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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Date Range
2014 2019


Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is any medical or public health procedure used before exposure to the disease causing agent, its purpose is to prevent, rather than treat or cure a disease. Most commonly, PrEP refers to an experimental HIV-prevention strategy that would use antiretrovirals to protect HIV-negative people from HIV infection. A deterministic mathematical model of HIV transmission is developed to evaluate the public-health impact of oral PrEP interventions, and to compare PrEP effectiveness with respect to different evaluation methods. The effects of demographic, behavioral, and epidemic parameters on the PrEP impact are studied in a multivariate sensitivity analysis. Most of …

Contributors
Zhao, Yuqin, Kuang, Yang, Taylor, Jesse, et al.
Created Date
2014

There has been important progress in understanding ecological dynamics through the development of the theory of ecological stoichiometry. This fast growing theory provides new constraints and mechanisms that can be formulated into mathematical models. Stoichiometric models incorporate the effects of both food quantity and food quality into a single framework that produce rich dynamics. While the effects of nutrient deficiency on consumer growth are well understood, recent discoveries in ecological stoichiometry suggest that consumer dynamics are not only affected by insufficient food nutrient content (low phosphorus (P): carbon (C) ratio) but also by excess food nutrient content (high P:C). This …

Contributors
Peace, Angela Lynn, Kuang, Yang, Elser, James J, et al.
Created Date
2014

Presented is a study on the chemotaxis reaction process and its relation with flow topology. The effect of coherent structures in turbulent flows is characterized by studying nutrient uptake and the advantage that is received from motile bacteria over other non-motile bacteria. Variability is found to be dependent on the initial location of scalar impurity and can be tied to Lagrangian coherent structures through recent advances in the identification of finite-time transport barriers. Advantage is relatively small for initial nutrient found within high stretching regions of the flow, and nutrient within elliptic structures provide the greatest advantage for motile species. …

Contributors
Jones, Kimberly, Tang, Wenbo, Kang, Yun, et al.
Created Date
2015

Using a simple $SI$ infection model, I uncover the overall dynamics of the system and how they depend on the incidence function. I consider both an epidemic and endemic perspective of the model, but in both cases, three classes of incidence functions are identified. In the epidemic form, power incidences, where the infective portion $I^p$ has $p\in(0,1)$, cause unconditional host extinction, homogeneous incidences have host extinction for certain parameter constellations and host survival for others, and upper density-dependent incidences never cause host extinction. The case of non-extinction in upper density-dependent incidences extends to the case where a latent period is …

Contributors
Farrell, Alex Patrick, Thieme, Horst R, Smith, Hal, et al.
Created Date
2017

The three-dimensional flow contained in a rapidly rotating circular split cylinder is studied numerically solving the Navier--Stokes equations. The cylinder is completely filled with fluid and is split at the midplane. Three different types of boundary conditions were imposed, leading to a variety of instabilities and complex flow dynamics. The first configuration has a strong background rotation and a small differential rotation between the two halves. The axisymmetric flow was first studied identifying boundary layer instabilities which produce inertial waves under some conditions. Limit cycle states and quasiperiodic states were found, including some period doubling bifurcations. Then, a three-dimensional study …

Contributors
Gutierrez Castillo, Paloma, Lopez, Juan M., Herrmann, Marcus, et al.
Created Date
2017

A numerical study of chemotaxis in 3D turbulence is presented here. Direct Numerical Simulation were used to calculate the nutrient uptake for both motile and non-motile bacterial species and by applying the dynamical systems theory the effect of flow topology on the variability of chemotaxis is analyzed. It is done by injecting a highly localized patch of nutrient in the turbulent flow, and analyzing the evolution of reaction associated with the observed high and low stretching regions. The Gaussian nutrient patch is released at different locations and the corresponding nutrient uptake is obtained. The variable stretching characteristics of the flow …

Contributors
George, Jino, Tang, Wenbo, Peet, Yulia, et al.
Created Date
2017

The tools developed for the use of investigating dynamical systems have provided critical understanding to a wide range of physical phenomena. Here these tools are used to gain further insight into scalar transport, and how it is affected by mixing. The aim of this research is to investigate the efficiency of several different partitioning methods which demarcate flow fields into dynamically distinct regions, and the correlation of finite-time statistics from the advection-diffusion equation to these regions. For autonomous systems, invariant manifold theory can be used to separate the system into dynamically distinct regions. Despite there being no equivalent method for …

Contributors
Walker, Phillip, Tang, Wenbo, Kostelich, Eric, et al.
Created Date
2018

Earth-system models describe the interacting components of the climate system and technological systems that affect society, such as communication infrastructures. Data assimilation addresses the challenge of state specification by incorporating system observations into the model estimates. In this research, a particular data assimilation technique called the Local Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter (LETKF) is applied to the ionosphere, which is a domain of practical interest due to its effects on infrastructures that depend on satellite communication and remote sensing. This dissertation consists of three main studies that propose strategies to improve space- weather specification during ionospheric extreme events, but are generally …

Contributors
Durazo, Juan Alberto, Kostelich, Eric J., Mahalov, Alex, et al.
Created Date
2018

Two urban flows are analyzed, one concerned with pollutant transport in a Phoenix, Arizona neighborhood and the other with windshear detection at the Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA). Lagrangian measures, identified with finite-time Lyapunov exponents, are first used to characterize transport patterns of inertial pollutant particles. Motivated by actual events the focus is on flows in realistic urban geometry. Both deterministic and stochastic transport patterns are identified, as inertial Lagrangian coherent structures. For the deterministic case, the organizing structures are well defined and are extracted at different hours of a day to reveal the variability of coherent patterns. For the …

Contributors
Knutson, Brent, Tang, Wenbo, Calhoun, Ronald, et al.
Created Date
2018

A continuously and stably stratified fluid contained in a square cavity subjected to harmonic body forcing is studied numerically by solving the Navier-Stokes equations under the Boussinesq approximation. Complex dynamics are observed near the onset of instability of the basic state, which is a flow configuration that is always an exact analytical solution of the governing equations. The instability of the basic state to perturbations is first studied with linear stability analysis (Floquet analysis), revealing a multitude of intersecting synchronous and subharmonic resonance tongues in parameter space. A modal reduction method for determining the locus of basic state instability is …

Contributors
Yalim, Jason, Welfert, Bruno D., Lopez, Juan M., et al.
Created Date
2019