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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Contributor
Language
  • English
Resource Type
  • Doctoral Dissertation
Date Range
2010 2019


It is well known that radiative heat transfer rate can exceed that between two blackbodies by several orders of magnitude due to the coupling of evanescent waves. One promising application of near-field thermal radiation is thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices, which convert thermal energy to electricity. Recently, different types of metamaterials with excitations of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs)/surface phonon polaritons (SPhPs), magnetic polaritons (MP), and hyperbolic modes (HM), have been studied to further improve near-field radiative heat flux and conversion efficiency. On the other hand, near-field experimental demonstration between planar surfaces has been limited due to the extreme challenge in the vacuum …

Contributors
Sabbaghi, Payam, Wang, Liping, Phelan, Patrick, et al.
Created Date
2019

Graphene has been extensively researched for both scientific and technological interests since its first isolation from graphite. The excellent transport properties and long spin diffusion length of graphene make it a promising material for electronic and spintronic device applications. This dissertation deals with the optimization of magnetic field sensing in graphene and the realization of nanoparticle induced ferromagnetism in graphene towards spintronic device applications. Graphene has been used as a channel material for magnetic sensors demonstrating the potential for very high sensitivities, especially for Hall sensors, due to its extremely high mobility and low carrier concentration. However, the two-carrier nature …

Contributors
Song, Guibin, Kiehl, Richard A, Kiehl, Richard A, et al.
Created Date
2019

A new type of electronics was envisioned, namely edible electronics. Edible electronics are made by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) certified edible materials which can be eaten and digested by human body. Different from implantable electronics, test or treatment using edible electronics doesn’t require operations and perioperative complications. This dissertation bridges the food industry, material sciences, device fabrication, and biomedical engineering by demonstrating edible supercapacitors and electronic components and devices such as pH sensor. Edible supercapacitors were fabricated using food materials from grocery store. 5 of them were connected in series to power a snake camera. Tests result showed that …

Contributors
Xu, Wenwen, Jiang, Hanqing, Dai, Lenore, et al.
Created Date
2019

Wide bandgap (WBG) semiconductors GaN (3.4 eV), Ga2O3 (4.8 eV) and AlN (6.2 eV), have gained considerable interests for energy-efficient optoelectronic and electronic applications in solid-state lighting, photovoltaics, power conversion, and so on. They can offer unique device performance compared with traditional semiconductors such as Si. Efficient GaN based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have increasingly displaced incandescent and fluorescent bulbs as the new major light sources for lighting and display. In addition, due to their large bandgap and high critical electrical field, WBG semiconductors are also ideal candidates for efficient power conversion. In this dissertation, two types of devices are demonstrated: …

Contributors
Fu, Houqiang, Zhao, Yuji, Vasileska, Dragica, et al.
Created Date
2019

The objective of this dissertation is to study the use of metamaterials as narrow-band and broadband selective absorbers for opto-thermal and solar thermal energy conversion. Narrow-band selective absorbers have applications such as plasmonic sensing and cancer treatment, while one of the main applications of selective metamaterials with broadband absorption is efficiently converting solar energy into heat as solar absorbers. This dissertation first discusses the use of gold nanowires as narrow-band selective metamaterial absorbers. An investigation into plasmonic localized heating indicated that film-coupled gold nanoparticles exhibit tunable selective absorption based on the size of the nanoparticles. By using anodized aluminum oxide …

Contributors
Alshehri, Hassan, Wang, Liping, Phelan, Patrick, et al.
Created Date
2018

The larger tolerance to lattice mismatch in growth of semiconductor nanowires (NWs) offers much more flexibility for achieving a wide range of compositions and bandgaps via alloying within a single substrate. The bandgap of III-V InGaAsP alloy NWs can be tuned to cover a wide range of (0.4, 2.25) eV, appealing for various optoelectronic applications such as photodetectors, solar cells, Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs), lasers, etc., given the existing rich knowledge in device fabrication based on these materials. This dissertation explores the growth of InGaAsP alloys using a low-cost method that could be potentially important especially for III-V NW-based solar …

Contributors
Hashemi Amiri, Seyed Ebrahim, Ning, Cun-Zheng, Petuskey, William, et al.
Created Date
2018

ABSTRACT Autonomous smart windows may be integrated with a stack of active components, such as electrochromic devices, to modulate the opacity/transparency by an applied voltage. Here, we describe the processing and performance of two classes of visibly-transparent photovoltaic materials, namely inorganic (ZnO thin film) and fully organic (PCDTBT:PC70BM), for integration with electrochromic stacks. Sputtered ZnO (2% Mn) films on ITO, with transparency in the visible range, were used to fabricate metal-semiconductor (MS), metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS), and p-i-n heterojunction devices, and their photovoltaic conversion under ultraviolet (UV) illumination was evaluated with and without oxygen plasma-treated surface electrodes (Au, Ag, Al, and Ti/Ag). …

Contributors
Azhar, Ebraheem, Yu, Hongbin, Dey, Sandwip, et al.
Created Date
2018

Energy harvesting from ambient is important to configuring Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) for environmental data collecting. In this work, highly flexible thermoelectric generators (TEGs) have been studied and fabricated to supply power to the wireless sensor notes used for data collecting in hot spring environment. The fabricated flexible TEGs can be easily deployed on the uneven surface of heated rocks at the rim of hot springs. By employing the temperature gradient between the hot rock surface and the air, these TEGs can generate power to extend the battery lifetime of the sensor notes and therefore reduce multiple batteries changes where …

Contributors
Han, Ruirui, Yu, Hongyu, Jiang, Hanqing, et al.
Created Date
2018

This dissertation will investigate two of the most promising high-capacity anode materials for lithium-based batteries: silicon (Si) and metal lithium (Li). It will focus on studying the mechanical behaviors of the two materials during charge and discharge and understanding how these mechanical behaviors may affect their electrochemical performance. In the first part, amorphous Si anode will be studied. Despite many existing studies on silicon (Si) anodes for lithium ion batteries (LIBs), many essential questions still exist on compound formation, composition, and properties. Here it is shown that some previously accepted findings do not truthfully reflect the actual lithiation mechanisms in …

Contributors
Wang, Xu, Jiang, Hanqing, Yu, Hongbin, et al.
Created Date
2018

Recently, nanostructured metamaterials have attracted lots of attentions due to its tunable artificial properties. In particular, nanowire/nanohole based metamaterials which are known of the capability of large area fabrication were intensively studied. Most of the studies are only based on the electrical responses of the metamaterials; however, magnetic response, is usually neglected since magnetic material does not exist naturally within the visible or infrared range. For the past few years, artificial magnetic response from nanostructure based metamaterials has been proposed. This reveals the possibility of exciting resonance modes based on magnetic responses in nanowire/nanohole metamaterials which can potentially provide additional …

Contributors
Chang, Jui-Yung, Wang, Liping, Phelan, Patrick, et al.
Created Date
2017

Zinc telluride (ZnTe) is an attractive II-VI compound semiconductor with a direct bandgap of 2.26 eV that is used in many applications in optoelectronic devices. Compared to the two dimensional (2D) thin-film semiconductors, one-dimensional (1D) nanowires can have different electronic properties for potential novel applications. In this work, we present the study of ZnTe nanowires (NWs) that are synthesized through a simple vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) method. By controlling the presence or the absence of Au catalysts and controlling the growth parameters such as growth temperature, various growth morphologies of ZnTe, such as thin films and nanowires can be obtained. The characterization …

Contributors
Peng, Jhih-Hong, Yu, Hongbin, Roedel, Ronald, et al.
Created Date
2017

Visible light communication (VLC) is the promise of a high data rate wireless network for both indoor and outdoor uses. It competes with 5G radio frequency (RF) system as well. Even though the breakthrough of Gallium Nitride (GaN) based micro-light-emitting-diodes (micro-LEDs) enhances the -3dB modulation bandwidth dramatically from tens of MHz to hundreds of MHz, the optical power onto a fast photo receiver drops exponentially. It determines the signal to noise ratio (SNR) of VLC. For full implementation of the useful high data-rate VLC link enabled by a GaN-based micro-LED, it needs focusing optics and a tracking system. In this …

Contributors
Lu, Zhijian, Zhao, Yuji, Yu, Hongbin, et al.
Created Date
2017

This dissertation aims to study and understand relevant issues related to the electronic, spin and valley transport in two-dimensional Dirac systems for different given physical settings. In summary, four key findings are achieved. First, studying persistent currents in confined chaotic Dirac fermion systems with a ring geometry and an applied Aharonov-Bohm flux, unusual whispering-gallery modes with edge-dependent currents and spin polarization are identified. They can survive for highly asymmetric rings that host fully developed classical chaos. By sustaining robust persistent currents, these modes can be utilized to form a robust relativistic quantum two-level system. Second, the quantized topological edge states …

Contributors
XU, HONGYA, Lai, Ying-Cheng, Bliss, Daniel, et al.
Created Date
2017

Semiconductor nanolasers, as a frontier subject has drawn a great deal of attention over the past decade. Semiconductor nanolasers are compatible with on-chip integrations towards the ultimate realization of photonic integrated circuits. However, innovative approaches are strongly required to overcome the limitation of lattice-mismatch issues. In this dissertation, two alternative approaches are employed to overcome the lattice-mismatch issues. i) By taking advantage of nanowires or nanobelts techniques, flexibility in bandgap engineering has been greatly expanded, resulting in the nanolasers with wide wavelength coverage and tunability. Simultaneous two-color lasing in green and red is firstly achieved from monolithic cadmium sulfide selenide …

Contributors
Fan, Fan, Ning, Cun-Zheng, Balanis, Constantine A, et al.
Created Date
2016

The coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetic orders has been the subject of study for many years. It well known that these materials possess two competing order parameters; however the two order parameters can coexist under special circumstances inducing interesting physical phenomena. In recent years the demand of ultra-low-power, high density cryogenic memories has brought considerable interest to integrate superconducting and magnetic thin films in one structure to produce novel memory elements. The operation of the device depends on the unusual electronic properties associated with the Superconductor (S) /Ferromagnetic (F) proximity effect. Niobium (Nb) based Josephson junction devices were fabricated with …

Contributors
Abd El Qader, Makram, Newman, Nathan, Rowell, John, et al.
Created Date
2016

Electromagnetic band-gap (EBG) structures have noteworthy electromagnetic characteristics that include their phase variations with frequency. When combining perfect electric conductor (PEC) and EBG structures on the same ground plane, the scattering fields of the ground plane are altered because of the scattering properties of EBG structures. The scattering fields are cancelled along the principal planes because PEC and EBG structures are anti-phase at the resonant frequency. To make the scattered fields symmetrical under plane wave incidence, a square checkerboard surface is designed to form constructive and destructive interference scattering patterns to reduce the intensity of the scattered fields toward the …

Contributors
Chen, Wengang, Balanis, Constantine A., Aberle, James T., et al.
Created Date
2016

Origami and kirigami, the technique of generating three-dimensional (3D) structures from two-dimensional (2D) flat sheets, are now more and more involved in scientific and engineering fields. Therefore, the development of tools for their theoretical analysis becomes more and more important. Since much effort was paid on calculations based on pure mathematical consideration and only limited effort has been paid to include mechanical properties, the goal of my research is developing a method to analyze the mechanical behavior of origami and kirigami based structures. Mechanical characteristics, including nonlocal effect and fracture of the structures, as well as elasticity and plasticity of …

Contributors
Lv, Cheng, Jiang, Hanqing, Yu, Hongbin, et al.
Created Date
2016

To date, the most popular and dominant material for commercial solar cells is crystalline silicon (or wafer-Si). It has the highest cell efficiency and cell lifetime out of all commercial solar cells. Although the potential of crystalline-Si solar cells in supplying energy demands is enormous, their future growth will likely be constrained by two major bottlenecks. The first is the high electricity input to produce crystalline-Si solar cells and modules, and the second is the limited supply of silver (Ag) reserves. These bottlenecks prevent crystalline-Si solar cells from reaching terawatt-scale deployment, which means the electricity produced by crystalline-Si solar cells …

Contributors
Sun, Wen-Cheng, Tao, Meng, Vasileska, Dragica, et al.
Created Date
2016

Origami and Kirigami are two traditional art forms in the world. Origami, from ‘ori’ meaning folding, and ‘kami’ meaning paper is the art of paper folding. Kirigami, from ‘kiri’ meaning cutting, is the art of the combination of paper cutting and paper folding. In this dissertation, Origami and kirigami concepts were successively utilized in making stretchable lithium ion batteries and three-dimensional (3D) silicon structure which both provide excellent mechanical characteristics. Dissertation/Thesis

Contributors
Song, Zeming, Jiang, Hanqing, Dai, Lenore, et al.
Created Date
2016

A novel integrated constant current LED driver design on a single chip is developed in this dissertation. The entire design consists of two sections. The first section is a DC-DC switching regulator (boost regulator) as the frontend power supply; the second section is the constant current LED driver system. In the first section, a pulse width modulated (PWM) peak current mode boost regulator is utilized. The overall boost regulator system and its related sub-cells are explained. Among them, an original error amplifier design, a current sensing circuit and slope compensation circuit are presented. In the second section – the focus …

Contributors
Wang, Ge, Holbert, Keith E, Song, Hongjiang, et al.
Created Date
2016