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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Contributor
Date Range
2012 2019


Wireless video sensor networks has been examined and evaluated for wide range of applications comprising of video surveillance, video tracking, computer vision, remote live video and control. The reason behind importance of sensor nodes is its ease of implementation, ability to operate in adverse environments, easy to troubleshoot, repair and the high performance level. The biggest challenges with the architectural design of wireless video sensor networks are power consumption, node failure, throughput, durability and scalability. The whole project here is to create a gateway node to integrate between "Internet of things" framework and wireless sensor network. Our Flexi-Wireless Video Sensor …

Contributors
Shah, Tejas, Reisslein, Martin, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2014

Readout Integrated Circuits(ROICs) are important components of infrared(IR) imag ing systems. Performance of ROICs affect the quality of images obtained from IR imaging systems. Contemporary infrared imaging applications demand ROICs that can support large dynamic range, high frame rate, high output data rate, at low cost, size and power. Some of these applications are military surveillance, remote sensing in space and earth science missions and medical diagnosis. This work focuses on developing a ROIC unit cell prototype for National Aeronautics and Space Ad ministration(NASA), Jet Propulsion Laboratory’s(JPL’s) space applications. These space applications also demand high sensitivity, longer integration times(large well …

Contributors
Praveen, Subramanya Chilukuri, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2019

In this work, the development of a novel and a truly in-shoe force measurement system is reported. The device consists of a shoe insole with six thin film piezoresistive sensors and the main circuit board. The piezoresistive sensors are used for the measurement of plantar pressure during daily human activities. The motion sensor mounted on the main circuit board captures kinematic data. In addition, the main circuit board is responsible for the wireless transmission of the data from all the sensors in real-time using BLE protocol. It is housed within the midsole of the shoe, under the medial arch of …

Contributors
Badarinath, Abhishek, Kiaei, Sayfe, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2018

Traditional wireless communication systems operate in duplexed modes i.e. using time division duplexing or frequency division duplexing. These methods can respectively emulate full duplex mode operation or realize full duplex mode operation with decreased spectral efficiency. This thesis presents a novel method of achieving full duplex operation by actively cancelling out the transmitted signal in pseudo-real time. With appropriate hardware, the algorithms and techniques used in this work can be implemented in real time without any knowledge of the channel or any training sequence. Convergence times of down to 1 ms can be achieved which is adequate for the coherence …

Contributors
Avasarala, Sanjay, Kiaei, Sayfe, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2016

High-efficiency DC-DC converters make up one of the important blocks of state-of-the-art power supplies. The trend toward high level of transistor integration has caused load current demands to grow significantly. Supplying high output current and minimizing output current ripple has been a driving force behind the evolution of Multi-phase topologies. Ability to supply large output current with improved efficiency, reduction in the size of filter components, improved transient response make multi-phase topologies a preferred choice for low voltage-high current applications. Current sensing capability inside a system is much sought after for applications which include Peak-current mode control, Current limiting, Overload …

Contributors
Burli, Venkatesh, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Garrity, Douglas, et al.
Created Date
2017

Since the inception of Internet of Things (IoT) framework, the amount of interaction between electronic devices has tremendously increased and the ease of implementing software between such devices has bettered. Such data exchange between devices, whether between Node to Server or Node to Node, has paved way for creating new business models. Wireless Video Sensor Network Platforms are being used to monitor and understand the surroundings better. Both hardware and software supporting such devices have become much smaller and yet stronger to enable these. Specifically, the invention of better software that enable Wireless data transfer have become more simpler and …

Contributors
Rentala, Sri Harsha, Reisslein, Martin, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2016

Asymptotic and Numerical methods are popular in applied electromagnetism. In this work, the two methods are applied for collimated antennas and calibration targets, respectively. As an asymptotic method, the diffracted Gaussian beam approach (DGBA) is developed for design and simulation of collimated multi-reflector antenna systems, based upon Huygens principle and independent Gaussian beam expansion, referred to as the frames. To simulate a reflector antenna in hundreds to thousands of wavelength, it requires 1E7 - 1E9 independent Gaussian beams. To this end, high performance parallel computing is implemented, based on Message Passing Interface (MPI). The second part of the dissertation includes …

Contributors
Wang, Le, Pan, George, Yu, Hongyu, et al.
Created Date
2012

This dissertation focuses on three different efficiency enhancement methods that are applicable to handset applications. These proposed designs are based on three critical requirements for handset application: 1) Small form factor, 2) CMOS compatibility and 3) high power handling. The three presented methodologies are listed below: 1) A transformer-based power combiner architecture for out-phasing transmitters 2) A current steering DAC-based average power tracking circuit for on-chip power amplifiers (PA) 3) A CMOS-based driver stage for GaN-based switched-mode power amplifiers applicable to fully digital transmitters This thesis highlights the trends in wireless handsets, the motivates the need for fully-integrated CMOS power …

Contributors
Moallemi, Soroush, Kitchen, Jennifer, Kiaei, Sayfe, et al.
Created Date
2019

There is an ever-increasing demand for higher bandwidth and data rate ensuing from exploding number of radio frequency integrated systems and devices. As stated in the Shannon-Hartley theorem, the maximum achievable data rate of a communication channel is linearly proportional to the system bandwidth. This is the main driving force behind pushing wireless systems towards millimeter-wave frequency range, where larger bandwidth is available at a higher carrier frequency. Observing the Moor’s law, highly scaled complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) technologies provide fast transistors with a high unity power gain frequency which enables operating at millimeter-wave frequency range. CMOS is the compelling choice …

Contributors
HabibiMehr, Payam, Thornton, Trevor John, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2019

High speed current-steering DACs with high linearity are needed in today's applications such as wired and wireless communications, instrumentation, radar, and other direct digital synthesis (DDS) applications. However, a trade-off exists between the speed and resolution of Nyquist rate current-steering DACs. As the resolution increases, more transistor area is required to meet matching requirements for optimal linearity and thus, the overall speed of the DAC is limited. In this thesis work, a 12-bit current-steering DAC was designed with current sources scaled below the required matching size to decrease the area and increase the overall speed of the DAC. By scaling …

Contributors
Jankunas, Benjamin, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2014

Synchronous buck converters have become the obvious choice of design for high efficiency voltage down-conversion applications and find wide scale usage in today's IC industry. The use of digital control in synchronous buck converters is becoming increasingly popular because of its associated advantages over traditional analog counterparts in terms of design flexibility, reduced use of off-chip components, and better programmability to enable advanced controls. They also demonstrate better immunity to noise, enhances tolerance to the process, voltage and temperature (PVT) variations, low chip area and as a result low cost. It enables processing in digital domain requiring a need of …

Contributors
Kumar, Amit, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Song, Hongjiang, et al.
Created Date
2013

Modern day deep sub-micron SOC architectures often demand very low supply noise levels. As supply voltage decreases with decreasing deep sub-micron gate length, noise on the power supply starts playing a dominant role in noise-sensitive analog blocks, especially high precision ADC, PLL, and RF SOC's. Most handheld and portable applications and highly sensitive medical instrumentation circuits tend to use low noise regulators as on-chip or on board power supply. Nonlinearities associated with LNA's, mixers and oscillators up-convert low frequency noise with the signal band. Specifically, synthesizer and TCXO phase noise, LNA and mixer noise figure, and adjacent channel power ratios …

Contributors
Magod Ramakrishna, Raveesh, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Garrity, Douglas, et al.
Created Date
2014

In thesis, a test time reduction (a low cost test) methodology for digitally-calibrated pipeline analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) is presented. A long calibration time is required in the final test to validate performance of these designs. To reduce total test time, optimized calibration technique and calibrated effective number of bits (ENOB) prediction from calibration coefficient will be presented. With the prediction technique, failed devices can be identified only without actual calibration. This technique reduces significant amount of time for the total test time. Dissertation/Thesis

Contributors
Kim, Kibeom, Ozev, Sule, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2013

A 4-phase, quasi-current-mode hysteretic buck converter with digital frequency synchronization, online comparator offset-calibration and digital current sharing control is presented. The switching frequency of the hysteretic converter is digitally synchronized to the input clock reference with less than ±1.5% error in the switching frequency range of 3-9.5MHz. The online offset calibration cancels the input-referred offset of the hysteretic comparator and enables ±1.1% voltage regulation accuracy. Maximum current-sharing error of ±3.6% is achieved by a duty-cycle-calibrated delay line based PWM generator, without affecting the phase synchronization timing sequence. In light load conditions, individual converter phases can be disabled, and the final …

Contributors
Sun, Ming, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Garrity, Douglas, et al.
Created Date
2017

Modern Complex electronic system include multiple power domains and drastically varying power consumption patterns, requiring the use of multiple power conversion and regulation units. High frequency switching converters have been gaining prominence in the DC-DC converter market due to their high efficiency. Unfortunately, they are all subject to higher process variations jeopardizing stable operation of the power supply. This research mainly focus on the technique to track changes in the dynamic loop characteristics of the DC-DC converters without disturbing the normal mode of operation using a white noise based excitation and correlation. White noise excitation is generated via pseudo random …

Contributors
Bakliwal, Priyanka, Ozev, Sule, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2015

In this work, a 12-bit ADC with three types of calibration is proposed for high speed security applications as well as a precision application. This converter performs for both applications because it satisfies all the necessary specifications such as minimal device mismatch and offset, programmability to decrease aging effects, high SNR for increased ENOB and fast conversion rate. The designed converter implements three types of calibration necessary for offset and gain error, including: a correlated double sampling integrator used in the first stage of the ADC, a power up auto zero technique implemented in the digital code to store any …

Contributors
Schmelter, Brooke, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Ogras, Umit, et al.
Created Date
2017

With the advent of parallel processing, primarily the time-interleaved pipeline ADCs, high speed and high resolution ADCs became a possibility. When these speeds touch giga samples per second and resolutions go beyond 12-bits, the parallelization becomes more extensive leading to repeated presence of several identical blocks in the architecture. This thesis discusses one such block, the sub-ADC (Flash ADC), of the pipeline and sharing it with more than two of the parallel processing channels thereby reducing area and power and input load capacitance to each stage. This work presents a design of 'sub-ADC shared in a time-interleaved pipeline ADC' in …

Contributors
Bikkina, Phaneendra Kumar, Barnaby, Hugh, Mikkola, Esko, et al.
Created Date
2013

Video capture, storage, and distribution in wireless video sensor networks (WVSNs) critically depends on the resources of the nodes forming the sensor networks. In the era of big data, Internet of Things (IoT), and distributed demand and solutions, there is a need for multi-dimensional data to be part of the Sensor Network data that is easily accessible and consumable by humanity as well as machinery. Images and video are expected to become as ubiquitous as is the scalar data in traditional sensor networks. The inception of video-streaming over the Internet, heralded a relentless research for effective ways of distributing video …

Contributors
Seema, Adolph, Reisslein, Martin, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2017

The demand for the higher data rate in the wireless telecommunication is increasing rapidly. Providing higher data rate in cellular telecommunication systems is limited because of the limited physical resources such as telecommunication frequency channels. Besides, interference with the other users and self-interference signal in the receiver are the other challenges in increasing the bandwidth of the wireless telecommunication system. Full duplex wireless communication transmits and receives at the same time and the same frequency which was assumed impossible in the conventional wireless communication systems. Full duplex wireless communication, compared to the conventional wireless communication, doubles the channel efficiency and …

Contributors
Ayati, Seyyed Amir, Kiaei, Sayfe, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2017

Dissertation/Thesis

Contributors
Javidahmadabadi, Mahdi, Kitchen, Jennifer, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2015

This thesis describes the design process used in the creation of a two stage cellular power amplifier. A background for understanding amplifier linearity, device properties, and ACLR estimation is provided. An outline of the design goals is given with a focus on linearity with high efficiency. The full design is broken into smaller elements which are discussed in detail. The main contribution of this thesis is the description of a novel interstage matching network topology for increasing efficiency. Ultimately the full amplifier design is simulated and compared to the measured results and design goals. It was concluded that the design …

Contributors
Spivey, Erin Leason, Aberle, James, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2012

As wireless communication enters smartphone era, more complicated communication technologies are being used to transmit higher data rate. Power amplifier (PA) has to work in back-off region, while this inevitably reduces battery life for cellphones. Various techniques have been reported to increase PA efficiency, such as envelope elimination and restoration (EER) and envelope tracking (ET). However, state of the art ET supply modulators failed to address high efficiency, high slew rate, and accurate tracking concurrently. In this dissertation, a linear-switch mode hybrid ET supply modulator utilizing adaptive biasing and gain enhanced current mirror operational transconductance amplifier (OTA) with class-AB output …

Contributors
Jing, Yue, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Kiaei, Sayfe, et al.
Created Date
2017

The continuing advancement of modulation standards with newer generations of cellular technology, promises ever increasing data rate and bandwidth efficiency. However, these modulation schemes present high peak to average power ratio (PAPR) even after applying crest factor reduction. Being the most power-hungry component in the radio frequency (RF) transmitter, power amplifiers (PA) for infrastructure applications, need to operate efficiently at the presence of these high PAPR signals while maintaining reasonable linearity performance which could be improved by moderate digital pre-distortion (DPD) techniques. This strict requirement of operating efficiently at average power level while being capable of delivering the peak power, …

Contributors
RUHUL HASIN, MUHAMMAD, Kitchen, Jennifer, Aberle, James, et al.
Created Date
2018

The photovoltaic systems used to convert solar energy to electricity pose a multitude of design and implementation challenges, including energy conversion efficiency, partial shading effects, and power converter efficiency. Using power converters for Distributed Maximum Power Point Tracking (DMPPT) is a well-known architecture to significantly reduce power loss associated with mismatched panels. Sub-panel-level DMPPT is shown to have up to 14.5% more annual energy yield than panel-level DMPPT, and requires an efficient medium power converter. This research aims at implementing a highly efficient power management system at sub-panel level with focus on system cost and form-factor. Smaller form-factor motivates increased …

Contributors
Krishnan Achary, Kiran Kumar, Kitchen, Jennifer, Kiaei, Sayfe, et al.
Created Date
2015

Time-interleaved analog to digital converters (ADCs) have become critical components in high-speed communication systems. Consumers demands for smaller size, more bandwidth and more features from their communication systems have driven the market to use modern complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technologies with shorter channel-length transistors and hence a more compact design. Downscaling the supply voltage which is required in submicron technologies benefits digital circuits in terms of power and area. Designing accurate analog circuits, however becomes more challenging due to the less headroom. One way to overcome this problem is to use calibration to compensate for the loss of accuracy in analog …

Contributors
Nazari, Ali, Barnaby, Hugh James, Jalali-Farahani, Bahar, et al.
Created Date
2017

A wideband hybrid envelope tracking modulator utilizing a hysteretic-controlled three-level switching converter and a slew-rate enhanced linear amplifierer is presented. In addition to smaller ripple and lower losses of three-level switching converters, employing the proposed hysteresis control loop results in a higher speed loop and wider bandwidth converter, enabling over 80MHz of switching frequency. A concurrent sensor circuit monitors and regulates the flying capacitor voltage VCF and eliminates conventional required calibration loop to control it. The hysteretic-controlled three-level switching converter provides a high percentage of power amplifier supply load current with lower ripple, reducing the linear amplifier high-frequency current and …

Contributors
Mahmoudidaryan, Parisa, Kiaei, Sayfe, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2019

Point of Load (POL) DC-DC converters are increasingly used in space applications, data centres, electric vehicles, portable computers and devices and medical electronics. Heavy computing and processing capabilities of the modern devices have ushered the use of higher battery supply voltage to increase power storage. The need to address this consumer experience driven requirement has propelled the evolution of the next generation of small form-factor power converters which can operate with higher step down ratios while supplying heavy continuous load currents without sacrificing efficiency. Constant On-Time (COT) converter topology is capable of achieving stable operation at high conversion ratio with …

Contributors
Joshi, Omkar, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2019

A modeling platform for predicting total ionizing dose (TID) and dose rate response of commercial commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) linear bipolar circuits and technologies is introduced. Tasks associated with the modeling platform involve the development of model to predict the excess current response in a bipolar transistor given inputs of interface (NIT) and oxide defects (NOT) which are caused by ionizing radiation exposure. Existing models that attempt to predict this excess base current response are derived and discussed in detail. An improved model is proposed which modifies the existing model and incorporates the impact of charged interface trap defects on radiation-induced excess …

Contributors
Tolleson, Blayne S., Barnaby, Hugh J, Gonzalez-Velo, Yago, et al.
Created Date
2017

RF transmitter manufacturers go to great extremes and expense to ensure that their product meets the RF output power requirements for which they are designed. Therefore, there is an urgent need for in-field monitoring of output power and gain to bring down the costs of RF transceiver testing and ensure product reliability. Built-in self-test (BIST) techniques can perform such monitoring without the requirement for expensive RF test equipment. In most BIST techniques, on-chip resources, such as peak detectors, power detectors, or envelope detectors are used along with frequency down conversion to analyze the output of the design under test (DUT). …

Contributors
Gangula, Sudheer Kumar Reddy, Kitchen, Jennifer, Ozev, Sule, et al.
Created Date
2015

Photovoltaic (PV) systems are affected by converter losses, partial shading and other mismatches in the panels. This dissertation introduces a sub-panel maximum power point tracking (MPPT) architecture together with an integrated CMOS current sensor circuit on a chip to reduce the mismatch effects, losses and increase the efficiency of the PV system. The sub-panel MPPT increases the efficiency of the PV during the shading and replaces the bypass diodes in the panels with an integrated MPPT and DC-DC regulator. For the integrated MPPT and regulator, the research developed an integrated standard CMOS low power and high common mode range Current-to-Digital …

Contributors
Marti-Arbona, Edgar, Kiaei, Sayfe, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2014

The growing demand for high performance and power hungry portable electronic devices has resulted in alarmingly serious thermal concerns in recent times. The power management system of such devices has thus become increasingly more vital. An integral component of this system is a Low-Dropout Regulator (LDO) which inherently generates a low-noise power supply. Such power supplies are crucial for noise sensitive analog blocks like analog-to-digital converters, phase locked loops, radio-frequency circuits, etc. At higher output power however, a single LDO suffers from increased heat dissipation leading to thermal issues. This research presents a novel approach to equally and accurately share …

Contributors
Talele, Bhushan, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2017

Radio frequency (RF) transceivers require a disproportionately high effort in terms of test development time, test equipment cost, and test time. The relatively high test cost stems from two contributing factors. First, RF transceivers require the measurement of a diverse set of specifications, requiring multiple test set-ups and long test times, which complicates load-board design, debug, and diagnosis. Second, high frequency operation necessitates the use of expensive equipment, resulting in higher per second test time cost compared with mixed-signal or digital circuits. Moreover, in terms of the non-recurring engineering cost, the need to measure complex specfications complicates the test development …

Contributors
Nassery, Afsaneh, Ozev, Sule, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2013

Due to high level of integration in RF System on Chip (SOC), the test access points are limited to the baseband and RF inputs/outputs of the system. This limited access poses a big challenge particularly for advanced RF architectures where calibration of internal parameters is necessary and ensure proper operation. Therefore low-overhead built-in Self-Test (BIST) solution for advanced RF transceiver is proposed. In this dissertation. Firstly, comprehensive BIST solution for RF polar transceivers using on-chip resources is presented. In the receiver, phase and gain mismatches degrade sensitivity and error vector magnitude (EVM). In the transmitter, delay skew between the envelope …

Contributors
Jeong, Jae Woong, Ozev, Sule, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2015

This work is concerned with the use of shielded loop antennas to measure permittivity as a low-cost alternative to expensive probe-based systems for biological tissues and surrogates. Beginning with the development of a model for simulation, the shielded loop was characterized. Following the simulations, the shielded loop was tested in free space and while holding a cup of water. The results were then compared. Because the physical measurements and the simulation results did not line up, simulation results were forgone. The shielded loop antenna was then used to measure a set of NaCl saline solutions with varying molarities. This measurement …

Contributors
Yiin, Nathan, Aberle, James, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2018

Performance failure due to aging is an increasing concern for RF circuits. While most aging studies are focused on the concept of mean-time-to-failure, for analog circuits, aging results in continuous degradation in performance before it causes catastrophic failures. In this regard, the lifetime of RF/analog circuits, which is defined as the point where at least one specification fails, is not just determined by aging at the device level, but also by the slack in the specifications, process variations, and the stress conditions on the devices. In this dissertation, firstly, a methodology for analyzing the performance degradation of RF circuits caused …

Contributors
Chang, Doo Hwang, Ozev, Sule, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2017

Power management circuits are employed in most electronic integrated systems, including applications for automotive, IoT, and smart wearables. Oftentimes, these power management circuits become a single point of system failure, and since they are present in most modern electronic devices, they become a target for hardware security attacks. Digital circuits are typically more prone to security attacks compared to analog circuits, but malfunctions in digital circuitry can affect the analog performance/parameters of power management circuits. This research studies the effect that these hacks will have on the analog performance of power circuits, specifically linear and switching power regulators/converters. Apart from …

Contributors
Malakar, Pragya Priya, Kitchen, Jennifer, Ozev, Sule, et al.
Created Date
2019

A Multi-input single inductor dual-output Boost based architecture for Multi-junction PV energy harvesting source is presented. The system works in Discontinuous Conduction Mode to achieve the independent input regulation for multi-junction PV source. A dual-output path is implemented to regulate the output at 3V as well as store the extra energy at light load condition. The dual-loop based sliding-mode MPPT for multi-junction PV is proposed to speed up the system response time for prompt irradiation change as well as maximize MPPT efficiency. The whole system achieves peak efficiency of 83% and MPPT efficiency of 95%. The whole system is designed, …

Contributors
Geng, Yu, Kiaei, Sayfe, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2017

Negative Bias Temperature Instability (NBTI) is commonly seen in p-channel transistors under negative gate voltages at an elevated temperature. The interface traps, oxide traps and NBTI mechanisms are discussed and their effect on circuit degradation and results are discussed. This thesis focuses on developing a model for simulating impact of NBTI effects at circuit level. The model mimics the effects of degradation caused by the defects. The NBTI model developed in this work is validated and sanity checked by using the simulation data from silvaco and gives excellent results. Furthermore the susceptibility of CMOS circuits such as the CMOS inverter, …

Contributors
Padala, Sudheer, Barnaby, Hugh, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2014

The increase in computing power has simultaneously increased the demand for input/output (I/O) bandwidth. Unfortunately, the speed of I/O and memory interconnects have not kept pace. Thus, processor-based systems are I/O and interconnect limited. The memory aggregated bandwidth is not scaling fast enough to keep up with increasing bandwidth demands. The term "memory wall" has been coined to describe this phenomenon. A new memory bus concept that has the potential to push double data rate (DDR) memory speed to 30 Gbit/s is presented. We propose to map the conventional DDR bus to a microwave link using a multicarrier frequency division …

Contributors
Bensalem, Brahim, Aberle, James T., Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2018

Rail clamp circuits are widely used for electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection in semiconductor products today. A step-by-step design procedure for the traditional RC and single-inverter-based rail clamp circuit and the design, simulation, implementation, and operation of two novel rail clamp circuits are described for use in the ESD protection of complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) circuits. The step-by-step design procedure for the traditional circuit is technology-node independent, can be fully automated, and aims to achieve a minimal area design that meets specified leakage and ESD specifications under all valid process, voltage, and temperature (PVT) conditions. The first novel rail clamp circuit presented …

Contributors
Venkatasubramanian, Ramachandran, Ozev, Sule, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2016

Isolated DC/DC converters are used to provide electrical isolation between two supply domain systems. A fully integrated isolated DC/DC converter having no board-level components and fabricated using standard integrated circuits (IC) process is highly desirable in order to increase the system reliability and reduce costs. The isolation between the low-voltage side and high-voltage side of the converter is realized by a transformer that transfers energy while blocking the DC loop. The resonant mode power oscillator is used to enable high efficiency power transfer. The on-chip transformer is expected to have high coil inductance, high quality factors and high coupling coefficient …

Contributors
Zhao, Yao, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Kiaei, Sayfe, et al.
Created Date
2014

This work covers the design and implementation of a Parallel Doherty RF Power Amplifier in a GaN HEMT process for medium power macro-cell (16W) base station applications. This work improves the key parameters of a Doherty Power Amplifier including the peak and back-off efficiency, operational instantaneous bandwidth and output power by proposing a Parallel Doherty amplifier architecture. As there is a progression in the wireless communication systems from the first generation to the future 5G systems, there is ever increasing demand for higher data rates which means signals with higher peak-to-average power ratios (PAPR). The present modulation schemes require PAPRs …

Contributors
BHARDWAJ, SUMIT, Kitchen, Jennifer, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2018

In this work, an advanced simulation study of reliability in millimeter-wave (mm-wave) GaN Devices for power amplifier (PA) applications is performed by means of a particle-based full band Cellular Monte Carlo device simulator (CMC). The goal of the study is to obtain a systematic characterization of the performance of GaN devices operating in DC, small signal AC and large-signal radio-frequency (RF) conditions emphasizing on the microscopic properties that correlate to degradation of device performance such as generation of hot carriers, presence of material defects and self-heating effects. First, a review of concepts concerning GaN technology, devices, reliability mechanisms and PA …

Contributors
Latorre Rey, Alvaro Daniel, Saraniti, Marco, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2018

This dissertation proposes and presents two different passive sigma-delta modulator zoom Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) architectures. The first ADC is fullydifferential, synthesizable zoom-ADC architecture with a passive loop filter for lowfrequency Built in Self-Test (BIST) applications. The detailed ADC architecture and a step by step process designing the zoom-ADC along with a synthesis tool that can target various design specifications are presented. The design flow does not rely on extensive knowledge of an experienced ADC designer. Two example set of BIST ADCs have been synthesized with different performance requirements in 65nm CMOS process. The first ADC achieves 90.4dB Signal …

Contributors
EROL, OSMAN EMIR, Ozev, Sule, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2018

This thesis work mainly examined the stability and reliability issues of amorphous Indium Gallium Zinc Oxide (a-IGZO) thin film transistors under bias-illumination stress. Amorphous hydrogenated silicon has been the dominating material used in thin film transistors as a channel layer. However with the advent of modern high performance display technologies, it is required to have devices with better current carrying capability and better reproducibility. This brings the idea of new material for channel layer of these devices. Researchers have tried poly silicon materials, organic materials and amorphous mixed oxide materials as a replacement to conventional amorphous silicon layer. Due to …

Contributors
Ruhul Hasin, Muhammad Abduhu, Alford, Terry L, Krause, Stephen, et al.
Created Date
2013

A single solar cell provides close to 0.5 V output at its maximum power point, which is very low for any electronic circuit to operate. To get rid of this problem, traditionally multiple solar cells are connected in series to get higher voltage. The disadvantage of this approach is the efficiency loss for partial shading or mismatch. Even as low as 6-7% of shading can result in more than 90% power loss. Therefore, Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) at single solar cell level is the most efficient way to extract power from solar cell. Power Management IC (MPIC) used to …

Contributors
Singh, Shrikant, Kiaei, Sayfe, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2015

The efficiency of spacecraft’s solar cells reduces over the course of their operation. Traditionally, they are configured to extract maximum power at the end of their life and not have a system which dynamically extracts the maximum power over their entire life. This work demonstrates the benefit of dynamic re-configuration of spacecraft’s solar arrays to access the full power available from the solar panels throughout their lifetime. This dynamic re-configuration is achieved using enhancement mode GaN devices as the switches due to their low Ron and small footprint. This work discusses hardware Implementation challenges and a prototype board is designed …

Contributors
Heblikar, Anand N, Kitchen, Jennifer, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2019

Several state of the art, monitoring and control systems, such as DC motor controllers, power line monitoring and protection systems, instrumentation systems and battery monitors require direct digitization of a high voltage input signals. Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADCs) that can digitize high voltage signals require high linearity and low voltage coefficient capacitors. A built in self-calibration and digital-trim algorithm correcting static mismatches in Capacitive Digital-to-Analog Converter (CDAC) used in Successive Approximation Register Analog to Digital Converters (SARADCs) is proposed. The algorithm uses a dynamic error correction (DEC) capacitor to cancel the static errors occurring in each capacitor of the array as …

Contributors
Thirunakkarasu, Shankar, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Garrity, Douglas, et al.
Created Date
2014

In-band full-duplex relays are envisioned as promising solution to increase the throughput of next generation wireless communications. Full-duplex relays, being able to transmit and receive at same carrier frequency, offers increased spectral efficiency compared to half-duplex relays that transmit and receive at different frequencies or times. The practical implementation of full-duplex relays is limited by the strong self-interference caused by the coupling of relay's own transit signals to its desired received signals. Several techniques have been proposed in literature to mitigate the relay self-interference. In this thesis, the performance of in-band full-duplex multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) relays is considered in the …

Contributors
Sekhar, Kishore Kumar Kumar, Bliss, Daniel W, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2014

There is an increasing demand for fully integrated point-of-load (POL) isolated DC-DC converters that can provide an isolation barrier between the primary and the secondary side, while delivering a low ripple, low noise regulated voltage at their isolated sides to a high dynamic range, sensitive mixed signal devices, such as sensors, current-shunt-monitors and ADCs. For these applications, smaller system size and integration level is important because the whole system may need to fit to limited space. Traditional methods for providing isolated power are discrete solutions using bulky transformers. Miniaturization of isolated POL regulators is becoming highly desirable for low power …

Contributors
Liu, Chengxi, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Kiaei, Sayfe, et al.
Created Date
2018