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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Contributor
Language
  • English
Status
  • Public
Date Range
2014 2020


Single-layer pentagonal materials have received limited attention compared with their counterparts with hexagonal structures. They are two-dimensional (2D) materials with pentagonal structures, that exhibit novel electronic, optical, or magnetic properties. There are 15 types of pentagonal tessellations which allow plenty of options for constructing 2D pentagonal lattices. Few of them have been explored theoretically or experimentally. Studying this new type of 2D materials with density functional theory (DFT) will inspire the discovery of new 2D materials and open up applications of these materials in electronic and magnetic devices.In this dissertation, DFT is applied to discover novel 2D materials with pentagonal …

Contributors
Liu, Lei, Zhuang, Houlong, Singh, Arunima, et al.
Created Date
2020

Polyurea is a highly versatile material used in coatings and armor systems to protect against extreme conditions such as ballistic impact, cavitation erosion, and blast loading. However, the relationships between microstructurally-dependent deformation mechanisms and the mechanical properties of polyurea are not yet fully understood, especially under extreme conditions. In this work, multi-scale coarse-grained models are developed to probe molecular dynamics across the wide range of time and length scales that these fundamental deformation mechanisms operate. In the first of these models, a high-resolution coarse-grained model of polyurea is developed, where similar to united-atom models, hydrogen atoms are modeled implicitly. This …

Contributors
Liu, Minghao, Oswald, Jay, Muhich, Christopher, et al.
Created Date
2020

The structural and electronic properties of compositionally complex semiconductors have long been of both theoretical interest and engineering importance. As a new class of materials with an intrinsic compositional complexity, medium entropy alloys (MEAs) are immensely studied mainly for their excellent mechanical properties. The electronic properties of MEAs, however, are less well investigated. In this thesis, various properties such as electronic, spin, and thermal properties of two three-dimensional (3D) and two two-dimensional (2D) compositionally complex semiconductors are demonstrated to have promising various applications in photovoltaic, thermoelectric, and spin quantum bits (qubits).3D semiconducting Si-Ge-Sn and C3BN alloys is firstly introduced. Density …

Contributors
Wang, Duo, Zhuang, Houlong, Singh, Arunima, et al.
Created Date
2020

Transition metal di- and tri-halides (TMH) have recently gathered research attention owing to their intrinsic magnetism all the way down to their two-dimensional limit. 2D magnets, despite being a crucial component for realizing van der Waals heterostructures and devices with various functionalities, were not experimentally proven until very recently in 2017. The findings opened up enormous possibilities for studying new quantum states of matter that can enable potential to design spintronic, magnetic memory, data storage, sensing, and topological devices. However, practical applications in modern technologies demand materials with various physical and chemical properties such as electronic, optical, structural, catalytic, magnetic …

Contributors
Kolari, Pranvera, Tongay, Sefaattin, Jiao, Yang, et al.
Created Date
2020

Energy return in footwear is associated with the damping behavior of midsole foams, which stems from the combination of cellular structure and polymeric material behavior. Recently, traditional ethyl vinyl acetate (EVA) foams have been replaced by BOOST(TM) foams, thereby reducing the energetic cost of running. These are bead foams made from expanded thermoplastic polyurethane (eTPU), which have a multi-scale structure consisting of fused porous beads, at the meso-scale, and thousands of small closed cells within the beads at the micro-scale. Existing predictive models coarsely describe the macroscopic behavior but do not take into account strain localizations and microstructural heterogeneities. Thus, …

Contributors
Sundaram Singaravelu, Arun Sundar, Chawla, Nikhilesh, Emady, Heather, et al.
Created Date
2020

Additive manufacturing (AM) has been extensively investigated in recent years to explore its application in a wide range of engineering functionalities, such as mechanical, acoustic, thermal, and electrical properties. The proposed study focuses on the data-driven approach to predict the mechanical properties of additively manufactured metals, specifically Ti-6Al-4V. Extensive data for Ti-6Al-4V using three different Powder Bed Fusion (PBF) additive manufacturing processes: Selective Laser Melting (SLM), Electron Beam Melting (EBM), and Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) are collected from the open literature. The data is used to develop models to estimate the mechanical properties of Ti-6Al-4V. For this purpose, two …

Contributors
Sharma, Antriksh, Liu, Yongming, Nian, Qiong, et al.
Created Date
2020

Granular material can be found in many industries and undergo process steps like drying, transportation, coating, chemical, and physical conversions. Understanding and optimizing such processes can save energy as well as material costs, leading to improved products. Silica beads are one such granular material encountered in many industries as a catalyst support material. The present research aims to obtain a fundamental understanding of the hydrodynamics and heat transfer mechanisms in silica beads. Studies are carried out using a hopper discharge bin and a rotary drum, which are some of the most common process equipment found in various industries. Two types …

Contributors
Adepu, Manogna, Emady, Heather, Jiao, Yang, et al.
Created Date
2020

Single drop impact of liquid on a static powder bed was studied to investigate the granule formation mechanism, droplet penetration time, the characterization of granules (morphology, surface structure and internal structure), as well as the formation regime map. Water was used as the liquid and two pharmaceutical powders, microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) and acetaminophen (APAP), were mixed to make heterogeneous powder beds. The complete drop impact and penetration was recorded by a high-speed camera. Two granule formation mechanisms identified previously occurred: Spreading and Tunneling. Spreading occurred for mixtures of large particle sizes, while Tunneling started to occur when the particle sizes …

Contributors
Gao, Tianxiang, Emady, Heather N, Chawla, Nikhilesh, et al.
Created Date
2020

Precursors of carbon fibers include rayon, pitch, and polyacrylonitrile fibers that can be heat-treated for high-strength or high-modulus carbon fibers. Among them, polyacrylonitrile has been used most frequently due to its low viscosity for easy processing and excellent performance for high-end applications. To further explore polyacrylonitrile-based fibers for better precursors, in this study, carbon nanofillers were introduced in the polymer matrix to examine their reinforcement effects and influences on carbon fiber performance. Two-dimensional graphene nanoplatelets were mainly used for the polymer reinforcement and one-dimensional carbon nanotubes were also incorporated in polyacrylonitrile as a comparison. Dry-jet wet spinning was used to …

Contributors
Franklin, Rahul Joseph, Song, Kenan, Jiao, Yang, et al.
Created Date
2020

Mixed-ionic electronic conducting (MIEC) oxides have drawn much attention from researchers because of their potential in high temperature separation processes. Among many materials available, perovskite type and fluorite type oxides are the most studied for their excellent oxygen ion transport property. These oxides not only can be oxygen adsorbent or O2-permeable membranes themselves, but also can be incorporated with molten carbonate to form dual-phase membranes for CO2 separation. Oxygen sorption/desorption properties of perovskite oxides with and without oxygen vacancy were investigated first by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and fixed-bed experiments. The oxide with unique disorder-order phase transition during desorption exhibited an …

Contributors
Wu, Han-Chun, Lin, Jerry Y.S., Deng, Shuguang, et al.
Created Date
2020

Nanomaterials that exhibit enzyme-like catalytic activity or nanozymes have many advantages compared to biological enzymes such as low cost of production and high stability. There is a substantial interest in studying two-dimensional materials due to their exceptional properties. Hafnium diboride is a type of two-dimensional material and belongs to the metal diborides family made of hexagonal layers of boron atoms separated by metal layers. In this work, the peroxidase-like activity of hafnium diboride nanoflakes dispersed in the block copolymer F77 was discovered for the first time. The kinetics, mechanisms and catalytic performance towards the oxidation of the chromogenic substrate 3,3,5,5-tetramethylbenzidine …

Contributors
Matar Abed, Mahmoud, Wang, Qing Hua, Green, Alexander, et al.
Created Date
2019

Niobium is the primary material for fabricating superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) cavities. However, presence of impurities and defects degrade the superconducting behavior of niobium twofold, first by nucleating non-superconducting phases and second by increasing the residual surface resistance of cavities. In particular, niobium absorbs hydrogen during cavity fabrication and promotes precipitation of non-superconducting niobium hydride phases. Additionally, magnetic flux trapping at defects leads to a normal conducting (non-superconducting) core which increases surface resistance and negatively affects niobium performance for superconducting applications. However, undelaying mechanisms related to hydride formation and dissolution along with defect interaction with magnetic fields is still unclear. Therefore, …

Contributors
Garg, Pulkit, Solanki, Kiran N, Jiao, Yang, et al.
Created Date
2019

Layered chalcogenides are a diverse class of crystalline materials that consist of covalently bound building blocks held together by van der Waals forces, including the transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) and the pnictogen chalcogenides (PCs) among all. These materials, in particular, MoS2 which is the most widely studied TMDC material, have attracted significant attention in recent years due to their unique physical, electronic, optical, and chemical properties that depend on the number of layers. Due to their high aspect ratios and extreme thinness, 2D materials are sensitive to modifications via chemistry on their surfaces. For instance, covalent functionalization can be used …

Contributors
Li, Duo, Wang, Qing Hua, Green, Alexander A., et al.
Created Date
2019

Collective cell migration in the 3D fibrous extracellular matrix (ECM) is crucial to many physiological and pathological processes such as tissue regeneration, immune response and cancer progression. A migrating cell also generates active pulling forces, which are transmitted to the ECM fibers via focal adhesion complexes. Such active forces consistently remodel the local ECM (e.g., by re-orienting the collagen fibers, forming fiber bundles and increasing the local stiffness of ECM), leading to a dynamically evolving force network in the system that in turn regulates the collective migration of cells. In this work, this novel mechanotaxis mechanism is investigated, i.e., the …

Contributors
Nan, Hanqing, Jiao, Yang, Alford, Terry, et al.
Created Date
2019

With the growth of global population, the demand for sustainable infrastructure is significantly increasing. Substructures with appropriate materials are required to be built in or above soil that can support the massive volume of construction demand. However, increased structural requirements often require ground improvement to increase the soil capacity. Moreover, certain soils are prone to liquefaction during an earthquake, which results in significant structural damage and loss of lives. While various soil treatment methods have been developed in the past to improve the soil’s load carrying ability, most of these traditional treatment methods have been found either hazardous and may …

Contributors
Yang, Pu, Neithalath, Narayanan, Kavazanjian, Edward, et al.
Created Date
2018

Nanolaminate materials are layered composites with layer thickness ≤ 100 nm. They exhibit unique properties due to their small length scale, the presence of a high number of interfaces and the effect of imposed constraint. This thesis focuses on the mechanical behavior of Al/SiC nanolaminates. The high strength of ceramics combined with the ductility of Al makes this combination desirable. Al/SiC nanolaminates were synthesized through magnetron sputtering and have an overall thickness of ~ 20 μm which limits the characterization techniques to microscale testing methods. A large amount of work has already been done towards evaluating their mechanical properties under …

Contributors
Singh, Somya, Chawla, Nikhilesh, Neithalath, Narayanan, et al.
Created Date
2018

Advanced material systems refer to materials that are comprised of multiple traditional constituents but complex microstructure morphologies, which lead to their superior properties over conventional materials. This dissertation is motivated by the grand challenge in accelerating the design of advanced material systems through systematic optimization with respect to material microstructures or processing settings. While optimization techniques have mature applications to a large range of engineering systems, their application to material design meets unique challenges due to the high dimensionality of microstructures and the high costs in computing process-structure-property (PSP) mappings. The key to addressing these challenges is the learning of …

Contributors
Cang, Ruijin, Ren, Yi, Liu, Yongming, et al.
Created Date
2018

Pipeline infrastructure forms a vital aspect of the United States economy and standard of living. A majority of the current pipeline systems were installed in the early 1900’s and often lack a reliable database reporting the mechanical properties, and information about manufacturing and installation, thereby raising a concern for their safety and integrity. Testing for the aging pipe strength and toughness estimation without interrupting the transmission and operations thus becomes important. The state-of-the-art techniques tend to focus on the single modality deterministic estimation of pipe strength and do not account for inhomogeneity and uncertainties, many others appear to rely on …

Contributors
Dahire, Sonam, Liu, Yongming, Jiao, Yang, et al.
Created Date
2018

Fatigue is a degradation process of materials that would lead to failure when materials are subjected to cyclic loadings. During past centuries, various of approaches have been proposed and utilized to help researchers understand the underlying theories of fatigue behavior of materials, as well as design engineering structures so that catastrophic disasters that arise from fatigue failure could be avoided. The stress-life approach is the most classical way that academia applies to analyze fatigue data, which correlates the fatigue lifetime with stress amplitudes during cyclic loadings. Fracture mechanics approach is another well-established way, by which people regard the cyclic stress …

Contributors
Liu, Siying, Liu, Yongming, Jiao, Yang, et al.
Created Date
2018

Increasing density of microelectronic packages, results in an increase in thermal and mechanical stresses within the various layers of the package. To accommodate the high-performance demands, the materials used in the electronic package would also require improvement. Specifically, the damage that often occurs in solders that function as die-attachment and thermal interfaces need to be addressed. This work evaluates and characterizes thermo-mechanical damage in two material systems – Electroplated Tin and Sintered Nano-Silver solder. Tin plated electrical contacts are prone to formation of single crystalline tin whiskers which can cause short circuiting. A mechanistic model of their formation, evolution and …

Contributors
Lujan Regalado, Irene, Chawla, Nikhilesh, Frear, Darrel, et al.
Created Date
2018