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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Contributor
Subject
Date Range
2012 2019


This dissertation studies three classes of combinatorial arrays with practical applications in testing, measurement, and security. Covering arrays are widely studied in software and hardware testing to indicate the presence of faulty interactions. Locating arrays extend covering arrays to achieve identification of the interactions causing a fault by requiring additional conditions on how interactions are covered in rows. This dissertation introduces a new class, the anonymizing arrays, to guarantee a degree of anonymity by bounding the probability a particular row is identified by the interaction presented. Similarities among these arrays lead to common algorithmic techniques for their construction which this …

Contributors
Lanus, Erin, Colbourn, Charles J, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2019

Web applications continue to remain as the most popular method of interaction for businesses over the Internet. With it's simplicity of use and management, they often function as the "front door" for many companies. As such, they are a critical component of the security ecosystem as vulnerabilities present in these systems could potentially allow malicious users access to sensitive business and personal data. The inherent nature of web applications enables anyone to access them anytime and anywhere, this includes any malicious actors looking to exploit vulnerabilities present in the web application. In addition, the static configurations of these web applications …

Contributors
Taguinod, Marthony, Ahn, Gail-Joon, Doupé, Adam, et al.
Created Date
2018

Network Management is a critical process for an enterprise to configure and monitor the network devices using cost effective methods. It is imperative for it to be robust and free from adversarial or accidental security flaws. With the advent of cloud computing and increasing demands for centralized network control, conventional management protocols like Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) appear inadequate and newer techniques like Network Management Datastore Architecture (NMDA) design and Network Configuration (NETCONF) have been invented. However, unlike SNMP which underwent improvements concentrating on security, the new data management and storage techniques have not been scrutinized for the inherent …

Contributors
Dixit, Vaibhav Hemant, Ahn, Gail-Joon, Doupé, Adam, et al.
Created Date
2018

Reasoning about the activities of cyber threat actors is critical to defend against cyber attacks. However, this task is difficult for a variety of reasons. In simple terms, it is difficult to determine who the attacker is, what the desired goals are of the attacker, and how they will carry out their attacks. These three questions essentially entail understanding the attacker’s use of deception, the capabilities available, and the intent of launching the attack. These three issues are highly inter-related. If an adversary can hide their intent, they can better deceive a defender. If an adversary’s capabilities are not well …

Contributors
Nunes, Eric, Shakarian, Paulo, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2018

Compartmentalizing access to content, be it websites accessed in a browser or documents and applications accessed outside the browser, is an established method for protecting information integrity [12, 19, 21, 60]. Compartmentalization solutions change the user experience, introduce performance overhead and provide varying degrees of security. Striking a balance between usability and security is not an easy task. If the usability aspects are neglected or sacrificed in favor of more security, the resulting solution would have a hard time being adopted by end-users. The usability is affected by factors including (1) the generality of the solution in supporting various applications, …

Contributors
Zohrevandi, Mohsen, Bazzi, Rida A, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2018

Cyber-systems and networks are the target of different types of cyber-threats and attacks, which are becoming more common, sophisticated, and damaging. Those attacks can vary in the way they are performed. However, there are similar strategies and tactics often used because they are time-proven to be effective. The motivations behind cyber-attacks play an important role in designating how attackers plan and proceed to achieve their goals. Generally, there are three categories of motivation are: political, economical, and socio-cultural motivations. These indicate that to defend against possible attacks in an enterprise environment, it is necessary to consider what makes such an …

Contributors
Alshamrani, Adel, Huang, Dijiang, Doupe, Adam, et al.
Created Date
2018

An examination of 12 darkweb sites involved in selling hacking services - often referred to as ”Hacking-as-a-Service” (HaaS) sites is performed. Data is gathered and analyzed for 7 months via weekly site crawling and parsing. In this empirical study, after examining over 200 forum threads, common categories of services available on HaaS sites are identified as well as their associated topics of conversation. Some of the most common hacking service categories in the HaaS market include Social Media, Database, and Phone hacking. These types of services are the most commonly advertised; found on over 50\% of all HaaS sites, while …

Contributors
Vincent, Brian W, Shakarian, Paulo, Candan, Selcuk, et al.
Created Date
2018

Data from a total of 282 online web applications was collected, and accounts for 230 of those web applications were created in order to gather data about authentication practices, multistep authentication practices, security question practices, fallback authentication practices, and other security practices for online accounts. The account creation and data collection was done between June 2016 and April 2017. The password strengths for online accounts were analyzed and password strength data was compared to existing data. Security questions used by online accounts were evaluated for security and usability, and fallback authentication practices were assessed based on their adherence to best …

Contributors
Gutierrez, Garrett, Bazzi, Rida, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2017

Web applications are an incredibly important aspect of our modern lives. Organizations and developers use automated vulnerability analysis tools, also known as scanners, to automatically find vulnerabilities in their web applications during development. Scanners have traditionally fallen into two types of approaches: black-box and white-box. In the black-box approaches, the scanner does not have access to the source code of the web application whereas a white-box approach has access to the source code. Today’s state-of-the-art black-box vulnerability scanners employ various methods to fuzz and detect vulnerabilities in a web application. However, these scanners attempt to fuzz the web application with …

Contributors
Khairnar, Tejas, Doupé, Adam, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2017

Mobile telephony is a critical aspect of our modern society: through telephone calls, it is possible to reach almost anyone around the globe. However, every mobile telephone call placed implicitly leaks the user's location to the telephony service provider (TSP). This privacy leakage is due to the fundamental nature of mobile telephony calls that must connect to a local base station to receive service and place calls. Thus, the TSP can track the physical location of the user for every call that they place. While the The Internet is similar in this regard, privacy-preserving technologies such as Tor allow users …

Contributors
Pinto, Gerard Lawrence, Doupé, Adam, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2017

Field of cyber threats is evolving rapidly and every day multitude of new information about malware and Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs) is generated in the form of malware reports, blog articles, forum posts, etc. However, current Threat Intelligence (TI) systems have several limitations. First, most of the TI systems examine and interpret data manually with the help of analysts. Second, some of them generate Indicators of Compromise (IOCs) directly using regular expressions without understanding the contextual meaning of those IOCs from the data sources which allows the tools to include lot of false positives. Third, lot of TI systems consider …

Contributors
Panwar, Anupam, Ahn, Gail-Joon, Doupé, Adam, et al.
Created Date
2017

Mobile devices are penetrating everyday life. According to a recent Cisco report [10], the number of mobile connected devices such as smartphones, tablets, laptops, eReaders, and Machine-to-Machine (M2M) modules will hit 11.6 billion by 2021, exceeding the world's projected population at that time (7.8 billion). The rapid development of mobile devices has brought a number of emerging security and privacy issues in mobile computing. This dissertation aims to address a number of challenging security and privacy issues in mobile computing. This dissertation makes fivefold contributions. The first and second parts study the security and privacy issues in Device-to-Device communications. Specifically, …

Contributors
Sun, Jingchao, Zhang, Yanchao, Zhang, Junshan, et al.
Created Date
2017

With the recent expansion in the use of wearable technology, a large number of users access personal data with these smart devices. The consumer market of wearables includes smartwatches, health and fitness bands, and gesture control armbands. These smart devices enable users to communicate with each other, control other devices, relax and work out more effectively. As part of their functionality, these devices store, transmit, and/or process sensitive user personal data, perhaps biological and location data, making them an abundant source of confidential user information. Thus, prevention of unauthorized access to wearables is necessary. In fact, it is important to …

Contributors
Mukherjee, Tamalika, Yau, Sik-Sang, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2017

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) and the communication and the security therein have been gaining further prominence in the tech-industry recently, with the emergence of the so called Internet of Things (IoT). The steps from acquiring data and making a reactive decision base on the acquired sensor measurements are complex and requires careful execution of several steps. In many of these steps there are still technological gaps to fill that are due to the fact that several primitives that are desirable in a sensor network environment are bolt on the networks as application layer functionalities, rather than built in them. For …

Contributors
Gentz, Reinhard Werner, Scaglione, Anna, Zhang, Yanchao, et al.
Created Date
2017

The Internet traffic, today, comprises majorly of Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP). The first version of HTTP protocol was standardized in 1991, followed by a major upgrade in May 2015. HTTP/2 is the next generation of HTTP protocol that promises to resolve short-comings of HTTP 1.1 and provide features to greatly improve upon its performance. There has been a 1000\% increase in the cyber crimes rate over the past two years. Since HTTP/2 is a relatively new protocol with a very high acceptance rate (around 68\% of all HTTPS traffic), it gives rise to an urgent need of analyzing this …

Contributors
Tiwari, Naveen, Ahn, Gail-Joon, Doupé, Adam, et al.
Created Date
2017

The volume and frequency of cyber attacks have exploded in recent years. Organizations subscribe to multiple threat intelligence feeds to increase their knowledge base and better equip their security teams with the latest information in threat intelligence domain. Though such subscriptions add intelligence and can help in taking more informed decisions, organizations have to put considerable efforts in facilitating and analyzing a large number of threat indicators. This problem worsens further, due to a large number of false positives and irrelevant events detected as threat indicators by existing threat feed sources. It is often neither practical nor cost-effective to analyze …

Contributors
Modi, Ajay, Ahn, Gail-Joon, Zhao, Ziming, et al.
Created Date
2017

The ease of programmability in Software-Defined Networking (SDN) makes it a great platform for implementation of various initiatives that involve application deployment, dynamic topology changes, and decentralized network management in a multi-tenant data center environment. However, implementing security solutions in such an environment is fraught with policy conflicts and consistency issues with the hardness of this problem being affected by the distribution scheme for the SDN controllers. In this dissertation, a formalism for flow rule conflicts in SDN environments is introduced. This formalism is realized in Brew, a security policy analysis framework implemented on an OpenDaylight SDN controller. Brew has …

Contributors
Pisharody, Sandeep, Huang, Dijiang, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2017

Hardware-Assisted Security (HAS) is an emerging technology that addresses the shortcomings of software-based virtualized environment. There are two major weaknesses of software-based virtualization that HAS attempts to address - performance overhead and security issues. Performance overhead caused by software-based virtualization is due to the use of additional software layer (i.e., hypervisor). Since the performance is highly related to efficiency of processing data and providing services, reducing performance overhead is one of the major concerns in data centers and enterprise networks. Software-based virtualization also imposes additional security issues in the virtualized environments. To resolve those issues, HAS is developed to offload …

Contributors
Kyung, Sukwha, Ahn, Gail-Joon, Doupé, Adam, et al.
Created Date
2017

The Web is one of the most exciting and dynamic areas of development in today’s technology. However, with such activity, innovation, and ubiquity have come a set of new challenges for digital forensic examiners, making their jobs even more difficult. For examiners to become as effective with evidence from the Web as they currently are with more traditional evidence, they need (1) methods that guide them to know how to approach this new type of evidence and (2) tools that accommodate web environments’ unique characteristics. In this dissertation, I present my research to alleviate the difficulties forensic examiners currently face …

Contributors
Mabey, Michael Kent, Ahn, Gail-Joon, Doupé, Adam, et al.
Created Date
2017

The telephone network is used by almost every person in the modern world. With the rise of Internet access to the PSTN, the telephone network today is rife with telephone spam and scams. Spam calls are significant annoyances for telephone users, unlike email spam, spam calls demand immediate attention. They are not only significant annoyances but also result in significant financial losses in the economy. According to complaint data from the FTC, complaints on illegal calls have made record numbers in recent years. Americans lose billions to fraud due to malicious telephone communication, despite various efforts to subdue telephone spam, …

Contributors
Tu, Huahong, Doupé, Adam, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2017