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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Resource Type
  • Doctoral Dissertation
Date Range
2014 2019


Ultrasound B-mode imaging is an increasingly significant medical imaging modality for clinical applications. Compared to other imaging modalities like computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound imaging has the advantage of being safe, inexpensive, and portable. While two dimensional (2-D) ultrasound imaging is very popular, three dimensional (3-D) ultrasound imaging provides distinct advantages over its 2-D counterpart by providing volumetric imaging, which leads to more accurate analysis of tumor and cysts. However, the amount of received data at the front-end of 3-D system is extremely large, making it impractical for power-constrained portable systems. In this thesis, algorithm and …

Contributors
Zhou, Jian, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, et al.
Created Date
2019

Software-defined radio provides users with a low-cost and flexible platform for implementing and studying advanced communications and remote sensing applications. Two such applications include unmanned aerial system-to-ground communications channel and joint sensing and communication systems. In this work, these applications are studied. In the first part, unmanned aerial system-to-ground communications channel models are derived from empirical data collected from software-defined radio transceivers in residential and mountainous desert environments using a small (< 20 kg) unmanned aerial system during low-altitude flight (< 130 m). The Kullback-Leibler divergence measure was employed to characterize model mismatch from the empirical data. Using this measure …

Contributors
Gutierrez, Richard, Bliss, Daniel W, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, et al.
Created Date
2018

Testing and calibration constitute a significant part of the overall manufacturing cost of microelectromechanical system (MEMS) devices. Developing a low-cost testing and calibration scheme applicable at the user side that ensures the continuous reliability and accuracy is a crucial need. The main purpose of testing is to eliminate defective devices and to verify the qualifications of a product is met. The calibration process for capacitive MEMS devices, for the most part, entails the determination of the mechanical sensitivity. In this work, a physical-stimulus-free built-in-self-test (BIST) integrated circuit (IC) design characterizing the sensitivity of capacitive MEMS accelerometers is presented. The BIST …

Contributors
Ozel, Muhlis Kenan, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, Ozev, Sule, et al.
Created Date
2017

Memory systems are becoming increasingly error-prone, and thus guaranteeing their reliability is a major challenge. In this dissertation, new techniques to improve the reliability of both 2D and 3D dynamic random access memory (DRAM) systems are presented. The proposed schemes have higher reliability than current systems but with lower power, better performance and lower hardware cost. First, a low overhead solution that improves the reliability of commodity DRAM systems with no change in the existing memory architecture is presented. Specifically, five erasure and error correction (E-ECC) schemes are proposed that provide at least Chipkill-Correct protection for x4 (Schemes 1, 2 …

Contributors
Chen, Hsing-Min, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, Mudge, Trevor, et al.
Created Date
2017

As integrated technologies are scaling down, there is an increasing trend in the process,voltage and temperature (PVT) variations of highly integrated RF systems. Accounting for these variations during the design phase requires tremendous amount of time for prediction of RF performance and optimizing it accordingly. Thus, there is an increasing gap between the need to relax the RF performance requirements at the design phase for rapid development and the need to provide high performance and low cost RF circuits that function with PVT variations. No matter how care- fully designed, RF integrated circuits (ICs) manufactured with advanced technology nodes necessitate …

Contributors
Shafiee, Maryam, Ozev, Sule, Diaz, Rodolfo, et al.
Created Date
2018

While machine/deep learning algorithms have been successfully used in many practical applications including object detection and image/video classification, accurate, fast, and low-power hardware implementations of such algorithms are still a challenging task, especially for mobile systems such as Internet of Things, autonomous vehicles, and smart drones. This work presents an energy-efficient programmable application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) accelerator for object detection. The proposed ASIC supports multi-class (face/traffic sign/car license plate/pedestrian), many-object (up to 50) in one image with different sizes (6 down-/11 up-scaling), and high accuracy (87% for face detection datasets). The proposed accelerator is composed of an integral channel detector …

Contributors
Kim, Minkyu, Seo, Jae-sun, Cao, Yu Kevin, et al.
Created Date
2019

Portable devices often require multiple power management IC (PMIC) to power different sub-modules, Li-ion batteries are well suited for portable devices because of its small size, high energy density and long life cycle. Since Li-ion battery is the major power source for portable device, fast and high-efficiency battery charging solution has become a major requirement in portable device application. In the first part of dissertation, a high performance Li-ion switching battery charger is proposed. Cascaded two loop (CTL) control architecture is used for seamless CC-CV transition, time based technique is utilized to minimize controller area and power consumption. Time domain …

Contributors
Lim, Chai Yong, Kiaei, Sayfe, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2018

Designers employ a variety of modeling theories and methodologies to create functional models of discrete network systems. These dynamical models are evaluated using verification and validation techniques throughout incremental design stages. Models created for these systems should directly represent their growing complexity with respect to composition and heterogeneity. Similar to software engineering practices, incremental model design is required for complex system design. As a result, models at early increments are significantly simpler relative to real systems. While experimenting (verification or validation) on models at early increments are computationally less demanding, the results of these experiments are less trustworthy and less …

Contributors
Gholami, Soroosh, Sarjoughian, Hessam S, Fainekos, Georgios, et al.
Created Date
2017

Non-volatile memories (NVM) are widely used in modern electronic devices due to their non-volatility, low static power consumption and high storage density. While Flash memories are the dominant NVM technology, resistive memories such as phase change access memory (PRAM) and spin torque transfer random access memory (STT-MRAM) are gaining ground. All these technologies suffer from reliability degradation due to process variations, structural limits and material property shift. To address the reliability concerns of these NVM technologies, multi-level low cost solutions are proposed for each of them. My approach consists of first building a comprehensive error model. Next the error characteristics …

Contributors
Yang, Chengen, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, Cao, Yu, et al.
Created Date
2014

Three dimensional (3-D) ultrasound is safe, inexpensive, and has been shown to drastically improve system ease-of-use, diagnostic efficiency, and patient throughput. However, its high computational complexity and resulting high power consumption has precluded its use in hand-held applications. In this dissertation, algorithm-architecture co-design techniques that aim to make hand-held 3-D ultrasound a reality are presented. First, image enhancement methods to improve signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) are proposed. These include virtual source firing techniques and a low overhead digital front-end architecture using orthogonal chirps and orthogonal Golay codes. Second, algorithm-architecture co-design techniques to reduce the power consumption of 3-D SAU imaging systems …

Contributors
Yang, Ming, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, et al.
Created Date
2015

Medical ultrasound imaging is widely used today because of it being non-invasive and cost-effective. Flow estimation helps in accurate diagnosis of vascular diseases and adds an important dimension to medical ultrasound imaging. Traditionally flow estimation is done using Doppler-based methods which only estimate velocity in the beam direction. Thus when blood vessels are close to being orthogonal to the beam direction, there are large errors in the estimation results. In this dissertation, a low cost blood flow estimation method that does not have the angle dependency of Doppler-based methods, is presented. First, a velocity estimator based on speckle tracking and …

Contributors
WEI, SIYUAN, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, et al.
Created Date
2018

Due to high level of integration in RF System on Chip (SOC), the test access points are limited to the baseband and RF inputs/outputs of the system. This limited access poses a big challenge particularly for advanced RF architectures where calibration of internal parameters is necessary and ensure proper operation. Therefore low-overhead built-in Self-Test (BIST) solution for advanced RF transceiver is proposed. In this dissertation. Firstly, comprehensive BIST solution for RF polar transceivers using on-chip resources is presented. In the receiver, phase and gain mismatches degrade sensitivity and error vector magnitude (EVM). In the transmitter, delay skew between the envelope …

Contributors
Jeong, Jae Woong, Ozev, Sule, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2015

Performance failure due to aging is an increasing concern for RF circuits. While most aging studies are focused on the concept of mean-time-to-failure, for analog circuits, aging results in continuous degradation in performance before it causes catastrophic failures. In this regard, the lifetime of RF/analog circuits, which is defined as the point where at least one specification fails, is not just determined by aging at the device level, but also by the slack in the specifications, process variations, and the stress conditions on the devices. In this dissertation, firstly, a methodology for analyzing the performance degradation of RF circuits caused …

Contributors
Chang, Doo Hwang, Ozev, Sule, Bakkaloglu, Bertan, et al.
Created Date
2017

This dissertation proposes and presents two different passive sigma-delta modulator zoom Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) architectures. The first ADC is fullydifferential, synthesizable zoom-ADC architecture with a passive loop filter for lowfrequency Built in Self-Test (BIST) applications. The detailed ADC architecture and a step by step process designing the zoom-ADC along with a synthesis tool that can target various design specifications are presented. The design flow does not rely on extensive knowledge of an experienced ADC designer. Two example set of BIST ADCs have been synthesized with different performance requirements in 65nm CMOS process. The first ADC achieves 90.4dB Signal …

Contributors
EROL, OSMAN EMIR, Ozev, Sule, Kitchen, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2018

Recent years have seen fin field effect transistors (finFETs) dominate modern complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) processes, [1][2], e.g., at the sub 20 nm technology nodes, as they alleviate short channel effects, provide lower leakage, and enable some continued VDD scaling. However, a realistic finFET based predictive process design kit (PDK) that supports investigation into both circuit and physical design, encompassing all aspects of digital design, for academic use has been unavailable. While the finFET based FreePDK15 was supplemented with a standard cell library, it lacked full physical verification (LVS) and parasitic extraction at the time [3][4]. Consequently, the only …

Contributors
Vashishtha, Vinay, Clark, Lawrence T., Allee, David R., et al.
Created Date
2019

Clock generation and distribution are essential to CMOS microchips, providing synchronization to external devices and between internal sequential logic. Clocks in microprocessors are highly vulnerable to single event effects and designing reliable energy efficient clock networks for mission critical applications is a major challenge. This dissertation studies the basics of radiation hardening, essentials of clock design and impact of particle strikes on clocks in detail and presents design techniques for hardening complete clock systems in digital ICs. Since the sequential elements play a key role in deciding the robustness of any clocking strategy, hardened-by-design implementations of triple-mode redundant (TMR) pulse …

Contributors
Chellappa, Srivatsan, Clark, Lawrence T, Holbert, Keith E, et al.
Created Date
2015