ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

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2010 2017

Visual attention (VA) is the study of mechanisms that allow the human visual system (HVS) to selectively process relevant visual information. This work focuses on the subjective and objective evaluation of computational VA models for the distortion-free case as well as in the presence of image distortions. Existing VA models are traditionally evaluated by using VA metrics that quantify the match between predicted saliency and fixation data obtained from eye-tracking experiments on human observers. Though there is a considerable number of objective VA metrics, there exists no study that validates that these metrics are adequate for the evaluation of VA ...

Contributors
Gide, Milind Subhash, Karam, Lina J, Abousleman, Glen, et al.
Created Date
2016

Wireless video sensor networks has been examined and evaluated for wide range of applications comprising of video surveillance, video tracking, computer vision, remote live video and control. The reason behind importance of sensor nodes is its ease of implementation, ability to operate in adverse environments, easy to troubleshoot, repair and the high performance level. The biggest challenges with the architectural design of wireless video sensor networks are power consumption, node failure, throughput, durability and scalability. The whole project here is to create a gateway node to integrate between "Internet of things" framework and wireless sensor network. Our Flexi-Wireless Video Sensor ...

Contributors
Shah, Tejas, Reisslein, Martin, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2014

A Fiber-Wireless (FiWi) network integrates a passive optical network (PON) with wireless mesh networks (WMNs) to provide high speed backhaul via the PON while offering the flexibility and mobility of a WMN. Generally, increasing the size of a WMN leads to higher wireless interference and longer packet delays. The partitioning of a large WMN into several smaller WMN clusters, whereby each cluster is served by an Optical Network Unit (ONU) of the PON, is examined. Existing WMN throughput-delay analysis techniques considering the mean load of the nodes at a given hop distance from a gateway (ONU) are unsuitable for the ...

Contributors
Chen, Po-Yen, Reisslein, Martin, Seeling, Patrick, et al.
Created Date
2015

To establish reliable wireless communication links it is critical to devise schemes to mitigate the effects of the fading channel. In this regard, this dissertation analyzes two types of systems: point-to-point, and multiuser systems. For point-to-point systems with multiple antennas, switch and stay diversity combining offers a substantial complexity reduction for a modest loss in performance as compared to systems that implement selection diversity. For the first time, the design and performance of space-time coded multiple antenna systems that employ switch and stay combining at the receiver is considered. Novel switching algorithms are proposed and upper bounds on the pairwise ...

Contributors
Bangalore Narasimhamurthy, Adarsh, Tepedelenlioglu, Cihan, Duman, Tolga M, et al.
Created Date
2010

LTE-Advanced networks employ random access based on preambles transmitted according to multi-channel slotted Aloha principles. The random access is controlled through a limit <italic>W</italic> on the number of transmission attempts and a timeout period for uniform backoff after a collision. We model the LTE-Advanced random access system by formulating the equilibrium condition for the ratio of the number of requests successful within the permitted number of transmission attempts to those successful in one attempt. We prove that for <italic>W</italic>&le;8 there is only one equilibrium operating point and for <italic>W</italic>&ge;9 there are three operating points if the request load &rho; is ...

Contributors
Tyagi, Revak Raj, Reisslein, Martin, Tepedelenlioglu, Cihan, et al.
Created Date
2014

Conceptual knowledge and self-efficacy are two research topics that are well-established at universities, however very little has been investigated about these at the community college. A sample of thirty-seven students enrolled in three introductory circuit analysis classes at a large southwestern community college was used to answer questions about conceptual knowledge and self-efficacy of community college engineering students. Measures included a demographic survey and a pre/post three-tiered concept inventory to evaluate student conceptual knowledge of basic DC circuit analysis and self-efficacy for circuit analysis. A group effect was present in the data, so descriptive statistics were used to investigate the ...

Contributors
Whitesel, Carl, Baker, Dale R., Reisslein, Martin, et al.
Created Date
2014

Voice and other circuit switched services in a LTE deployment can be based on a Circuit Switched Fall Back mechanism or on the upcoming Voice Over LTE option. Voice Over LTE option can be used with its SIP based signaling to route voice calls and other circuit switched services over the LTE's packet switched core. The main issue that is faced though is the validation of this approach before the deployment over commercial network. The test strategy devised as a result of this work will be able to visit corner scenarios and error sensitive services, so that signaling involved can ...

Contributors
Thotton Veettil, Vinayak Kumar, Reisslein, Martin, Ying, Lei, et al.
Created Date
2014

Dynamic channel selection in cognitive radio consists of two main phases. The first phase is spectrum sensing, during which the channels that are occupied by the primary users are detected. The second phase is channel selection, during which the state of the channel to be used by the secondary user is estimated. The existing cognitive radio channel selection literature assumes perfect spectrum sensing. However, this assumption becomes problematic as the noise in the channels increases, resulting in high probability of false alarm and high probability of missed detection. This thesis proposes a solution to this problem by incorporating the estimated ...

Contributors
Zapp, Joseph Vincent, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Kovvali, Narayan, et al.
Created Date
2014

The upstream transmission of bulk data files in Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs) arises from a number of applications, such as data back-up and multimedia file upload. Existing upstream transmission approaches lead to severe delays for conventional packet traffic when best-effort file and packet traffic are mixed. I propose and evaluate an exclusive interval for bulk transfer (EIBT) transmission strategy that reserves an EIBT for file traffic in an EPON polling cycle. I optimize the duration of the EIBT to minimize a weighted sum of packet and file delays. Through mathematical delay analysis and verifying simulation, it is demonstrated that ...

Contributors
Wei, Xing, Reisslein, Martin, Fowler, John, et al.
Created Date
2014

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new method of dividing wireless communication (such as the 802.11a/b/g/n and cellular UMTS MAC protocols) across multiple unreliable communication links (such as Ethernet). The purpose is to introduce the appropriate hardware, software, and system architecture required to provide the basis for a wireless system (using a 802.11a/b/g/n and cellular protocols as a model) that can scale to support thousands of users simultaneously (say in a large office building, super chain store, etc.) or in a small, but very dense communication RF region. Elements of communication between a base station and a ...

Contributors
James, Frank Lee, Reisslein, Martin, Ying, Lei, et al.
Created Date
2014

This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries.

For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.