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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Cell heterogeneity is widely present in the biological world and exists even in an isogenic population. Resolving the protein heterogeneity at the single cell level is of enormous biological and clinical relevance. However, single cell protein analysis has proven to be challenging due to extremely low amount of protein in a single cell and the huge complexity of proteome. This requires appropriate sampling and sensitive detection techniques. Here, a new approach, microfluidics combined with MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry was brought forward, for the analysis of proteins in single cells. The detection sensitivity of peptides as low as 300 molecules and of …

Contributors
Yang, Mian, Ros, Alexandra, Hayes, Mark, et al.
Created Date
2016

Massive glycerol cluster ions with many charges (~ 106 Da, ~ ±100 charges) have been generated by electrospray to bombard biomolecules and biological sample surfaces. The low impact energy per nucleon facilitates intact sputtering and ionization of biomolecules which can be subsequently imaged. Various lipids, peptides and proteins have been studied. The primary cluster ion source has been coupled with an ion-microscope imaging mass spectrometer (TRIFT-1, Physical Electronics). A lateral resolution of ~3µm has been demonstrated, which is acceptable for sub-cellular imaging of animal cells (e.g. single cancer cell imaging in early diagnosis). Since the available amount of target molecules …

Contributors
Zhang, Jitao, Williams, Peter, Hayes, Mark, et al.
Created Date
2015

Signal processing techniques have been used extensively in many engineering problems and in recent years its application has extended to non-traditional research fields such as biological systems. Many of these applications require extraction of a signal or parameter of interest from degraded measurements. One such application is mass spectrometry immunoassay (MSIA) which has been one of the primary methods of biomarker discovery techniques. MSIA analyzes protein molecules as potential biomarkers using time of flight mass spectrometry (TOF-MS). Peak detection in TOF-MS is important for biomarker analysis and many other MS related application. Though many peak detection algorithms exist, most of …

Contributors
Buddi, Sai, Taylor, Thomas, Cochran, Douglas, et al.
Created Date
2012

Cancer claims hundreds of thousands of lives every year in US alone. Finding ways for early detection of cancer onset is crucial for better management and treatment of cancer. Thus, biomarkers especially protein biomarkers, being the functional units which reflect dynamic physiological changes, need to be discovered. Though important, there are only a few approved protein cancer biomarkers till date. To accelerate this process, fast, comprehensive and affordable assays are required which can be applied to large population studies. For this, these assays should be able to comprehensively characterize and explore the molecular diversity of nominally "single" proteins across populations. …

Contributors
Rai, Samita, Nelson, Randall, Hayes, Mark, et al.
Created Date
2012

In an effort to begin validating the large number of discovered candidate biomarkers, proteomics is beginning to shift from shotgun proteomic experiments towards targeted proteomic approaches that provide solutions to automation and economic concerns. Such approaches to validate biomarkers necessitate the mass spectrometric analysis of hundreds to thousands of human samples. As this takes place, a serendipitous opportunity has become evident. By the virtue that as one narrows the focus towards "single" protein targets (instead of entire proteomes) using pan-antibody-based enrichment techniques, a discovery science has emerged, so to speak. This is due to the largely unknown context in which …

Contributors
Oran, Paul, Nelson, Randall, Hayes, Mark, et al.
Created Date
2011