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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Date Range
2012 2019


The cyber-physical systems (CPS) are emerging as the underpinning technology for major industries in the 21-th century. This dissertation is focused on two fundamental issues in cyber-physical systems: network interdependence and information dynamics. It consists of the following two main thrusts. The first thrust is targeted at understanding the impact of network interdependence. It is shown that a cyber-physical system built upon multiple interdependent networks are more vulnerable to attacks since node failures in one network may result in failures in the other network, causing a cascade of failures that would potentially lead to the collapse of the entire infrastructure. …

Contributors
Qian, Dajun, Zhang, Junshan, Ying, Lei, et al.
Created Date
2012

With internet traffic being bursty in nature, Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation(DBA) Algorithms have always been very important for any broadband access network to utilize the available bandwidth effciently. It is no different for Passive Optical Networks(PON), which are networks based on fiber optics in the physical layer of TCP/IP stack or OSI model, which in turn increases the bandwidth in the upper layers. The work in this thesis covers general description of basic DBA Schemes and mathematical derivations that have been established in research. We introduce a Novel Survey Topology that classifes DBA schemes based on their functionality. The novel perspective …

Contributors
Mercian, Anu, Reisslein, Martin, Mcgarry, Michael, et al.
Created Date
2012

Air pollution is one of the biggest challenges people face today. It is closely related to people's health condition. The agencies set up standards to regulate the air pollution. However, many of the pollutants under the regulation level may still result in adverse health effect. On the other hand, it is not clear the exact mechanism of air pollutants and its health effect. So it is difficult for the health centers to advise people how to prevent the air pollutant related diseases. It is of vital importance for both the agencies and the health centers to have a better understanding …

Contributors
Wang, Rui, Tao, Nongjian, Forzani, Erica, et al.
Created Date
2012

Windows based mobile application for m-health and environmental monitoring sensor devices were developed and tested. With the number of smartphone users exponentially increasing, the applications developed for m-health and environmental monitoring devices are easy to reach the general public, if the applications are simple, user-friendly and personalized. The sensing device uses Bluetooth to communicate with the smartphone, providing mobility to the user. Since the device is small and hand-held, the user can put his smartphone in his pocket, connected to the device in his hand and can move anywhere with it. The data processing performed in the applications is verified …

Contributors
Ganesan, Srisivapriya, Tao, Nongjian, Zhang, Yanchao, et al.
Created Date
2012

A new type of Ethernet switch based on the PCI Express switching fabric is being presented. The switch leverages PCI Express peer-to-peer communication protocol to implement high performance Ethernet packet switching. The advantages and challenges of using the PCI Express as the switching fabric are addressed. The PCI Express is a high-speed short-distance communication protocol largely used in motherboard-level interconnects. The total bandwidth of a PCI Express 3.0 link can reach as high as 256 gigabit per second (Gb/s) per 16 lanes. Concerns for PCI Express such as buffer speed, address mapping, Quality of Service and power consumption need to …

Contributors
Chen, Caiyi, Hui, Joseph, Reisslein, Martin, et al.
Created Date
2012

The rapid advancement of wireless technology has instigated the broad deployment of wireless networks. Different types of networks have been developed, including wireless sensor networks, mobile ad hoc networks, wireless local area networks, and cellular networks. These networks have different structures and applications, and require different control algorithms. The focus of this thesis is to design scheduling and power control algorithms in wireless networks, and analyze their performances. In this thesis, we first study the multicast capacity of wireless ad hoc networks. Gupta and Kumar studied the scaling law of the unicast capacity of wireless ad hoc networks. They derived …

Contributors
Zhou, Shan, Ying, Lei, Zhang, Yanchao, et al.
Created Date
2013

Data centers connect a larger number of servers requiring IO and switches with low power and delay. Virtualization of IO and network is crucial for these servers, which run virtual processes for computing, storage, and apps. We propose using the PCI Express (PCIe) protocol and a new PCIe switch fabric for IO and switch virtualization. The switch fabric has little data buffering, allowing up to 512 physical 10 Gb/s PCIe2.0 lanes to be connected via a switch fabric. The switch is scalable with adapters running multiple adaptation protocols, such as Ethernet over PCIe, PCIe over Internet, or FibreChannel over Ethernet. …

Contributors
Luo, Haojun, Hui, Joseph, Song, Hongjiang, et al.
Created Date
2013

The rapid advances in wireless communications and networking have given rise to a number of emerging heterogeneous wireless and mobile networks along with novel networking paradigms, including wireless sensor networks, mobile crowdsourcing, and mobile social networking. While offering promising solutions to a wide range of new applications, their widespread adoption and large-scale deployment are often hindered by people's concerns about the security, user privacy, or both. In this dissertation, we aim to address a number of challenging security and privacy issues in heterogeneous wireless and mobile networks in an attempt to foster their widespread adoption. Our contributions are mainly fivefold. …

Contributors
Zhang, Rui, Zhang, Yanchao, Duman, Tolga Mete, et al.
Created Date
2013

The widespread adoption of mobile devices gives rise to new opportunities and challenges for authentication mechanisms. Many traditional authentication mechanisms become unsuitable for smart devices. For example, while password is widely used on computers as user identity authentication, inputting password on small smartphone screen is error-prone and not convenient. In the meantime, there are emerging demands for new types of authentication. Proximity authentication is an example, which is not needed for computers but quite necessary for smart devices. These challenges motivate me to study and develop novel authentication mechanisms specific for smart devices. In this dissertation, I am interested in …

Contributors
Li, Lingjun, Xue, Guoliang, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2014

LTE-Advanced networks employ random access based on preambles transmitted according to multi-channel slotted Aloha principles. The random access is controlled through a limit <italic>W</italic> on the number of transmission attempts and a timeout period for uniform backoff after a collision. We model the LTE-Advanced random access system by formulating the equilibrium condition for the ratio of the number of requests successful within the permitted number of transmission attempts to those successful in one attempt. We prove that for <italic>W</italic>&le;8 there is only one equilibrium operating point and for <italic>W</italic>&ge;9 there are three operating points if the request load &rho; is …

Contributors
Tyagi, Revak Raj, Reisslein, Martin, Tepedelenlioglu, Cihan, et al.
Created Date
2014

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new method of dividing wireless communication (such as the 802.11a/b/g/n and cellular UMTS MAC protocols) across multiple unreliable communication links (such as Ethernet). The purpose is to introduce the appropriate hardware, software, and system architecture required to provide the basis for a wireless system (using a 802.11a/b/g/n and cellular protocols as a model) that can scale to support thousands of users simultaneously (say in a large office building, super chain store, etc.) or in a small, but very dense communication RF region. Elements of communication between a base station and a …

Contributors
James, Frank Lee, Reisslein, Martin, Ying, Lei, et al.
Created Date
2014

LTE (Long Term Evolution) represents an emerging technology that will change how service providers backhaul user traffic to their infrastructure over IP networks. To support growing mobile bandwidth demand, an EPON backhaul infrastructure will make possible realtime high bandwidth applications. LTE backhaul planning and deployment scenarios are important factors to network success. In this thesis, we are going to study the effect of LTE backhaul on Optical network, in an attempt to interoperate Fiber and Wireless networks. This project is based on traffic forecast for the LTE networks. Traffic models are studied and gathered from literature to reflect applications accurately. …

Contributors
Alharbi, Ziyad, Reisslein, Martin, Zhang, Yanchao, et al.
Created Date
2014

Access Networks provide the backbone to the Internet connecting the end-users to the core network thus forming the most important segment for connectivity. Access Networks have multiple physical layer medium ranging from fiber cables, to DSL links and Wireless nodes, creating practically-used hybrid access networks. We explore the hybrid access network at the Medium ACcess (MAC) Layer which receives packets segregated as data and control packets, thus providing the needed decoupling of data and control plane. We utilize the Software Defined Networking (SDN) principle of centralized processing with segregated data and control plane to further extend the usability of our …

Contributors
Mercian, Anu, Reisslein, Martin, McGarry, Michael P, et al.
Created Date
2015

Smartphones are pervasive nowadays. They are supported by mobile platforms that allow users to download and run feature-rich mobile applications (apps). While mobile apps help users conveniently process personal data on mobile devices, they also pose security and privacy threats and put user's data at risk. Even though modern mobile platforms such as Android have integrated security mechanisms to protect users, most mechanisms do not easily adapt to user's security requirements and rapidly evolving threats. They either fail to provide sufficient intelligence for a user to make informed security decisions, or require great sophistication to configure the mechanisms for enforcing …

Contributors
Jing, Yiming, Ahn, Gail-Joon, Doupé, Adam, et al.
Created Date
2015

A Fiber-Wireless (FiWi) network integrates a passive optical network (PON) with wireless mesh networks (WMNs) to provide high speed backhaul via the PON while offering the flexibility and mobility of a WMN. Generally, increasing the size of a WMN leads to higher wireless interference and longer packet delays. The partitioning of a large WMN into several smaller WMN clusters, whereby each cluster is served by an Optical Network Unit (ONU) of the PON, is examined. Existing WMN throughput-delay analysis techniques considering the mean load of the nodes at a given hop distance from a gateway (ONU) are unsuitable for the …

Contributors
Chen, Po-Yen, Reisslein, Martin, Seeling, Patrick, et al.
Created Date
2015

A principal goal of this dissertation is to study wireless network design and optimization with the focus on two perspectives: 1) socially-aware mobile networking and computing; 2) security and privacy in wireless networking. Under this common theme, this dissertation can be broadly organized into three parts. The first part studies socially-aware mobile networking and computing. First, it studies random access control and power control under a social group utility maximization (SGUM) framework. The socially-aware Nash equilibria (SNEs) are derived and analyzed. Then, it studies mobile crowdsensing under an incentive mechanism that exploits social trust assisted reciprocity (STAR). The efficacy of …

Contributors
Gong, Xiaowen, Zhang, Junshan, Cochran, Douglas, et al.
Created Date
2015

The explosive growth of data generated from different services has opened a new vein of research commonly called ``big data.'' The sheer volume of the information in this data has yielded new applications in a wide range of fields, but the difficulties inherent in processing the enormous amount of data, as well as the rate at which it is generated, also give rise to significant challenges. In particular, processing, modeling, and understanding the structure of online social networks is computationally difficult due to these challenges. The goal of this study is twofold: first to present a new networked data processing …

Contributors
Proulx, Brian Benjamin, Zhang, Junshan, Cochran, Douglas, et al.
Created Date
2015

Cloud computing is known as a new and powerful computing paradigm. This new generation of network computing model delivers both software and hardware as on-demand resources and various services over the Internet. However, the security concerns prevent users from adopting the cloud-based solutions to fulfill the IT requirement for many business critical computing. Due to the resource-sharing and multi-tenant nature of cloud-based solutions, cloud security is especially the most concern in the Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). It has been attracting a lot of research and development effort in the past few years. Virtualization is the main technology of cloud …

Contributors
Chung, Chun-Jen, Huang, Dijiang, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2015

The integration of passive optical networks (PONs) and wireless mesh networks (WMNs) into Fiber-Wireless (FiWi) networks has recently emerged as a promising strategy for providing flexible network services at relative high transmission rates. This work investigates the effectiveness of localized routing that prioritizes transmissions over the local gateway to the optical network and avoids wireless packet transmissions in radio zones that do not contain the packet source or destination. Existing routing schemes for FiWi networks consider mainly hop-count and delay metrics over a flat WMN node topology and do not specifically prioritize the local network structure. The combination of clustered …

Contributors
Dashti, Yousef, Reisslein, Martin, Zhang, Yanchao, et al.
Created Date
2016

Cyber systems, including IoT (Internet of Things), are increasingly being used ubiquitously to vastly improve the efficiency and reduce the cost of critical application areas, such as finance, transportation, defense, and healthcare. Over the past two decades, computing efficiency and hardware cost have dramatically been improved. These improvements have made cyber systems omnipotent, and control many aspects of human lives. Emerging trends in successful cyber system breaches have shown increasing sophistication in attacks and that attackers are no longer limited by resources, including human and computing power. Most existing cyber defense systems for IoT systems have two major issues: (1) …

Contributors
Buduru, Arun Balaji, Yau, Sik-Sang, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2016