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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Contributor
Date Range
2010 2019


Wireless video sensor networks has been examined and evaluated for wide range of applications comprising of video surveillance, video tracking, computer vision, remote live video and control. The reason behind importance of sensor nodes is its ease of implementation, ability to operate in adverse environments, easy to troubleshoot, repair and the high performance level. The biggest challenges with the architectural design of wireless video sensor networks are power consumption, node failure, throughput, durability and scalability. The whole project here is to create a gateway node to integrate between "Internet of things" framework and wireless sensor network. Our Flexi-Wireless Video Sensor …

Contributors
Shah, Tejas, Reisslein, Martin, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2014

Demands in file size and transfer rates for consumer-orientated products have escalated in recent times. This is primarily due to the emergence of high definition video content. Now factor in the consumer desire for convenience, and we find that wireless service is the most desired approach for inter-connectivity. Consumers expect wireless service to emulate wired service with little to virtually no difference in quality of service (QoS). The background section of this document examines the QoS requirements for wireless connectivity of high definition video applications. I then proceed to look at proposed solutions at the physical (PHY) and the media …

Contributors
Bosco, Bruce, Reisslein, Martin, Tepedelenlioglu, Cihan, et al.
Created Date
2011

Since the inception of Internet of Things (IoT) framework, the amount of interaction between electronic devices has tremendously increased and the ease of implementing software between such devices has bettered. Such data exchange between devices, whether between Node to Server or Node to Node, has paved way for creating new business models. Wireless Video Sensor Network Platforms are being used to monitor and understand the surroundings better. Both hardware and software supporting such devices have become much smaller and yet stronger to enable these. Specifically, the invention of better software that enable Wireless data transfer have become more simpler and …

Contributors
Rentala, Sri Harsha, Reisslein, Martin, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2016

With internet traffic being bursty in nature, Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation(DBA) Algorithms have always been very important for any broadband access network to utilize the available bandwidth effciently. It is no different for Passive Optical Networks(PON), which are networks based on fiber optics in the physical layer of TCP/IP stack or OSI model, which in turn increases the bandwidth in the upper layers. The work in this thesis covers general description of basic DBA Schemes and mathematical derivations that have been established in research. We introduce a Novel Survey Topology that classifes DBA schemes based on their functionality. The novel perspective …

Contributors
Mercian, Anu, Reisslein, Martin, Mcgarry, Michael, et al.
Created Date
2012

To establish reliable wireless communication links it is critical to devise schemes to mitigate the effects of the fading channel. In this regard, this dissertation analyzes two types of systems: point-to-point, and multiuser systems. For point-to-point systems with multiple antennas, switch and stay diversity combining offers a substantial complexity reduction for a modest loss in performance as compared to systems that implement selection diversity. For the first time, the design and performance of space-time coded multiple antenna systems that employ switch and stay combining at the receiver is considered. Novel switching algorithms are proposed and upper bounds on the pairwise …

Contributors
Bangalore Narasimhamurthy, Adarsh, Tepedelenlioglu, Cihan, Duman, Tolga M, et al.
Created Date
2010

Insertion and deletion errors represent an important category of channel impairments. Despite their importance and much work over the years, channels with such impairments are far from being fully understood as they proved to be difficult to analyze. In this dissertation, a promising coding scheme is investigated over independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) insertion/deletion channels, i.e., interleaved concatenation of an outer low-density parity-check (LDPC) code with error-correction capabilities and an inner marker code for synchronization purposes. Marker code structures which offer the highest achievable rates are found with standard bit-level synchronization is performed. Then, to exploit the correlations in the …

Contributors
Wang, Feng, Duman, Tolga M, Tepedelenlioglu, Cihan, et al.
Created Date
2012

Today, many wireless networks are single-channel systems. However, as the interest in wireless services increases, the contention by nodes to occupy the medium is more intense and interference worsens. One direction with the potential to increase system throughput is multi-channel systems. Multi-channel systems have been shown to reduce collisions and increase concurrency thus producing better bandwidth usage. However, the well-known hidden- and exposed-terminal problems inherited from single-channel systems remain, and a new channel selection problem is introduced. In this dissertation, Multi-channel medium access control (MAC) protocols are proposed for mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) for nodes equipped with a single …

Contributors
Moon, Yuhan, Syrotiuk, Violet R, Huang, Dijiang, et al.
Created Date
2010

A Fiber-Wireless (FiWi) network integrates a passive optical network (PON) with wireless mesh networks (WMNs) to provide high speed backhaul via the PON while offering the flexibility and mobility of a WMN. Generally, increasing the size of a WMN leads to higher wireless interference and longer packet delays. The partitioning of a large WMN into several smaller WMN clusters, whereby each cluster is served by an Optical Network Unit (ONU) of the PON, is examined. Existing WMN throughput-delay analysis techniques considering the mean load of the nodes at a given hop distance from a gateway (ONU) are unsuitable for the …

Contributors
Chen, Po-Yen, Reisslein, Martin, Seeling, Patrick, et al.
Created Date
2015

Emerging modular cable network architectures distribute some cable headend functions to remote nodes that are located close to the broadcast cable links reaching the cable modems (CMs) in the subscriber homes and businesses. In the Remote- PHY (R-PHY) architecture, a Remote PHY Device (RPD) conducts the physical layer processing for the analog cable transmissions, while the headend runs the DOCSIS medium access control (MAC) for the upstream transmissions of the distributed CMs over the shared cable link. In contrast, in the Remote MACPHY (R-MACPHY) ar- chitecture, a Remote MACPHY Device (RMD) conducts both the physical and MAC layer processing. The …

Contributors
Alharbi, Ziyad Ghazai, Reisslein, Martin, Thyagaturu, Akhilesh, et al.
Created Date
2019

Data centers connect a larger number of servers requiring IO and switches with low power and delay. Virtualization of IO and network is crucial for these servers, which run virtual processes for computing, storage, and apps. We propose using the PCI Express (PCIe) protocol and a new PCIe switch fabric for IO and switch virtualization. The switch fabric has little data buffering, allowing up to 512 physical 10 Gb/s PCIe2.0 lanes to be connected via a switch fabric. The switch is scalable with adapters running multiple adaptation protocols, such as Ethernet over PCIe, PCIe over Internet, or FibreChannel over Ethernet. …

Contributors
Luo, Haojun, Hui, Joseph, Song, Hongjiang, et al.
Created Date
2013

Ethernet switching is provided to interconnect multiple Ethernets for the exchange of Ethernet data frames. Most Ethernet switches require data buffering and Ethernet signal regeneration at the switch which incur the problems of substantial signal processing, power consumption, and transmission delay. To solve these problems, a cross bar architecture switching system for 10GBASE-T Ethernet is proposed in this thesis. The switching system is considered as the first step of implementing a multi-stage interconnection network to achieve Terabit or Petabit switching. By routing customized headers in capsulated Ethernet frames in an out-of-band control method, the proposed switching system would transmit the …

Contributors
Luo, Haojun, Hui, Joseph, Zhang, Junshan, et al.
Created Date
2010

Distributed inference has applications in a wide range of fields such as source localization, target detection, environment monitoring, and healthcare. In this dissertation, distributed inference schemes which use bounded transmit power are considered. The performance of the proposed schemes are studied for a variety of inference problems. In the first part of the dissertation, a distributed detection scheme where the sensors transmit with constant modulus signals over a Gaussian multiple access channel is considered. The deflection coefficient of the proposed scheme is shown to depend on the characteristic function of the sensing noise, and the error exponent for the system …

Contributors
Dasarathan, Sivaraman, Tepedelenlioglu, Cihan, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, et al.
Created Date
2013

The integration of passive optical networks (PONs) and wireless mesh networks (WMNs) into Fiber-Wireless (FiWi) networks has recently emerged as a promising strategy for providing flexible network services at relative high transmission rates. This work investigates the effectiveness of localized routing that prioritizes transmissions over the local gateway to the optical network and avoids wireless packet transmissions in radio zones that do not contain the packet source or destination. Existing routing schemes for FiWi networks consider mainly hop-count and delay metrics over a flat WMN node topology and do not specifically prioritize the local network structure. The combination of clustered …

Contributors
Dashti, Yousef, Reisslein, Martin, Zhang, Yanchao, et al.
Created Date
2016

Wireless technologies for health monitoring systems have seen considerable interest in recent years owing to it's potential to achieve vision of pervasive healthcare, that is healthcare to anyone, anywhere and anytime. Development of wearable wireless medical devices which have the capability to sense, compute, and send physiological information to a mobile gateway, forming a Body Sensor Network (BSN) is considered as a step towards achieving the vision of pervasive health monitoring systems (PHMS). PHMS consisting of wearable body sensors encourages unsupervised long-term monitoring, reducing frequent visit to hospital and nursing cost. Therefore, it is of utmost importance that operation of …

Contributors
Verma, Sunit, Gupta, Sandeep, Tepedelenlioglu, Cihan, et al.
Created Date
2013

Dynamic channel selection in cognitive radio consists of two main phases. The first phase is spectrum sensing, during which the channels that are occupied by the primary users are detected. The second phase is channel selection, during which the state of the channel to be used by the secondary user is estimated. The existing cognitive radio channel selection literature assumes perfect spectrum sensing. However, this assumption becomes problematic as the noise in the channels increases, resulting in high probability of false alarm and high probability of missed detection. This thesis proposes a solution to this problem by incorporating the estimated …

Contributors
Zapp, Joseph Vincent, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Kovvali, Narayan, et al.
Created Date
2014

Fiber-Wireless (FiWi) network is the future network configuration that uses optical fiber as backbone transmission media and enables wireless network for the end user. Our study focuses on the Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation (DBA) algorithm for EPON upstream transmission. DBA, if designed properly, can dramatically improve the packet transmission delay and overall bandwidth utilization. With new DBA components coming out in research, a comprehensive study of DBA is conducted in this thesis, adding in Double Phase Polling coupled with novel Limited with Share credits Excess distribution method. By conducting a series simulation of DBAs using different components, we found out that …

Contributors
Zhao, Du, Reisslein, Martin, Mcgarry, Michael, et al.
Created Date
2011

Flexibility, reconfigurability and wearability technologies for antenna designs are presented, investigated and merged in this work. Prior to the design of these radiating elements, a study is conducted on several flexible substrates and how to fabricate flexible devices. Furthermore, the integration of active devices into the flexible substrates is also investigated. A new approach of designing inkjet-printed flexible reconfigurable antennas, based on the concept of printed slot elements, is proposed. An alternate technique to reconfigure the folded slot antenna is also reported. The proposed radiator works for both Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) and Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) …

Contributors
Saeed, Saud, Balanis, Constantine A., Palais, Joseph C., et al.
Created Date
2017

Video capture, storage, and distribution in wireless video sensor networks (WVSNs) critically depends on the resources of the nodes forming the sensor networks. In the era of big data, Internet of Things (IoT), and distributed demand and solutions, there is a need for multi-dimensional data to be part of the Sensor Network data that is easily accessible and consumable by humanity as well as machinery. Images and video are expected to become as ubiquitous as is the scalar data in traditional sensor networks. The inception of video-streaming over the Internet, heralded a relentless research for effective ways of distributing video …

Contributors
Seema, Adolph, Reisslein, Martin, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2017

Recently, the location of the nodes in wireless networks has been modeled as point processes. In this dissertation, various scenarios of wireless communications in large-scale networks modeled as point processes are considered. The first part of the dissertation considers signal reception and detection problems with symmetric alpha stable noise which is from an interfering network modeled as a Poisson point process. For the signal reception problem, the performance of space-time coding (STC) over fading channels with alpha stable noise is studied. We derive pairwise error probability (PEP) of orthogonal STCs. For general STCs, we propose a maximum-likelihood (ML) receiver, and …

Contributors
Lee, Junghoon, Tepedelenlioglu, Cihan, Spanias, Andreas, et al.
Created Date
2014

The Internet of Things (IoT) has become a more pervasive part of everyday life. IoT networks such as wireless sensor networks, depend greatly on the limiting unnecessary power consumption. As such, providing low-power, adaptable software can greatly improve network design. For streaming live video content, Wireless Video Sensor Network Platform compatible Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP (WVSNP-DASH) aims to revolutionize wireless segmented video streaming by providing a low-power, adaptable framework to compete with modern DASH players such as Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG-DASH) and Apple’s Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Live Streaming (HLS). Each segment is independently playable, and does not …

Contributors
Khan, Zarah, Reisslein, Martin, Seema, Adolph, et al.
Created Date
2018