Skip to main content

100 Years of Grand: The Grand Canyon Centennial Project


A digital archive celebrating the Centennial of the Grand Canyon National Park. A collaborative project of the Arizona State University Library, Cline Library, Northern Arizona University and the Grand Canyon National Park. Additional materials are available via the project website.


Status
  • Public
Subject
Date Range
1882 1940


thumbnail image

The Peach family on a wagon trip. Circa 1906.

Contributors
Slaughter, Edith Peach

Speech by Carl T. Hayden offering a motion to authorize a road an trail construction program in Grand Canyon National Park "to make these natural wonders accessible to the American people". The speech appears in the Congressional Record, 68th Congress, First Session.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1924-03-11

Radio transcript of a sunrise service conducted in the Grand Canyon on Easter Sunday.

Contributors
John Howard Pyle, John Howard Pyle, KTAR NBC
Created Date
1936-04-12

Letter from Alexander Vogelsang to Homer P. Snyder regarding land allocation for the Havasupai Tribe.

Contributors
Vogelsang, Alexander T., Snyder, Homer P.
Created Date
1920-12-27

Letter from C. H. Gensler, Havasupai Agency to Carl Hayden regarding boundary lines.

Contributors
Gensler, C. H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-07-30

Letter from Carl T. Hayden to C. H. Gensler, Havasupai Indian Reservation, regarding Hualapai and Cataract Canyons geography.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Gensler, C. H.
Created Date
1918-07-19

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden regarding the right to his property.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-01-13

Letter from George Otis Smith, U.S. Geological Survey to Carl Hayden regarding asbestos mining prospects in the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Smith, George Otis, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-04-23

Letter from Carl Hayden to George Otis Smith asking his advice regarding the mining of asbestos deposits in the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Smith, George Otih
Created Date
1918-04-25

Letter from George Otis Smith to Carl Hayden regarding mining rights in the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Smith, George Otis, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-05-01

Letter from L. B. Williams to Carl Hayden regarding W. W. Bass' resistance to the park bill.

Contributors
Williams, L.B., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-03-29

Letter from Carl Hayden to L. B. Williams concerning the proposed township in the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Williams, L. S.
Created Date
1918-04-26

Letter from Harry Welch to Carl Hayden enclosing W. W. Bass' letter of protest against the proposed national park bill.

Contributors
Welch, Harry, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-04-13

Letter from W. W. Bass to Harry Welch protesting the proposed national park bill.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Welch, Harry
Created Date
1918-04-09

Letter from Carl Hayden to George W. P. Hunt outlining the proposed national park boundaries and the cost of a township if the state of Arizona decided to acquire one on the rim of the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Hunt, George W. P.
Created Date
1918-04-19

Letter from Stephen T. Mather to Carl Hayden with markup of bill S 390 for the proposed National Park.

Contributors
Mather, Stephen T., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-03-29

Letter from A. F. Potter to Carl T. Hayden describing John H. Page's request to build a railway for the Canyon Copper Company as "impractical".

Contributors
Potter, A. F., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-01-10

Letter from A. F. Potter to John H. Page referring his request to build a railway to the District Forester at Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Contributors
Potter, A. F., Page, John H.
Created Date
1910-08-15

Letter from John H. Page regarding his right to build a railway between Grand Canyon Station and the Canyon Copper Company's mines and hotel.

Contributors
Page, John H., Forester, Forester
Created Date
1910-08-09

Letter from Gifford Pinchot to John H. Page denying his request to build a railway on the rim of the Grand Canyon for the Canyon Copper Company.

Contributors
Pinchot, Gifford, Page, John H.
Created Date
1909-11-01

Letter from John H. Page to Carl T. Hayden regarding his company's rights to build a railway if they choose to.

Contributors
Page, John H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-12-19

Letter to Carl T. Hayden regarding a water-power bill in effect for the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Finney, Finney, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-06-26

Letter from Henry Graves to Carl T. Hayden regarding the land ownership and grazing rights of the Havasupai.

Contributors
Graves, Henry S., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-07-29

Letter from John Page to Carl T. Hayden regarding a conversation conducted at Hotel Adams in Phoenix. Page states his concern over the national park bill in reference to his mining company.

Contributors
Page, John H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-11-21

Letter from Bernie Zachau to Carl Hayden regarding water power in the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Zachau, Bernie, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-17

Letter from Carl Hayden to Joseph J. Cotter regarding suggestions on the proposed national park bill.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Cotter, Joseph J.
Created Date
1917-02-26

Letter from Joseph J. Cotter to Carl Hayden regarding the use of water power and summer homes in the proposed park boundaries.

Contributors
Cotter, Joseph J., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-03-03

Letter from Carl Hayden to Bernie Zachau regarding the national park bill with an enclosed copy of the National Park Service Act.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Zachau, Bernie
Created Date
1917-03-09

Letter from Harold Greene to Carl Hayden regarding the proposed boundaries for the national park bill.

Contributors
Greene, Harold, Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-09

Letter from Carl Hayden to Harold Greene regarding the progress of the national park bill.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Greene, Harold
Created Date
1917-02-24

Amendment to the national park bill granting the Secretary of the Interior permission to lease land not exceeding 100 acres. Circa 1917.

Act to establish the Grand Canyon National Park in the State of Arizona.

Created Date
1918-05-21

Letter from L. S. Williams to Carl Hayden stating there should be no objection to Saginaw and Manistee Lumber Company having their timber contract extended as it is greatly favored.

Contributors
Williams, L. S., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-10

Letter from Carl Hayden to L. S. Williams informing the Saginaw and Manistee Lumber Company that a bill extending the timber cutting rights in the Canyon did not pass in Congress.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Williams, L. S.
Created Date
1917-03-07

Letter from L. S. Williams to Carl Hayden suggesting a boundary amendment to the national park bill.

Contributors
Williams, L. S., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-22

Letter from John Page to Carl Hayden concerning the future of property ownership within the proposed boundaries of the national park.

Contributors
Page, John H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-03

Letter from Carl Hayden to H. F. Robinson with attached notes from W. W. Bass and C. H. Gensler. Hayden solitices advice concerning the Havasupai Tribe needs for grazing and access to natural resources.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Robinson, H.F.
Created Date
1917-06-08

Letter from C. H. Gensler to Carl Hayden asking for a meeting in regards to the Havasupai pasture land in light of the national park bill.

Contributors
Gensler, C. H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-04-18

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass informing him of the favorable opinion towards a national park bill.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1917-05-07

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass soliciting his opinion on the proposed national park bill.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1917-04-07

Letter from Joseph J. Cotter to Carl Hayden providing a rebuttal to W. W. Bass' objections to the Grand Canyon National Park Bill.

Contributors
Cotter, Joseph J., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-03-19

Letter from Carl Hayden to C. H. Gensler informing him of the proposed Grand Canyon National Park bill.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Gensler, C. H.
Created Date
1917-02-26

Letter from Carl Hayden to C. H. Gensler informing him of a trip to the Grand Canyon to discuss the Havasupai Tribe grazing lands.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Gensler, C. H.
Created Date
1917-03-09

Telegram from C. H. Gensler to Carl Hayden arranging a meeting in Hilltop, Arizona.

Contributors
Gensler, C. H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-03-09

Executive order revoking the sale and settlement of land bordering Cataract Creek for the Havasupai Tribe.

Contributors
Arthur, Chester A.
Created Date
1882-03-31

Letter from C. H. Gensler expressing concern on behalf of the Havasupai Tribe regarding the proposed park boundaries.

Contributors
Gensler, C. H., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-12

Letter from Carl Hayden to John H. Page asking his opinion on the proposed national park bill. W.R. Hearst's name and property rights are mentioned.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Page, John H.
Created Date
1917-02-07

Letter from L. J. O'Reilly to Carl Hayden on behalf of William Randolph Hearst regarding his land ownership within the proposed Grand Canyon boundaries.

Contributors
O'Reilly, L. J., Hearst, W.R.
Created Date
1917-02-03

Letter from Stephen T. Mather to Carl Hayden regarding amendments to the national park bill including Mather's approval of the Secretary of the Interior granting railroads rights of way.

Contributors
Mather, Stephen T., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-07-09

Letter from Carl Hayden to Stephen T. Mather regarding certain amendments to the national park bill. Rights regarding the Havasupai Tribe are mentioned.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Mather, Stephen
Created Date
1918-07-03

Letter from C. D. Dawson to Carl Hayden urging him to consider the rights of miners and farmers when drawing up the boundaries for the proposed park.

Contributors
Dawson, C. D., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1916-04-18

Possible press release from Carl Hayden detailing the Grand Canyon National Park bill. Circa 1916.

Report to accompany S 390. HR. 65th Congress, 2nd Session Rpt 832. House of Representatives bill for the formation of Grand Canyon National Park with requested amendments.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-10-18

Report to accompany S 8250. Calendar No.967; 64th Congress 2nd Session

Contributors
Myers, H. L.
Created Date
1917-02-20

Newspaper article outlining plans for the development of the Grand Canyon into a national park including the building of roads and railways for easier access. The article mentions that grazing, mining, and the development of water power will still be in effect.

Contributors
Tombstone Prospector
Created Date
1917-02-03
thumbnail image

Grand Canyon Village to Rowe's Well Road. Circa 1935.

Contributors
Hamilton, Ed

Letter from Carl Hayden to L. L. Ferrall on the favorable conditions for creating a national park and the prospect of the United States entering WW I.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Ferrall, L. L.
Created Date
1917-02-13

Letter from Grand Canyon Postmaster L. L. Ferrall to Carl Hayden regarding the proposed national park bill. Ferrall states that nearly all those who live in the canyon are against it as it gives a monopoly to the railway and hopes that the bill does not start "a war" for Arizona.

Contributors
Ferrall, L. L., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-13

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden on the proposed park boundaries which he deems "outrageous' and the effect such a bill could have on Hayden's reelection chances.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-09-21

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden written on Bass Camps and Trails stationary. Bass urges Hayden to consider the implications to his farming and mining rights if the bill is passed.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-10-07

Letter from Sanford Rowe and W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden requesting a re-examination on the proposed park boundaries as they are disadvantageous to current land owners surrounding the canyon.

Contributors
Rowe, Sanford, Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1919-02-12

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden requesting the boundaries of the park be reconsidered as a large portion of the land is suitable for mining and farming.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-09-22

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass informing him that his contribution for maintaining the roads at the Grand Canyon has been reduced to $50 per year. Hayden also notes that no further action on national park status will be taken until December 1917 during the regular session of congress.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1917-08-11

Letter from A. F. Potter to Carl Hayden regarding W. W. Bass's livery permit. Bass's fee to maintain the roads has been reduced to $50 per year, but he will still need to keep his business at least a hundred feet from the Grand Canyon rim so as not to disturb visitors.

Contributors
Potter, A. F., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-08-03

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden lamenting the new regulations placed on his business.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-07-03

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass concerning the passing of the national park bill. Hayden states that he will try to make the bill as advantageous to Arizona miners and farmers as possible, but the land will either remain as a national monument or become a national park. A postscript is added concerning the land allocated for the Havasupai Tribe.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1917-06-28

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden concerning the mining of asbestos in the Grand Canyon.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-04-30

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden stating his vehement opposition to the National Park bill. Bass's concerns include a monopoly by the Santa Fe Railway and a clash between the Native Americans and the Department of the Interior.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-12

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass asking his opinion on the proposed boundaries of the National Park. GC Natl Park written on the letter in blue pencil.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1917-01-27

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass asking his opinion on the proposed boundaries of the National Park. GC National Park written on the letter in red pencil.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1916-03-17

Letter from T. E. Pollock to Carl Hayden asking his opinion on the proposed boundary lines.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Pollock, T. E.
Created Date
1916-05-25

Letter from T. E. Pollock to Carl Hayden expressing his dissatisfaction with the proposed boundaries in the national park bill.

Contributors
Pollock, T. E., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1916-04-13

Letter from Franklin K. Lane to Carl T. Hayden expressing his support for bill S.390 in establishing the Grand Canyon as a National Park.

Contributors
Lane, Franklin K., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1916-02-26

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden opposing the Grand Canyon National Park bill in its current form.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1919-01-27

Letter to W. W. Bass from Carl Hayden's secretary informing him of a vote on the national park bill will not be held until December.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-10-21

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden arguing for a delay in the national park bill proceedings.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-04-07

Letter from Carl Hayden to W. W. Bass on the recent amendments made to the national park bill.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Bass, W. W.
Created Date
1918-03-26

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden opposing the Grand Canyon National Park bill in its current form.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-03-08

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden opposing the Grand Canyon National Park bill in its current form.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1918-03-04

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden urging him to visit the Grand Canyon in order to see what effect the National Park bill would have on the farmers and miners of the Grand Canyon. Bass urges Hayden to "correct a threatening evil" and the monopoly such a proposal would give to the Santa Fe Railway line, includes newspaper clipping.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-09-22

Letter from W. W. Bass to Carl Hayden protesting the development of the Grand Canyon into a National Park based on the grounds that the canyon belongs to the people of Arizona and not the federal government. Newspaper clipping of an opinion piece placed in a Wickenburg newspaper by Bass is included.

Contributors
Bass, W. W., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-07-16

Letter from attorney Thomas J. Croff to Carl Hayden informing him of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe railroad company's ownership of land inside the proposed national park boundaries.

Contributors
Croaff, Thomas J., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-02-06

Letter from Carl Hayden to Hugh E. Campbell with an enclosed outline map of the proposed boundaries of Grand Canyon National Park.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Campbell, Hugh E.
Created Date
1917-01-27

Letter from Carl Hayden to C. T. Woolfolk thanking him for his support on the proposed bill. Hayden writes that the bill will not be introduced into the current session of Congress as any new legislation would be impossible to pass, but he is optimistic over the bill's future.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Woolfolk, C. T.
Created Date
1917-02-23

Letter from C. T. Woolfolk to Carl Hayden expressing his support for the national park bill.

Contributors
Woolfolk, C.T., Hayden, Carl T.
Created Date
1917-01-06

Letter from Franklin K. Lane expressing his support for bill S.390 in establishing the Grand Canyon as a National Park. Circa 1913-1920.

Contributors
Lane, Franklin K., Hayden, Carl t.

Letter from Joseph J. Cotter to Carl Hayden detailing the approximate amount of patented land within the proposed borders of the national park. Thomas J. Croaff is mentioned in his belief that he owns half the land in the proposed area; however, Joseph J. Cotter disputes this claim. Ralph Cameron's mining interests in the park are also mentioned. Circa 1917.

Contributors
Cotter, Joseph J., Hayden, Carl T.

Article against the establishment of the Grand Canyon as a National Park citing the inability of the public to utilize the lands and the inefficiency of the government to properly care for the Canyon. Circa 1921-1924.

Letter from Carl Hayden to the Flagstaff Board of Trade concerning a resolution passed to change the Grand Canyon from a monument to a National Park. Hayden expresses interest in the idea while taking care to protect the water power and mineral resources that are derived from the canyon.

Contributors
Hayden, Carl T., Borg, Willis E.
Created Date
1915-01-03
thumbnail image

Black and white, wide angle, mounted print taken from the rim with handwritten annotation, "10". Circa 1903.

thumbnail image

Black and white, wide angle, mounted print taken from the rim with handwritten annotation, "9". Circa 1903.

thumbnail image

Black and white, wide angle, mounted print taken from the rim with handwritten annotation, "8". Circa 1903.

thumbnail image

Black and white, mounted print with handwritten annotation, "1 Pres Butler of Columbia Col; 2 Paul Morton Vice P. of Santa Fe; 3 Pres Roosevelt; 4 Gov Brodie; 5 Mrs Lemke; 6 Mrs Smith". Very likely No. 4 from this series.

Created Date
1903-05-06
thumbnail image

Black and white, wide angle, mounted print with handwritten annotation, "6 Pres. Roosevelt, Gov. Brodie, Miss Connel, Capt. Phillips".

Created Date
1903-05-06
thumbnail image

Black and white, wide angle, mounted print with handwritten annotation, "5 Arrival of Presidential Train, May 6-03 at Grand Canyon; 1 Pres Roosevelt, 2 A. O'Neil, 3 C. O'Neil, 4 Mrs Lemke."

Created Date
1903-05-06
thumbnail image

Black and white mounted print with handwritten annotation, "3 President Receiving 1 Maj. McClintock; 2 Judge Nichols, Ter. Auditor; 3 W. S. Sturgis, Livestock San Board".

Created Date
1903-05-06
thumbnail image

Black and white mounted print of people, horses and carriages near trains with handwritten annotation, "2 5-6-03 Waiting for Presidential Train".

Created Date
1903-05-06
thumbnail image

Black and white mounted print with handwritten annotation, " 1 Bright Angel Hotel at Grand Canyon 5-6-03; 1 Mrs. Lemke, 2 Ealinor Smith, 3 Mrs. Smith, 4 Anna O'Neil, 5 Judge Kent, 6 Barry Smith, 7 Cath O'Neil, 8 Capt Crenshaw".

Created Date
1903-05-06
thumbnail image

Black and white mounted print of Theodore Roosevelt riding a horse, blurry from motion, handwritten annotation, " 5-6-03 President Roosevelt".

Created Date
1903-05-06
thumbnail image

Black and white mounted print of people on a stagecoach. Handwritten annotation, "Connor, S. C.; Dennison, of N.Y. Sun; Mrs. Lemke, Tyree, S.C.; Ealinor Smith; Mrs. Smith; Anna O'Neil; Guach (illegible), Postal Cable; Barry Smith; Cath. O'Neil; Taylor S.C.; Geo. B. Luckev?; Fran Leslie, Mag. Weekly. President's Day, May 6th, 03. Bright Angel Trail, Grand Canyon of the Colorado River".

Created Date
1903-05-06