ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

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Date Range
2010 2017

As the demand for spectrum sharing between radar and communications systems is steadily increasing, the coexistence between the two systems is a growing and very challenging problem. Radar tracking in the presence of strong communications interference can result in low probability of detection even when sequential Monte Carlo tracking methods such as the particle filter (PF) are used that better match the target kinematic model. In particular, the tracking performance can fluctuate as the power level of the communications interference can vary dynamically and unpredictably. This work proposes to integrate the interacting multiple model (IMM) selection approach with the PF ...

Contributors
ZHOU, JIAN, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Kovvali, Narayan, et al.
Created Date
2015

The increased risk of falling and the worse ability to perform other daily physical activities in the elderly cause concern about monitoring and correcting basic everyday movement. In this thesis, a Kinect-based system was designed to assess one of the most important factors in balance control of human body when doing Sit-to-Stand (STS) movement: the postural symmetry in mediolateral direction. A symmetry score, calculated by the data obtained from a Kinect RGB-D camera, was proposed to reflect the mediolateral postural symmetry degree and was used to drive a real-time audio feedback designed in MAX/MSP to help users adjust themselves to ...

Contributors
Zhou, Henghao, Turaga, Pavan, Ingalls, Todd, et al.
Created Date
2016

With increased usage of green energy, the number of photovoltaic arrays used in power generation is increasing rapidly. Many of the arrays are located at remote locations where faults that occur within the array often go unnoticed and unattended for large periods of time. Technicians sent to rectify the faults have to spend a large amount of time determining the location of the fault manually. Automated monitoring systems are needed to obtain the information about the performance of the array and detect faults. Such systems must monitor the DC side of the array in addition to the AC side to ...

Contributors
Krishnan, Venkatachalam, Tepedelenlioglu, Cihan, Spanias, Andreas, et al.
Created Date
2012

Damage detection in heterogeneous material systems is a complex problem and requires an in-depth understanding of the material characteristics and response under varying load and environmental conditions. A significant amount of research has been conducted in this field to enhance the fidelity of damage assessment methodologies, using a wide range of sensors and detection techniques, for both metallic materials and composites. However, detecting damage at the microscale is not possible with commercially available sensors. A probable way to approach this problem is through accurate and efficient multiscale modeling techniques, which are capable of tracking damage initiation at the microscale and ...

Contributors
Zhang, Jinjun, Chattopadhyay, Aditi, Dai, Lenore, et al.
Created Date
2014

Neural activity tracking using electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) brain scanning methods has been widely used in the field of neuroscience to provide insight into the nervous system. However, the tracking accuracy depends on the presence of artifacts in the EEG/MEG recordings. Artifacts include any signals that do not originate from neural activity, including physiological artifacts such as eye movement and non-physiological activity caused by the environment. This work proposes an integrated method for simultaneously tracking multiple neural sources using the probability hypothesis density particle filter (PPHDF) and reducing the effect of artifacts using feature extraction and stochastic modeling. Unique ...

Contributors
Jiang, Jiewei, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Bliss, Daniel, et al.
Created Date
2014

Multidimensional (MD) discrete Fourier transform (DFT) is a key kernel algorithm in many signal processing applications, such as radar imaging and medical imaging. Traditionally, a two-dimensional (2-D) DFT is computed using Row-Column (RC) decomposition, where one-dimensional (1-D) DFTs are computed along the rows followed by 1-D DFTs along the columns. However, architectures based on RC decomposition are not efficient for large input size data which have to be stored in external memories based Synchronous Dynamic RAM (SDRAM). In this dissertation, first an efficient architecture to implement 2-D DFT for large-sized input data is proposed. This architecture achieves very high throughput ...

Contributors
Yu, Chi-Li, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, et al.
Created Date
2012

Full-duplex communication has attracted significant attention as it promises to increase the spectral efficiency compared to half-duplex. Multi-hop full-duplex networks add new dimensions and capabilities to cooperative networks by facilitating simultaneous transmission and reception and improving data rates. When a relay in a multi-hop full-duplex system amplifies and forwards its received signals, due to the presence of self-interference, the input-output relationship is determined by recursive equations. This thesis introduces a signal flow graph approach to solve the problem of finding the input-output relationship of a multi-hop amplify-and-forward full-duplex relaying system using Mason's gain formula. Even when all links have flat ...

Contributors
Sureshbabu, Abhilash, Tepedelenlioglu, Cihan, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, et al.
Created Date
2016

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative condition diagnosed on patients with clinical history and motor signs of tremor, rigidity and bradykinesia, and the estimated number of patients living with Parkinson's disease around the world is seven to ten million. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) provides substantial relief of the motor signs of Parkinson's disease patients. It is an advanced surgical technique that is used when drug therapy is no longer sufficient for Parkinson's disease patients. DBS alleviates the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease by targeting the subthalamic nucleus using high-frequency electrical stimulation. This work proposes a behavior recognition model for patients with ...

Contributors
Dutta, Arindam, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Holbert, Keith E., et al.
Created Date
2015

Tracking a time-varying number of targets is a challenging dynamic state estimation problem whose complexity is intensified under low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) or high clutter conditions. This is important, for example, when tracking multiple, closely spaced targets moving in the same direction such as a convoy of low observable vehicles moving through a forest or multiple targets moving in a crisscross pattern. The SNR in these applications is usually low as the reflected signals from the targets are weak or the noise level is very high. An effective approach for detecting and tracking a single target under low SNR conditions ...

Contributors
Ebenezer, Samuel P., Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, et al.
Created Date
2015

The work presented in this manuscript has the overarching theme of radiation. The two forms of radiation of interest are neutrons, i.e. nuclear, and electric fields. The ability to detect such forms of radiation have significant security implications that could also be extended to very practical industrial applications. The goal is therefore to detect, and even image, such radiation sources. The method to do so revolved around the concept of building large-area sensor arrays. By covering a large area, we can increase the probability of detection and gather more data to build a more complete and clearer view of the ...

Contributors
Chung, Hugh Emanuel, Allee, David R, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, et al.
Created Date
2015

This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries.

For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.