making the trip down Bright Angel trail at the Grand Canyon of Arizona on mules. Left to right: George H. N. Luhrs, Jr., unknown, George H. N. Luhrs, Emma Luhrs, Ella Luhrs. Bright Angel Trail to the Colorado River, at bottom on canyon".

Created Date
1914-07-17
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Black and white print of the Grand Canyon with a typescript annotation, "July 17, 1914. Grand Canyon Arizona. On the left side you can see some of the mules taking people down the Bright Angel Trail to the bottom of the Canyon.

Created Date
1914-07-17
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Black and white print with members of the Luhrs family. Typescript annotation, "July 17th, 1914. Going down Bright Angel Canyon of Arizona, Those on the mules, from bottom up: unknown, unknown, Ella Luhrs, Emma Luhrs, George H. N. Luhrs, unknown, Roger Hunt, George Luhrs Jr., Catherine Margarita 'Gretchen' (Mrs Geo H. N.) Luhrs standing beside George Luhrs Jr.". Beside the trail, a sign displays, "Photo by Kolb Brothers".

Contributors
Kolb Bros.
Created Date
1914-07-17
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Black and white print of one man and three women (unidentified) on a trail.

Created Date
1905-11-18
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Black and white mounted print with typescript annotation, " Dec 26, 1917, at the Grand Canyon of Ariz., on his honeymoon, Arthur "Cap" Taylor." Handwritten annotation, "San Diego, 1918".

Created Date
1917-12-26
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Black and white print with typescript annotation, "Close up view of Vulcan Throne, Grand Canyon, 89 miles below Bright Angel Creek." Handwritten annotation, "Exhibit IV". Circa 1920-1929.

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Black and white print with typescript annotation, "Upstream view of the canyon of Colorado River at the bridge site near Lees Ferry, Arizona." Handwritten annotation, "Exhibit I". Circa 1920-1929.

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Black and white print of man overlooking the canyon, with handwritten annotations and arrows identifying trail sites, " Mi. 38", "Dam Site" and "Mi. 37". Circa 1920-1929.

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Color postcard titled, "East from (Hopi) Rowe Point".

Contributors
Phelps, George, Fred Harvey, John G. Verkamp
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Sepia print of two men standing by an overlook with wide view of the canyon below.

Created Date
1924
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Black and white postcard with front elevated view of touring cars and visitors. Native American individuals and crafts are visible near entrance.

Contributors
Fred Harvey
Created Date
1924
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Black and white print of two women sitting on a ledge overlooking the Grand Canyon.

Created Date
1924
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Black and white print of Hopi House with visitors sitting outside.

Contributors
Fred Harvey
Created Date
1924
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Black and white print of automobile parked near an overlook.

Created Date
1927
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Black and white print of cabins and pine trees.

Created Date
1927
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Black and white print of automobile parked at an overlook. Automobile displays the sign, "Press Car Arizona Republican".

Created Date
1927
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Black and white print of a park ranger and Forrest Ducette in front of a car and cabin.

Created Date
1927
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Sepia print taken on the bank of the Colorado River.

Created Date
1927
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Black and white print of three women, one man and one child at a Hermit Creek Camp cabin. Handwritten annotation, "Annie Goodenough took the picture. Will Shope holding babe Mary on porch".

Created Date
1916
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Black and white print of five women and one man riding mules on the Bright Angel Trail. A wooden sign next to the trail says, "Photo by Kolb Bros." Handwritten annotation, "Annie Goodenough on Bright Angel Trail".

Contributors
Kolb Bros.
Created Date
1916

Letter from Carl Hayden to L. H. McEllherren detailing the funeral of Hon. M. P. Kinkaid, Chairman of the Committee on Irrigation of Arid Lands as well as Hayden's travel plans for the summer.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Mcellherren, L. H.
Created Date
1922-07-07

Establishment of Grand Canyon National Park

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Johns, A.A.
Created Date
1917-03-09

Letter from Ralph H. Cameron asking to speak to Carl Hayden concerning a matter relevant to the bill granting National Park status to the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Cameron, Ralph H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-12-04

Letter from Carl Hayden to Ralph H. Cameron responding favorably to a request to meet in regards to the bill granting National Park status to the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Cameron, Ralph H.
Created Date
1917-12-07

Letter from Ralph H. Cameron to Carl Hayden requesting a delay on the introduction of the Grand Canyon bill until he can meet with himself and Senator Ashurst in Washington.

Contributors
Cameron, Ralph H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-12-08

Letter from Ralph H. Cameron to Carl Hayden thanking him for forwarding Senate Bill No. 390 with the report of March 31st, 1918, and expressing interest in their upcoming meeting in Washington.

Contributors
Cameron, Ralph H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-03-25

Letter from Charles H. Akers to Carl Hayden expressing his support for the National Park bill.

Contributors
Akers, Charles H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-05-21

Letter from Carl Hayden to C. H. Akers on the opposition to the Grand Canyon bill from A. A. Johns, J. W. Sullivan, Jesse Hoyce, T. E. Cureton, and Hugh Campbell. Hayden mentions his failure to contact the governor before the present special session, but expresses hope of the legislature passing a memorial on the subject.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Akers, Charles H.
Created Date
1918-05-28

Letter from Governor George W. P. Hunt to Carl Hayden expressing his support for legislation that would grant National Park status to the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Hunt, George W. P, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1916-05-25

Letter from Carl Hayden to Governor George W. P. Hunt asking the governor to submit the idea of a national park near the rim of the Grand Canyon to the state legislature during the special session. Hayden mentions the state of Arizona would be charged about $28,800 for the land at $1.25 an acre. W. W. Bass and Bass Camp are also included in the letter.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Hunt, George W. P.
Created Date
1918-04-18

Letter from The Camp Fire Club of America urging Carl Hayden to introduce a bill that would grant National Park status to the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Gaines, John W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1914-12-04

Letter from Carl Hayden to the Flagstaff Board of Trade concerning a resolution passed to change the Grand Canyon from a monument to a National Park. Hayden expresses interest in the idea while taking care to protect the water power and mineral resources that are derived from the canyon.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Borg, Willis E.
Created Date
1915-01-03

Letter from Carl Hayden to Tom L. Rees detailing Rees opposition to the establishment of the Grand Canyon as a National Park. Hayden states that he is waiting on a response from Mr. Woolfolk regarding the matter.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Rees, Tom L.
Created Date
1916-05-25

Document outlining Senator Hayden's proposal for national park status. Addresses the issue of miner's and land owner's rights while touting the benefits of tourism. Circa 1915.

Letter from C. T. Woolfolk to Carl Hayden expressing his support for the national park bill.

Contributors
Woolfolk, C.T., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-01-06

Letter from Carl Hayden to C. T. Woolfolk thanking him for his support on the proposed bill. Hayden writes that the bill will not be introduced into the current session of Congress as any new legislation would be impossible to pass, but he is optimistic over the bill's future.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Woolfolk, C. T.
Created Date
1917-02-23

Letter from Carl Hayden to Hugh E. Campbell with an enclosed outline map of the proposed boundaries of Grand Canyon National Park.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Campbell, Hugh E.
Created Date
1917-01-27

Letter from attorney Thomas J. Croff to Carl Hayden informing him of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe railroad company's ownership of land inside the proposed national park boundaries.

Contributors
Croaff, Thomas J., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-06

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden protesting the development of the Grand Canyon into a National Park based on the grounds that the canyon belongs to the people of Arizona and not the federal government. Newspaper clipping of an opinion piece placed in a Wickenburg newspaper by Bass is included.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-07-16

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden urging him to visit the Grand Canyon in order to see what effect the National Park bill would have on the farmers and miners of the Grand Canyon. Bass urges Hayden to "correct a threatening evil" and the monopoly such a proposal would give to the Santa Fe Railway line, includes newspaper clipping.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-09-22

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden opposing the Grand Canyon National Park bill in its current form.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-03-04

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden opposing the Grand Canyon National Park bill in its current form.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-03-08

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass on the recent amendments made to the national park bill.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1918-03-26

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden arguing for a delay in the national park bill proceedings.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-04-07

Letter to W. W. Bass from Carl Hayden's secretary informing him of a vote on the national park bill will not be held until December.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-10-21

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden opposing the Grand Canyon National Park bill in its current form.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1919-01-27

Letter from Franklin K. Lane to Carl T. Hayden expressing his support for bill S.390 in establishing the Grand Canyon as a National Park.

Contributors
Lane, Franklin K., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1916-02-26

Letter from T. E. Pollock to Carl Hayden expressing his dissatisfaction with the proposed boundaries in the national park bill.

Contributors
Pollock, T. E., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1916-04-13

Letter from T. E. Pollock to Carl Hayden asking his opinion on the proposed boundary lines.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Pollock, T. E.
Created Date
1916-05-25

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden requesting a meeting at his camp to discuss the proposed park boundaries when he is attending the Arizona Good Roads Association conference.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1915-10-09

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass informing Bass that he will not be able to go north to attend the Arizona Good Roads Association conference; however, he assures Bass that his rights as a land owner and miner will be protected.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1915-10-12

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass asking his opinion on the proposed boundaries of the National Park. GC National Park written on the letter in red pencil.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1916-03-17

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass asking his opinion on the proposed boundaries of the National Park. GC Natl Park written on the letter in blue pencil.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1917-01-27

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden stating his vehement opposition to the National Park bill. Bass's concerns include a monopoly by the Santa Fe Railway and a clash between the Native Americans and the Department of the Interior.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-12

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden concerning the mining of asbestos in the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-04-30

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass concerning the passing of the national park bill. Hayden states that he will try to make the bill as advantageous to Arizona miners and farmers as possible, but the land will either remain as a national monument or become a national park. A postscript is added concerning the land allocated for the Havasupai Tribe.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1917-06-28

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden lamenting the new regulations placed on his business.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-07-03

Letter from A. F. Potter to Carl Hayden regarding W. W. Bass's livery permit. Bass's fee to maintain the roads has been reduced to $50 per year, but he will still need to keep his business at least a hundred feet from the Grand Canyon rim so as not to disturb visitors.

Contributors
Potter, A. F., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-08-03

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass informing him that his contribution for maintaining the roads at the Grand Canyon has been reduced to $50 per year. Hayden also notes that no further action on national park status will be taken until December 1917 during the regular session of congress.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1917-08-11

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden requesting the boundaries of the park be reconsidered as a large portion of the land is suitable for mining and farming.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-09-22

Letter from Sanford Rowe and W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden requesting a re-examination on the proposed park boundaries as they are disadvantageous to current land owners surrounding the canyon.

Contributors
Rowe, Sanford, Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1919-02-12

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden written on Bass Camps and Trails stationary. Bass urges Hayden to consider the implications to his farming and mining rights if the bill is passed.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-10-07

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden on the proposed park boundaries which he deems "outrageous' and the effect such a bill could have on Hayden's reelection chances.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-09-21

Letter from Grand Canyon Postmaster L. L. Ferrall to Carl Hayden regarding the proposed national park bill. Ferrall states that nearly all those who live in the canyon are against it as it gives a monopoly to the railway and hopes that the bill does not start "a war" for Arizona.

Contributors
Ferrall, L. L., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-13

Letter from Carl Hayden to L. L. Ferrall on the favorable conditions for creating a national park and the prospect of the United States entering WW I.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Ferrall, L. L.
Created Date
1917-02-13

Letter from Governor George W. P. Hunt to Calvin Coolidge arguing for more autonomy in Arizona state matters.

Contributors
Hunt, George W. P., Coolidge, Calvin
Created Date
1926-09-04

Letter of introduction for Dwight B. Heard on the arrival of National Park Service Director Stephen T. Mather to Phoenix. Mather's visit includes trips to Roosevelt Dam and Tumacácori.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Heard, Dwight
Created Date
1924-03-25

Letter from J. E. Gavin to Jesse L. Boyce regarding the TNT storage in the Grand Canyon. Gavin states that although acting director Arno B. Cammerer is confident in Superintendent Crosby's report concerning the legitimacy of the storage, he will continue to investigate the matter to ensure public safety.

Contributors
Gavin, J. E., Boyce, Jesse L.
Created Date
1923-09-24

Letter from the Acting Director of the National Park to Carl Hayden assuring him that Superintendent Crosby had removed the dynamite nearby Grand Canyon Village and placed it in a safe location on the South Rim.

Contributors
Cammerer, Arno B., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1923-09-21

Letter from Carl Hayden to Arno B. Cammerer on behalf of Jesse L. Boyce's complaint. Hayden states that Boyce believes Crosby's report to be inaccurate and an underestimation of the danger of the stored explosives.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Cammerer, Arno B.
Created Date
1923-09-20

Letter from Jesse L. Boyce to Jack in which he refers to W. W. Crosby as a "damn carpetbagger" and his frustration at Crosby making him out to be a "liar".

Contributors
Boyce, Jesse L., Gavin, J. E.
Created Date
1923-09-12

Letter from Arno B. Cammerer to Carl Hayden supporting Superintendent Crosby's stance that there is no need to remove the dynamite stored near Grand Canyon Village.

Contributors
Cammerer, Arno B., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1923-08-29

Letter from W. W. Crosby to the Director of the National Park Service defending his placement of the dynamite near Grand Canyon Village. He states there is between 16-20 tons of dynamite.

Contributors
Crosby, W. W.
Created Date
1923-08-21

Letter from unknown author (possibly Jack) to Jesse L. Boyce regarding his complaint concerning the TNT located in the Grand Canyon. Enclosed is Superintendent Crosby's report in which he states that the current housing location of the TNT is not a threat to anyone.

Contributors
Boyce, Jesse L.
Created Date
1923-08-31

Letter from Arno B. Cammerer to Carl Hayden reiterating the safe nature of the dynamite storage.

Contributors
Cammerer, Arno B., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1923-08-29

Letter from Jesse L. Boyce to Carl Hayden stating there is 30 tons of dynamite located in the Grand Canyon near tourist sites.

Contributors
Boyce, Jesse L., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1923-08-02

Letter to Jesse L. Boyce from unknown author (possibly Jack) about the investigation into the powder magazine located in the Grand Canyon. Some personal news is included in the letter such as the writer's marriage to the daughter of C.A. Taylor, former Supervisor of Cochise County.

Contributors
Boyce, Jesse L.
Created Date
1923-08-14

Letter from Arno B. Cammerer to Carl Hayden informing him of the removal of the dynamite from Grand Canyon Village to a point near Rowe Well.

Contributors
Cammerer, Arno B., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1923-08-13

Letter from the Director of the National Park Service, Stephen T. Mather, to Jesse L. Boyce informing him that immediate action is being taken to remove the TNT from the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Mather, Stephen T., Boyce, Jesse L.
Created Date
1923-08-11

Letter from Jesse L. Boyce to Carl Hayden stating that the Director of the National Park Service will order Colonel Crosby to remove the dynamite from the park.

Contributors
Boyce, Jesse L., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1923-08-18

Letter from Arno B. Cammerer to Carl Hayden on the investigation by Superintendent Crosby regarding the TNT stored in the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Cammerer, Arno B., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1923-08-13

Letter from Jesse L. Boyce to Jack regarding the storage of dynamite in Shoski Canyon.

Contributors
Boyce, Jesse L., Gavin, J. E.
Created Date
1923-10-10