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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Contributor
Date Range
2010 2019


Threshold logic has long been studied as a means of achieving higher performance and lower power dissipation, providing improvements by condensing simple logic gates into more complex primitives, effectively reducing gate count, pipeline depth, and number of interconnects. This work proposes a new physical implementation of threshold logic, the threshold logic latch (TLL), which overcomes the difficulties observed in previous work, particularly with respect to gate reliability in the presence of noise and process variations. Simple but effective models were created to assess the delay, power, and noise margin of TLL gates for the purpose of determining the physical parameters …

Contributors
Leshner, Samuel, Vrudhula, Sarma, Chatha, Karamvir, et al.
Created Date
2010

Performance improvements have largely followed Moore's Law due to the help from technology scaling. In order to continue improving performance, power-efficiency must be reduced. Better technology has improved power-efficiency, but this has a limit. Multi-core architectures have been shown to be an additional aid to this crusade of increased power-efficiency. Accelerators are growing in popularity as the next means of achieving power-efficient performance. Accelerators such as Intel SSE are ideal, but prove difficult to program. FPGAs, on the other hand, are less efficient due to their fine-grained reconfigurability. A middle ground is found in CGRAs, which are highly power-efficient, but …

Contributors
Pager, Jared, Shrivastava, Aviral, Gupta, Sandeep, et al.
Created Date
2011

This research describes software based remote attestation schemes for obtaining the integrity of an executing user application and the Operating System (OS) text section of an untrusted client platform. A trusted external entity issues a challenge to the client platform. The challenge is executable code which the client must execute, and the code generates results which are sent to the external entity. These results provide the external entity an assurance as to whether the client application and the OS are in pristine condition. This work also presents a technique where it can be verified that the application which was attested, …

Contributors
Srinivasan, Raghunathan, Dasgupta, Partha, Colbourn, Charles, et al.
Created Date
2011

Residue number systems have gained significant importance in the field of high-speed digital signal processing due to their carry-free nature and speed-up provided by parallelism. The critical aspect in the application of RNS is the selection of the moduli set and the design of the conversion units. There have been several RNS moduli sets proposed for the implementation of digital filters. However, some are unbalanced and some do not provide the required dynamic range. This thesis addresses the drawbacks of existing RNS moduli sets and proposes a new moduli set for efficient implementation of FIR filters. An efficient VLSI implementation …

Contributors
Chalivendra, Gayathri, Vrudhula, Sarma, Shrivastava, Aviral, et al.
Created Date
2011

The ubiquity of embedded computational systems has exploded in recent years impacting everything from hand-held computers and automotive driver assistance to battlefield command and control and autonomous systems. Typical embedded computing systems are characterized by highly resource constrained operating environments. In particular, limited energy resources constrain performance in embedded systems often reliant on independent fuel or battery supplies. Ultimately, mitigating energy consumption without sacrificing performance in these systems is paramount. In this work power/performance optimization emphasizing prevailing data centric applications including video and signal processing is addressed for energy constrained embedded systems. Frameworks are presented which exchange quality of service …

Contributors
Baker, Michael, Chatha, Karam S., Raupp, Gregory B., et al.
Created Date
2011

Reducing device dimensions, increasing transistor densities, and smaller timing windows, expose the vulnerability of processors to soft errors induced by charge carrying particles. Since these factors are inevitable in the advancement of processor technology, the industry has been forced to improve reliability on general purpose Chip Multiprocessors (CMPs). With the availability of increased hardware resources, redundancy based techniques are the most promising methods to eradicate soft error failures in CMP systems. This work proposes a novel customizable and redundant CMP architecture (UnSync) that utilizes hardware based detection mechanisms (most of which are readily available in the processor), to reduce overheads …

Contributors
Hong, Fei, Shrivastava, Aviral, Bazzi, Rida, et al.
Created Date
2011

Ever reducing time to market, along with short product lifetimes, has created a need to shorten the microprocessor design time. Verification of the design and its analysis are two major components of this design cycle. Design validation techniques can be broadly classified into two major categories: simulation based approaches and formal techniques. Simulation based microprocessor validation involves running millions of cycles using random or pseudo random tests and allows verification of the register transfer level (RTL) model against an architectural model, i.e., that the processor executes instructions as required. The validation effort involves model checking to a high level description …

Contributors
Sharma, Abhishek, Clark, Lawrence, Holbert, Keith, et al.
Created Date
2011

In recent years, we have observed the prevalence of stream applications in many embedded domains. Stream programs distinguish themselves from traditional sequential programming languages through well defined independent actors, explicit data communication, and stable code/data access patterns. In order to achieve high performance and low power, scratch pad memory (SPM) has been introduced in today's embedded multicore processors. Current design frameworks for developing stream applications on SPM enhanced embedded architectures typically do not include a compiler that can perform automatic partitioning, mapping and scheduling under limited on-chip SPM capacities and memory access delays. Consequently, many designs are implemented manually, which …

Contributors
Che, Weijia, Chatha, Karam Singh, Chatha, Karam Singh, et al.
Created Date
2012

Threshold logic has been studied by at least two independent group of researchers. One group of researchers studied threshold logic with the intention of building threshold logic circuits. The earliest research to this end was done in the 1960's. The major work at that time focused on studying mathematical properties of threshold logic as no efficient circuit implementations of threshold logic were available. Recently many post-CMOS (Complimentary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) technologies that implement threshold logic have been proposed along with efficient CMOS implementations. This has renewed the effort to develop efficient threshold logic design automation techniques. This work contributes to …

Contributors
Linge Gowda, Tejaswi, Vrudhula, Sarma, Shrivastava, Aviral, et al.
Created Date
2012

Thanks to continuous technology scaling, intelligent, fast and smaller digital systems are now available at affordable costs. As a result, digital systems have found use in a wide range of application areas that were not even imagined before, including medical (e.g., MRI, remote or post-operative monitoring devices, etc.), automotive (e.g., adaptive cruise control, anti-lock brakes, etc.), security systems (e.g., residential security gateways, surveillance devices, etc.), and in- and out-of-body sensing (e.g., capsule swallowed by patients measuring digestive system pH, heart monitors, etc.). Such computing systems, which are completely embedded within the application, are called embedded systems, as opposed to general …

Contributors
Jeyapaul, Reiley, Shrivastava, Aviral, Vrudhula, Sarma, et al.
Created Date
2012

Limited Local Memory (LLM) multicore architectures are promising powerefficient architectures will scalable memory hierarchy. In LLM multicores, each core can access only a small local memory. Accesses to a large shared global memory can only be made explicitly through Direct Memory Access (DMA) operations. Standard Template Library (STL) is a powerful programming tool and is widely used for software development. STLs provide dynamic data structures, algorithms, and iterators for vector, deque (double-ended queue), list, map (red-black tree), etc. Since the size of the local memory is limited in the cores of the LLM architecture, and data transfer is not automatically …

Contributors
Lu, Di, Shrivastava, Aviral, Chatha, Karamvir, et al.
Created Date
2012

Network-on-Chip (NoC) architectures have emerged as the solution to the on-chip communication challenges of multi-core embedded processor architectures. Design space exploration and performance evaluation of a NoC design requires fast simulation infrastructure. Simulation of register transfer level model of NoC is too slow for any meaningful design space exploration. One of the solutions to reduce the speed of simulation is to increase the level of abstraction. SystemC TLM2.0 provides the capability to model hardware design at higher levels of abstraction with trade-off of simulation speed and accuracy. In this thesis, SystemC TLM2.0 models of NoC routers are developed at three …

Contributors
Arlagadda Narasimharaju, Jyothi Swaroop, Chatha, Karamvir S, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2012

The use of energy-harvesting in a wireless sensor network (WSN) is essential for situations where it is either difficult or not cost effective to access the network's nodes to replace the batteries. In this paper, the problems involved in controlling an active sensor network that is powered both by batteries and solar energy are investigated. The objective is to develop control strategies to maximize the quality of coverage (QoC), which is defined as the minimum number of targets that must be covered and reported over a 24 hour period. Assuming a time varying solar profile, the problem is to optimally …

Contributors
Gaudette, Benjamin David, Vrudhula, Sarma, Shrivastava, Aviral, et al.
Created Date
2012

In recent years we have witnessed a shift towards multi-processor system-on-chips (MPSoCs) to address the demands of embedded devices (such as cell phones, GPS devices, luxury car features, etc.). Highly optimized MPSoCs are well-suited to tackle the complex application demands desired by the end user customer. These MPSoCs incorporate a constellation of heterogeneous processing elements (PEs) (general purpose PEs and application-specific integrated circuits (ASICS)). A typical MPSoC will be composed of a application processor, such as an ARM Coretex-A9 with cache coherent memory hierarchy, and several application sub-systems. Each of these sub-systems are composed of highly optimized instruction processors, graphics/DSP …

Contributors
Leary, Glenn, Chatha, Karamvir S, Vrudhula, Sarma, et al.
Created Date
2013

In this thesis we deal with the problem of temporal logic robustness estimation. We present a dynamic programming algorithm for the robust estimation problem of Metric Temporal Logic (MTL) formulas regarding a finite trace of time stated sequence. This algorithm not only tests if the MTL specification is satisfied by the given input which is a finite system trajectory, but also quantifies to what extend does the sequence satisfies or violates the MTL specification. The implementation of the algorithm is the DP-TALIRO toolbox for MATLAB. Currently it is used as the temporal logic robust computing engine of S-TALIRO which is …

Contributors
Yang, Hengyi, Fainekos, Georgios, Sarjoughian, Hessam, et al.
Created Date
2013

Rapid technology scaling, the main driver of the power and performance improvements of computing solutions, has also rendered our computing systems extremely susceptible to transient errors called soft errors. Among the arsenal of techniques to protect computation from soft errors, Control Flow Checking (CFC) based techniques have gained a reputation of effective, yet low-cost protection mechanism. The basic idea is that, there is a high probability that a soft-fault in program execution will eventually alter the control flow of the program. Therefore just by making sure that the control flow of the program is correct, significant protection can be achieved. …

Contributors
Rhisheekesan, Abhishek, Shrivastava, Aviral, Colbourn, Charles Joseph, et al.
Created Date
2013

Energy consumption of the data centers worldwide is rapidly growing fueled by ever-increasing demand for Cloud computing applications ranging from social networking to e-commerce. Understandably, ensuring energy-efficiency and sustainability of Cloud data centers without compromising performance is important for both economic and environmental reasons. This dissertation develops a cyber-physical multi-tier server and workload management architecture which operates at the local and the global (geo-distributed) data center level. We devise optimization frameworks for each tier to optimize energy consumption, energy cost and carbon footprint of the data centers. The proposed solutions are aware of various energy management tradeoffs that manifest due …

Contributors
Abbasi, Zahra, Gupta, Sandeep K. S., Chakrabarti, Chaitali, et al.
Created Date
2014

Stream processing has emerged as an important model of computation especially in the context of multimedia and communication sub-systems of embedded System-on-Chip (SoC) architectures. The dataflow nature of streaming applications allows them to be most naturally expressed as a set of kernels iteratively operating on continuous streams of data. The kernels are computationally intensive and are mainly characterized by real-time constraints that demand high throughput and data bandwidth with limited global data reuse. Conventional architectures fail to meet these demands due to their poorly matched execution models and the overheads associated with instruction and data movements. This work presents StreamWorks, …

Contributors
Panda, Amrit Kumar, Chatha, Karam S., Wu, Carole-Jean, et al.
Created Date
2014

Coarse-Grained Reconfigurable Architectures (CGRA) are a promising fabric for improving the performance and power-efficiency of computing devices. CGRAs are composed of components that are well-optimized to execute loops and rotating register file is an example of such a component present in CGRAs. Due to the rotating nature of register indexes in rotating register file, it is very challenging, if at all possible, to hold and properly index memory addresses (pointers) and static values. In this Thesis, different structures for CGRA register files are investigated. Those structures are experimentally compared in terms of performance of mapped applications, design frequency, and area. …

Contributors
SALUJA, Dipal, Shrivastava, Aviral, Lee, Yann-Hang, et al.
Created Date
2014

Software has a great impact on the energy efficiency of any computing system--it can manage the components of a system efficiently or inefficiently. The impact of software is amplified in the context of a wearable computing system used for activity recognition. The design space this platform opens up is immense and encompasses sensors, feature calculations, activity classification algorithms, sleep schedules, and transmission protocols. Design choices in each of these areas impact energy use, overall accuracy, and usefulness of the system. This thesis explores methods software can influence the trade-off between energy consumption and system accuracy. In general the more energy …

Contributors
Boyd, Jeffrey, Sundaram, Hari, Li, Baoxin, et al.
Created Date
2014