ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

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2010 2017

Multi-tenancy architecture (MTA) is often used in Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) and the central idea is that multiple tenant applications can be developed using compo nents stored in the SaaS infrastructure. Recently, MTA has been extended where a tenant application can have its own sub-tenants as the tenant application acts like a SaaS infrastructure. In other words, MTA is extended to STA (Sub-Tenancy Architecture ). In STA, each tenant application not only need to develop its own functionalities, but also need to prepare an infrastructure to allow its sub-tenants to develop customized applications. This dissertation formulates eight models for STA, and proposes ...

Contributors
Zhong, Peide, Davulcu, Hasan, Sarjoughian, Hessam, et al.
Created Date
2017

The widespread adoption of computer vision models is often constrained by the issue of domain mismatch. Models that are trained with data belonging to one distribution, perform poorly when tested with data from a different distribution. Variations in vision based data can be attributed to the following reasons, viz., differences in image quality (resolution, brightness, occlusion and color), changes in camera perspective, dissimilar backgrounds and an inherent diversity of the samples themselves. Machine learning techniques like transfer learning are employed to adapt computational models across distributions. Domain adaptation is a special case of transfer learning, where knowledge from a source ...

Contributors
Demakethepalli Venkateswara, Hemanth, Panchanathan, Sethuraman, Li, Baoxin, et al.
Created Date
2017

Node proximity measures are commonly used for quantifying how nearby or otherwise related to two or more nodes in a graph are. Node significance measures are mainly used to find how much nodes are important in a graph. The measures of node proximity/significance have been highly effective in many predictions and applications. Despite their effectiveness, however, there are various shortcomings. One such shortcoming is a scalability problem due to their high computation costs on large size graphs and another problem on the measures is low accuracy when the significance of node and its degree in the graph are not related. ...

Contributors
Kim, Jung Hyun, Candan, K. Selcuk, Davulcu, Hasan, et al.
Created Date
2017

Bangladesh is a secular democracy with almost 90% of its population constituting of Muslims and the rest 10% constituting of the minority groups that includes Hindus, Christians, Buddhists, Ahmadi Muslims, Shia, Sufi, LGBT groups and Atheists. In recent years, Bangladesh has experienced an increase in attacks by religious extremist groups, such as IS and AQIS affiliates, hate-groups and politically motivated violence. Attacks have also become indiscriminate, with assailants targeting a wide variety of individuals, including religious minorities and foreigners. According to the telecoms regulator, the number of internet users in Bangladesh now stands at over 66.8 million reaching 41% penetration. ...

Contributors
Chhabra, Pankaj, Davulcu, Hasan, Li, Baoxin, et al.
Created Date
2017

With the recent expansion in the use of wearable technology, a large number of users access personal data with these smart devices. The consumer market of wearables includes smartwatches, health and fitness bands, and gesture control armbands. These smart devices enable users to communicate with each other, control other devices, relax and work out more effectively. As part of their functionality, these devices store, transmit, and/or process sensitive user personal data, perhaps biological and location data, making them an abundant source of confidential user information. Thus, prevention of unauthorized access to wearables is necessary. In fact, it is important to ...

Contributors
Mukherjee, Tamalika, Yau, Sik-Sang, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2017

Most current database management systems are optimized for single query execution. Yet, often, queries come as part of a query workload. Therefore, there is a need for index structures that can take into consideration existence of multiple queries in a query workload and efficiently produce accurate results for the entire query workload. These index structures should be scalable to handle large amounts of data as well as large query workloads. The main objective of this dissertation is to create and design scalable index structures that are optimized for range query workloads. Range queries are an important type of queries with ...

Contributors
Nagarkar, Parth, Candan, Kasim S, Davulcu, Hasan, et al.
Created Date
2017

The game held by National Basketball Association (NBA) is the most popular basketball event on earth. Each year, tons of statistical data are generated from this industry. Meanwhile, managing teams, sports media, and scientists are digging deep into the data ocean. Recent research literature is reviewed with respect to whether NBA teams could be analyzed as connected networks. However, it becomes very time-consuming, if not impossible, for human labor to capture every detail of game events on court of large amount. In this study, an alternative method is proposed to parse public resources from NBA related websites to build degenerated ...

Contributors
Zhang, Xiaoyu, Tong, Hanghang, He, Jingrui, et al.
Created Date
2017

Visual Question Answering (VQA) is a new research area involving technologies ranging from computer vision, natural language processing, to other sub-fields of artificial intelligence such as knowledge representation. The fundamental task is to take as input one image and one question (in text) related to the given image, and to generate a textual answer to the input question. There are two key research problems in VQA: image understanding and the question answering. My research mainly focuses on developing solutions to support solving these two problems. In image understanding, one important research area is semantic segmentation, which takes images as input ...

Contributors
Tian, Qiongjie, Li, Baoxin, Tong, Hanghang, et al.
Created Date
2017

With the rise of Online Social Networks (OSN) in the last decade, social network analysis has become a crucial research topic. The OSN graphs have unique properties that distinguish them from other types of graphs. In this thesis, five month Tweet corpus collected from Bangladesh - between June 2016 and October 2016 is analyzed, in order to detect accounts that belong to groups. These groups consist of official and non-official twitter handles of political organizations and NGOs in Bangladesh. A set of network, temporal, spatial and behavioral features are proposed to discriminate between accounts belonging to individual twitter users, news, ...

Contributors
Gore, Chinmay Chandrashekhar, Davulcu, Hasan, Hsiao, Ihan, et al.
Created Date
2017

The connections between different entities define different kinds of networks, and many such networked phenomena are influenced by their underlying geographical relationships. By integrating network and geospatial analysis, the goal is to extract information about interaction topologies and the relationships to related geographical constructs. In the recent decades, much work has been done analyzing the dynamics of spatial networks; however, many challenges still remain in this field. First, the development of social media and transportation technologies has greatly reshaped the typologies of communications between different geographical regions. Second, the distance metrics used in spatial analysis should also be enriched with ...

Contributors
Wang, Feng, Maciejewski, Ross, Davulcu, Hasan, et al.
Created Date
2017

This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries.

For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.