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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Resource Type
Status
  • Public
Date Range
2010 2021


Background: Stores authorized by the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) have been shown to improve the community food environments of lower-income areas by stocking healthy food items in accordance with the program’s food package guidelines. Whether greater access to WIC-authorized stores is associated with improvements in diet among children from WIC and non-WIC households is not well understood. Methods: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data collected in 2009-2010 and 2014 for the New Jersey Child Health Study (NJCHS). Surveys from 2,211 urban households with 3-18-year-old children. Counts of WIC stores near children’s homes determined through geo-coding of …

Contributors
Stevens, Clinton, Ohri-Vachaspati, Punam, Gosliner, Wendi, et al.
Created Date
2021

Chronic diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer are leading causes of death in the United States. Although they result from a host of personal and environmental factors, diet remains a critical way to reduce the risk. Plant-based diets in particular are associated with reduction in risk for chronic disease due to an intake that closely mirrors the Dietary Guidelines for fruit and vegetable consumption, fiber, and fat intake. Additionally, plant-based diets offer a sustainable alternative in relation to food production as they often require fewer natural resources overall. While there are many benefits to following a plant-based diet, …

Contributors
Incollingo, April, Wharton, Christopher, Johnston, Carol, et al.
Created Date
2020

The traditional access control system suffers from the problem of separation of data ownership and management. It poses data security issues in application scenarios such as cloud computing and blockchain where the data owners either do not trust the data storage provider or even do not know who would have access to their data once they are appended to the chain. In these scenarios, the data owner actually loses control of the data once they are uploaded to the outside storage. Encryption-before-uploading is the way to solve this issue, however traditional encryption schemes such as AES, RSA, ECC, bring about …

Contributors
Dong, Qiuxiang, Huang, Dijiang, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2020

Healthy lifestyle behaviors including quality nutrition have been shown to successfully prevent chronic disease or minimize symptoms. However, many physicians lack the knowledge and skills to provide adequate nutrition counseling and education for their patients. A major component of this problem is that medical schools are not required to teach nutrition education. The purpose of this feasibility study was to compare the changes in the perceived importance of nutrition in the medical field in medical students before and after participating in a week-long interactive nutrition course in order to determine if a week-long course can positively influence students’ perceptions of …

Contributors
Baum, Makenna, Johnston, Carol, Levinson, Simin, et al.
Created Date
2020

Police departments have perceived improved citizen behavior to be a benefit of body-worn cameras (BWC) since their implementation. Often referred to as a civilizing effect, the idea that citizens will become calmer when they know that they are being recorded by an officer is rooted in deterrence theory and self-awareness theory. Deterrence theory states that people will behave properly when they believe punishment will be swift, certain, and severe, while self-awareness theory states that individuals cognizant of their place in society model their actions based on social norms. The presence of a BWC, though, does not guarantee that the citizen …

Contributors
Patterson, Quin Ryan, White, Michael D, Katz, Charles, et al.
Created Date
2020

Operational code analysis (OCA) is a common method of content analysis within the foreign policy analysis (FPA) literature used to determine the “operational code” of state leaders and, by extension, the foreign policy behaviors of their respective state. It has been tried and tested many times before, on many different world leaders from many different time periods, to predict what the foreign policy behavior of a state/organization might be based on the philosophical and instrumental beliefs of their leader about the political universe. This paper, however, questions if there might be types of politicians that OCA, conducted using the automated …

Contributors
Luengas, David Leonardo, Thies, Cameron, Lewis, Paul, et al.
Created Date
2020

This study will explore the role and impact of socially engaged art (SEA) on participants when presented through an interactive and nomadic mobile context. Using an action research methodology, I will use a pop-up camper to serve as research and art making hub. I will travel with the hub to various locations throughout Arizona working with participants to create an artistic response to prompts that encourage them to think about their own communities and participants’ roles within them. Some of these pieces will travel with the hub to future locations, serving as a point of response and/or engagement for participants …

Contributors
Gaylord III, James, Coats, Cala, Stokrocki, Mary, et al.
Created Date
2020

In a multi-robot system, locating a team robot is an important issue. If robots can refer to the location of team robots based on information through passive action recognition without explicit communication, various advantages (e.g. improving security for military purposes) can be obtained. Specifically, when team robots follow the same motion rule based on information about adjacent robots, associations can be found between robot actions. If the association can be analyzed, this can be a clue to the remote robot. Using these clues, it is possible to infer remote robots which are outside of the sensor range. In this paper, …

Contributors
Kang, Sehyeok, Pavlic, Theodore P, Richa, Andrea W, et al.
Created Date
2020

The “filter bubble” has been a heated discussion topic since several years ago. In addition to possible algorithmic contribution to this phenomenon, people’s selective exposure tendency may be another primary cause of the “filter bubble” on social media. Prior research indicates that, under the influence of selective exposure tendency, people tend to perceive pro-attitudinal news as more credible than counter-attitudinal news, with strong partisans more likely to be affected. The proposed thesis seeks to examine whether the perceived credibility of a news source and story on social media is influenced by selective exposure and strength of partisanship. Through an experimental …

Contributors
Liu, Xingyu, Mickelson, Kristin D, Hall, Deborah, et al.
Created Date
2020

Few studies bridge workplace engagement and employee voice with internal communication. This analysis builds upon both the crucial concept of employee engagement and its implications for communication professionals and leaders. Further, it calls for more strategic integration of upward employee voice in internal communications. By examining factors that support communication (in two directions) and especially upward employee voice, researchers examine a case study of an intranet site at a major academic research institute. Factors that support employee expression are compared with data streams from both user survey and website analytics. The results point to voice-inducing techniques include projecting critical mass, …

Contributors
Kurth, Julie, Maid, Barry, Brumberger, Eva, et al.
Created Date
2020

This study aimed to investigate the effects of specific macronutrient feedings on competitive golf performance and perceived levels of fatigue and alertness. Participants played three, nine hole rounds of golf, consuming an isocaloric beverage as a control (CON), with the addition of carbohydrate (CHO), or combination of protein and carbohydrate (COM). Physiological and performance measurements were taken before, during, and following each nine hole round. Performance measurements include driving accuracy (DA), driving distance (DD), iron accuracy (IA), chipping accuracy (CA), and putting accuracy (PA). Pre-golf hydration status (urine specific gravity [USG]) and Sweat Rate during golf performance showed no significant …

Contributors
Thompsett, Daniel James, Wardenaar, Floris, Der Ananian, Cheryl, et al.
Created Date
2020

People who have been incarcerated struggle to find access to quality housing in the United States, which leads to over 600,000 people a year facing an extreme housing crisis with an increased risk of homelessness. People who have been incarcerated face barriers that keep them from securing employment, earning an income, and gaining financial stability, which can have a major impact on housing quality and home ownership. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this thesis examines ex-offenders’ access to quality housing and the impact incarceration has on home ownership. Results from Ordinary Least Squares regression indicate …

Contributors
Aragon, Samantha Jordan, Charron-Chenier, Raphael, Martin, Nathan, et al.
Created Date
2020

ABSTRACT Individuals receiving hospice care at the end of life have a unique set of needs, requiring interdisciplinary assessment and treatment to meet their multidimensional circumstances and create a supportive and comfortable experience. Music therapy is often an integral component of hospice care utilized to treat the whole person. While there are published music therapy assessment tools for use with the hospice population, there is no assessment tool specifically aimed at understanding the role of music preference in the context of the hospice patient’s multidimensional musical ecosystem identity. The purpose of this thesis was to create an assessment tool to …

Contributors
Hodge, Lisa Diane, Belgrave, Melita, Norton, Kay, et al.
Created Date
2020

Cetacean-based ecotourism is a popular activity and an important source of revenue for many countries. Whale watching, a subset of cetacean-based ecotourism, is vital to supporting conservation efforts and provides numerous benefits to local communities including educational opportunities and job creation. However, the sustainability of whale-based ecotourism depends on the behavior and health of whale populations and is therefore vital that ecotourism industries consider the impact their activities have on whale reproductive behavior. To address this statement, behavioral data (e.g. direction change, breaching, slap behaviors, diving, and spy hops) were collected from humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in Las Perlas Archipelago …

Contributors
Amrein, Arielle, Gerber, Leah R, Guzman, Hector M, et al.
Created Date
2020

In 1915, a bear slew and consumed seven residents of a farming hamlet in Hokkaido, Japan. The circumstances surrounding these killings are laden with semiotic gravitas. A comprehensive analysis of the millennia of historical forces that preceded and begat Japan's modern shift is impractical. Rather it is through the identification of the ideal précis of change, and a Thick Analysis thereof, that I arrive at an understanding of how, and precisely when, Japan crossed modernity's rampart. The attacks perpetrated by, and the hunt and dispatch of, the bear include aspects of separation from the past vis a vis their relationship …

Contributors
Laichtman, David Aaron, Fixico, Donald, Hedberg, William C, et al.
Created Date
2020

Academic deviance is a potentially detrimental behavior for students and universities alike in that it causes credit to be given to individuals where it is not due. Furthermore, it is a common occurrence, with around half of college students admitting to engaging in this behavior at least once. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between perfectionism, strain, and academic deviance. In doing this, this study uses data from a primary data collection effort in Arizona State University, with a final sample of 696 students, to answer three research questions: Are there differences in the likelihood …

Contributors
Allen, Savanna Marie, Pizarro, Jesenia, Fine, Adam, et al.
Created Date
2020

It has been repeatedly shown that females have lower stability and increased risk of ankle injury when compared to males participating in similar sports activities (e.g., basketball and soccer), yet sex differences in neuromuscular control of the ankle, including the modulation of ankle stiffness, and their contribution to stability remain unknown. To identify sex differences in human ankle stiffness, this study quantified 2- dimensional (2D) ankle stiffness in 20 young, healthy men and 20 young, healthy women during upright standing over a range of tasks, specifically, ankle muscle co-contraction tasks (4 levels up to 20% maximum voluntary co-contraction of ankle …

Contributors
Adjei, Ermyntrude, Lee, Hyunglae, Santello, Marco, et al.
Created Date
2020

ABSTRACT The purpose of this thesis is to identify the key determinants of changes in the public’s perception and the historical and legal context for the current laws that govern the Right to Die in America. At its essence, the Right to Die Movement can be summarized in six selected narratives that were performed, told, debated, or reported for the public throughout history. Each of these six stories was presented with the most effective communication technologies available to the narrators in their respective eras. The thesis includes an original research study assessing the impact of a social media phenomenon on …

Contributors
Grossman, Jennifer Elizabeth, Gereboff, Joel, Ross, Heather M., et al.
Created Date
2020

Positron emission tomography (PET) is a non-invasive molecular imaging technique widely used for the quantification of physiological and biochemical processes in preclinical and clinical research. Due to its fundamental role in the health care system, there is a constant need for improvement and optimization of its scanner systems and protocols leading to a dedicated active area of research for PET. (Geant4 Application for Tomographic Emission (GATE) is a simulation platform designed to model and analyze a medical device. Monte Carlo simulations are essential tools to assist in optimizing the data acquisition protocols or in evaluating the correction methods for improved …

Contributors
Thirumalai, Sowmiya Raj, Vasileska, Dragica, Goldan, Amirhossein, et al.
Created Date
2020

Previous literature on synchronization to music using finger tapping tasks in a laboratory or otherwise controlled setting has led to some invaluable, albeit dated, theories about time and synchronization. In an effort to modernize some of the approaches utilized in research on music synchronization, this study applies established theories of music entrainment to a fieldwork study. Specifically, this study focuses on the extent to which participants of Capoeira, a Brazilian martial art disguised as a dance, synchronize to external timekeepers by analyzing icti in several types of movements and comparing them to musical rhythmic beats. Sports psychology studies have shown …

Contributors
Rossi, Alex, Norton, Kay, Knowles, Kristina, et al.
Created Date
2020