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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Resource Type
Date Range
2010 2020


The intracellular motility seen in the cytoplasm of angiosperm plant pollen tubes is known as reverse fountain cytoplasmic streaming (i.e., cyclosis). This effect occurs when organelles move anterograde along the cortex of the cell and retrograde down the center of the cell. The result is a displacement of cytoplasmic volume causing a cyclic motion of organelles and bulk liquid. Visually, the organelles appear to be traveling in a backwards fountain hence the name. The use of light microscopy bioimaging in this study has documented reverse fountain cytoplasmic streaming for the first time in fungal hyphae of Rhizopus oryzae and other …

Contributors
Shange, Phakade Mdima, Roberson, Robert W, Gile, Gillian, et al.
Created Date
2020

Adoptive transfer of T cells engineered to express synthetic antigen-specific T cell receptors (TCRs) has provocative therapeutic applications for treating cancer. However, expressing these synthetic TCRs in a CD4+ T cell line is a challenge. The CD4+ Jurkat T cell line expresses endogenous TCRs that compete for space, accessory proteins, and proliferative signaling, and there is the potential for mixed dimer formation between the α and β chains of the endogenous receptor and that of the synthetic cancer-specific TCRs. To prevent hybridization between the receptors and to ensure the binding affinity measured with flow cytometry analysis is between the tetramer …

Contributors
Hirneise, Gabrielle Rachel, Anderson, Karen, Mason, Hugh, et al.
Created Date
2020

The Java programing language was implemented in such a way as to limit the amount of possible ways that a program written in Java could be exploited. Unfortunately, all of the protections and safeguards put in place for Java can be circumvented if a program created in Java utilizes internal or external libraries that were created in a separate, insecure language such as C or C++. A secure Java program can then be made insecure and susceptible to even classic vulnerabilities such as stack overflows, string format attacks, and heap overflows and corruption. Through the internal or external libraries included …

Contributors
Gibbs, William, Doupé, Adam, Wang, Ruoyu, et al.
Created Date
2020

Generative Adversarial Networks are designed, in theory, to replicate the distribution of the data they are trained on. With real-world limitations, such as finite network capacity and training set size, they inevitably suffer a yet unavoidable technical failure: mode collapse. GAN-generated data is not nearly as diverse as the real-world data the network is trained on; this work shows that this effect is especially drastic when the training data is highly non-uniform. Specifically, GANs learn to exacerbate the social biases which exist in the training set along sensitive axes such as gender and race. In an age where many datasets …

Contributors
Jain, Niharika, Kambhampati, Subbarao, Liu, Huan, et al.
Created Date
2020

English proficiency is one of the major factors affecting international students’ academic adjustment to American universities. Many international college students select to improve their academic English proficiency through an English intensive program. Collaborative learning is an educational approach to teaching and learning that allows students and teachers to engage in a common task and work together to search for knowledge and skills. This thesis study aims to develop, design, and iteratively refine strategies to help English intensive program teachers build collaborative learning and promote international students’ effective collaboration, so as to improve students' academic English proficiency. In this study, two …

Contributors
Nolastname, Digengni, Wolf, Leigh Graves, Zuiker, Steven, et al.
Created Date
2020

Using a sample of 309 Asian American college students, the present study examined the effects of color-blind racial ideology (i.e., unawareness of blatant racial issues, unawareness of racial privilege and unawareness of institutional racism) on the link between internalization of the model minority myth (i.e., unrestricted mobility and achievement orientation) and psychological distress (i.e., social climate stress, interracial stress, within group stress, racism stress and achievement stress). Results primarily suggest the denial of blatant racism and racial issues (and not denial of racial privilege and institutional racism) exacerbate the effect of internalizing the model minority myth related to unrestricted mobility, …

Contributors
Parks, Sarah, Yoo, Hyung Chol, Spanierman, Lisa, et al.
Created Date
2020

This graduate thesis explains and discusses the background, methods, limitations, and future work of developing a low-budget, variable-length, Arduino-based robotics professional development program (PDP) for middle school or high school classrooms. This graduate thesis builds on prior undergraduate thesis work and conclusions. The main conclusions from the undergraduate thesis work focused on reaching a larger teacher population along with providing a more robust robot design and construction. The end goal of this graduate thesis is to develop a PDP that reaches multiple teachers, involves a more robust robot design, and lasts beyond this developmental year. There have been many similar …

Contributors
lerner, jonah, Carberry, Adam, Walters, Molina, et al.
Created Date
2020

A disconnect exists between the perception of Indigenous women as non-leaders who lack legitimate power, and their persistent actions and beliefs that show an inherent ability to lead families, communities and cultures. Relevant literature on Indigenous women leadership has focused on displacement of women’s power and authority as a consequence of patriarchy and contextualizes the issue within deficit narratives of victimology. These accounts fail to celebrate the survivance of Indigenous women as inherent leaders charged with cultural continuance. Nonetheless, Indigenous women have persisted as leaders within advocacy, indicating a continuance of their inherent tendencies to lead their nations. “Matriarchs in …

Contributors
Marek, Cecilia Ruth, Riding In, James, Solyom, Jessica, et al.
Created Date
2020

Cancer has a financial impact worldwide. According to a study published by the American Cancer Society, “cancer accounts for 1.5% of global gross domestic product loss per year” (John & Ross, 2010). The legal and economic costs of death are not something normally addressed with patients prior to the occurrence of death. With an integrative approach, education may help reduce financial stressors for both the patient and family, while offering cost saving benefits to the facilities involved. Studies have shown that education pertaining to advanced care planning help to reduce hospital visits and the costs associated with the last six …

Contributors
Simundson, Julie Lynn, Rodriguez, Yolanda, Scheall, Scott, et al.
Created Date
2020

Bicycles and motorcycles offer maneuverability, energy efficiency and acceleration that four wheeled vehicles cannot offer given similar budget for. Two wheeled vehicles have drastically different dynamics from four wheeled vehicles due to their instability and gyroscopic effect from their wheels. This thesis focuses on self-stabilization of a motorcycle using an active control momentum gyroscope (CMG) and validation of this multi-degree-of-freedom system’s mathematical model. Physical platform was created to mimic the simulation as accurately as possible and all components used were justified. This process involves derivation of a 3 Degree-of-Freedom (DOF) system’s forward kinematics and its Jacobian matrix, simulation analysis of …

Contributors
Moon, Hansol, Zhang, Wenlong, Frank, Daniel, et al.
Created Date
2020

As the world population continues to age, the demand for treatment and rehabilitation of long-term age-related ailments will rise. Healthcare technology must keep up with this demand, and existing solutions must become more readily available to the populace. Conditions such as impairment due to stroke currently take months or years of physical therapy to overcome, but rehabilitative exoskeletons can be used to greatly extend a physical therapist’s capabilities. In this thesis, a rehabilitative knee exoskeleton was designed which is significantly lighter, more portable and less costly to manufacture than existing designs. It accomplishes this performance by making use of high-powered …

Contributors
Parmentier, Robin W, Zhang, Wenlong, Sugar, Thomas, et al.
Created Date
2020

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of parent training in the Enhanced Milieu Teaching with Phonological Emphasis (EMT+PE) intervention program, using a secure internet-based conferencing software (telepractice), on parent strategy use and child speech and language outcomes for children with repaired cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P). Three participant dyads composed of a parent and child participated in this study. Children ranged in age from 21 to 27 months at the beginning of this study and all had a diagnosis of nonsyndromic CL/P. Participating dyads received three in- person training sessions and three weekly telepractice intervention sessions. …

Contributors
Philp, Jennifer Lynn, Scherer, Nancy, Nett Cordero, Kelly, et al.
Created Date
2020

Control algorithm development for quadrotor is usually based solely on rigid body dynamics neglecting aerodynamics. Recent work has demonstrated that such a model is suited only when operating at or near hover conditions and low-speed flight. When operating in confined spaces or during aggressive maneuvers destabilizing forces and moments are induced due to aerodynamic effects. Studies indicate that blade flapping, induced drag, and propeller drag influence forward flight performance while other effects like vortex ring state, ground effect affect vertical flight performance. In this thesis, an offboard data-driven approach is used to derive models for parasitic (bare-airframe) drag and propeller …

Contributors
Nolastname, Kashyap Sathyamurthy, Zhang, Wenlong, Yong, Sze Zheng, et al.
Created Date
2020

Riding a bicycle requires accurately performing several tasks, such as balancing and navigation, which may be difficult or even impossible for persons with disabilities. These difficulties may be partly alleviated by providing active balance and steering assistance to the rider. In order to provide this assistance while maintaining free maneuverability, it is necessary to measure the position of the rider on the bicycle and to understand the rider's intent. Applying autonomy to bicycles also has the potential to address some of the challenges posed by traditional automobiles, including CO2 emissions, land use for roads and parking, pedestrian safety, high ownership …

Contributors
Bush, Jonathan Ernest, Zhang, Wenlong, Heinrichs, Robert, et al.
Created Date
2020

In many biological research studies, including speech analysis, clinical research, and prediction studies, the validity of the study is dependent on the effectiveness of the training data set to represent the target population. For example, in speech analysis, if one is performing emotion classification based on speech, the performance of the classifier is mainly dependent on the number and quality of the training data set. For small sample sizes and unbalanced data, classifiers developed in this context may be focusing on the differences in the training data set rather than emotion (e.g., focusing on gender, age, and dialect). This thesis …

Contributors
Mariajohn, Aaquila, Berisha, Visar, Spanias, Andreas, et al.
Created Date
2020

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017) note that gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (collectively referred to as MSM) face more barriers to accessing health care compared to other men. Such barriers include, lack of cultural- and sexual identity-appropriate medical and support services, concerns about confidentiality, and fear of discussing sexual practices or orientation in a medical setting. In comparison to other MSM populations, Latino MSM (LMSM) report having the least amount of access to health care (McKirnan et al., 2012). The purpose of the present study is to elucidate how individual- (i.e., age, …

Contributors
Marsiglia, Steven Sasa, Dillon, Frank R, Capielo Rosario, Cristalís C, et al.
Created Date
2020

Information Retrieval (IR) is the task of obtaining pieces of data (such as documents or snippets of text) that are relevant to a particular query or need from a large repository of information. IR is a valuable component of several downstream Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks, such as Question Answering. Practically, IR is at the heart of many widely-used technologies like search engines. While probabilistic ranking functions, such as the Okapi BM25 function, have been utilized in IR systems since the 1970's, modern neural approaches pose certain advantages compared to their classical counterparts. In particular, the release of BERT (Bidirectional …

Contributors
Rawal, Samarth, Baral, Chitta, Devarakonda, Murthy, et al.
Created Date
2020

Determining guilty parties in homicide cases is not always straight forward. The more tools investigators have to assist them, the better. 911 calls are often the least influenced form of linguistic evidence, in the sense that the caller has not yet been influenced by lawyers, law enforcement, etc.. This paper analyzes the reliability of using the Considering Offender Probability in Statements (COPS) scale and concordance program to evaluate veracity in 911 homicide calls. To do this, six 911 homicide calls from Mesa, Arizona were transcribed, evaluated based on the COPS scale, and put through a concordance program. The results showed …

Contributors
Gladstone, Chenay, Van Gelderen, Elly, Prior, Matthew, et al.
Created Date
2020

The education and criminal justice systems have developed in relation to one another, intersected through specific events, policies, practices, and discourses that have ultimately shaped the experiences and lives of children of color. Racism, white supremacy, and oppression are foundational to the United States and evident in all systems, structures, and institutions. Exploring the various contexts in which the education and criminal justice systems have developed illuminates their coalescence in contemporary United States society and more specifically, in public schools. Public schools now operate under discipline regimes that criminalize the behavior of Black and Brown children through exclusionary practices and …

Contributors
Nunez-Eddy, Emily Nicole, Broberg, Gregory, Swadener, Beth Blue, et al.
Created Date
2020

Empathy is a critical component of high-quality healthcare. When present in the clinical encounter, empathy is important to physicians (empathy is correlated with reductions in physician anxiety and burnout) and to patients (empathy is correlated with better medical decision making, enhanced trust, and improved treatment adherence). Unfortunately, there is an empathy gap in healthcare–physicians often miss opportunities to demonstrate empathy to their patients. This leaves patients feeling unheard, less likely to bring up details important to their care, and less likely to follow treatment guidelines from physicians, thus disrupting the physician-patient relationship. Luckily, communicating with empathy is a skill that …

Contributors
Meyer, Laura Grace, Shafer, Michael S, Epner, Daniel E, et al.
Created Date
2020

I explore the relationship between social constructions of target audiences and the impact of these constructions on policy outcomes in the context of two drug crises: the crack epidemic in the 1980s and 1990s and the opioid crisis that began in the first decade of the 2000s. Using a content analysis of media depictions of the drug users during each crisis, I find that racialized depictions of drug users are used to reinforce stereotypes of either deviant or dependent classifications of the target audience. These social constructions are combined in the media coverage with suggested policy frames appealing to the …

Contributors
McCubbins, Amanda Rose, Fridkin, Kim, Hero, Rodney, et al.
Created Date
2020

This study examined whether periods of secure confinement in juvenile detention, jails, and prisons are associated with short- and longer-term increases in adolescent males’ internalizing problems during adolescence and young adulthood. Data came from a longitudinal community sample of 506 male adolescents who were assessed every six months for three years and annually for ten subsequent years. At each assessment, participants reported on their confinement experiences and internalizing problems (i.e., anxiety, depression) during the recall period. Fixed-effects models examined within-individual changes in internalizing problems before, during, and after youth reported any overnight stay in a correctional facility, after controlling for …

Contributors
Tom, Kelsey E, Pardini, Dustin, Sweeten, Gary, et al.
Created Date
2020

In the current photovoltaic (PV) industry, the O&M (operations and maintenance) personnel in the field primarily utilize three approaches to identify the underperforming or defective modules in a string: i) EL (electroluminescence) imaging of all the modules in the string; ii) IR (infrared) thermal imaging of all the modules in the string; and, iii) current-voltage (I-V) curve tracing of all the modules in the string. In the first and second approaches, the EL images are used to detect the modules with broken cells, and the IR images are used to detect the modules with hotspot cells, respectively. These two methods …

Contributors
Murali, Sanjay, Tamizhmani, Govindasamy, Srinivasan, Devarajan, et al.
Created Date
2020

Effective communication plays a major role in the psychological adjustment and quality of the relationship of couples coping with cancer, yet only a few communicative behaviors have been examined in the context of a cancer diagnosis and treatment. This study sought to expand the extant literature by describing a wider range of communicative behaviors (beyond the frequently researched withdraw, disclosure/holding back, and avoidance behaviors) through an observable measure, as previous research has relied heavily on self-report. Couples (134 cancer patients and their caregiving partners) were video-taped discussing a cancer-related concern in the laboratory. Discussions were coded separately for patients and …

Contributors
Puleo, Blair Kirsten, Langer, Shelby, Dillon, Frank, et al.
Created Date
2020

The United States of America incarcerates more people than any other country in the world, with the rate of growth for the imprisonment for women being currently twice that of men. Despite these alarming numbers women are often deemed the forgotten population within the carceral system. Using feminist inquiry within an interpretivist framework, I employ an autoethnographic account to examine my experience as a volunteer educator within the American Prison system. The 'data' within the autoethnography include my thoughts, eventualities, and reflections that are analyzed through an iterative cycle. Due to the creative nature of this thesis, 'data' are represented …

Contributors
Trickey, Hayley Louise, Behl, Natasha, Colbern, Allan, et al.
Created Date
2020

It is not a tremendous exaggeration to suggest the world almost ended on September 26, 1983. At the command center for the Soviet Union's Oko nuclear early warning system a report came in stating that six hostile missiles were launched from the United States. The commanding officer at the center, Stanislav Petrov, was convinced that the missiles were a false alarm, and indeed the Oko system had malfunctioned. Petrov was justified in reporting the attack to his superiors, which would have likely resulted in retaliatory strikes from the Soviet Union, leading to nuclear war. This relatively obscure, but immensely important …

Contributors
Armetta, Daniel Michael, Rockmaker, Jody, Temple, Alex, et al.
Created Date
2020

In recent years, with the increase in the number of students studying abroad, the psychological problems of international students have attracted more and more attention. At the same time, due to the stigma and stereotypes of mental illness, international students have encountered difficulties in using campus psychological counseling services of overseas universities. Gamification is a concept that applies the elements of games to non-gaming fields. It is being widely used in various fields. This study aims to conduct user research for designing a better experience and service design for international students using campus psychological counseling by using gamification. The study …

Contributors
Xu, Wei, Takamura, John, Mejia, G. Mauricio, et al.
Created Date
2020

Anoxia tolerance is strongly correlated with tolerance to heat, desiccation, hyperosmotic shock, freezing, and other general stressors, suggesting that anoxia tolerance is broadly related to stress tolerance. Age affects the capacity of many animals to survive anoxia, but the basis to this ontogenic variation is poorly understood. We exposed adult Drosophila, 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 12 days past eclosion, to six hours of anoxia and assessed survival 24-hours post-treatment. Survival of anoxia declined strongly with age (from 80% survival for one-day-old flies to 10% survival for 12 day-old-flies), a surprising result since adult fly senescence in Drosophila is …

Contributors
Sargent, James, Harrison, Jon F, Haydel, Shelly, et al.
Created Date
2020

Despite the growing numbers of foreign-born Latina young adult immigrants in the United States, this population is underrepresented in psychological science. Building upon previous literature, this study examines the moderating effect of acculturation and enculturation on the relationship between depression and alcohol use quantity and frequency among 530 young Latina women (ages 18-23 years) who recently immigrated to the United States (i.e., approximately 12 months prior to assessment). Acculturation (i.e., the process of immersion into another culture) lessened the positive link between depression and alcohol use quantity and frequency. Those with higher levels of acculturation reported less symptoms of depression …

Contributors
Winn, Larren, Dillon, Frank, Pereira, Jennifer, et al.
Created Date
2020

Languages have long been studied through the rhythm class framework, which discriminates them into separate classes on the basis of shared rhythmic properties. Originally these differences were attributed to the isochronous timing of different prosodic units, such as stress intervals in “stress-timed” languages and syllables in “syllable-timed” languages. More recent work has turned to durational metrics as a means of evaluating rhythm class, by measuring the variability and proportion of segmental intervals in the speech stream. Both isochrony and durational metrics are no longer viewed as correlative with natural language rhythm, but durational metrics in particular have remained prevalent in …

Contributors
Kellogg, Jackson, Pruitt, Kathryn, van Gelderen, Elly, et al.
Created Date
2020

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) remains a persistent problem around the world, even though antiretroviral therapy has shown to be effective in reducing viral load and limiting transmission of the virus. Due to HIV’s infectious nature, visibility, the populations at risk, and its connections to race, class, and sexuality, it is more stigmatized than any other illness. HIV stigma has been associated with increased depression, social isolation, and poor psychological adjustment. HIV stigma can influence disclosure and care-seeking behavior. Internet-based interventions have shown to be effective in increasing knowledge on STIs and HIV, however, researchers have tested strategies that include educating …

Contributors
El-krab, Renee, Vargas, Perla, Roberts, Nicole, et al.
Created Date
2020

In certain ant species, groups of ants work together to transport food and materials back to their nests. In some cases, the group exhibits a leader-follower behavior in which a single ant guides the entire group based on its knowledge of the destination. In some cases, the leader role is occupied temporarily by an ant, only to be replaced when an ant with new information arrives. This kind of behavior can be very useful in uncertain environments where robot teams work together to transport a heavy or bulky payload. The purpose of this research was to study ways to implement …

Contributors
Gah, Elikplim, Berman, Spring M, Berman, Spring M, et al.
Created Date
2020

In recent years, many school districts, community colleges, and universities in California have implemented energy management-as-a-service (EMaaS). The purpose of this study was to analyzes how EMaaS has been realized in California schools, including how performance expectations and service guarantees have been met, how value is created and captured, and which trends are emerging in the pay-for-performance models. This study used a qualitative research design to identify patterns in the collected data and allow theories to be drawn from the emergent categories and themes. Ten in-depth interviews were conducted with a diverse pool of facility managers, energy practitioners, superintendents, and …

Contributors
Hawkins, Spencer, Sullivan, Kenneth, Parrish, Kristen, et al.
Created Date
2020

Large organizations have multiple networks that are subject to attacks, which can be detected by continuous monitoring and analyzing the network traffic by Intrusion Detection Systems. Collaborative Intrusion Detection Systems (CIDS) are used for efficient detection of distributed attacks by having a global view of the traffic events in large networks. However, CIDS are vulnerable to internal attacks, and these internal attacks decrease the mutual trust among the nodes in CIDS required for sharing of critical and sensitive alert data in CIDS. Without the data sharing, the nodes of CIDS cannot collaborate efficiently to form a comprehensive view of events …

Contributors
Yenugunti, Chandralekha, Yau, Stephen S., Yang, Yezhou, et al.
Created Date
2020

Plagiarism is a huge problem in a learning environment. In programming classes especially, plagiarism can be hard to detect as source codes' appearance can be easily modified without changing the intent through simple formatting changes or refactoring. There are a number of plagiarism detection tools that attempt to encode knowledge about the programming languages they support in order to better detect obscured duplicates. Many such tools do not support a large number of languages because doing so requires too much code and therefore too much maintenance. It is also difficult to add support for new languages because each language is …

Contributors
Monroe, Zachary Lynn, Bansal, Ajay, Lindquist, Timothy, et al.
Created Date
2020

This thesis examines the social determinants of Alt-Right activity and provides an empirical assessment of whether the Alt-Right is influenced by social processes similar to those explaining participation in traditional white supremacist organizations. Using Internet search data from all counties in the United States (U.S.) between 2017 and 2018, I examine the effect of various county-level variables on search volume for Alt-Right content. Results indicate that the determinants of Alt-Right activity systematically differ from what one would expect for conventional racist groups. I find that counties with larger percentages of college graduates, of highly educated non-white and immigrant groups, and …

Contributors
Kyler, Anna M., Charron-Chénier, Raphaël, Martin, Nathan, et al.
Created Date
2020

Novel biological strategies for cancer therapy have recently been able to generate improved anti-tumor effects in the clinic. Of these new advancements, oncolytic virotherapy is a promising strategy through a dual mechanism of oncolysis and stimulation of tumor immunogenicity against the target cancer cells. Myxoma virus (MYXV) is an oncolytic poxvirus that has a natural tropism for Leporids, being nonpathogenic in humans and all other known vertebrates. MYXV is able to infect cancer cells due to mutations and defects in many innate signaling pathways, such as those involved in anti-viral responses. While MYXV alone infects and kills many classes of …

Contributors
Mamola, Joseph, McFadden, Grant, Jacobs, Bertram, et al.
Created Date
2020

Through the lens of a Jewish family in the early 20th century, histories of resilience, rescue, and resistance are shown. The Loewys were a Jewish family who migrated from Poland to Germany then France and ending up in the United States following World War II. In their travels they experienced many of which other Jewish experiences were, while also differentiating from the overall story. The family also experienced life as refugees and interns during the Holocaust. Arrested in Vichy following the Armistice between Germany and France, the Loewys were later granted their freedom which they used to help free others …

Contributors
Vance, Marc, Benkert, Volker, Cichopek-Garaja, Anna, et al.
Created Date
2020

Students’ learning experience in studio are an essential part in studio-based learning mode and design education. Studio-based learning is defined as an active pedagogy in which the student learns multimodal by solving cases or problems. Students work with personal assignments or group assignments that are critiqued on the basis of formal and informal presentations. Studio-based Learning (SBL) is unlike other learning modes, not only because the pedagogy is different but also because of its distinctive learning spaces. SBL is carried out in the studio, a type of classroom within the university that supports this pedagogy. The studio is more like …

Contributors
Liu, Chaofan, Zingoni, Milagros, Fischman, Gustavo, et al.
Created Date
2020

Users of psychedelic drugs frequently report various types of healing effects after the experience has completed. How these substances actually do the healing work is still being understood. I argue that the phenomenology of the psychedelic experience is relevant to and doing at least some of the healing work. This occurs in part via the phenomenon of transformative experiences. Psychedelic experiences provide insight into first and second order desires of an individual. They alter an individual’s self-narrative and provide an ideal to aim for in addition to the motivation to achieve that ideal. Additionally, psychedelic experiences foster feelings of connection …

Contributors
Criddle, Alex, Phillips, Ben, Priest, Maura, et al.
Created Date
2020

Like many other Southeast Asian American (“SEAA”) families who fled from war and genocide around the 1970s and through the 1990s, my family avoided discussing their trauma or addressing any resulting mental health issues. As I came to internalize patterns that stemmed from my parents’ untreated wounds, without any way of ever truly understanding those wounds, I inevitably developed symptoms of my own trauma, including depression and anxiety. Although the topic of intergenerational trauma (“IGT”) has been discussed in a growing body of research within the specific context of Asian American families that have resettled in western countries, the focus …

Contributors
Le, My-Linh, Dyer, Becky, Lerman, Liz, et al.
Created Date
2020

Despite a substantial increase of Masters of Music Therapy degree recipients between 2002 (Cohen et. al, 2002) and 2017 (American Music Therapy Association, 2017), these numbers are not paralleled among recipients of PhD degrees with music therapy emphases. Additionally, it is notable that the Master’s Level Entry (MLE) Subcommittee Report (2017) notes “lack of doctoral programs and/or doctoral level music therapy faculty needed to sustain graduate level music therapy education programs” (p.18) as a deterrent to the move to Master's-Level Entry within the music therapy milieu. This underscores the importance of doctorate-level music therapists to the profession. Could increasing the …

Contributors
Adams, Stephanie, Belgrave, Melita, Pivovarova, Margarita, et al.
Created Date
2020

This thesis project explores the nature of power dynamics in the dialogue of video gamers within designated online forums of discussion. Previous scholarly work has noted the lack of diverse representation and tolerance in the gaming community, despite statistics revealing that the video game community is not as homogeneous as it is often represented. Specifically, the prominent literature analyzing gaming culture focuses on poor representations of gender within video games and the gaming community itself, including sexualized and objectified depictions of women as well as prejudice toward women as members of the gaming community. More recent entries to the field …

Contributors
Fitzgerald, Karina Marie, Nadesan, Majia, Gray, Kishonna L, et al.
Created Date
2020

Since the molecular biology revolution in the 1980s, ease of gene editing had led to the resurgence of Oncolytic Virotherapy. Countless viruses have been engineered yet only three are approved for clinical use worldwide, with only one being approved by the U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Vaccinia virus (VACV) has a large genome, contains many immune evasion genes and has been thoroughly studied, making it a popular candidate for an oncolytic platform. VACV mutants with deletions in the E3 immune evasion protein have been shown to have oncolytic efficacy but the mechanism of tumor selectivity has not been fully …

Contributors
Kasimsetty, Aradhana, Jacobs, Bertram L, McFadden, Douglas G, et al.
Created Date
2020

The development of the internet provided new means for people to communicate effectively and share their ideas. There has been a decline in the consumption of newspapers and traditional broadcasting media toward online social mediums in recent years. Social media has been introduced as a new way of increasing democratic discussions on political and social matters. Among social media, Twitter is widely used by politicians, government officials, communities, and parties to make announcements and reach their voice to their followers. This greatly increases the acceptance domain of the medium. The usage of social media during social and political campaigns has …

Contributors
Ahmadi, Mohsen, Davulcu, Hasan, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2020

Metal-organic frameworks have made a feature in the cutting-edge technology with a wide variety of applications because they are the new material candidate as adsorbent or membrane with high surface area, various pore sizes, and highly tunable framework functionality properties. The emergence of two-dimensional (2D) metal-organic frameworks has surged an outburst of intense research to understand the feasible synthesis and exciting material properties of these class of materials. Despite their potential, studies to date show that it is extremely challenging to synthesize and manufacture 2D MOF at large scales with ultimate control over crystallinity and thickness. The field of research …

Contributors
Vijay, Shiljashree, Tongay, Sefaattin, Green, Matthew D, et al.
Created Date
2020

One of the measures to determine the intelligence of a system is through Question Answering, as it requires a system to comprehend a question and reason using its knowledge base to accurately answer it. Qualitative word problems are an important subset of such problems, as they require a system to recognize and reason with qualitative knowledge expressed in natural language. Traditional approaches in this domain include multiple modules to parse a given problem and to perform the required reasoning. Recent approaches involve using large pre-trained Language models like the Bidirection Encoder Representations from Transformers for downstream question answering tasks through …

Contributors
Narayana, Sanjay, Baral, Chitta, Mitra, Arindam, et al.
Created Date
2020

Employee wellbeing is a top concern for many organizations as its been linked to job performance and organizational commitment (Colquit, LePine, & Wesson, 2019). Research suggests that overall wellbeing is important to employees as well. Organizations are significantly investing into upgrading workplace environments, and there is a need for a clear understanding of how those improvements truly impact employee wellbeing. Current workplace research reveals that the open-office floorplan accounts for more than 70% of office layouts in the United States and is most commonly used for the benefits of collaboration and efficiency (Gallup, 2017). However, the open office layout ranks …

Contributors
Frederick, Laura, Zingoni Phielipp, Milagros, Brunner, Lori, et al.
Created Date
2020

This study explores how bulk composition and oxygen fugacity (fO2) affect the partitioning of sulfur between the molten mantle and core of an early planetesimal. The model can be used to determine the range of potential sulfur concentrations in the asteroid (16) Psyche, which is the target of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Arizona State University Psyche Mission. This mission will be our visit to an M-type asteroid, thought to be dominantly metallic. The model looks at how oxygen fugacity (fO2), bulk composition, temperature, and pressure affect sulfur partitioning in planetesimals using experimentally derived equations from previous studies. In this …

Contributors
Bercovici, Hannah La'ia, Elkins-Tanton, Linda, Garvie, Laurence, et al.
Created Date
2020

Brain micromotion is a phenomenon that arises from basic physiological functions such as respiration (breathing) and vascular pulsation (pumping blood or heart rate). These physiological processes cause small micro displacements of 2-4µm for vascular pulsation and 10-30µm for respiration, in rat models. One problem related to micromotion is the instability of the probe and its ability to acquire stable neural recordings in chronic studies. It has long been thought the membrane potential (MP) changes due to micromotion in the presence of brain implants were an artefact caused by the implant. Here is shown that intracellular membrane potential changes are a …

Contributors
Duncan, Jonathan Leroy, Muthuswamy, Jitendran, Greger, Bradley, et al.
Created Date
2020