Skip to main content

ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Subject
Date Range
2017 2019


Millions of users leave digital traces of their political engagements on social media platforms every day. Users form networks of interactions, produce textual content, like and share each others' content. This creates an invaluable opportunity to better understand the political engagements of internet users. In this proposal, I present three algorithmic solutions to three facets of online political networks; namely, detection of communities, antagonisms and the impact of certain types of accounts on political polarization. First, I develop a multi-view community detection algorithm to find politically pure communities. I find that word usage among other content types (i.e. hashtags, URLs) …

Contributors
Ozer, Mert, Davulcu, Hasan, Liu, Huan, et al.
Created Date
2019

Artificial general intelligence consists of many components, one of which is Natural Language Understanding (NLU). One of the applications of NLU is Reading Comprehension where it is expected that a system understand all aspects of a text. Further, understanding natural procedure-describing text that deals with existence of entities and effects of actions on these entities while doing reasoning and inference at the same time is a particularly difficult task. A recent natural language dataset by the Allen Institute of Artificial Intelligence, ProPara, attempted to address the challenges to determine entity existence and entity tracking in natural text. As part of …

Contributors
Bhattacharjee, Aurgho, Baral, Chitta, Yang, Yezhou, et al.
Created Date
2019

Question answering is a challenging problem and a long term goal of Artificial Intelligence. There are many approaches proposed to solve this problem, including end to end machine learning systems, Information Retrieval based approaches and Textual Entailment. Despite being popular, these methods find difficulty in solving problems that require multi level reasoning and combining independent pieces of knowledge, for example, a question like "What adaptation is necessary in intertidal ecosystems but not in reef ecosystems?'', requires the system to consider qualities, behaviour or features of an organism living in an intertidal ecosystem and compare with that of an organism in …

Contributors
Batni, Vaishnavi, Baral, Chitta, Anwar, Saadat, et al.
Created Date
2019

In this thesis, I present two new datasets and a modification to the existing models in the form of a novel attention mechanism for Natural Language Inference (NLI). The new datasets have been carefully synthesized from various existing corpora released for different tasks. The task of NLI is to determine the possibility of a sentence referred to as “Hypothesis” being true given that another sentence referred to as “Premise” is true. In other words, the task is to identify whether the “Premise” entails, contradicts or remains neutral with regards to the “Hypothesis”. NLI is a precursor to solving many Natural …

Contributors
Shrivastava, Ishan, Baral, Chitta, Anwar, Saadat, et al.
Created Date
2019

The ubiquity of single camera systems in society has made improving monocular depth estimation a topic of increasing interest in the broader computer vision community. Inspired by recent work in sparse-to-dense depth estimation, this thesis focuses on sparse patterns generated from feature detection based algorithms as opposed to regular grid sparse patterns used by previous work. This work focuses on using these feature-based sparse patterns to generate additional depth information by interpolating regions between clusters of samples that are in close proximity to each other. These interpolated sparse depths are used to enforce additional constraints on the network’s predictions. In …

Contributors
Rai, Anshul, Yang, Yezhou, Zhang, Wenlong, et al.
Created Date
2019

Feature embeddings differ from raw features in the sense that the former obey certain properties like notion of similarity/dissimilarity in it's embedding space. word2vec is a preeminent example in this direction, where the similarity in the embedding space is measured in terms of the cosine similarity. Such language embedding models have seen numerous applications in both language and vision community as they capture the information in the modality (English language) efficiently. Inspired by these language models, this work focuses on learning embedding spaces for two visual computing tasks, 1. Image Hashing 2. Zero Shot Learning. The training set was used …

Contributors
Gattupalli, Jaya Vijetha Reddy, Li, Baoxin, Yang, Yezhou, et al.
Created Date
2019

Rapid intraoperative diagnosis of brain tumors is of great importance for planning treatment and guiding the surgeon about the extent of resection. Currently, the standard for the preliminary intraoperative tissue analysis is frozen section biopsy that has major limitations such as tissue freezing and cutting artifacts, sampling errors, lack of immediate interaction between the pathologist and the surgeon, and time consuming. Handheld, portable confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) is being explored in neurosurgery for its ability to image histopathological features of tissue at cellular resolution in real time during brain tumor surgery. Over the course of examination of the surgical tumor …

Contributors
Izady Yazdanabadi, Mohammadhassan, Preul, Mark, Yang, Yezhou, et al.
Created Date
2019

Visual processing in social media platforms is a key step in gathering and understanding information in the era of Internet and big data. Online data is rich in content, but its processing faces many challenges including: varying scales for objects of interest, unreliable and/or missing labels, the inadequacy of single modal data and difficulty in analyzing high dimensional data. Towards facilitating the processing and understanding of online data, this dissertation primarily focuses on three challenges that I feel are of great practical importance: handling scale differences in computer vision tasks, such as facial component detection and face retrieval, developing efficient …

Contributors
Zhou, Xu, Li, Baoxin, Hsiao, Sharon, et al.
Created Date
2018

Virtual digital assistants are automated software systems which assist humans by understanding natural languages such as English, either in voice or textual form. In recent times, a lot of digital applications have shifted towards providing a user experience using natural language interface. The change is brought up by the degree of ease with which the virtual digital assistants such as Google Assistant and Amazon Alexa can be integrated into your application. These assistants make use of a Natural Language Understanding (NLU) system which acts as an interface to translate unstructured natural language data into a structured form. Such an NLU …

Contributors
Garg, Prashant, Baral, Chitta, Kumar, Hemanth, et al.
Created Date
2018

Mixed reality mobile platforms co-locate virtual objects with physical spaces, creating immersive user experiences. To create visual harmony between virtual and physical spaces, the virtual scene must be accurately illuminated with realistic physical lighting. To this end, a system was designed that Generates Light Estimation Across Mixed-reality (GLEAM) devices to continually sense realistic lighting of a physical scene in all directions. GLEAM optionally operate across multiple mobile mixed-reality devices to leverage collaborative multi-viewpoint sensing for improved estimation. The system implements policies that prioritize resolution, coverage, or update interval of the illumination estimation depending on the situational needs of the virtual …

Contributors
Prakash, Siddhant, LiKamWa, Robert, Yang, Yezhou, et al.
Created Date
2018