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Mediterranean Landscape Dynamics Project


"Landuse and Landscape Socioecology in the Mediterranean Basin: A Natural Laboratory for the Study of the Long-Term Interaction of Human and Natural Systems."

This international, interdisciplinary research project models the long-term dynamics of human landuse and Mediterranean landscapes. Beginning in Fall 2004, modeling efforts have focued on eastern Spain and western Jordan, encompassing much of the range of environmental variability across the Mediterranean region.

The project examines long-term socioecological processes that shaped Mediterranean landscapes, from the beginning of farming to the beginning of complex civilization.


Contributors
Bergin, Sean M., Ullah, Isaac I. T., Barton, C. Michael, et al.
Created Date
2012

This research on the early metal ages of the Wadi el-Hasa focuses on the settlement systems and attempts to explain how social, economic and political adjustments helped tribal groups survive under natural (i.e., climatic) and anthropogenic (i.e., land degradation, erosion) stress factors. The shifting of subsistence base from agropastoral to pastoral their reflections in site and population densities, diversity of site types, levels of internal complexity and levels of social organization via the presence of large settlements, like villages, which acted as economic and administrative centers emerge as risk reduction mechanisms. The cycles of abandonment and resettlement are evaluated within …

Contributors
Arikan, Bulent
Created Date
2010-05
Contributors
Barton, C. Michael, Ullah, Isaac I. T., Mayer, G. R., et al.
Created Date
2010
Contributors
Bergin, Sean M., Ullah, Isaac I. T., Barton, C. Michael, et al.
Created Date
2010
Contributors
Barton, C. Michael
Created Date
2010

Hybrid system models - those devised from two or more disparate sub-system models - provide a number of benefits in terms of conceptualization, development, and assessment of dynamical systems. The decomposition approach helps to formulate complex interactions that are otherwise difficult or impractical to express. However, hybrid model de- velopment and usage can introduce complexity that emerges from the composition itself. To improve assurance of model correctness, sub-systems using disparate modeling formalisms must be integrated above and beyond just the data and control level; their composition must have model specification and simulation execution aspects as well. Poly-formalism composition is one …

Contributors
Mayer, G. R.
Created Date
2009-08
Contributors
Bergin, Sean M., Miller, Alexandra
Created Date
2009

The static, fragmentary archaeological record requires us to construct models of the human past. Traditionally, these have been narratives that make compelling stories but are difficult to evaluate. Recent advances in geospatial and agent-based modeling technology offers the potential to create quantitative models of human systems, but also challenge us to conceive of human societies in ways that can be expressed in algorithmic form. Besides making our own explanations more robust, integrating such quantitative modeling into archaeological practice can produce more useful accounts of human systems and their long-term dynamics for other disciplines and policy makers.

Contributors
Barton, C. Michael
Created Date
2009
Contributors
McGraw, Maggie, Swantek, Laura Anne
Created Date
2009
Contributors
Bergin, Sean M., Ullah, Isaac I. T., Mayer, G. R.
Created Date
2009
Contributors
Barton, C. Michael
Created Date
2008
Contributors
Miller, Alexandra, Barton, C. Michael, Schmich, Steven, et al.
Created Date
2008
Contributors
Hill, J. Brett, Miller, Alexandra, Wentz, Elizabeth, et al.
Created Date
2008
Contributors
Gundlach, K., Sarjoughian, H. S.
Created Date
2007
Contributors
Mayer, G. R., Sarjoughian, H. S.
Created Date
2007