Skip to main content

ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Resource Type
Subject
Date Range
2011 2019


A process plan is an instruction set for the manufacture of parts generated from detailed design drawings or CAD models. While these plans are highly detailed about machines, tools, fixtures and operation parameters; tolerances typically show up in less formal manner in such plans, if at all. It is not uncommon to see only dimensional plus/minus values on rough sketches accompanying the instructions. On the other hand, design drawings use standard GD&T (Geometrical Dimensioning and tolerancing) symbols with datums and DRFs (Datum Reference Frames) clearly specified. This is not to say that process planners do not consider tolerances; they are …

Contributors
Haghighi, Payam, Shah, Jami J, Davidson, Joseph K, et al.
Created Date
2015

As additive manufacturing grows as a cost-effective method of manufacturing, lighter, stronger and more efficient designs emerge. Heat exchangers are one of the most critical thermal devices in the thermal industry. Additive manufacturing brings us a design freedom no other manufacturing technology offers. Advancements in 3D printing lets us reimagine and optimize the performance of the heat exchangers with an incredible design flexibility previously unexplored due to manufacturing constraints. In this research, the additive manufacturing technology and the heat exchanger design are explored to find a unique solution to improve the efficiency of heat exchangers. This includes creating a Triply …

Contributors
Chandrasekaran, Gokul, Phelan, Patrick E, Rykaczewski, Konrad, et al.
Created Date
2018

The goal of this paper was to do an analysis of two-dimensional unsplit mass and momentum conserving Finite Volume Methods for Advection for Volume of Fluid Fields with interfaces and validating their rates of convergence. Specifically three unsplit transport methods and one split transport method were amalgamated individually with four Piece-wise Linear Reconstruction Schemes (PLIC) i.e. Unsplit Eulerian Advection (UEA) by Owkes and Desjardins (2014), Unsplit Lagrangian Advection (ULA) by Yang et al. (2010), Split Lagrangian Advection (SLA) by Scardovelli and Zaleski (2003) and Unsplit Averaged Eulerian-Lagrangian Advection (UAELA) with two Finite Difference Methods by Parker and Youngs (1992) and …

Contributors
Ansari, Adil, Herrmann, Marcus, Peet, Yulia, et al.
Created Date
2019

The Volume-of-Fluid method is a popular method for interface tracking in Multiphase applications within Computational Fluid Dynamics. To date there exists several algorithms for reconstruction of a geometric interface surface. Of these are the Finite Difference algorithm, Least Squares Volume-of-Fluid Interface Reconstruction Algorithm, LVIRA, and the Efficient Least Squares Volume-of-Fluid Interface Reconstruction Algorithm, ELVIRA. Along with these geometric interface reconstruction algorithms, there exist several volume-of-fluid transportation algorithms. This paper will discuss two operator-splitting advection algorithms and an unsplit advection algorithm. Using these three interface reconstruction algorithms, and three advection algorithms, a comparison will be drawn to see how different combinations …

Contributors
Kedelty, Dominic Sebastian, Herrmann, Marcus, Huang, Huei-Ping, et al.
Created Date
2015

A computational framework based on convex optimization is presented for stability analysis of systems described by Partial Differential Equations (PDEs). Specifically, two forms of linear PDEs with spatially distributed polynomial coefficients are considered. The first class includes linear coupled PDEs with one spatial variable. Parabolic, elliptic or hyperbolic PDEs with Dirichlet, Neumann, Robin or mixed boundary conditions can be reformulated in order to be used by the framework. As an example, the reformulation is presented for systems governed by Schr¨odinger equation, parabolic type, relativistic heat conduction PDE and acoustic wave equation, hyperbolic types. The second form of PDEs of interest …

Contributors
Meyer, Evgeny, Peet, Matthew, Berman, Spring, et al.
Created Date
2016

A new critical plane-energy model is proposed in this thesis for multiaxial fatigue life prediction of homogeneous and heterogeneous materials. Brief review of existing methods, especially on the critical plane-based and energy-based methods, are given first. Special focus is on one critical plane approach which has been shown to work for both brittle and ductile metals. The key idea is to automatically change the critical plane orientation with respect to different materials and stress states. One potential drawback of the developed model is that it needs an empirical calibration parameter for non-proportional multiaxial loadings since only the strain terms are …

Contributors
Wei, Haoyang, Liu, Yongming, Jiang, Hanqing, et al.
Created Date
2016

The main objective of this project was to create a framework for holistic ideation and research about the technical issues involved in creating a holistic approach. Towards that goal, we explored different components of ideation (both logical and intuitive), characterized ideation states, and found new ideation blocks with strategies used to overcome them. One of the major contributions of this research is the method by which easy traversal between different ideation methods with different components were facilitated, to support both creativity and functional quality. Another important part of the framework is the sensing of ideation states (blocks/ unfettered ideation) and …

Contributors
Mohan, Manikandan, Shah, Jami J, Huebner, Kenneth, et al.
Created Date
2011

It is well known that the geckos can cling to almost any surface using highly dense micro/nano fibrils found on the feet that rely on Van Der Waals forces to adhere. A few experimental and theoretical approaches have been taken to understand the adhesion mechanism of gecko feet. This work explains the building procedure of custom experimental setup to test the adhesion force over a temperature range and extends its application in space environment, potentially unsafe working condition. This study demonstrates that these adhesive capable of switching adhesive properties not only at room environment but also over a temperature range …

Contributors
Mate, Sunil Munjaji, Marvi, Hamidreza, Rykaczewski, Konrad, et al.
Created Date
2016

Stereolithography files (STL) are widely used in diverse fields as a means of describing complex geometries through surface triangulations. The resulting stereolithography output is a result of either experimental measurements, or computer-aided design. Often times stereolithography outputs from experimental means are prone to noise, surface irregularities and holes in an otherwise closed surface. A general method for denoising and adaptively smoothing these dirty stereolithography files is proposed. Unlike existing means, this approach aims to smoothen the dirty surface representation by utilizing the well established levelset method. The level of smoothing and denoising can be set depending on a per-requirement basis …

Contributors
Kannan, Karthik, Herrmann, Marcus, Peet, Yulia, et al.
Created Date
2014

This thesis presents the design and testing of a soft robotic device for water utility pipeline inspection. The preliminary findings of this new approach to conventional methods of pipe inspection demonstrate that a soft inflatable robot can successfully traverse the interior space of a range of diameter pipes using pneumatic and without the need to adjust rigid, mechanical components. The robot utilizes inflatable soft actuators with an adjustable radius which, when pressurized, can provide a radial force, effectively anchoring the device in place. Additional soft inflatable actuators translate forces along the center axis of the device which creates forward locomotion …

Contributors
Adams, Wade Silas, Aukes, Daniel, Sugar, Thomas, et al.
Created Date
2019

Fluids such as steam, oils, and molten salts are commonly used to store and transfer heat in a concentrating solar power (CSP) system. Metal oxide materials have received increasing attention for their reversible reduction-oxidation (redox) reaction that permits receiving, storing, and releasing energy through sensible and chemical potential. This study investigates the performance of a 111.7 MWe CSP system coupled with a thermochemical energy storage system (TCES) that uses a redox active metal oxide acting as the heat transfer fluid. A one-dimensional thermodynamic model is introduced for the novel CSP system design, with detailed designs of the underlying nine components …

Contributors
Gorman, Brandon Tom, Johnson, Nathan G, Stechel, Ellen B, et al.
Created Date
2017

Material extrusion based rapid prototyping systems have been used to produceprototypes for several years. They have been quite important in the additive manufacturing field, and have gained popularity in research, development and manufacturing in a wide field of applications. There has been a lot of interest in using these technologies to produce end use parts, and Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) has gained traction in leading the transition of rapid prototyping technologies to rapid manufacturing. But parts built with the FDM process exhibit property anisotropy. Many studies have been conducted into process optimization, material properties and even post processing of parts, …

Contributors
Kurapatti Ravi, Abinesh, Hao Hsu, Keng, Hildreth, Owen, et al.
Created Date
2016

This thesis considers two problems in the control of robotic swarms. Firstly, it addresses a trajectory planning and task allocation problem for a swarm of resource-constrained robots that cannot localize or communicate with each other and that exhibit stochasticity in their motion and task switching policies. We model the population dynamics of the robotic swarm as a set of advection-diffusion- reaction (ADR) partial differential equations (PDEs). Specifically, we consider a linear parabolic PDE model that is bilinear in the robots' velocity and task-switching rates. These parameters constitute a set of time-dependent control variables that can be optimized and transmitted to …

Contributors
Elamvazhuthi, Karthik, Berman, Spring Melody, Peet, Matthew Monnig, et al.
Created Date
2014

Human walking has been a highly studied topic in research communities because of its extreme importance to human functionality and mobility. A complex system of interconnected gait mechanisms in humans is responsible for generating robust and consistent walking motion over unpredictable ground and through challenging obstacles. One interesting aspect of human gait is the ability to adjust in order to accommodate varying surface grades. Typical approaches to investigating this gait function focus on incline and decline surface angles, but most experiments fail to address the effects of surface grades that cause ankle inversion and eversion. There have been several studies …

Contributors
Barkan, Andrew Robert, Artemiadis, Panagiotis, Lee, Hyunglae, et al.
Created Date
2016

Near-field thermal radiation occurs when the distance between two surfaces at different temperatures is less than the characteristic wavelength of thermal radiation. While theoretical studies predict that the near-field radiative heat transfer could exceed Planck’s blackbody limit in the far-field by orders of magnitudes depending on the materials and gap distance, experimental measurement of super-Planckian near-field radiative heat flux is extremely challenging in particular at sub-100-nm vacuum gaps and few has been demonstrated. The objective of this thesis is to develop a novel thermal metrology based on AFM bi-material cantilever and experimentally measure near-field thermal radiation. The experiment setup is …

Contributors
Kondakindi, Ramteja Reddy, Wang, Liping, Kwon, Beomjin, et al.
Created Date
2019

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) has always held the safety and reliability of the nation's nuclear reactor fleet as a top priority. Continual improvements and advancements in nuclear fuels have been instrumental in maximizing energy generation from nuclear power plants and minimizing waste. One aspect of the DOE Fuel Cycle Research and Development Advanced Fuels Campaign is to improve the mechanical properties of uranium dioxide (UO2) for nuclear fuel applications. In an effort to improve the performance of UO2, by increasing the fracture toughness and ductility, small quantities of oxide materials have been added to samples to act …

Contributors
McDonald, Robert Edward, Peralta, Pedro, Rajagopalan, Jagannathan, et al.
Created Date
2014

The flow of liquid PDMS (10:1 v/v base to cross-linker ratio) in open, rectangular silicon micro channels, with and without a hexa-methyl-di-silazane (HMDS) or poly-tetra-fluoro-ethylene (PTFE) (120 nm) coat, was studied. Photolithographic patterning and etching of silicon wafers was used to create micro channels with a range of widths (5-50 μm) and depths (5-20 μm). The experimental PDMS flow rates were compared to an analytical model based on the work of Lucas and Washburn. The experimental flow rates closely matched the predicted flow rates for channels with an aspect ratio (width to depth), p, between one and two. Flow rates …

Contributors
Sowers, Timothy Wayne, Rajagopalan, Jagannathan, Herrmann, Marcus, et al.
Created Date
2014

A method for modelling the interactions of dislocations with inclusions has been developed to analyse toughening mechanisms in alloys. This method is different from the superposition method in that infinite domain solutions and image stress fields are not superimposed. The method is based on the extended finite element method (XFEM) in which the dislocations are modelled according to the Volterra dislocation model. Interior discontinuities are introduced across dislocation glide planes using enrichment functions and the resulting boundary value problem is solved through the standard finite element variational approach. The level set method is used to describe the geometry of the …

Contributors
Veeresh, Pawan Manjunath, Oswald, Jay, Jiang, Hanqing, et al.
Created Date
2016

Conceptual design stage plays a critical role in product development. However, few systematic methods and tools exist to support conceptual design. The long term aim of this project is to develop a tool for facilitating holistic ideation for conceptual design. This research is a continuation of past efforts in ASU Design Automation Lab. In past research, an interactive software test bed (Holistic Ideation Tool - version 1) was developed to explore logical ideation methods. Ideation states were identified and ideation strategies were developed to overcome common ideation blocks. The next version (version 2) of the holistic ideation tool added Cascading …

Contributors
Narsale, Sumit Sunil, Shah, Jami J, Davidson, Joseph K, et al.
Created Date
2014

One of the fundamental aspects of cellular material design is cell shape selection. Of particular interest is how this selection can be made in the context of a realistic three-dimensional structure. Towards this goal, this work studied the stiffness response of periodic and stochastic lattice structures for the loading conditions of bending, torsion and tension/compression using commercially available lattice design optimization software. The goal of this computational study was to examine the feasibility of developing a ranking order based on minimum compliance or maximum stiffness for enabling cell selection. A study of stochastic shapes with different seeds was also performed. …

Contributors
Sharma, Raghav, Bhate, Dhruv, Oswald, Jay, et al.
Created Date
2019