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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Date Range
2004 2020


Over 35% of multiracial college students fail to earn a degree, which can have significant economic and health costs over their lifespan. This study aimed to better understand college and psychological adjustment among multiracial college students of Hispanic/Latinx and White non-Hispanic descent by examining students’ racial identities and use of resilience resources. Latent profiles of identity were identified to better understand how different aspects of racial identity are clustered in this population. Multiracial college students (N=221) reported on racial identity as measured on multiple dimensions: Hispanic/Latinx identity, Hispanic/Latinx cultural orientation, White identity, identity integration, shifting expressions of identity, and identity …

Contributors
Jewell, Shannon, Luecken, Linda J, Jackson, Kelly, et al.
Created Date
2020

Chronic diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer are leading causes of death in the United States. Although they result from a host of personal and environmental factors, diet remains a critical way to reduce the risk. Plant-based diets in particular are associated with reduction in risk for chronic disease due to an intake that closely mirrors the Dietary Guidelines for fruit and vegetable consumption, fiber, and fat intake. Additionally, plant-based diets offer a sustainable alternative in relation to food production as they often require fewer natural resources overall. While there are many benefits to following a plant-based diet, …

Contributors
Incollingo, April, Wharton, Christopher, Johnston, Carol, et al.
Created Date
2020

Traditional autonomy within clinical supervision was reinterpreted by incorporating culturally-encompassing autonomy types (individuating and relating autonomy) from the dual autonomy scale. The relations of vertical collectivism and autonomy measures were examined. Lastly, potential moderating effects of vertical collectivism on experience level and autonomy were assessed. The sample consisted of 404 counseling trainees enrolled in graduate programs across the US, aged between 21 and 68. Results from the confirmatory factor analysis supported the proposed two-factor structure of individuating and relating autonomy among counseling trainees for the adapted dual autonomy scale. Results indicated that individuating autonomy was moderately correlated with relating and …

Contributors
Shi, Yue, Tracey, Terence, Bludworth, James, et al.
Created Date
2020

The traditional access control system suffers from the problem of separation of data ownership and management. It poses data security issues in application scenarios such as cloud computing and blockchain where the data owners either do not trust the data storage provider or even do not know who would have access to their data once they are appended to the chain. In these scenarios, the data owner actually loses control of the data once they are uploaded to the outside storage. Encryption-before-uploading is the way to solve this issue, however traditional encryption schemes such as AES, RSA, ECC, bring about …

Contributors
Dong, Qiuxiang, Huang, Dijiang, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2020

Self-control has been shown to be an important influence behind a variety of risk and protective behaviors, such as substance abuse. Although prior research points to the existence of multiple dimensions of self-control, this concept is not consistently defined and frequently only studied as a conglomerate in clinical research. The current study sought to examine how two experimental manipulations of subcomponents of self-control (motivation and self-efficacy) affect real-world consumptive behavior after accounting for executive function. Additionally, the validity and reliability of a brief state survey measure of perceived self-control capacity, internal motivation, and external motivation was tested. The goal was …

Contributors
Papova, Anna, Corbin, William R, Brewer, Gene, et al.
Created Date
2020

The construct of adult emotional intelligence has gained increasing attention over the last 15 years given its significant socioemotional implications for the ability to label, understand, and regulate emotions. There is a gap, however, in understanding how emotional intelligence develops in children. Parenting is one of the most salient predictors of children’s behavior and the current study investigated its prospective link to children’s emotional intelligence. More preceisely, this study took a differentiated approach to parenting by examining the distinct contributions of maternal sensitivity and emotion socialization to children’s emotional intelligence. In addition, executive function, considered a “conductor” of higher-order skills …

Contributors
Ross, Emily, Crnic, Keith, Luecken, Linda, et al.
Created Date
2020

Healthy lifestyle behaviors including quality nutrition have been shown to successfully prevent chronic disease or minimize symptoms. However, many physicians lack the knowledge and skills to provide adequate nutrition counseling and education for their patients. A major component of this problem is that medical schools are not required to teach nutrition education. The purpose of this feasibility study was to compare the changes in the perceived importance of nutrition in the medical field in medical students before and after participating in a week-long interactive nutrition course in order to determine if a week-long course can positively influence students’ perceptions of …

Contributors
Baum, Makenna, Johnston, Carol, Levinson, Simin, et al.
Created Date
2020

In this study, I investigated supervisory practices (i.e., structure and facilitation) when training therapists of differing levels of experience and self-efficacy are working with clients presenting with varying levels of suicidal risk (i.e., low or high). While previous research has supported that trainees need and want less structure and direction from their supervisors and become more self-efficacious as they gain more experience, this same assumption may not hold for crisis situations, such as when clients present with suicidal risk. To examine how trainees rate the quality of clinical supervision when working with clients presented with varying levels of suicidal risk, …

Contributors
Holzapfel, Jenny, Tracey, Terence J.G., Bludworth, James, et al.
Created Date
2020

Computer science education is an increasingly vital area of study with various challenges that increase the difficulty level for new students resulting in higher attrition rates. As part of an effort to resolve this issue, a new visual programming language environment was developed for this research, the Visual IoT and Robotics Programming Language Environment (VIPLE). VIPLE is based on computational thinking and flowchart, which reduces the needs of memorization of detailed syntax in text-based programming languages. VIPLE has been used at Arizona State University (ASU) in multiple years and sections of FSE100 as well as in universities worldwide. Another major …

Contributors
De Luca, Gennaro, Chen, Yinong, Liu, Huan, et al.
Created Date
2020

特色小镇是我国统筹城乡发展的新方向。以建制镇为例,全国层面已经批复第一批127个、第二批276个共403个国家级特色小镇。国家以及各个省份均出台了一系列政策促进特色小镇的发展。总体看来,这些政策均强调特色小镇应该对当地经济起到促进作用,并对特色小镇的发展给与土地、财政、金融、项目、人才等方面的支持。虽然很多政策都强调特色小镇应该结合所在地的实际情况进行差异化发展,但是并没有明确哪些地方具有建立特色小镇的条件,适合建特色小镇;哪些地方不具备建设特色小镇的条件,如果硬要推进特色小镇建设则需要投入大量人力、物力、财力。此外,很多省份都给出了加强基础设施建设这一措施,但是小镇的发展要和周边经济形成联动,基础设施只是小镇成功发展的必要条件。一味的强调基础设施而忽略小镇所处的经济环境,不但不能建好特色小镇,还造成资源浪费。 由于国家的大力推进以及政策的模糊性,很多特色小镇的发展过程中出现概念不清、市场化不足、过分强调硬件设施以及盲目举债的问题。基于上述事实,本文主要研究的问题是,影响特色小镇成功发展的具体因素有哪些?本文主要通过案例分析和实证分析来回答上述问题。案例分析中,本文分别列举了成功的特色小镇和失败的特色小镇,详细分析其成功或失败的原因。实证分析中,本文以首批127个特色小镇为样本,以小镇排名为衡量小镇成功度的指标,具体探讨了5A级景区、交通、城市圈、周边经济的差异程度、区域经济收敛度等因素对特色小镇的影响。本文的主要发现如下。 首先,交通和景区因素对小镇的影响虽然为正,但是并不显著。虽然排名靠前的特色小镇均享有交通和景区因素,但是当我们考虑了影响小镇发展的其它因素后,这两个指标不再显著。这也说明,小镇建设仅靠好的交通,好的景区这些硬件条件是不够的,需要注意小镇与周边经济的联动因素。其次,小镇与周边经济的联动性对小镇发展有非常重要的影响。周边地区的经济发达程度(引力指数)和经济均衡性(泰尔指数)这两个变量的回归系数均在1%的置信度上显著。即总体经济活动越活跃,越有利于小镇的发展;经济发展不平衡性越小越有利于小镇的发展。再次,县辖镇和区辖镇的发展具有一定差异,不能用市级指标来判定乡镇的发展状况。例如,城市人口的增加并不一定带动乡镇的发展,还有可能对乡镇产生虹吸效应。一般而言,经济发散的地区,市区会聚集更多的资源,区辖镇的发展更容易成功,而县辖镇则更难发展。最后,小镇类型以及小镇所在区县的财政状况对小镇的影响力并不显著。 基于上述发现,本文给出以下政策建议。首先,政府在推进小镇建设的过程中不应该一味追求硬件设施。其次,对于城市经济尚未发展起来的地区,不应该过多依靠特色小镇达到发展经济的目的,而是应该首先集中优势资源发展好城市经济。再次,特色小镇的建设应该因地制宜。对于经济发达、发展均衡的地区(如浙江),区辖镇和县辖镇不会因所属地是区县的差别而表现出显著的发展差异。特色小镇建设可以全方位推广;对于经济发达,发展不均衡的地区(如广东),发展区辖镇比县辖镇更为容易;对于经济欠发达地区,无论其经济收敛与否,除非该地区有非常特殊产业或禀赋资源,否则不建议推广特色小镇建设。最后,特色小镇发展应走多样化路线和市场化路线。 关键词: 特色小镇、成功因素、虹吸效应、经济收敛 Dissertation/Thesis

Contributors
Yin, Guiji, Zhu, Hongquan, Chen, Xin, et al.
Created Date
2020