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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


Contributor
Date Range
2010 2018

Camera calibration has applications in the fields of robotic motion, geographic mapping, semiconductor defect characterization, and many more. This thesis considers camera calibration for the purpose of high accuracy three-dimensional reconstruction when characterizing ball grid arrays within the semiconductor industry. Bouguet's calibration method is used following a set of criteria with the purpose of studying the method's performance according to newly proposed standards. The performance of the camera calibration method is currently measured using standards such as pixel error and computational time. This thesis proposes the use of standard deviation of the intrinsic parameter estimation within a Monte Carlo simulation ...

Contributors
Stenger, Nickolas Arthur, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Kovvali, Narayan, et al.
Created Date
2012

I propose a new communications scheme where signature signals are used to carry digital data by suitably modulating the signal parameters with information bits. One possible application for the proposed scheme is in underwater acoustic (UWA) communications; with this motivation, I demonstrate how it can be applied in UWA communications. In order to do that, I exploit existing parameterized models for mammalian sounds by using them as signature signals. Digital data is transmitted by mapping vectors of information bits to a carefully designed set of parameters with values obtained from the biomimetic signal models. To complete the overall system design, ...

Contributors
ElMoslimany, Ahmad Amr, Duman, Tolga M, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, et al.
Created Date
2015

A signal with time-varying frequency content can often be expressed more clearly using a time-frequency representation (TFR), which maps the signal into a two-dimensional function of time and frequency, similar to musical notation. The thesis reviews one of the most commonly used TFRs, the Wigner distribution (WD), and discusses its application in Fourier optics: it is shown that the WD is analogous to the spectral dispersion that results from a diffraction grating, and time and frequency are similarly analogous to a one dimensional spatial coordinate and wavenumber. The grating is compared with a simple polychromator, which is a bank of ...

Contributors
Weber, Peter Christian, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Tepedelenlioglu, Cihan, et al.
Created Date
2012

Immunosignaturing is a medical test for assessing the health status of a patient by applying microarrays of random sequence peptides to determine the patient's immune fingerprint by associating antibodies from a biological sample to immune responses. The immunosignature measurements can potentially provide pre-symptomatic diagnosis for infectious diseases or detection of biological threats. Currently, traditional bioinformatics tools, such as data mining classification algorithms, are used to process the large amount of peptide microarray data. However, these methods generally require training data and do not adapt to changing immune conditions or additional patient information. This work proposes advanced processing techniques to improve ...

Contributors
Malin, Anna, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Bliss, Daniel, et al.
Created Date
2013

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative condition diagnosed on patients with clinical history and motor signs of tremor, rigidity and bradykinesia, and the estimated number of patients living with Parkinson's disease around the world is seven to ten million. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) provides substantial relief of the motor signs of Parkinson's disease patients. It is an advanced surgical technique that is used when drug therapy is no longer sufficient for Parkinson's disease patients. DBS alleviates the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease by targeting the subthalamic nucleus using high-frequency electrical stimulation. This work proposes a behavior recognition model for patients with ...

Contributors
Dutta, Arindam, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Holbert, Keith E., et al.
Created Date
2015

Structural integrity is an important characteristic of performance for critical components used in applications such as aeronautics, materials, construction and transportation. When appraising the structural integrity of these components, evaluation methods must be accurate. In addition to possessing capability to perform damage detection, the ability to monitor the level of damage over time can provide extremely useful information in assessing the operational worthiness of a structure and in determining whether the structure should be repaired or removed from service. In this work, a sequential Bayesian approach with active sensing is employed for monitoring crack growth within fatigue-loaded materials. The monitoring ...

Contributors
Huff, Daniel William, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Kovvali, Narayan, et al.
Created Date
2013

Adaptive processing and classification of electrocardiogram (ECG) signals are important in eliminating the strenuous process of manually annotating ECG recordings for clinical use. Such algorithms require robust models whose parameters can adequately describe the ECG signals. Although different dynamic statistical models describing ECG signals currently exist, they depend considerably on a priori information and user-specified model parameters. Also, ECG beat morphologies, which vary greatly across patients and disease states, cannot be uniquely characterized by a single model. In this work, sequential Bayesian based methods are used to appropriately model and adaptively select the corresponding model parameters of ECG signals. An ...

Contributors
Edla, Shwetha Reddy, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, et al.
Created Date
2012

Although high performance, light-weight composites are increasingly being used in applications ranging from aircraft, rotorcraft, weapon systems and ground vehicles, the assurance of structural reliability remains a critical issue. In composites, damage is absorbed through various fracture processes, including fiber failure, matrix cracking and delamination. An important element in achieving reliable composite systems is a strong capability of assessing and inspecting physical damage of critical structural components. Installation of a robust Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) system would be very valuable in detecting the onset of composite failure. A number of major issues still require serious attention in connection with the ...

Contributors
Moncada, Albert, Chattopadhyay, Aditi, Dai, Lenore, et al.
Created Date
2012

In the last 15 years, there has been a significant increase in the number of motor neural prostheses used for restoring limb function lost due to neurological disorders or accidents. The aim of this technology is to enable patients to control a motor prosthesis using their residual neural pathways (central or peripheral). Recent studies in non-human primates and humans have shown the possibility of controlling a prosthesis for accomplishing varied tasks such as self-feeding, typing, reaching, grasping, and performing fine dexterous movements. A neural decoding system comprises mainly of three components: (i) sensors to record neural signals, (ii) an algorithm ...

Contributors
Padmanaban, Subash, Greger, Bradley, Santello, Marco, et al.
Created Date
2017

Software-defined radio provides users with a low-cost and flexible platform for implementing and studying advanced communications and remote sensing applications. Two such applications include unmanned aerial system-to-ground communications channel and joint sensing and communication systems. In this work, these applications are studied. In the first part, unmanned aerial system-to-ground communications channel models are derived from empirical data collected from software-defined radio transceivers in residential and mountainous desert environments using a small (< 20 kg) unmanned aerial system during low-altitude flight (< 130 m). The Kullback-Leibler divergence measure was employed to characterize model mismatch from the empirical data. Using this measure ...

Contributors
Gutierrez, Richard, Bliss, Daniel W, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, et al.
Created Date
2018

This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries.

For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.