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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Resource Type
  • Masters Thesis
Date Range
2010 2018


Camera calibration has applications in the fields of robotic motion, geographic mapping, semiconductor defect characterization, and many more. This thesis considers camera calibration for the purpose of high accuracy three-dimensional reconstruction when characterizing ball grid arrays within the semiconductor industry. Bouguet's calibration method is used following a set of criteria with the purpose of studying the method's performance according to newly proposed standards. The performance of the camera calibration method is currently measured using standards such as pixel error and computational time. This thesis proposes the use of standard deviation of the intrinsic parameter estimation within a Monte Carlo simulation …

Contributors
Stenger, Nickolas Arthur, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Kovvali, Narayan, et al.
Created Date
2012

A signal with time-varying frequency content can often be expressed more clearly using a time-frequency representation (TFR), which maps the signal into a two-dimensional function of time and frequency, similar to musical notation. The thesis reviews one of the most commonly used TFRs, the Wigner distribution (WD), and discusses its application in Fourier optics: it is shown that the WD is analogous to the spectral dispersion that results from a diffraction grating, and time and frequency are similarly analogous to a one dimensional spatial coordinate and wavenumber. The grating is compared with a simple polychromator, which is a bank of …

Contributors
Weber, Peter Christian, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Tepedelenlioglu, Cihan, et al.
Created Date
2012

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative condition diagnosed on patients with clinical history and motor signs of tremor, rigidity and bradykinesia, and the estimated number of patients living with Parkinson's disease around the world is seven to ten million. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) provides substantial relief of the motor signs of Parkinson's disease patients. It is an advanced surgical technique that is used when drug therapy is no longer sufficient for Parkinson's disease patients. DBS alleviates the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease by targeting the subthalamic nucleus using high-frequency electrical stimulation. This work proposes a behavior recognition model for patients with …

Contributors
Dutta, Arindam, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Holbert, Keith E., et al.
Created Date
2015

Advancements in computer vision and machine learning have added a new dimension to remote sensing applications with the aid of imagery analysis techniques. Applications such as autonomous navigation and terrain classification which make use of image classification techniques are challenging problems and research is still being carried out to find better solutions. In this thesis, a novel method is proposed which uses image registration techniques to provide better image classification. This method reduces the error rate of classification by performing image registration of the images with the previously obtained images before performing classification. The motivation behind this is the fact …

Contributors
Muralidhar, Ashwini, Saripalli, Srikanth, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, et al.
Created Date
2011

There is a growing interest for improved high-accuracy camera calibration methods due to the increasing demand for 3D visual media in commercial markets. Camera calibration is used widely in the fields of computer vision, robotics and 3D reconstruction. Camera calibration is the first step for extracting 3D data from a 2D image. It plays a crucial role in computer vision and 3D reconstruction due to the fact that the accuracy of the reconstruction and 3D coordinate determination relies on the accuracy of the camera calibration to a great extent. This thesis presents a novel camera calibration method using a circular …

Contributors
Prakash, Charan Dudda, Karam, Lina J, Frakes, David, et al.
Created Date
2012

Composite materials are increasingly being used in aircraft, automobiles, and other applications due to their high strength to weight and stiffness to weight ratios. However, the presence of damage, such as delamination or matrix cracks, can significantly compromise the performance of these materials and result in premature failure. Structural components are often manually inspected to detect the presence of damage. This technique, known as schedule based maintenance, however, is expensive, time-consuming, and often limited to easily accessible structural elements. Therefore, there is an increased demand for robust and efficient Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) techniques that can be used for Condition …

Contributors
Vizzini Ii, Anthony James, Chattopadhyay, Aditi, Fard, Masoud, et al.
Created Date
2012

In this thesis, an adaptive waveform selection technique for dynamic target tracking under low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) conditions is investigated. The approach is integrated with a track-before-detect (TBD) algorithm and uses delay-Doppler matched filter (MF) outputs as raw measurements without setting any threshold for extracting delay-Doppler estimates. The particle filter (PF) Bayesian sequential estimation approach is used with the TBD algorithm (PF-TBD) to estimate the dynamic target state. A waveform-agile TBD technique is proposed that integrates the PF-TBD with a waveform selection technique. The new approach predicts the waveform to transmit at the next time step by minimizing the predicted …

Contributors
Piwowarski, Ryan, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, et al.
Created Date
2011

Dynamic channel selection in cognitive radio consists of two main phases. The first phase is spectrum sensing, during which the channels that are occupied by the primary users are detected. The second phase is channel selection, during which the state of the channel to be used by the secondary user is estimated. The existing cognitive radio channel selection literature assumes perfect spectrum sensing. However, this assumption becomes problematic as the noise in the channels increases, resulting in high probability of false alarm and high probability of missed detection. This thesis proposes a solution to this problem by incorporating the estimated …

Contributors
Zapp, Joseph Vincent, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Kovvali, Narayan, et al.
Created Date
2014

For synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image formation processing, the chirp scaling algorithm (CSA) has gained considerable attention mainly because of its excellent target focusing ability, optimized processing steps, and ease of implementation. In particular, unlike the range Doppler and range migration algorithms, the CSA is easy to implement since it does not require interpolation, and it can be used on both stripmap and spotlight SAR systems. Another transform that can be used to enhance the processing of SAR image formation is the fractional Fourier transform (FRFT). This transform has been recently introduced to the signal processing community, and it has …

Contributors
Northrop, Judith, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Spanias, Andreas, et al.
Created Date
2011

Continuous monitoring of sensor data from smart phones to identify human activities and gestures, puts a heavy load on the smart phone's power consumption. In this research study, the non-Euclidean geometry of the rich sensor data obtained from the user's smart phone is utilized to perform compressive analysis and efficient classification of human activities by employing machine learning techniques. We are interested in the generalization of classical tools for signal approximation to newer spaces, such as rotation data, which is best studied in a non-Euclidean setting, and its application to activity analysis. Attributing to the non-linear nature of the rotation …

Contributors
Sivakumar, Aswin, Turaga, Pavan, Spanias, Andreas, et al.
Created Date
2014